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a half of dollars had been taken on into ina'sses of from two to ten thousand board, that there was a strong smell of dollars weight. Suspicion of misconfire. He went below to discover if pose duci or carelessness at first fell upon the sible, whence it proceeiled, and finding people; but it was afterwards ascertained the people at work in the main hatch- that the loss of the Albion, was nccaway, inquired whether they perceived sioned by some paper umbrellas, recei. any smell of fire, to which they replied ved on board as cargo, packed up, but in the negative. The captain then went not thoroughly dry, having spontaneously to che fore hatchway, uncovered it, and caught fire in the hold. : removed the batches, when the flame

AMERICA. burst forth with great fury as liigh as tlie A ccounts from Brazil state that the main stay. Ele ordered the hatches to vaccine inoculation, first practised in be put on again, and used every endeaSt. Salvador, towards the close of 1804, pour to extinguish the fiaines, but witho has since been spread through all the out effect. At three A.M. on the 5th, provinces, by the orders of the Princethe ebb tide having idade, she went over regent. His royal highness appointed on ber, broad-side. The decks by this Dr. J. A. Barbosa lo superintend and tine were so much liewed, is to oblige promote the view practice, and so benethe people to quit her. At four P.M. ficial have been its effects, that the smalle she was completely burned to the water's pox, formerly very llestructive there, has edge. Such was the fury of the flames, almost totally disappeared. that the treasure between decks was run

REPORT OF DISEASES, Under the care of the late senior Physician of the Finsbury Dispensary, from the

20th of December, 1808, to the 20th of January, 1809. PUTHYSIS .......

.5 that a man whose body and mind have Asibina............

? been well educated, may be able to counFebris .........

teract the original sin of his consitution. Cephalzi......

We depend more upon what occurs after, Hæmoplysis......

than previously to our birth. What out Chlorosis .%.... Hypochondriasis..

of self-complacency we are apt to attri

bute to our fathers or our mothers, inach Anasarca ........................... 3 Murbi Cutanei .....

6 more frequently arises from a feebleness Asthenia ......................... 9 of volition, a weakness of the will, from

of voliti Catarrh......

.......16 a careless indiscretion, or a too luxurious Five thousand four hundred deaths indulgence. from consumption are recorded as having As for any farther particulars than have rccurred within the hills of mortality due already been mentioned in these Reports, ring the last year:a melancholy and de- with regard to the cure or rather care of cisive proof of the fatality and frequency phthysis, for the latter is always neces. of this cncroaching disease, as well as iis sary, although the former inay be osten annual growth and endless rainifications. impracticable, notbing on this occasion In spite of all other circumstances of can be said without committing the crine fashion or atmospbere, which are calcu- of an idle and tiresome taulology. If lated to urge on the propensity to phthy- the consumptively disposed are not sufsical complaints; in consequence of its ficiently on their guard, they cannot be héreditary nature, it cannot fail to be. excused upou the ground of not baving come inore prolific in every succeeding ge- been sufficiently adınonished. neration. Every phthysical parent com- Asthma is a complaint in consequence m'unicates the danger at least, of disease of its connection with the lunys, that apto luis offspring. Phthysis is often the pears to indicate a consanguinity with only patrimony that is begreathed :-an pulmonary disease ; but in fact they are unenviable possession whiclı may possi- essentially dissimilar. Besides many other bly be entailed upon perhaps an indefi. features of varicty, the one is for the nite series of posterity. At the same most part connected with an undue hope time it ouglit to be known and practic and hectic vivacity, whilst the other is cal!ŷ considered, that it is only tendencies in general accompanied with an hypo. that are inherited, not actual malady; $0 cloudriacal despondence, or an unrea

50bablo sapable dejection. How can we wonder Cachectics, native or artificially mangthat obe under the actual agonies, or un- factured debilities of the constitution, der the dreadful prospect, of an approaclı- although they hold no specific rank in a ing paroxysm of asthma, should not be medical nomenclature, occupy the largest clicarful, or even be composed. Asthma- space in the field of a physician's profesties are often, perhaps more generally sional observation. Diseases that have than others, men of mind and of manly acquired no name, and are incapable of energies. But there are feelings of pain any precise or discriminating definition, which must get the better, for a time, constitute the majority in the melancholy of the sturdiest fortitude, and no man group of maladies. can be blained for not enduring with Dropsy, alas ! has fallen in several intranquillity sufferings which are almost stances under the Reporter's care within beyond the limit of human toleration, the last few weeks. Dropsy is nearly

