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Reral Jrllach7*h, which occupied Tfrurrich, it pursued bv the corns ot" the Duke of Uantzic.
The King of Bavaria has shewn himself at Munich. He afterwards returned to Augsburg, where ho will remain some days, intending not to fix hit re*«iJ*nce at Munich till Bav.iria shall be entirely delivered from the enemy.
On the side of Rarisbon, the Duke of Auerfttadt is t;one in pursuit or" Prince Charles, who, cut off from his communications with the inn and V^jiimn, his no otherrcuiuree than that of retiring into the mountains of Bohemia, by Walrinmnchcn and Cham.
With respect to the Emperor of Austria, he appears to hav?been before I'assau, in order to besiege that pl*ce with three battalions o( the Landwerk.
All Bavaru and the Palatinate are delivered fiom the presence of the enemy.
At Ratisbon, the Emperor passed several tn'ps in review, and caused the bravest soldiers lobe presented to him, to whom us gave distinctions aod pensions, and the bravest Orficers, tu whom he gave baronies and lands.
Hirberto the Emperor has carried on the War almost without equipage and guards j and €>ne has remaiked, tint in the absence of hla guard, he had slwuys about him the allied Bavarian and YVirLctuberg troops j wishing thereby to give them a particular proof of confide ucc.
A report has been circulated, that the Emperor had had his leg braken. The fact is, that a spent ball h.id grazed the heel of his boot, but did not touch the skin. Never was hi* Majesty in better health, though in the midst of the greatest fatigue.
It has been remarked as a singular fact, that one of the rirst Austrian Officers m.'de prisoners in this war, was the Aid de-camp of Prince Chailrs, sent to M. Otto with the famous letter, purporting that the French army must ted re.
The inhabitant* of Ratisbon having behaved very well, and evinced that patriotic ami conJcdcratCit spirit vhic-t we have a ri6ht lo expect from them, his Majesty has ordered thai the damage irons shall be repaired at his expense, and particularly the rebuilding of ihe houses burnt, the expencc of which will be several millions.
AH the sovereigns and territories of (he confederacy evince the roost patriotic spirit. V/hentheAuttrian Minister, at Dresden, delivered the ueclaiation of his court to the King of Saxony i the latter could not contain his indignation.—'■You wish for war, and agtinst whom? You attack and you inveigh against a man, who, three years ago, master of jour (lestiny, rcfetond >our states to you. The proposals made to ms amVtme: my engagement* are kiioun tu all Lurope ; no Prince, of tue confederacy will detach himself from ibem."
The Giand DuJce of Wurtzburg, the Fmy-eror ofAustnu'i brother, has shewn cue same
MiAiBiT Mac. No. J35.
sentiments, and has declared, that if the Austiians advanced to his territories, he should retire, if necessary, across the Rhine. So well are the insanity and the invectives o; Vienna appreciated. The regrments of the petty Princes, all- tlte allied troops, arc esger to inarch against the enemy.
A notable circumstance, wm'ch posterity will remark as a fresh proof of the signal bad faith of AuiCria, is, that on the d*y she wrote the annexed letter to the King of Bay^ria, she published in the Tyrol the Proclamation signed by General Jelfachich. On the same day she proposed to the King to be neutral, and Invited his subjects to rise. Huw can vve reconcile this contradiction, or rather how justify thisini'arny?
Letter addressed en the 9th April* by the Arch* duke Cbjrlet, to the Kmgof Jijvitrra, and intend in fie First Bulletin of tbi Austrian army.
"sir E—I have the honour to infirm your Majesty, that in pursuance of the declaration of his Majesty the hmperor of Austria to the Emperor Napoleon, 1 have received orders to enter Bavaria with the troop's under my command, and to treat as enemies those who shall offer resistence.
