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hare formed an establishment at Stony- of bricks broken into acute-angled frage hurst, in Lancashire, where they are ments. Thus two other strata are put making a laudable atteinpt to introduce in before the last which is of pure ce. the sciences, in their inproved stale, ment. The mould being removed, the into their common course of education, stones thus furined are laid in heaps to As a first step, a handsome room for a dry. The line being very greedy of library, and another for a mathematical water, aud quickly becoining solid, these. apparatus have been built; to which it stones are not long in forming a hard is intended to add a chemical laboratory body fit for building., as soon as possible. It is not doubred M. BRACONNOT has analysed some that they will suon be enabled not only fossil horns of an extraordinary size to finish the erection of their building, found in an excavation at St. Martin, but to procure the books and instru. near Commercy. He supposes thein ments necessary for the completion of to have been the horns of the great wild their undertaking; a very liberal sub- ox, the urus of the ancients, and aurochs scription having been procured among of the Germans. From one hundred the friends to their establishment. parts he obtained phosphate of lime, FRANCE.
composed of M. VAUQUELIN has examined the Lime- . - - - 41 root of a species of polypody, known by Phosphoric Acid • 28.3 the appellation of cainguala. Of the Water - - - - - - substances wluch compose it, only those Solid Gelatine - . . . soluble in alculiol and water are capable Carbonate of Limpe . . . of producing any effect on the animal Bituminous Matter ... 4.4 economy. These are saccharine mat- Ferriferous Quartz Sand .. ter, mucilage, muriate of potash and Phosphate ot' Magnesia .. resin, which last he conjectures would • Alumine - -
0.7 be found to destroy the tape-worm. He Oside of Iron - . . . - 0.5 has likewise made siinilar experiments on the roots of the common polypudy and male tern, and obtained from them precisely sitpilar principles and nearly According to a report made to the Nain the same proportions as from the tional Institute, M. DourOURCERAIS, calaguala. The former roots, however, optician to the Emperor Napoleon, has contam a small quantity of tannin. produced a ponderous fline glass, in. Thus the analugy of organization, which tended for the manufacture of achroled Jussieu and Richard to conclude, matic glasses, in wbich he has altained that the medicinal virtues of the cala- the highest degree of perfection ever guala.root must be similar to those of attained by those of English manufac. other ferns, is fully contirmed by che- ture. The glass made by him is heavier Ducal analysis.
than fiint-gliss; its specifio gravity being The following method of making ar. 3,583, while the heaviest fline-glass is tificial stune no the vicinity of Dunkirk only 3,329. has been published by M. BERTRAND:
GERMANY. The materials employed for this purpose Dr. Jain, of Berlin, has lately de. are the ruins of the citadel, consisting scribed and analysed an oriental curof lime, bricks, and cand. These are quoise from Visiapour, near Khorasan, broken to pieces by means of a mili which he found to contain: formed of two stone wheels following Alamine • - . : . 78. each other and drawn by a borse. Wn Oxide of copper - - ter is added, and the matter when well
Iron - - - 4. ground is reddish. This is put into a Water - - - . . - 18. trough and kept soft by means of water. When the trough is full, some lime is
99.5 burned and slaked by leaving it exposed to the air, and this is mixed in the pro- This result verifies that obtained by portion of one-eighth with the above Lowitz, and proves the existence of two cement. A wuorien mould is laid on the distinct species of the turquoise. stone, and after a thin layer of sand bas D r. Jaho likewise conceives that he been thrown on the latter to prevent has tuund a new volatile and acidifiable the adbesion of the cement, a layer of inctal in the grey ore of manganese froin cernent is poured in, and on tbis u layer Saxony. He ubtained it by distilling
the ore with sulphuric acid. The vola dred pounds shall be appropriated to tile metallic acid combines with a weak the pilering of such prentjanis, as shall .solution of potash put into the receiver, appear to be conducive to the benefit au tinges et crinson. From this red of the colony, and of the British in liquor, gallic acid, or infusion of galls, terests in Africh; the following are prothrows down a chesnut-brown precipi poseu :--To ench, of the six Kroonen, tate. Prussiates imediately change the who shall fisti-lroduce their wives red colour to a time lemon yellow, but and families into this colony, and shall without any precipitation. The car- live with them in one or more distinct bonates do not precipitate the red solue houses to each family, and cultivate But tion; but if it be heated with a litule less than two acres of ground for two aicobol, the red colour changes to a years; five guineas. To the person, regreen; a smell of ether is given out, and siding within the colony, who, on the then the carbonates throw down a brown 1st of January, -1811, shall extuibit the oxide, which is soluble in muriatic best bull, his owo property, tive guiacid. '. .