Bleeding, or the vein-evacuating sys- allied to despair, and may be considered fem, as being too indiscriminate and pro- as the last step before the threshold of fuse, the Reporter has, frequently, had death. , occasiqu to reprobate, by the energy and In the presence of the Reporter, a decision of his remarks he has incurred plebeian illiterate patient of this class, some reproach, although not that of his conscious of his vicinity to the grave, On conscience. Every new day. throws breathed a confession, that he was new light, and gives an additional flash of ashamed of feeling “ so much attached chuTiction upon the subject. Among the to this last rag of life." I sastlimatics more especially, any detrac- Distempers of every, and more remark. tion of blood is inevitably followed by a ably of this kind, originate in a great diminution of strength, and too frequente measure from excess in the luxuries of I by an entire dissolution of the faculties eating or of drinking, and perhaps quite of vitality. This remark peculiarly ap- as frequently froin the former as from plies to those who are far gone in life. the latter. The former is the most freTo tap the sanguiferous systems when the quent cause of abrupt dissolation, but cask is well nigb exhausted, is a cruel they are both rival candidates for exeand wasteful expenditure of that which cuting the rapid and premature destrucs is necessary to support even a feeble per- tion of the human frame. Ilippocrates, petuity of existence. Dr. Flower, who one of our venerable fathers in inedicine, has concentrated in his little treatise ala' tells us, that he who eats and drinks most all that can be usefully said on the little will have no disease. This axiom subject of asthma, more than a hundred perliaps contains in itself more of the years ago, gare an opinion which barino- rashness of youth than the reason of age. Dve with and of course confirms my own. But at any rate it inust be confessed that

Bleeding," he says, though never so inordinate gratification of every species oft repeated, will not core the asthmatic, must be followed by grievous calamity, but little for the present relieve the and that to the inhabitants at least of Arakness and suffocation. It is agree this island, the fluid incentives to exhiable to young persons, but very prejudi- laration is more dangerous than the efcal to cold, habituated asthmas, who at sects which inay arise from a more solid patent are not much relieved thereby, and substantial epicurism. Wine is per

after some time they become ca-haps more corrosive in its operation, and hectic, +

more perilous in its ultimate consequence,

than any other superabundance of diete.' nonymous, note lately received, tical oppression.

o mans unfriendly or unhand- Alchohol is bad aliment; and the more hendrerted upon my last Report, fearful diseases arise froin spirituous ex

od mode fact with regard to an cess. Dropsy, hypochondriasis, asthina, de los that applied to him for paralysis, and asthenia, are all members

should be announced and unhas what we communicated conP

o l wis not without his'. 1 It is a remarkable coincidence, that Lord. which the Reporter is in Orford, that perit-maitre in literature, has,

from his patient, be in some part of his fashionable works, made vible any private come use of an expression almuse verbatim the

same as that which was employed by our came by John Flower, unlettered, and in every intellectual way un.

informed and uncukivated, pitiens

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by John Flower,

of the same family, children of the same some starting out of their sleep under cordials. The last scene of these mala. those borrors wbich water in the chest dies is often a partial or general dropsy, brings on, and others in one of those which, after having passed the tedious gasping fits which come on with greater and fitfol purgatory of pain, must inevi- and greater violence till the lungs are tably lead to the calarnitous conclusion entirely overwhelmed by the increasing of life.

inundation." ģ “ Nothing could be better adapted to

J. REID. apartments in which the oryies of Bacchus

Grenville-street, Brunszeick-square, are celebrated, nothing more like to pre

Junuary 26, 1809. serve those who unwittingly join in the celebration than bloated dropsical figures, some overwhelmed by death-like languor,

Dr. Beddoes's Hygeïa.

· STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN JANUARY.

