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MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT,
SINCE our last Report, we have the pleasure to announce the arrival of a large fleet froto
the East Indies; and another, coulisting of about 120 velf is, from the Leeward Thands, deeriy laden with run, fugar, cutire, and cotton, &c. all oi wluch articles came to a goud m.inct, as the prices of leita lucioa produce keep very itearly, and in demand. Frou America lo lets than 50 vedtels arrived in one tide at Liverpool; th: quantity of cotton-wool Hey bring has already effected the market by a reduction of nearly 3d. per cwt. T.baco has like sile lowered; and a large quantity of fax.seed has reached the shores of lielund, from Boston, New York, and Pluladelphia; the effect of which will, no doubt, rörlure the entorpons prices of linen cloth, and give pread tu thousands of poor induftriuus weavers in the north of that kingdur.
The East India Company have declared for sale on the 5th of September next, prompt the 12th of January, 1810, the following goods, viz. 46,000 pieces of muffin; 66,000 pieces ot' calicoes; with lundry prohibited goods of limilar quality.
Very considerable orders are now executing at Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, &c. for the American market; and the returns for our large importations from the Cmted States, will contiit of our Brilish ipanufactures, now lo much wanted in lat country.
Notwithstanding that Mr. Erikine inay have exceeded the exact limits of our government respecting the trade with America, we have every reason to hope that the commerce between the two countries will be carried on to niutual advantage, and without any interruption whatever. The following is the Proclamation, taken from the American Papers, viz.
" Proclamation. By obe President of tbe United States of America. " Wliereas it is provided by the 11th section of the Act of Congress, entitled, An Act to interdict the commercial intercourse between the United States and Great Britain and France and their dependencies, and for other purposes,' that ' in case either France or Great Britain Mall reveke or modify her edicts, as that they shall cease to violate the neutral commerce of the United States,' the Prefident is authorised to declare the fanie by Proclamation, after which the trade suspended by the said act, and by an act laying an embargo on all thips and vessels in the ports and harbours of the United States, and several acts suppleiventary thereto, may be renewed with the nation so doing, and whereas the Honourable D. M. Erskine, his Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten. tiary, has, by the order, and in the narue of his sovereign, declared to this government, that the British Orders in Council of January and November, 1807, will have been withdrawn, as refpeéts the United States, on the 10th of June next;now, therefore, I. James Maddifon, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim that the Orders in Council aforesaid will have been withdrawn on the said 10th of June next: aller which day the trade of the United States with Great Britain, as fufpended by the act of Congress abovementioned, and an att lying an embargo on all chips and vessels in the ports and harbours of the United States, and the several acts supplementary thereto, may be renewed. Given under iny land and lead at Washington, April 19, 1809, and 33d of the Independence of the United States.
JAMES MADDISON." In our luft month's Commercial Report our friends will see the particulars of our Orders in Council of the 24th of May, 1809.
Prices of Canal. Dock, Fire Office, Wa'er Works, &c. &c. 21st of June, 1809 - London Dock Stock, 1921. per cent. West India ditco, 1801. diiro.E131 India ditto, 1301. dicro. Commercial ditto, 1341. ditto. Grand Junction Canal Shares, 1811. per share Grand Sur. rey dicto, 801. ditto. Kennet and Avon ditto, 241. per share. Globe Fire and Life Assurance Shares, 1901. ditto. Albion dicto, 581 ditto. Hope ditto, 7s. per sliare premium. Impe. rial Fire Assurance, 651. per share. Kent ditto, 481. ditto. Rock Lite Assurance, 43. to 5s. per share premium. Comercial Road Stock, 1921. per cent. London Institution, 841. per share. Surrey dicto, par. South London Water Works, 135. per share. East Londoo ditto, 1561. dito. West Middlesex ditto, 1111. dicto. Lewis, Wolte, and Co. Canal, Dock, and Srock Brokers, No. 9, Change Alley, Cornhill. .