"I ardently wish, Sire, that you would listen to the desires of your people, whu see in u* none but deliverers The scveresr command* have been given in order, until your Majesty make known your intcn'ions on tins head, that no hostilities be committed except against the enemy of all political independence in Europe. It would be very painful to me to turn my arms against the troops of your Majesty* and to involve your subjects in trie miseries of a war, undertaken for general liberty, and whose rlrsc principle excluaes all plan of conquest \ but if tbe force of circumstances should lead your Majesty to a condescension incompatible with your dignity, and the happiness of vour people, 1 beg you nevertheless to be convinced, that my soldiers will maintain, under every circumstance, the safety ofyour Majesty ; and I invite you, Sire, io confide yourself to the honuurof my Sovereign, and the protectionot" his arms."
PUOCL Amotion. Soldiers, you have justified my expectation; —youhave made up .ttr numbers by youi bravery j—you have gloriously marked the difference thai exists oi tween the soldiers ot Caesar, and the armed cohorts of Xcxei.
In a tew days we have triumphed in the three uatiles of Tann, Abcnsbng, and £chmuhl, and in the aci.onsof Peisina, Ijndshut, and Ratisbon. G>c hundred piecc-oT cannon, 40 standards, 50,000 prisoners, SOU waggons harnessed for baggage, all the chests ot tre regime:.ts—ouch is the result of the rapid.ty of your march and your courage.
The enemy, besotted by a jferjured Cabinet, seemed no longer to ure^eive any r-coiieitiuo of us}—their waking b-*s bie. picriij;;—>o« have appealed to them uu>e Unibit than ev« r.
5 W UlKif lately the)' crossed the Inn, and invaded the territoiy of our allies—lately they presumed to carry the war into the heart of our country —now, defeated and dismayed, they fly in disorder; alre.idy my advanced guard has passed the Inn—before a month is elapsed we shall beat Vienna
From our Head quarters, Ratisbon, April 94. (Signed). Kafolion.
Thiri BuHit'm vfth' Fr/xcb GrarA Army,
"This Bull' tin is dlted from the head-quarters at Berghausen, April SO. It details nothing of importance. The Duke of Danuic reached Altenmark on thr '2Bth, Gen.Wredc entered Salzburgh on the 29th, and on the 30th the whole army crossed the Inn in full pursuit of the Austrians. Many prisoners were made. "The Emperor of Austria," says the Eulletin, " is .zone toScharding, a position extremely well adapted for a Sovereign, who neither wishes to be in his capital to govern Tnis dominions, nor in the field, where he is known to be merely an incumbrance and dead weight. When he wis informed of the result of the battle of Eckmuhl, he judged it prudent to retire into the interior of his dominions.**.—Speaking of the Austrian imitations of the French military system,the Bulletin remarks, " But the ass is not ennobled to a lion Because he is covered with a lion's skin; the long ears betray the ignoble heist."—The Autrians are precipitately evacuating the Tytol, o*ing to the victories in Bavaria. Marshal Davoust is to proceed to the Tyrol to restore tranquillity.
The following general orders were published at Head-quarters, in Madrid, on the 'Jd April:
"His Catholic Majesty has given orders, that information should be given to the armv, of the new vktorv gained on the S8th M.irch, by the first light corps under the command of the Marshal Duke of Bclluno, at Medellin, over the army of the enemy, under the command oftheSpanishGcneralCue^ta. Ten thousand Spaniards having been killed, and l,00f1 made prisoners by our light troops, and the rest saved themselves by (light in the btst manner they cuuld. The whole arttllerv. to the number of tS pieces, with 6 standards, fell into our hands. The greater part of the superior and staPt-ofiicers were left on the field. The Spanish Lieutenant-general, Don Francisco dr. Frias, was found among the dead severely wounded.
«• The army of Cuesta and a part of that •f Andalusia are, by this fortunate event, annihilated. The Mirshal Duke of Belluno gives the greatest praise to the Generils and Officers, as well as the troops under his command. Our loss, in comparison to that of the • iiemy, avpeara incredibly small, as this glorious day cost us, in killed and wounded, nvt mure (haa JlrO mci. YYc are indebted.
for this advantage to the impetuosity of our attacks, and the spirit with which, they axe maintained,
"This victory secures us the conquest of Andalusia, the who'.e of which will shortly be in possession of our troops.