neas.. To the person, who, on the sane M. KEAPROTI las discovered in mi-day, shall be proved to have most efiece ca sixteen per cent. of potash.
tually applied himself to the art of a M. Buchronz has found that the schor- saddle, collar, or barness-inakér; five lifurmi beryl of Bavaria, is a true beryl, guineas. To the person, sbo, on the containing 0.12 of glucine.
1st of January, 1810. shall produce tbe 2. AFRICA. "
most complete cart or wagyon, his own The following particulars are the latest manufacture, on two or more wheels, accounts that have been received of the to be drawn boy (wo or more oxen; five state of the colony of Sierra Leone:- guineas. To the person, who, on the A uomlier of plants received from the 1st of January 1810, shall be proved to African institution, anong which are bave most constantly and effectually the cine and wbite and red mulberries, employed oxen for riding, and to trave are in a flourishing condition. The prin. broken she greatest number af oxen for cipal danger seems to be of their being the saddle; five guincas. To the per exbausted by too rapid a growtli. A son, who, on the 1st of January, 1810, piece of ground is in clearing, on the shall be possessed of the greatest aiunohighest part of tbe neighbouring mount. ber of turkey hens, not less than twentytains, for the sake of crying a more tem- five; five guineas. . To the person, who, perate climate. The employment of on the 1st of January, 1811," shall be oxen in draught bas been attended, in proved to have most effectually applied this colmy, with great si cess. The bimself to the trade of a tile-maker; five draught oxen have been fed on cassada, guineas.. Toathe..person, when, on the and have been found to improve under 1st of January, 1811, shall have colti their labour, ond to produce Letter beef vated the greatest quantity of tobacou than any other cattle. The bark of the nut less than four acres ; fire guinen wangrove, of which a specimen was To the person, who, on the 1st of Jalately ordered by the African Institu. nuary, 1811, shalt bare cultivated, the tion, has been tried insebis colony, in greatest quantity of rice, of the kind consetjuence of the suggestion of the enlled by the natives of Alrich, Whige institution; and, as far as can be col Man's Rice, not less than six ncrea; five lected from the small scale on which the guineas. To the person, who,.cutie experiment has been made, it appears 1st of January, 1841, shall lauve cultito answer the same purposes as oak- vated the greatest qusuitáty, af sannd bark in tanning. "A rund, is in consi- nuts, not less than: six acres; fisega deratle forwardness towards a favour- veas To the person wlw shall fiesta! able situation on the banks of the largest troduce into his colony, a living ele stream of water known to exist within phant; a gold medal sudue ten quinte tlse colony, where the soil appears su- or the same guin in momey. To perior to any in the neighbourhood of persona, we shall first viatridace the present settlement, and likely to be this colony, a male and female omased favourable to the gmwili of hemp.- dronerlary, lit for breeding, armo Carriage, roads bave also been made fect young ones of the same nimals within the town of Georgetown, and unle and female; a guild medal value tea measures have boon taken for improving guiuers, on that summa ney. It wall he watering-place. The jewvervor innv give pleasure avere liberal mind to ing resolved, that the sum of one bun lenruclame the natives of Africa
greatly improved in personal appearance succeeded to the frown of insolent suspi. är well as character, since the dangers cion, which formed the characteristic air ut expatriation to wtuch, they were line of the countenance orihe lice negro of merly exposed, bave been removed. Sierra Leone; and no belter proof call
There can be no doubt that the imple- be given of the general amelioration of ment of their minds in knowledge and the people, than the strong contrast of general instruction, will hereafier be 10. their present oricrly good dymour, with ticed with equal salistiction. The elice.. their former sulicinos. . fui mandiness of willing bedience bas
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF DE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, and Communications of Articirsat Intelligence, are requested
under Cover tu the Cure of the Publisher: ini .