The average prices of Naviguble Canal Shares, Dock Stock, Fire Office Shares, &c. in June, 1809, at the Olñcc of Mr. Scort, 28, New Bridge Street, London.-The Trent and Merrey, or Grand Truuk Canal, 1,0101. per share, ex dividend of 201. per fare clear, for the half year. Graud Junction, 1751. to 1851. ex dividend of 21. 10s. clear, for the balf year. Monmouthbire, 1011 dividing 51. per share clear. Ellesmere, 661. Thames and Medway, Qui, with new subscription. Wilts and Berks, 281. Kennct and Avon, 231. Kent Water Works, 111. 115. preinium. Commercial Dock, 341. premium, ex dividend Weft India Dock, 1761, per cepit.' London Dock, 1211 to 122 Albion Allurance, 81. per thore premium. Rock Lile Allurance, 4s, per fare preminm.
COURSE OF EXCHANGE.
Mayzóth 30th. l'oneza. bith 9th , 1300. lotn. / 2010. 12310. Amsterdam, 9 Us. ( 31
31 31 | 31 | 31 | 31 31 31 31 Pitto, Sight 30 5 30 5 5 30 5 305 305 30 5 30 5.30 5 Rotterdam, ...... 9 14 1 O 14
911 914 9 14 9 14 9 14 9 14 Hamburgh, .... | 296 29' 6
99 | 39 | 49 | 28 6 28 028 Vitona, ........
297 | 297 297 29 11 29 1291 28 11 28 728 Paris, i day date.. 20 11 20 120 i
20 120 101190 Ditro, 2 Us. 205
205 20 50 50 Bourdeaux ...... 20 5
og 90 520 5 90 5:20 Madrid ....... Ditto, effective ..
52 52. 32
Salix parvifolia. A new species: and the next,
Salix offenders, is a male plant, the female catkins are mentioned as corresponding with the precedniej ud were we to judge from the figures and descriptions bere Livell, we thuid contider the all as the male and female of the same species. This a very difficult genus ; ind in order to the fatisfactory illustration of it, figures of the male and female plants, and of a young not towering branch are all wanted : on the latter the leaves are often remarkabli ditierent, and the Itapula only to be met with. We are, however, obliged to Dr. Sinith for mliat he has done.
In January Sunber we find Hordeum murinum. " A worthless grais," and most common by the wayrides, under walls, &c. Dr. Sinith calls it, in English, Wall, or Mouse Barley. It hus, by Ray and Hudio, been called wall barley; and the Lexicon makers have generally quoted the Ilordeuin juurmum of Pliny, as an example of murinus, from murus. A wall, Dr. Smith, by adding the name of woulu barley, we fuppose, means to translate the latin name; and in this trantuon le appears to us, to be.pertectly right. We can see no reufon, io fuppose that Pliny meant to give a different fignification to the word here than ellewhere ; he has ollen menuuned murinum fimur, moule dung; and why it thould be iwa. gined that in this instance, le uled it for murale, which no other Roman writer has done, we cannol guels.
Galiu uliginosum, This plant has not been well understood, and no certain figure bias been given of it before.
Msolutis paitliris. In his Flora Britannica, Dr. Smith had followed Linnæus, in considering the Sl. arvinhs and polstris is only varieties of the lame (pecies; but several of the later Eoglinh Botanists, particularly Withving. Hull, Relhan, and Abbot, had after Halter made them diftinct : by the remarks of Dr. Roth and bis friend Trentepohl, Dr. Smith is now convinced that they are really so We still think, however, that this question cannot be fairly decided but by a careful cultivation in ditferent foils and situations.
Alno vincale, or crow garlick. Dr Withering tells us, that the young leaves are very commonly boiled in loups. The taste of them raw, is, however, intolerably acrid and Naule. ous, and so durable in the mouth that it is difficult tú get rid of it. Can there be any truth in a nouon propagated by come Gerinan writer, that tbc excellent favour of larks is owing to their feeding on this plant. It is more certain that the butter of cows, that have eaten it, is not mended units flavour.
In Felsruary Number we have Scirpos carinatus, a new species, found on the Thames ncar Weltmuster bridge, for which Dr. Smith is indebted to Mr. Edward Forster for pointing ont its dutinyuruhing characters from the common bull-ruh, of which it was before considered as a niere variety.