41 Marshal of the Empire, anJ Majargencral of his Cathol.c Majesty.'*
"Cafns, April 10, l?,09, "In spite of the multiplied treacheries of the Spanish and Portuguese Chiefs and Generals, in spite of the notorious imbecili'y, corruption, and perhaps even perfidy of this Government, and the wretched mismanage*! ment on our parts, the views of the en;my seem to be completely harried. In Cat-ilonaa he is retiring every where, except from Barcelona. The last accounts state, that he destroys the forts, &c. and leaves his sick and wounded io the mercy of the Spaniards. He is retiring also in I.a Mancha and Kstremadura, after gaining advantages which seemed to lay the road into Andalusia open without assistance. The treachery of Cronus exposed the army of La Mancha to almost inevitable destruction, and it fled in the uio.t disorderly -manner, seized with a sudden panic, for sevcial days before a small division of French cavalry. Albuquerque has represented to the Junta the perfidy of L'rbino in the clearest light. The copy of his letter is here. You will no doubt have received the details of the cowaidly behaviour of ths Spacish cavalry at Medellin; which, if tbc French had properly used the advantage they gained on that day, would undoubtedly hare made them masters of the pass at least, If not of Seville itself. Their numbers, however, seem to be too insignificant for further conquest, and notwithstanding the numerous partizans they have amongst the higher dastes and officers of Government, if not ist rhe Government itself, the people are true to their own cause.
At a meeting lately held at the Crowt and Anchor, in the Strand, for the purpose of iiirtuininfrB Keforrn of Pnrliainent, the following resolutions were carried .*
1. That it is "the grand principle of the constitution, that the people shall have at •hare in the government, by a just representstion in parliament."*
1. That the lung duration of parliaments greatly facilitates the corruption of the members, and removes- that wholesome check or controu) on their conduct, a frequent recurrence to the opinion of their constituents.
3. That in a petition presented to the House of Commons, on the 6th of May, lT'.'.l, it was offered to be proved at the bar, "that 154 individuals did, by their own authority, .ippoini or procere the return of J07 members vftlsat r.osic <cxciihti«e *f llaoje from Scot
and), who were thus ensibled to decide all_ questions in the name of the whole people Ol Great Britain." 4. That this meeting helieves individual patronage in boroughs has inerearerl sinte 1795-that the representation of Scotland is extremely influenced and unfree-that there me great defects in thnt of Irel.ind-and that in the English Boroughs called or-zN, the returns tire for the most part obtained for money; wherefore, upon the whole, it is the opinion of thi; mee:ing,th1t a great majority nl' the members of the L`ominon‘s House are no returned, that the nation is not constitutionally rrprenentetl; while yet it it taxed to lnppoit an expenditure ot seventy millions ltetling ai year. 5, Thatin the IC( (commonly called the act of lettlenient) which pldced the House of Brunswick on the Throne of these realms, it was userted and recognrzed as the constitutional principle, that nn person, who “ his an ollice or place of prolit under the King, or receiver a pension from the Crown, shall be capable of serving as .i member ot' the House of Commons." _ 6. 'I`h4t it appears hy 2 report lail 011 the table ofthe llouw: ofklommons, in _[une lan, llut 78 of its rrcmhers are in the reéulur tcceipl under the Crown ot' 178,991-l. at year. T. 'l`h.it iu 1782 it was declared by Mr. Pitt, inthe House Ul`CDm!\l0l\S, that “ seven or eight tncrniwrs of that house were sc* there by the Nabons ol' Arcot, and that a Foreign State, in enmity tu :his country, might procure a party to act for it under the musk and clnracter of members of that House. 8. That such a :tate of representation is 1 national gYlCY.AllC!!. ' 9. That in evc:y department ofthe State, into which inquiry l::i~ heen rntnle, scandaioua Corruption: and ahu-tu have been dvtectcd. 10. 'lhlt the exclu.ion ot' the pol-lic voice from all inrlnence in, .md the some-quent corruption of, the Government of the Continental Stiies, have been the cuas:s ol' their lubjugatiori. ll. That so long as the people shall not he fairly represented, crirrunion will increise; our debts and taxi-s'»~. ill accnmuhite, our resources will be di=s?r\1ted; the nmve :rergy ot the rropii; will be depreweii; and thc country deprivtd uf its hett defente agnimt foreign foes. 12. 'Thx to rrmrdy the gfcrit :ini gl;-‘ing evils of which we turnpl.nn, at is not nestssary to have recourse Io tl|:orctic.ll sivculutions, or d.|n_;l-mu! expriiments 'ri government, but to ietur ru tne p in:-ples l|.\ll\lCll rl.:wn to tu hy the winlonn .ins virtue of our flirelathcrs. 13. Thit the rr-mt-ily is to be found, and to be faunil only, in a full .ind l.\lr repretenLttim uf the people in the Commons H ~use of l".\vlz:if'nen\; a remedy equi-ly necessary to the sxfety ofthe Throne, and the happiLrsi und inuepeudencc ul the country.