The EXHDITION OF THE ROYAL alter Vandevelde, in the collection of ACADEMY OF LONDON, 1809.
the Marquis of Statird. The engraver
hus cauglit the style and mamer of the (Continued from our lost.)
painter with inuch success, spiri the water TO. 159. The celebrated Roman is particularly excellent and characteristic,
Tribune Doualus, making his drist. The small limits of this departnerit predesperate Ftort against his oron Soldiers, sent dilation on these subjects, these uho udtuched and murdered hiin in a nar. must therefore he brief and only cricha ron pass, by Handon; is a very successful transient view of a few of the best. In effort in the inglest line or art. (0.293) the library is a view of the Adwun fiicFullin dugels, by Simpson, is a spiritert obice, New Bridye-street, wbich is excel. skechi, full of vigour, mind, and much lently drawn, but rather seebie in the shirt anatomical knowledge. The drawings of dows. No 555, are foursmalloshmitlerrgelis Portraits, by Pore and EDRIDGE, and of great originality of style and clicicv sf the exquisite emaurels, by Bune, are beau- exccution, by Harlow; they are of Sir ful, and excite, as they descrre, much Robert Kerr Porter, in the c line of his arhiniration. Bromley'sketch of an As. Order of knighthood, his interesting sister ccusion (No. 931) is in a grand stvie, Bliss Purter, Miss E. Thomas, and a und displays much novelty of intention. gentleman, (said tu be the list in the Nackenzie's drawings of St. George's character of Henry.the filth. Chapel, Windsor, (ilos. 338 and 353 jare The miniatures are numerous and or correctly and elaburately hinished. Gani. incicased meris.. Along the best Sre dy'sArchitectural Illustration ofan ancient (No. 008) Mr. Kimlock, hy Robertson Sea-pori(No 359, is magnificentindesign; (No.610) Sir T. Gage, Bilrt., bv linine and clear and brilliant in execution. His who has several of equal meric hoth, ist Biosslyu Chapel (No. 325) is besuulully freedom of syie and brcadels ul coloariny. drawii, but con ideal in colouring and (0.617) Professor Carliste, bv Nenton. timshing for a real view. In the room (No. 629, Mr. Wilkie audimo atliers, called ibe Antique Academy, there are by Robertson. (Niv, 014) Dr Thorini Ino beautiful portraits by W'estali. Mase by Newinn. (No.081) ', hemote ter Clark, (X0.441) a Bacchus ; that by Pope; vi nmru ordinary aftërit, independent of individual resemblance, ineed it may be considered its ide bicie is a charming erungssition; and of Mrs. animature in the modu. Va711) Dr. Clark, (No. 506) is 'a Bucchinote; 'pose Glasse und dies lil!. Clase, liy MIC sessing the same clann to praise. (No. piy. A fiame vi enannels, lry Hunte (No. 441.) The grotte of the lymph Egeria, 712). fiear me ;- the modern liomunds in
SCULPTUTE, Procession on How-duy, Powering the Thus depuinient at the Fine Arts pf memory of the Goddess with reciention, hibits rater a smaller number of subs wwwsa, and duncury, by far, is, a jecis than usual, lut of unusual micrit: characteristic classical picture, fiiciu (1.758.) A suli muudel on the jure innymeri outro lrss delicately executeul. Crecuted w stanie toriche tlape firsurance Mr. Ilealli's engraving of the goud Sisep. Cunipany, ludgate-ball, hy Bubti, is a herd. from Murillo , 4797 is a poner - Nigenous boldly jayment design, wett ful specimen of the power of the burin ; executed, but rather 100 masculine fur as I (No. 480) a brisa Caie, wy lider, the ideas of " Hope with eye su lait.
