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-‘Ere your heart be quite resign‘d,
forget: he’s tair, and think upon his mind.
There is rt question--Can a handsome
well-bred young tellow be corrstant?--
You're a betteryudge Of this than l am;
but by my truly I unnk there is a het of
more good quntrtys than ever rrll tu one
mortafs shore; but if any body can tix
the rrrcunsurit miirnal tnan,1 will suppose
ll in your power.
I have been ready to hung my selfc, to
lhitlkl shan't be :it Miss Banks’ wedding.
Sauce I cnu’t, prithee do you whatl
would do in your case--you know what
I mean-put otf your shoes and-write
me the history ot' all the whole allhir,
wrthuut disguise, from the Yes pronoun-
cred in church, to the sort No, which sig-
miu Yes, in the bedcharnher. Lord,
l-Ord, what would I give to be with you,
and rattle away a night or two, :Ls
your lover says. Hn! my dear maid of
honour, 1vc’d dance, and talk, and sing,
mid be ns tuerry, if not so well plenffd,

lv the bride; the bride, and thereby hangs

Pnrzz oxry AND cows. §lr.Samuel Chandler's pied lleretbrrlslrire Ox, worked more than two years, and ted on hay, ‘ turorps, and oil~cakes - - - Hr. Eduard Anger'§ dark red Susstw Ox, worked ‘ two years and tlrree-quarters, and led on hay l’ ind oil-cakes - - - - - "Mn Martin Webher’s rerl, curled, Devonshire 7 Steer, worked three years, and ted on hay and - 'lil-CI\l»&f'% _ - - - - ~ Mr. Martin Wehber’s red wide-horned Devonshire Ox, not worked, led on hny rind curnips 1 hlr. Samuel (.7hnndler’s dark red llererordshire ‘ UI. fed on grass and hny - - .\lr. Samuel Brook's dark dun Scotch Ox, fed on ' grass and hay - - - - I Mr. John \\'e>tc:\r's dark red Herel`ordslnreCow, which had hnrne three calves -



` No. Rev. Thnrrras Plaskett‘s three 1_ye:\r~nld new 1 2 3

Leicester \\'ethers, (travelled MO miles in May ltut},fed on grass, cole, and cabbngcs .\t{r.Thum:\s Moore’s three 2-year»old new 1 Icicester Wethers, fed on grass, bay, and turnrps - - ~ -

2 5 Tbc Duke of Bedr11rd`s three 1~year-old 1 Sfiuith-Doom \Vethers, fed on grass. hay, and tumtps. - ° -

Mr. Henry King's, jun. three 2-year-old .7 South-Down \\‘ethers, fed on grass only

'- Y ° a similar urgent lujryur, vol. xxv. p. 1011. ‘ :ZH _ Hi 1- u3él‘¥lf1~:__


The Smithficld club have recently ottered fifteen prizes, amounting to 210 guineas, to be adjudged at their next show, Dec. the 15th, viz. for large oxen which have worked two years at least, and eaten no corn, five prizes, for as many distinct breeds, each of twenty guineas ; for oxen which need not have worked, but must be fed without corn or oil-cake, three prizes amounting to 40 guineas: for fat cows that have borne three calves at the least 10 guineas; for long woolledwether sheep, one and two years old, two prizes of 10 guineas each; for short ■woolled wether sheep, one and two years old, two prizes of 10 guineas each ; and for pigs, under two, and under one year old, two prizes of ten guineas each. The particulars of these prizes, with primed forms of the certificates, required, with each animal to entitle it to be shown, may be had of Mr.Mitchel, No, 7,ClothFair, near Smithfield-Market.

It may be acceptable to some of your readers to tje informed, that the Smithfield club consists at present of '22.5 members, including most of the noble and distinguished patrons of agriculture, and the rural arts in the British dominions, the number of which is rapidly increasingi his grace live Duke of Bedford is the president; Sir John Seabright and Sir John Waniungtou are the stewards. The meetings are usually held at Freemason's Tavern for transacting business; the su-b-cription is one guinea per annum, aud the number is unlimited. The great object this club has in view, is to excite emulation and competition .■Huong breeders and graziers, for ascertaining and adopting those breeds ofunimals, which will attain early and perfect maturity, with the least quantities of food, to the exclusion of coarse and unprofitable animals, objects in which themselves and the public are alike interested. Yours, &c.

J. Fakey, Secretary. Westminster, Jan. 16th, 1B09.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. sin,

JUSTLY indignant as your correspondent Mr. Cumberland seems to be on the subject of his letter, winch was published in your Magazine for July last, it appears to me that there is another subject incidentally hinted at in that letter of lasting and infinite importance to mankind: and, I think, in its consequences, more to he deprecated than that of which Mr. C. complains. The subject to which I allude, is the design of many persons in this country of teaching the lower classes of the community to read, but not to write. The only plausible argument that 1 have heard in defence of such an illiberal mode of education is, that by teething the lotcer clones of the community to write, you push up out of its sphere, u greater portion of the body politic than there is room for it, in a given situation, to contain; and, consequently ignorance is. preferable to knowledge, in this instance at least. As, from my sphere of observation, there seems to be great reason to apprehend, that the opinion is gaining ground, and as it has been recommended from high authority to restrain the negroes from mrking, in order K> make a partition wall between them and the whites; who knows, but that this same partition wall, this insurmountable barrier, might not find advocates sufiicient to set it up on this side the Atlantic; and, that, at some future period, the night of ignorance might not ouce more lay its ebon wand on the human mind.