Bromos arvienfis; B (ficulitenuasa of knapp, which Dr. Smith now discovers to be the true Brumus arvensis ut Limeus; under which name, he lays, two species have been confounded in England. The former plant given under this apellation he therefore now calls Bromus pratenjise 1 Potaitogeton lanceolatum, i new species, from the lakes of North-Wales, coinmunicated by the Rev. H Davies. Dr. Smith questes if this can be the jetaceum of Hudson, a species that no one knows?
Hypericum bærbarum of Jacquin, found by Mr. G. Donn, in Perthshire, and quite a new addition to the British Flora.
Equietum varinguium; another discovery of Mr. G. Donn, who found it in AngusThire.
in the Number for Marc'', we meet with Ornithogalun nutans, sent by the Rev. G. R. leathes, from ligh-fies, n'ar Bury, where it grows in great plenty, but not properly inidigenous, though become a denizen of many countries in Europe. Its original place of growth is doubtful.
Rumex opus, a very common, very troublesome, and noprofitable weed.
Epilobran a limfodium of Villars. This is perlaps only a variety of E. alpinum, with larger more ferrated leaves. It is here remarked, that it is called alsinifolium, with reference of fome of the larger kinds of clickweeds. To is the leaves appear only to relemble thote to Cernition aquarnum, L. DL. Smith obterves in this article, that Alline of Linnæus will not retuaiu as a genus at all. We cannot help forpecting, however, that when more attentian fhall be viven to natural uflinity, and the value of number comes to be confined within ins due limits, that the genus Jiline will be rettored, iad Cerattiram aqurrican, Stellaria media of Flora Botannica, inel Steliaria uliginoja, will be arranged under it; or, at least, that these three plants will not be le paried.
The Number publitfied in the 1st of April, contains Epilobiuin alpinum, a native of the high mountains of Scotlood.
Euphorbia Pesis. Found no where in this illand but on the fandy thores of Cornwall and Devondure. Ranunculus bederuccos; here faid to be very diftinct from all the varieties of Ranunculus
aquarilis, . (July 1, aquailit, with which it has been united by some botanins. We hare Nill, however, out donots; the latter species is so truly polymorphous according to the fivation in which it cims. We think we have seen plants exactly relenibling Ranunculus beder areas 2004 ir places where the water liad entirely left the soil, and graduaily putting on the appeare
ce of R. aquarilis as it approached the deeper water, where the latter only appeared. In lbcre there could hardly be a doubt of their being the ottspring of the fame parent.
The Number for May coniains Antirrhinam minus, which finuhes ail the British Ipecies of Antirrhinun. It is often to lie met with in Balleriea-fied, and other corn-fields, where the foil is particularly light.
Hynericum calycinum; the large-flowered Hypericum, so very common in gardens, is bere supposed to grow wild in Ireland.
Gnaphalium margaritap um, given hy Dillenius, in Ray's Synopsis, as a denizen of this illund.' It is, however, probably of Alverican origin; but having been formerls a javourite in every cottage-garden through the land, it is not in be wondered at, if it thould have ettablithed itseif in many parts, where it appears perícals wild.
Erigeron canadense is precilely wider the same circumstances as the last-mentioned plant, except that it never has been so universally cultivated. Dr. Smith observes, that he has not observed it in the neiglibourhood of London; we have seen it upon the lops of walls in leveral places.
Equiletiin arvense, paluftre, and fluviatile. The first resemble one another very much, except iu lize; but Mr J. D. Sowerby has discovered an excellent specific difference, in the angles of the branches, each of which terminating in a tooth, is double in finviatule, but • not so in arvense.
NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT,
And crowds upon the renies. · TOWARDS the commencement of the month we had a good deal of rain. Tbe 7th wars
* very fine and hot day; and the same beautiful weather continued till the 19th, the evening of which was cold and rainy. There was some thunder on the 19ih. Ou the 14th, 1.xb, and 16th, the thertogneter, in the shade, was as high as 68°, The laf days of May were unreasonably eold; and in several parts of the fouth of England, particularly in Devoothire and Cornwall, there was much rain.