liers. Altogether the number of members returned by corruption and hv influence was 300. There were also 17 Jioroughs, not containing on the average 150 voters in each, which 21 Peers and the Treasury commanded. The whole Borough-Faction, together with these 17 Boroughs, returned 327 English members in the House of Commons. (Shame! Disgrace .') The English part of the House of Commons consisted of 513 members, frsin which deducting 327, there was at bal.ince of 186, tolerably uninfluenced men. Jf therefore these 180 were deducted from the 327, there was a majority of 141 in favour of the Borough-Faction, The pensions and places of members actually sitting in ;he House of Commons amounted to 178,0001.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer in re
?lotting the budget recited the different leads of supply and ways and means, as under:
Ordnance for England, 5,275,298
Miscellaneous Grants for
Miscellaneous Grants for
Vote of Credit for Eng-
Vole of Credit for Ireland 300,300
LonJm Geactic Exrraorjiitr.ry, May, 25,
Downing uicct. May 24, 1H09, A Dispatch of which the lullowing is n Copv, was received this Evening from Litutenaiit-f-Jeiicrnithc' Right Honourable Sir Arthur Wellesley, hy Viscount Castlereagh, one of his Majesty'* Principal Secretaries of State.
0/5. to. May 12, 1809. Mv Lord—I had the honour to appriro your Lordship, on the 7th instant, that 1 in— tended that the army should march on the 9th from Coimhra to dispossess the enemy ■ of Oporto.
The advanced guard and the cavalry had marched on the 7th, anrl rhe whole had halted on the 8th to affurd time for Marshal Bcresford with his coips to arrive upon the LTpper Douro.
The infantry of the army was formed into three divisions for this expedition, uf which two, the advanced-guard, consisting of the Hanoverian Legion anil Brigad'er-Gencral R~ Srewart's brigade, with a biigade oi 6-pouadcrs, and a brigade of 3-pounders under Lieutenant-General Paget,, and the cavalry under Lieutenant-Gencral Payne, and the brigade uf guards; tirigadirr General Campbell's anil
Brigadur-General —— brigades of in
fantiy, with a brigade of six pounders, under Lieutenant-General Sherbrooke, moved by the high road Iron CoimLr.i to Oporto, and one composed of Major-General Hill's and Brigadier-General f.'amcron's brigades of itvfantrj, and a brigade of six-pour.Jer>, under the co'nniaril or Major General HUH, by Use road from Coimbra to Aveiro.
On the lOtb.in the mornmit.befote dajlhtru:, the cavalry and advanced guuid trussed the Vouga with the intention to surprise and cut oft four regiments of French cavalry, nnd a battalioa of inriintiy »od artillery, cantoned in AlbiiLjina Nova and the ccigtibauii
lapes, about light mile* from that river, in the last of whicli ivr failed; buc the superiority of the Btitish cavalry was evident throughout the day; we took sonic prisoner* and their cannon from then.; and the advanced guard took uu the position of Oliviera.