The subject is, Sir, I am persuaded, of great moment, and I trust that your ingenious correspondents will favor the public with u lance or two, in order to accomplish the destruction of the manyheaded hydra.

Yours, &c.

J As. Jomnbs. Huntshill, Pec. lth,iaos.

For the Monthly Magazine. Meteorolooicai Au&jRACTjur the lust Twelve Months at Carlisle.


Gtmtfl Remarks on the Weather, Ac. +«**« Carlide, during Uc Yeur 1808. - * >

Jaxcart. The weather for the first niae days of tbw month, was, fur the seaton, unusually mild and pleasant. The remainder was very changeable,, when frost and snow, rend storms of wind and red alternately. On the 10: h, Mih, 37th, 28th, and 29th, the

r Chularv was mild, wet, and stormy,

! 7th, when we had a settled frost,

ed with light fulls of snow till

. 15th, at winch time snow lay very deep in the surrounding country, and all themoontaiftt in this neigbourhood were perfectly while. Tlie remainder of the month was fair, and uncommonly pleasant. Durrug this latter period, the barosneter was remarkably high. On the 2 4th Bad ttta,i( stood et30,86. This is the ptattnteJEJit it bam ever been at sines Ac ii—iiajMiiiiini nf this register.

Maws ^Btumoed very mild and pleammfmtht.prthi the wmther afterwards

****/&» $"»*f waif l»5f"W»»*t,,p winds,

r, Thebariune-,

•fo days of the

twenty-eight of

thirty mcbes.

*. that which



part of this month was most unseasonably cold, with frequent heavy falls of snow, which sometimes amounted to upwards of three inches iu depth. In the latter part ot this month all the surrounding mountains were clothed in white. The first appearance of swallows here this year was on t he 19th.

May. The mild and pleasant weather, accompanied with refreshing rains, which prevailed during this mouth, made an agreeable and rapid change in the aspect of the fields and woodlands, when, nt the end of the month, vegetation' and foliage was as forward as it has generally been in the same season of preceding years. In the former putt of the month thunder was frequently heard at a distance; on the 3th it was accompanied with a heavy shower of extremely la/ge hail. *>tS» StTJuYuJ **•> v . t*ir lift

J Inf. was not marked hy any partial, lar meteorological occurrence; the weather was, on I lie whnle,ver* dry and bright, and the temperature rather higher than that of the same mouth of many preceding years.

Ji'iY. The distinguishing feature of this month is its high temperature, wbioh was generally experienced in every part of the kingdom: the hottest days here- wr-ra the 12th and lith, the thermometer on the former day was 89 degrees at few u'clock P.M. on the latter W dtfaats at two o'ekok P. JjJ. and 04 degree*, tae> C **

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temperature for the whole month, is the highest ever observed here. The weather continued very fine and brilliant till the 19th. During the remainder of this month we had much distant thunder accompanied with heavy rains. In the afternoon of the 25tl> rain descended in such torrents that in the space of an hour mid a half it amounted to about 2"inches ill depth.

August continued .very sultry, wet, and gloomy, till the 11th. The remainder of the month was chiefly fair and brilliant and exceedingly favourable for the harvest. In the evening of the 21st at 15 minutes pnst 10 o'clock, observed a large and beautiful meteor in the S. E. fall perpendicular to the earth: its apparent diameter ahout 7 minutes, perfectly round; colour, a brilliant white, and without any train or coruscation t it was visible for about six seconds. In the afternoon of the 31st we were visited by a most dreadful flash of lightning, which appeared to be a complete sheet of fire; it was instantancou^ly succeeded by a loud and appalling crack of thunder, exactly similar, but incomparably more loud than the report of

During this month, the surrounding mountains were generally patched with snow. Thehirundines continued 111 flocks in this district till the 4th of this month, ami some stragglers were seen ns lute as the 13lh. These sojourners appeared very inactive for abnut three weeks previous to their departure.

November continued remarkably dry, mild, and pleasant till the 10th, during which period no rain fell, excepting a light shower on the 5th. The latter part of the month was chiefly wet. The 16th, 17 th, 21st, 29th, and 30th, were rather stormy. On the 17th, thunder was heard at a distance. On the morning of the 29th the fields in the neighbourhood of this city were whitened with snow for the first time this season.