May 1. A Dormoule was brought to me in its hybernaculam, and fill in a torpid state, From this state it did not perfectly recover, though placed in a cage in a warm room, till the 101h, when, for the first tine, it came out of its nest in search of food.
Cuckoo flowers (Cardamine pralenfi.,) are seen in all the moist meadows; and I this dis for the first time, heard the song of the cuckoo. It has, however, been beard by uiben nearly a week ago.
The medicinal lecches begin to swim amongst the weeds in the rivers; and the persona who catch them for tale, huve obtained a confiderable number
l'lic hornbeam, (carpinus cetulus,) Sycamore, (acer pleudoplatumus,) conimon bngle, rajine reptans,) wild cicely, Cbæropoyllum jylvefira,) and nale fool's orchis, (orcbis majila,) are o tower.
May 5th. The house martins are beginning to build their nefs. They are later in this operation than I recollect them to have been for leveral years past.
I be ledge warbler fings,
The bods of the hawthorn Sowers begin to appear white. There will be a great abon davce of these flowers this year.
May 101h. Cock chaters, Scarabaus melolontbia,) are seen in the evenings about the trees and hedges, in swarms as great as during any of the late Icaluns. It is thugular, tbat although these destructive inlects are fu abundant in Hainpshire, yet in the counties weit. ward, particularly in Devonture und Cornwall, there are very few indeed of thein,
The following wild plauls, are in tiower: Lily of the valley, Crowli (Galien tracte: tum ) cowon avens, Geum wrbaruin,) tuajt lade, (opbrys oval.,) compon vetch, (tu 16.
fina,) huih serch, (vicia sep::117., ) in love, ( Digitalis purpureund oppoule leaved golden Lu« frage, (Corylsplenium oppofitifolium) yellow-wood piippernell, (Lysimacbia nemo 5.) und cone w a bird's tout, (Ornittopus perpufillus.)
May 15th. The orange-fip butterties, (Papilio Cardamines, ) the caterpullars, or larven wh chi, leed on the leaves of the cuckou tuner, are flying, in greater pumbers dun I hose goneraly remarked.
. May 17th. Alenale, of the Emperor molli, ( Bombyx paronus of Haworth.) this day cunia forth liquin its cbrylalis, Ilus olig lulis was wcutivyed in the report tor Supicabei Inst,
probably that of Bombyx tauus, but as I afterwards kated, it really belonged to the present fpecies.
The flycatchers, (muficapa grisola,) appear.
The young cels have commenced their migration from the neighbourhood of the lea; 10 the more diftant parts of the rivers.
May 16. The red admiral butterfly, (papilio atalania ) appears.
Slieil Inails, particularly those of the species Helix Hartenfis, or common garden (nail, copulace. The little triangular (piculæ, or daris, so often spoken of, were found upon the bodies of several of them.
Silkworms are hatched.
May 20. Peale, beans, and wheat, are in power; as are also the wild clary. (falcia ver benina,) officinal tumitury, (fumaria officinalis,) and yellow fag, (iris plerovcovs, )"
May 29. The tadpoles of the common rrug have lost their gills, and get their liind legs, but tid retain their inils.
May 31. The fern chasers, (scarabeus borricola,) appear; and the white bedge roles, va the petals of which they leem principally to feed, are in tlower.
of June, 1809, inclusive, Four Miles N.V.H. of St. Paul's.
This variation took
place between the 19 the mercury was it! Greatest 9 tenths
aird 20th, on the for 29. 45, and at the variation in of an in.ch
variation in 12 mer day, the greatest
sime hour, on the 24 hours
ist of June, it had
was 64, but on the lat. talleo tu 29 05.
ter it was as liigb us790 The quantity of rain fallen in this neighhourhood during the month is but trifling, it will be puticed in the peut report. Ou several dass tliere lave been flowers, but not leavv rains. The thermometer has been 9 days us high, or bigbes, iban 70°; and once it hans teci 79, as is mentioned above; und vo the next day, via on the it, it was as high as 78°. The average tempesuture for the whole nuonth in a little more than 38°, or about 20 bigher