On the tame day Major-General Hilli who had embarked at Aveiro on the evening of the <>th, arrived ar Ov.tr, in the rear of the enemy's right; and the head of LieutenantCeneril Sherbrooke's division passed the Vouga on the tame evening.
On the 11th, the advanced guard and cavalry continued to move on the high road toyrards Oporto, with Major-General Hill's tlivision in a parallel road, which leads to Oporto from Ovar.
On the arrival of the advanced guard at Vrndas Novas, between Son to Rrdondo and Grijon, they tell in with the outposts o: the -enemy's advanced guard, consisting of about 4000 infantry, and some squadrons of cavalry, strongly posted on the heights above Grijon, their front being coveted by' woods and broken ground. The enemy's left flank was turned by a movement well executed by Major-General Murray, with Brigadier-General 1 .a ng worth's brigade of the Hanoverian legion; while the 16th Portuguese regiment of Brigadier-General Richard Stewart's brigade attacked their right, and the riflemen of the iljtu, and tiic flank companies of the 29th, 4.'d, and .V.'J, of the same brigade, under Major Way, attacked the infantry in the woods £nd village in their centre
Thi'se attacks soon obliged the enemy to give way; and the Honourable BrigadierGenrral Charles Stewart led two squadrons of the ltith aid .'Oth dragoons, under the command of Major blakc, in pursuit of the enemy, and destroyed many and took many prisoner*. •■ • ■ • ■ •
On the night of the llth the enemy crossad the Duuio, anrt destroyed the bridge over that river. r' ,
It was important, with a view to the operations of Marshal Btrcsford, that 1 should Croat the Douro immediately: and 1 had sent Major-General Murray in the morning with » battalion of the Hanoverian legion, a squadron of cavalry, apd two six-pounders, to endeavour to collect boats, and, if possible, tp cross the river at Ovist**, about tour anile* above Oporto; and I had as many boats aa could be collected brought to the terry, immediately above the towns of Oporto and Villa Nova.
The ground on the right bank of the river at this ferry it protected and commanded by ghe fire of cannon, placed on the height of OK Sierra,Cofliatst, at VslUXova, and them aapeirrd to fee a.good position foe our troopa e*v' the cftKak* aide if the -river till they ttaaM bevcollected in sufficient nstaahtia. ^eenenw tank itnqojtee/oM ceUectias
landed, and had taken up their position under
They then commenced an attack upon
Lieutenant-General Paget wai unfortunately wounded soon after the attack commenced, when the command of these gallant troops devolved upon Major-General Hill.
Although the French made repeated attack! upon thrm, they made no impression i aud at last Major-General Murray, having appeared on the enemy's left flank, on his march from Ovinias, where he had crossed, and Lieutenant-General Sherbrooke, who by this time had availed himself of the enemy's weak* nets in the town of Oporto, and had crossed the Douro at the ferry, between the towns of Villa Nova and Oporto, having appeared upoo the right with the brigade of guardt, and the 29th regiment, the whole retired iu the utmost confusion toward* Amaranths, leaving behind them live pieces of cannon, eight ammunition tumbrils, and many prisoners.
The enemy's loss in killed and wounded in this action has-been very large, and they have left behind them in Oporto 700 sick anl wounded.
Brigadier-Gener?.l the Honourable Charles Sttewurc then directed a charge by a «quadrorr of the 14th dragoons, under the command of Major Harvey, who made a successful attack on the enemy's rear guird.
In the dillcient actions with the enemy, of which I .have above given your Loidsbipan account, we have lent some, and Che immediate services of other valuable officers and soldiers.
In Lieutenant-General Paget, among thv>
He had rendered a most important service
I cannot lay too much in favour of tht
The* have marched fn rotar day* over
eighty mile* of most difficult country, hive
'gaieted many inrportant positions, arid bav*
engaged and defeated three different bodies of