No. 763 is a basso-rilievo, designed to piety, pervades the whole figure; it apcommeinorate the death of General pcars a personification of a pure chaste M'Pherson, of Charles Town, South Can female suul, just clothed in angelic perrolina, who was shipwrecked in a storm fection, beaming with resignation to its of New York, on ihe 24th of August creator's fiat. * Thy will be done." The 1806. After rescuing his daughter three execution is so transcendant t mes from the waves, he was washed overboard and disappeared. The life of
« So turn'd each limb, so swelled with softenMiss M'Pherson was afterwards pre. That the deluded eye the marble doubts."
ing art, sirved by one of the passengers. DEVAERE.
Thomson. As far as concerns execution, this memorjal of an uncommon act of paternal The alto rilievos by the same artist (Nos. love and heroism is well executed, and 824 and 834,) possess the same characterthe design good; but the subject is to istics of a cultivated and vigorous mind tally unft for sculpture. The saine out as the preceding. Mr, Westmacott's Jine when sketched on paper, would boy in bronze, part of a groupe, at the doubtlessly Gill op well in chiaro-scuro base, to the statue executing of the late and keeping; or would be a good subject Duke of Bedford, and which is now
for a picture; but when perspective, erecting in Russel-square, shall be ornit· clouds, distance, and the other necessary ted tillit joins its groupe, when its sculp
requisites for a picture, are cut in mar- tural merit can be better canvassed. As ble, and as a basso-rilievo they are either a bronze cast it appears perfect, and to totally unmeaning in themselves, or inef. have come from the mould with much fective in their end. These are the fail success. ings of the present subject. Mr. Deraere
ARCHITECTURE. ' has done justice to each individual part, of the architectural department this but the whole ains at inore than sculp- year, much cannot be said in praise. It ture can express.
by no means keeps pace with painting or No. 759, by Theakston, a design for sculpture, which may be attributed to a public monument, is impressive and various causes. Patronage, encouragewell imagined. Mr. Garrard's model for ment, a good school, are among the many a statue of the late Mr. Pitt, in the desiderata which this elder of the sister master of arts gown, (No. 760), made at arts, lamentably feels. The worst and the the request of the Cambridge committee, darkest room; no lectures for nearly the possesses an air of elevation, and dignity last ten years, no guide or keeper of the of mind; highly characteristic of the ora- architectural students; a limited use torical powers of the departed statesman (almost approaching to a prohibition of it represen!s. Mr. Turnerelli's busts are a good library, no models; no instruc in a chaste and simple style, and are said tious; are the bounties of a Royal Aca to possess the additional recommendation demy of Painting, Sculpture, and Archiof gourt likenessos. His figure of Vesta tecture, towards one of its professed (No 777) for a candelabrum is, in design adopted children. The consequence is and execution, excellent and appropriate. that the introduction of novelties, hou The finits of this department will not ever vague, inelegant, and bizarre, have allow of all to be mentioned that deserve been sought for by the architectural stupraise, but no-excuse. could palliate the dents; and such is the character of this, omission of No.817, by Flaxman, Resigo and the last six exhibitions, with only pation à statue in marble, which is few exceptions. Henvines, dumsins said to be part of a groupe to the me- the worst parts of the Romno spoliation mory of the Baring family. It makes the of Grecian elegance, were the charadmind insensibly revert to Ancient Greece; "teristics of British architects, from PAL so much simple majestic beauty does it and Gibbs, till the time of Chambers and possess, 'so much opposite merit does it . Stuart; the former of wtrom purified exhibit to the corrupt source of Bernini's the one, and the latter restored and gave School of moderu sculpture, which, till to his admiring countrymen, the purest the days of Flaxman, pervaded more or draughts from the stream of Grecian and less every sculptor from Bernini to Rou. intellectual refinement in the art. All biliac; that it may be considered as the might then have been well, but for the perfect seal and type of sculptural refor- unaccountable negligence of the cultimation, the complete emancipation of vation of the taste of the present race of genjus from the trammels of ignortince growing architects and superstition. Piety, calin unaffected. Wyat, Dance, Milne, and
well succeeded Chambers and Stuart; jamin West, esq. the venerable presibut (judging from the present exhibition) depi, supported by a select and highly if the present retrograde movements of respectable company of amateurs, meu the art continue: who is to succeed bers, stu lents, and exhibitors, who were tbem? It most imperiously demands the invited on the occasion. Alter the cloth attention of every lover of his country's was cleared, Non
was cleared, Non Nobis Domine was arts, and his country's fame!
