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VARIETIES, Literary And Philosophical.

Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign. *,' .Utlitnlic Communications for this Article zcitl almays be thankfully received.

ANEW, much-improved, and enlarged edition, in twenty-eight volumes, r.tal octo-decimo, is-iu the press, i.! Dr. Mavuh's ColJecrfbn of Voyages •iid Travels, and will speedily he pubThe plates, instead of being dcM£n» by artists in the closet, "ill consist uf rupies Iruta the prints published ill the original works, and the maps will he numci'ms and on a large scale. The text tl tlit principal works, as the Voyages of Anson, Byron, Willis, Carteret. Cook, icnrtnev, will he printed vcrhutini _iir.il i <h inns, without vnriabridginent, anil many vnluahic > ill he iivcluded which have appealed within the present century.

The splendid work of -Mr. .robert

Ki» PoltTEn, representing the maimers

sad costume i>r Riiss'ia and Sweden, and

cnmprdi^nding a Journal of his Tiavels

■ a, will make its appearance in a

In the course nf the ensuing month hut a volume, hy, Mr. ..I be ready I r publication, ;-,oirs of British tiuadrupeds. i.ich claims the merit of being an work, and nut inertly a enmpi• of other nanii .1 with seventy igsfrum original drawings, chiefly and in his best manner. All be figured except three, jible to procure authentic rb I theiewill e* ntstions of every variety of e than, half p, and ■ f the habits of •ire in this n.-lv distinct Iviiiii the . are thrown into

i Dr. Will t, nnd inserted, • it ihc end of the voliat two volumes Ii/ilcs and I

number of

n of British i seven volu work, which h is ft&t ia preparation, e\cry

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class will be rendered perfectly distinct from the rest.

Tiic Rev. O. Bf.ipour, the gentleman to whom we me indebted for the admired papers under tiio head of the I.vceum of Ancient Literature, has collected these papers as fur as they have yet proceeded into a volume, forming the first of three, the extent of his design on this subject.

Mr. Lucas is preparing to publish the Travels of Humauius in search of the Temple of Happiness; an Allegurv.

Mr. HlLfiircH has issued proposals for publishing by suUcriptiiui, the History and Antiquities of Tamworth.

Mr. Edgi.worth's work on Professional Education, which will form ar|uarto volume, is fair advanced at rhe press, and may soon he expected.

Mr. Smith, of Dublin, has nearly finished Ins History of the Germanic Empire, which will be speedily published in two volumes, 8vo.

Mr. Jkrm.ngham will shortly publish a work, called The Alexandrian School; being a narrative of the character and writings of the first Christian professors in that city, with observations un the influence they still maintain over the established church.

Mr. P. Thompson, of Boston, will publish in the ensuing spring a small volume, embellished with engravings, so be entitled, The Stranger's Uuiilo through Boston and its Environs.

In a few weeks will be published, the first part of a Treatise of Arches, Bridges, Domes, Abutment and Embankment Wails, by Mr. S. Wake, architect. The author pro/esses to >huw a simple mode of describing geometrically the caienaria, and tit deduce Ins theory principally from that line. Sections of Trinity Church, Ely; King's College Chapel, Cambridge; Salisbury Cathedral, and Westminster Abbey, "ill be given,in corroboration off the principles advanced in the work.

Dr. l)r.\.\tsoN and Dr. Bvam DrxMsom will commence iheirsccoiid Course of Lectures dn the Theory and Practice of Midwifery, and the Diseases of Women and Children, at the London Hospital, on Monday. February the Oth.

Several correspondents have addn us on the subject uf the nnportwtt military invention di>tiibcd in our \ ..

fur

for November, and it naturally excites surprise and indignation, that our army in Spain was not in possession of a species of ammunition which ensured destruction to any army, however numerous, which might be opposed to it. We have the authority of the first military commauders for this opinion. Wc arc tyld, indeed, that General Beresford took Buenos Ayres with a single regiment by means of it; that Sir David Baiid took the Cope-by the same aid; and that Sir Arthur Wellesley found it e<j»rf»lly efficacious at Vimiera, whore an entire French regiment was swept away by it. The

The Rev. Mr. Beioe is proceeding with the fourth and fifth volumes of Anecdotes of Literature and Scarce Books. At the end of the fifth will be given a general Index to the work.