Containing officiul Papers and authentic Documents.

PRUSSIA.

of the mountains. The enemy thought them. THE King of Prussia transmitted the selves unattackable. They had entrenched

I following letter on the 24th of Decein- themselves in the narrow passage called Puer.ber, 1808, to the Magistrates of Be: lin:

to, with 16 pieces of cannon. The Och light

infantry marched upon the right, the 96th « Worthy, beloved, and faithful subjects,

upon the causeway, and the 24th followed, by my provinces being evacuated by the French,

the side of the heights on the left. Gen. Semy attention is now directed to the accom

narmont, with six pieces of artillery, advanced plishment of my heartfelt wish of returning

by the causeway. to my capital of Berlin, with the Queen my

The action commenced by the firing of mus. spouse, and my family-an object which I

kerry and cannon. A charge made by Gene. have by all possible means endeavoured to at. ral Montbrun, at the head of the Polish light tain since the conclusion of peace. I have

horse, decided the affair. It was a most bril, given orders that the Constituted Authorities

liant one, and the regimeot covered itself with shall leave this place for Berlin, as soon as

glory, and proved it was worthy to form a the districts on the other side of the Vistula

part of the Imperial Guard. Cannons, flags, kave begun to breathe a little from the ef.

muskets, soldiers, all were taken or cut to piefect of the heavy burthens they have sus.

ces. Eight Polish light horse were killed uptained in furnishing carriages and supplies,

on the cannon, and 16 have been wounded, both before and during the evacuation of che

umong the latter is Captain Dzievanoski, who country. This short interval I shall employ

was dangerously wounded, and lies almost in a journey to St. Petersburgh, in conse

without hopes of recovery. Major Segur, Mar. quence of the repeated friendly and urgent

shal of the Emperor's household, charged invitations, both verbally and by letter, of

among the Polish troops, and received many his Majesty the Emperor of Russia. I shall

wounds, one of which is very severe ; sixteen expedite my journey, and hope within a few

pieces of cannon, 10 fags, 20 covered chests, weeks, to revisit my provinces on the other

200 waggons laden with all kind of baggage, the • side of the Vistula, to which I owe so many military chests of the regiments, are the fruits

proofs of exemplary fidelity ; and I shall in of this brilliant attair; among the prisoners, · particular hasten my return to Berlia, to tes. which are very numerous, are all the Colonels, tify to my subjects of that city my gratitude - Lieutenant Coloneis, of the corp of the Spafor their firmness and good conduct, and to nish division; all the soldiers would have been assure them of my attachment and satisfac.

taken it chey had oot thrown away their arms tion. I inform you hereof, and command you

and dispersed in the mouncains. to notify the same to my loving and faithful

On the 1st of December, the head-quarters citizens of that city; and I am your loving of the Emperor were at Saink sugustin, and on Sovereign.

the 2d, the Duke of Istria, with the cavalry, * FREDERIC WILLIAM."

commanded the heights of Madrid. SWAIN.

The in'antry could put arrive before the Tbirteenth Bulletin of the French Irony 3 d. The intelligence which we highesto re

St. Martin, noor Madrid, Dir. 4.On the ceived, led us to think that this town is suf * 29ch uit. th: head quarters of the Emperor fering under all kinds of disorders, and that the * were removed to the village of Bouz auilas. doors are barricadoed.—The weather is very

On the 30th, at break of day, the Duke of foe.
Belluna presented himself at the foot of Su.

Fourrunb Bulletin. mosierri. A division of 13,000 men of the Madrid, Dec. 5. The %d at noon, his Spenjab army of reserve defended the pasage Majesty arrived in person on the heigluts

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A butcher's boy of Estremadura, who com- injustice and bad faith always recoil upon the manded one of the gates, had the audacity to guilty, and operate to their prejudice. I had require that the Duke of Istria should go a pet at Cadiz; it was under the protection himself into the town with his eyes blind- of spain, yet you directed against it the morfolded. General Montbrun rejected this pre- tars of the town where you commanded. I sumptive demand with indignation. He was had a Spanish army in my ranks; I would immediately surrounded, and effected his rather have viewed them embark on board the escape only by drawing his sword. He nar. English ships, and be obliged to precipitate rowly escaped falling a victim to the impro- it from the rocks of Espinosa, than to disarm dence with which he had forgot that he had it; I would rather preter having 7000 more not to make war with civilized enemies. enemies to fight, than be deficient in honour