adipirably sung by Messrs. Goss, Taylor, Liule rooin can be spared to enu
Neale, and Master Buggen; the Presi. merate the best, and indeed the subject
dent then gave, “the ting, our lounis too melancholy, long to dwell upon.
der and our patron," whacu was drank Mr. Soane's Bank of England, (778) can
with the most enthusiastic applause. not be called new to the Exhibition; having
Atter a variety of other toasts, the Prebeen exbibited in various shapes, and com
sident's health was proposed to be drank mented on several tiniesbefore. It possesses
by Caleb Whitetoord, esq. whicha the highest degree ofexcellence,as a design,
imunerliately called up Mr. Flaxmızın, and is a real ornament to the metropolis.
who begged leave to address the There are, as usual, villus, cultuges, col.
company on this interesting occasion, leges, buths, and bout-houses, in abun. Our venerable and worthy president uldance, but so little novelty, except what
served, Mr. F. has the singular and un. is bad, that they must be passed over
precedented fortune of having been one unnoticed, or more severely censured of the greatest supporters to tie Fine than would be gratifying to either the
Aris, of almosi any man, in any age, or Teader, the author, or the critic. Bus.
Cuuntry; for forty-six years, without a by's large drawings, (No. 701;) interior
singlc interinission, he has exhibited in tiew. being part of a desiun fór a Rouut the annual exhibition of the Royal AcaAcademy, and (779) ditto, ut a design for a
ditto of a desire torre deiny ot England. Among which were the cuthedral, display great industry and
crear udusdund celebrated pictures of the reasla uf merit, and although no great novelty of General Wulle; Agrippina, following the design is attempted, yet ino rules are vi- body of her husband; Agrippina, bearing olated, and nu ridiculous innovations in
the ashes of Germanicus; the battles of troduced. Elines's design for the im- the Boyne, and La Hugue; the return provement of Westminster, is manifestly
of Regulus to Carthage; and many other untinished, and should have been called
equally celebraicd pictures. This veá sketch.
nerable inan conunued ise, is aut more With these few observations, the are
moted as an artist, and as the father of chitectural department of the present
the British school uf painting; than exhibition shall close. Against the next
he is for his estimable character, in pri. year, something of hope revives. Mr.
tale life as a husband, a faciver, and a Soane, it is presumed, will give his course truly pious inan. And from his own knowof lectures, which he cogunenced with ledge of the state of foreigu academies, an introductory essay, the last season, he could safely say, no uther than the and will, it is loperl, strongly condemn
British academy could boast such a preall such childish and absurd innovations. Silent, Mr. Flaxman apologized tu thie that clouded and distigured the art, in company, for otruding himselt so long the decline of the Roman empire: pointe on their attention, but observed, he had ing out that road to archutectural emi
three reasons; tiist, as being a ineinhes dence, wbich he himself has 50 well
of the academy, and not a painter; trudden; and effect as graud a revolution
secondly, as a member of the council, and reforination in architecture, as bas
and consequently a steward for the day; been most gloriously effected in painting
and thirdly, grautude, Mr. West having and sculpture.
been his first patrun in lile. Mr Flaxuan Intelligence.
was here so overpowered with his feel GELEURATION OF THE KINO'S BIRT1-DAY,
ings, be was ob iged to conclude. These BY THE ROYAL ACADEMY.
are truly noble scones, woriby of the best On Monday, the 5th of June, the ages of Greece or Ruile; and as such, members and students of the Royal was this interesting CEO contemplated Acadeiny, inet at the Crown and Anchor by all present. Mr. West rciurned tavern, in the Strand, to cclebrate the thanks in a brat and clegant manner anniversary of his majesty's birth-day. thanking Mr. Whetuurd and the cold, The thuy was spent with the utmost con- pariy, for the tronour they had just curio viviality; and harinony reigned predo- ftrror on hims; observing, that for nearly minant. The chair was taken by Ben- balf a century, bad their friends up