A Life of the late Dr. BE»r>oE<» has been undertaken, with the approbation of his family and friends, by Dr. Stock, of Bristol.

The long-expected Reports of the Preventive Medical Institution at Bristol, have been left by Dr. Beddoes in some degree of forwardness. They will be completed and published as soon as possible by Mr. Kcsnio and Dr. Stock. The

reason why the army of General Moore former of these gentlemen has been *ur

was not supplied with it at a time when

it might have decided the fate of Europe,

remains to be explained: but we Tear

"there is something rotten in the stale irf'

Denmark." This invention of Lieute

nant-Colouel Shrapncll, of the artillery,

fqllils a prophecy of Frederic the Great,

that the time would come when battles

would cease to be decided by the musket

or bayonet, but would depend in (heir

is,sue solely on the artillery.

Dr. Stancliffe will commence, on the 2d of February, a course of eight Lectures oil Chemistry, its principles and applications, at the King's Aims Room, 'Change Alley.

The Rev. Dr. Viscknt is preparing to puhlish the Greek .text of Arriau's Iuuica and the Periplus, with a translation, to accompany his comments on those works. The History of the Dissenters, by Messrs. Bocur. and Ben Net, is in such forwardness, (hat the two first volumes luay be very soon expected

geon to the institution since its commencement; and the latter has been connected with it since March, 1804.

Messrs. Leigh and Sotiieby will <ell by auction, during I his «imcr and succeeding spring, the following libraries and collections; of the time of each sale due notice will be given. 1. A very rare and curious collection of prints and books of prints, the property of a gentleman, well known as a literary amateur, containing some rare por'raits, fine specimens of early masters, and a large collection of the works of Hieronymns Wicrx, he. 2. The large collection of botanical prints, drawings, and books of drawings, the property of the late F.arl of Bute; comprising many hundred capital botanical drawings on paper and vellum,; likewise all the plates, coloured and plain, of the botanical works then extant,formirig a completchlluslration of the Species Planiariim. 3. A selcct_collec

... - - - - , lion of books, iu Greek, Latin,' English,

Mr. Wii.uam Richards has issued, Italian, and Spanish, being a cnitsidera

proposals for publishing by subscription, ble part of the library of the Rev. Mi

a History of Lynn, civil, ecclesiastical, Duterrs- 4. The library Of Dr. Jai

commercial, biographical, political, aiid Sims, of FinsburySquarc. ' 5. The en

military; from its foundation,' about the tire librnry of the. late Earl'of Clanri

first age of the christian era, to' the pre- cavde. 6. Part of the lihrnry of the

sent time';'interspersed with occasional late Lord Penrhvn. 7. The library of

remarks on such national occurrences as Sir \ym. Smyth, 'Bart. contoiniiig'OT'ery

may serve to elucidate the real suite of fine collection of classics, county b!-.1ii

tjie town, 'and'the manners, character, ries, ike. 'many on large paper. 8. Dr.

aiuLconditiah, of the inhabitants at' dif- Kitchener's hVusicat library, consisting nf

forcnt periods; and prefaced by an ao the complete works .of the brjst Oojjujo

count of its situation, harbour, rivers, in- sets) to which i* added a cmalfpitsc'ttlav