December. The weather during the former half of this month was drilling, moist, and gloomy. On the morning of the 17tli some heavy showers of snow fell, accompanied with a very strong wind, which at mid-day shifted from the S. W. to the N. when the thermometer fell »ud. denly from 84 degrees to MO degrees; we then had a remarkably intense frost,'with

musket; the lightning struck soinebuil- a brisk parching wind till the 21st, when

dings in the environs ot this city, one of which was sot on fire, but by a timely discovery was soon extinguished. Some wituloivs were broken, and other trilling damage bus^ainedi but fortunately nothing very serious happened. . Sfci'TEMBRfc.. " The weather during the greater part of this month was unusually Sue. The harvest finished in this district about the middle of this month, and never perhaps'was there known a more favourable season fur securing the crops than that which is past. In the latter part of the month, the nights were frosty, when •pn the mornings of the 28th and 29th ice of considerable thickness was observed, at ■which time many of the surrounding mountains were capped with snow, and winter may be said to have already commenced its reign.

October was on the whole remarkably cold for the season, the mean temperature <4'A,9'i) is lower than that of the same month of many preceding years: yet the weather was frequently bright and pleasant, particularly in •he former part of the month. On the 14th, 20th, 25th, and 26th, the wind was very violent; on the 25th it was accompanied with a heavy fall of rain, which made the rivers here overflow their banks and aJjouiing grounds to a very great exteut.

on that morning the thermometer rose from 21 degrees to 33 degrees, in the course of ten minutes, and a mild thaw commenced, but in the evening the frost set in again; on the following morning about three inches depth of snow fell, and the weather continued vacillating between frost and thaw, which rendered the surface of the earth a complete sheet of ice. During the latter part of the mouth a very great quantity of snow was observed on the surrounding mountains.

The following Table exhibits the mean state of the thermometer and barometer, and the quantify of rain for the last eight years at Carlisle.

[table][merged small]

Greatest height of the thermometer, Airing this period, 85 degrees May 25th, 1807. Least do. 6 degrees January 8, 1804.

Greatest height of the barometer 80,88 Feb. 86th, 1808. Least do. 98,20 January 10th, 1806.

Greatest range of the barometer 2,G6 inches.

The thermometer is situated near, but not in contact with, a wnil facing the N. I'.. where there is at all times a tree circulation of ntr; the sun never shines on it, and it is perfectly free from the influence of reflected heat during the times of registering. This place is about seventeen yards above the level of the sea.

The rain-gauge has an elevation of three yards from the ground.

Yours, &c. Wm. Piti. Carlisle, January 3, 1809.

T* tie Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

tionpf Mr. Lukin* of London, who was a castral resident at Lowestoft' during the autumn of that year.

As upwards of twelve months experience lias demonstrated to the gentlemen of Lonestoir (what Mr.Lukiu's painpliIcton the subject states from his former experience) that boats constructed upon this principle cannot be overset or sunk by any power of wind and water, the following particulars and description of ilia construction are made pubiic, with the hope of rendering more generally known the EASi' Means or Saving Many ValitAbi.kmvcs: which might' certainly be done, if one ortwo of these were built at each of our ports, and evury,ship furnished with one (at least) in proportiou to her size. t

Description* and Dimensions of the L»westojj' Life-Boat. . Feet In.

Length aloft Keel


r seems now so generally understood and allowed that the wealth, prosperity, and independence of Britain must depend in no inconsiderable degree, upon the state of its nautical exertions and marine defence; that the lives of its naval officers and seamen, though always valuable, have in the present times become of the greatest importance to the public welfare. The number of these valuable men that are every year lost to their families and to the state by accidents' EASILY Mevexted, is much larger if apprehended by those whonrc not die habit of particularly noticing the nt losses sustained by the upsetof snips'boats passing to and from the

To ascertain the troth of this melancholy fact, as far as relates to the loss of lives, so afflictive to individuals and so injurious to the state, it is only necessary to reftrto the public papers or to the knowMeeaftbe forjaeuants of the sea ports. sttaf^lhBei* assurance that the greater of a«j»u ■qfoVnts might be Prevenbbtarned by a rcfer'' of the Humane Suffolk, and the that part of our the most Ssa utility of an id launched at •ipOt, hjr order ^'cbuftty, who '"'^"lon for ., dirac

40 37 10 3

exclusive of


Breadth amidships


a movable wash strake

of 0 8

The form the same as the ynwns of that coast; the stem post nearly upright.

External gunwales hollow, forming an oblique section of a parabola with the side of the boat, and projecting nine inches from it on eacli side: these gunwales are reduced a little in their projection towards their ends, and are first formed by brackets and thin boards, covered at top nnd bottom with one thickness oT good sound cork, and the extremity or apex of the projection having two thicknesses of cork, the bettw to defend it from anv violent blows it may meet with in hard service. The depth of these gun^ wales from top to bottom wns fifteen inches, and the whole covered with very strong canvas, laid on with' strong cement to resist the water, and that will not stick to any thing laid upon it.

A false keel of wrought iron three inches deep, made of tliree bars rivctted together, and bolted ander the common keel, which it greatly strengthens, and makes a very essential part of her ballast; being fixed so much below' the floor, it has nearly double the power the same weight would have if laid on the floor, and there*

* Mr. Lukin was th* inventor of the£{ life boat ever built in Englind, and d-Brioe Btttnt fan iv in the jtar ijl$..

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