At five o'clock General Morla, one of the and good faith. Return to Madrid I give Members of the Military junta, and Don you till six o'clock to morrow morning-re. Bernardo Yriarte, sent from the town, re- turn at that hour-you have only to inform paired to the tent of the Major General. They me of the submission of the people-if not, informed him that the most intelligent per you and your troops shall be put to the sword.” sons were of opinion, that the town was des. This speech of the Emperor, repeated in titute of resources, and that the continuation the midst of the respectable people, the cerof the defence would be the height of mad tainty that he commanded in person, the ness, but that the lower orders of the inhabi losses sustained during the preceding day, tants, and the foreigners at Madrid, were de had carried terror and repentance into all termined to persevere in the defence. Be minds. During the night the most mucinous lieving that they could not do it with effect, withdrew themselves from the danger by fiight, they requested a pause of a few hours to inform and a part of the troops retired to a distance. the people of the real state of affairs. The At ten o'clock Gen. Belliard took thc comMajor-General presented the Deputies to the niand of Maarid; all the posts were put into Emperor and King,who addressed them thus: the hands of the French, and a general par

" You make use of the name of the peo. don was proclaimed. ple to no purpose; if you cannot restore From this moment, men, women, and tranquillity and appease their minds, it is be children, spread themselves about the streets cause you have excited them to revolt: you in perfect security. The shops were open till have seduced them by propagating falsehoods. eleven o'clock. All the citizens set themAssemble the clergy, the heads of the con- welves to destroy the barricades and repave the vents, the alcaides, the men of property and streets, the Monks returned into their Coninfluence, and let the town capitulate by six vents, and in a few hours Madrid presented o'clock in the morning, or it shall be destroy the most extraordinary contrasi, a contrast in. ed. I will not, nor ought I to withdraw my explicable to those unaccustomed to the man. troops. You have massacred the unfortunate ners of great towns. So niany men, who canFrench prisoners who had fallen into your not conceal from themselves what they would hands; only a few days ago, you suffered have done in similar circumstances, express two persons in the suite of the Russian Am their astonishment ac the generosity of the bassador to be dragged along and murdered in French. Firty thousand stand at arms have the public-streets, because they were French: been given up, and 100 pieces of cannon have men born. The incapacity and baseness of a been collected at the Retiro. The anguish in general, had put into your power troops who which the inhabitants of this wretched city surrendered on the field of battle, and the ca. have lived for these four months cannot be de. pitulation has been violated. You, Mr. scribed. The junta was without influence; Morla, what sort of an epistle did you write the most ignorant and maddest of men had all to that general?-It well became you, Sir, the power in their hands, and the people at to talk of pillage, you who, on entering every instant massacred, or threatened with Roussillon, carried off all the women, and the gallows, their Magistrates and their Gedistributed them as booty among your sol- nerais. diers ! - What right had you to hold such The General of Brigade Maison has been language elsewhere. The expectation ought wounded. General Bruyere, who advanced to have induced you to pursue a different line imprudently the moment the firing ceased, of conduct. See what has been the conduct has been kuiled. Twelve soldiers have been of the English, who are far from piquing killed, and fifty wounded. This loss, so trithemselves on being rigid observers of the fing for an event of so much importance, is Laws of Nations. They have complained of owing to the smallness of che number of troops the Convention of Portugal, but they have suffered to engage: it is owing besides, we must carried it into effect. To violate mili. say, to the extreme cowardice of all those who tary treaties, is to renounce all civiliza. had arms in their hands against us. tion: it is placing ourselves on a footing The artillery, according to its usual cuswith a banditti of the desart. How dare tom, has done great services. Ten thousand you, then, presume to solicit a capitulation, fugitives who had escaped trom Bargos and Side you who violated that of Baylen? See how mosierra, and the second division of the Army

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