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Jslions-were detailed with ability; mid' •Ifce nvtircst of the whole was increased Jsj acute observations on tlie mode of .examining and disciminiating rocks—a •ebjeel ut grsat importance, particularly ie« those who may be employed in c\anuuiug I tic mineralogy of a country. - Oa the 12li and 10:li of Oecmiiher, Mcsowxiiby, author ot British MinemV>gv, delivered bis lout: promised lectuie Ok* Chtomutomctry,at hit. house in .Mead |>lace, near the Asylum. Tins lecture, tiie object of width is, to point, out n t*?w and ingenious mode ol ascertaining the arrangement, mixture, and measure •f prismatic tints, and to shew tlicir cornspoudvucc with uuiterial colours, was accompanied by an exhibition, in which the prismatic tints were produced, us fconi tbe sun, moon, and stars; the sun as seen from the ditVcrcut planets, and a Broductor, sixty feet long, measuring an lu.-iuitc scries t also tbe (Material and prismatic tiols, forn.iugmixtures in union, with tbe effect as from caudles and llnnikems., and a son of prismatic Illumination, witb different lustres from metals, Jkc. The whole wastlucidaicd by appa. istusof a new and original kind, which promises to assist tbe philosopher in greatly extending our knowledge on this sohject. Mr. Sowcrby continues to repeal the lecture every Monriav, and has anuotmctfl a work, illustrative of lus «htscovcvics.

SiiW. Clarces, Bart. 1ms constructed a life html on an improved principle, the leading features ot 'which, are, that she will uni upstt, sin!,, or be water-logged; tKat she nll'ords cabin room, and is like a nuio of war's launch, well built |nr rowing, the oars not on a curve, but nearly in. a right line and tow to the water, of which she draws bttle. The description of this boat is as, follows:—her length is thirty feet, her breadth ten. her depth three feet, six inches. The space between her timbers is fitted up witb pine wood ; this i^ done with a view to prevent the water lodging there: the pine wood is well caulked and paid; she is buoyed up by t :<_i.L metal cases, four on each tide; these are watertight,and independent of each other. The v will sent to buoy up six tons, but all the buoyant pans of the boat, tnlen collectively will buoy up ten tun'. 1 he eases are securely decked over, anil boarded at the sides nn b pine; there is a scuttle tn each case, to put grind* in: the edges are lined with l.in/e; and over each scuttle, in the case, is ouc of wood of a larger size, the mar

gin of which i« lined in the same manner to exclude tbe water: between the ca>es are Norwegian balks, bolted to the bottom, fastened to each other by iron clamps, and decked over. The depth of her keel 13 nine inches below the larboard streak, the dead rising is four inches; her keel 19 narrow at the under part, and widenhovr, for tbe purpose of giving the timber a good bed, which will support the bolts, in case a necessity should arise to encounter sand-bunks. In sailing over a bar, or tn places where the water is shallow, the rudder will,. with eae, draw up even with the keel, and when in deep water, it will letdown easily, and with ccpial facility a foot below ir, in consequence of w Inch advantage the boat is found to slccr remarkably well. Tiie forecastle of the boat forms a cabin, ten feet wide, six feet long, and four feet deep, into which women, children, and. disabled person*; may be put; it is amply supplied with air, by means of two copper ventilators; it is furnished besides witbtwo grapnels,very proper to be thrown out on board a wreck, to ride by; the grapnel ropes will assist tha sufferers to remove and escape from the wreck to the boat. She is likewise equipped with masts and sails, and is as manageable with them as any boat of her dimensions can possibly be: ill a tempest, however, she must be dismasted and rowed l>y fourteen men, with oars, sixteen feet lone, double banked; the men are all fastened to the thwarts by ropes, and cannot be washed from their seats. In his observa ions on this boat, Sir William sovs, "Having stated the leading features of my boat, 1 need not dwell on a few secondary points, which, however, it would be improper not to mention: these are tier hems provided with small ropes or hues fastened to hooks on the gun-wale, ami each having a piece nl'cork painted led at tlie-extreinity; intended not only for persons who fall overboard, or swim froiirn wreck, to see and catch hold of, but In low those lor whom there may not be room in the boat; and her having a very powerful rudder. The coppci cases, though aff.rding additional security tn those, who cbuse to be at the exprnre, are no nunc a necessary point ot niv plan, than coppering her bottom, The wood work alone, if well executed and properly attended to, may be kept quite uir-tighi. If tbe assistance of cork were to he called in, it appears to tiie that it might be better applied than in the other bouts, by filling

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