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tome time, if possible, to be employed in attending military hospitals, especially in ihe field.
During the summers, oral instruction, at it best offers, in other branches of natural history besides botany, in natural philosophy, and in the speculative sciences, if in these last any lectures should promise more than books. From one or the other, the acquisition of as many facts as possible concerning the mental operations, should be considered as an essential part of the stock of the knowledge necessary to the physician."
After this the Doctor proceeds to infjuirc, whether it is meant to tolerate "the existing isregular practitioners, and advertising quacks?" and " whether the present race of regulars deserve to have . an unrestrained monopoly of the sick trade, secured to them by law?
"What" adds he, "could invalids lose by the suppression of all quack medicines for consumption, while the regular faculty is in snug possession of the liot-wcll, here by the side of the Avon? What is there in Godbold's vegetable balsam, that this water cannot replace? and (faith in the gift of St. Vincent failing) have we not the air of Clifton close at hand, offering itself to us as presumptive heir to the rcputution of the water? Should you allow the said water and the said air, to be abundantly calculated to satisfy any cravings of credulity; consider a little, I beseech you, the accommodation of that part of the faculty, which is engaged in the great corresponding branch of medical practice. This cannot be said to be carried on by corresponding societies; the term is too large; knots nf two or three only, are concerned in this correspondence. These brother doctors, Sir, though separated so widely as I am from you at this moment, or more so, sympathize as tenderly, and are as ready to relieve one another's distresses, as those knights of old, of whom we hear as brothers in arms. Take for instance a common case: the family doctor in London, Dublin, or where you please, cannot bear to think, that the sou or daughter of u dear fraud of Ins should die at home, just under his nose. So no sooner does it come to a llotwcll case (a term within a few weeks svunnimous to a corpse) than off the invalid is sent with a pass. Invalid and pus- aie delivered to the receiving dector, wiu'sie feelings, as he is a stranger, caimui he so much overpowered by the tendcriiciS of friendship. Aud when the
patient is dead and disposed of, the receiving party you know, may never be again distressed by the sight of any of the family. He prescribes therefore, a way his friend had done before him, adding of course, so much per day of the said Hotwell water, which, I repeat it, may be considered as a worthy substitute for any quack composition ever put together. So it goes on, until the jaws of the patient are either lucked by death or despair."
He maintains, that the whole art of Hotwell physic, may be acquired by any person in three days, as it consists of nothing more " than a little vitriolic acid for the night sweats, chaik mixture for the bowels, poppy syrup, or that favourite nostrum the black drop, or what you please of the like, for the anodyne.''
It is well known that the extreme heat which took pi .ice during the Autumn of 1800, occasioned a great mortality among the labouring classes, who were exposed to its influence in the open fields. This circumstance gave birth to a humane pamphlet, by Dr. B. entitled "Good Advice for the Husbandman in Harvest, and for all thoso who labour hard in hot berthes ; as also, for others who will follow it in Warm Weather." From this we learn with equal sorrow and surprize, that the people in the "happy vale of Gloucester" indulge in harvest debauchery to such ail excess, that it has been proved " a Severn man's stomach will hold just nineteen pints!" This scene of inebriation excites the paternal animadversions of our author, who discants on the advantages of sobriety, and clearly demonstrates that the drink of one day exhausts more than the sober exertions of three." He observes, that a hot sun and a long day's hard labour are sure to produce a lever, which instead of being encreased by strong potions of ale and cyder, ought on the contrary to be kt-pt down by thin diluting liquors. He recommends also, " that no one should swallow at once an excessive qunntily of cold water, or stand much in a stream of cool air, while at rest, and growing less and less warm, after being drenched with sweat."
In August ICOil, he transmitted two cases of hydrophobia, which were inserted in the "Medical and Physical Journal," for September; in the number for November, appeared another paper, giving an account of some dissections; and we believe, he was a Ircqucul toutnbutor to that periodical work.
Of his other literary labours, we have only time to enumerate the title pages, fit.
1. The Ilistory of Isaac Jenkins.
2. Instructions for Persons of all Capacites, respecting their on u I leiill h and that of their Children; which, like the former, passed through many editions,
S. Manual of Health; and 4. Researches concerning Fever. We must here conclude th<r life and literary career of this extraordinary man, at the same time. The physician whose mind was ever omthe stretch, to extend tie confines of medical science, and discover efficacious remedies fur the relief of other.-, at last became a patient him•elf. He had for some time anterior to hu death, exhibited manifest symptoms of diopsr, but never considered his end as Mi near. His dissolution perhaps was ■astencd bv the rigour of the present winter; fur lie complained frequently of cold at his extremities, and had actually wac to London, for an ingenious mechanic, who had undertaken to warm his apartment to uu equable temperature, by meant of steam. His death occurred nn the 'iuli jit' December, 1808, and on being opened, it «as clearly discernible dat the machinery had been worn out, "d that the animal functions were necessarily impended, from the progress of disease. The left lobe of the lun»s *u found to be in a morbid state, and, » miebt have been easily predicted, a lodgement of water had also been effected.
Thus died, after he had attained the fifty-second, or fifty-third year of his life, Thomas Beddoes, a man who possessed a warmth, a zeal, an ardour tor the pursuit of medical science, which had seldom been equalled by any, and was assuredly excelled by none. His whole life was devoted to experiment, to enquiry, to correspondence with men of talents, and to the instruction of himself and others. He possessed a fine genius for poetry, and had the happy faculty of viewing every subject on its most brilliant side. His language was glowing, figurative, and sometimes even sublime. He despised quackery, and pretensions of every kind; and was accustomed to detect and expose these to the full at freely ia his own as in other professions.
In ail the social relations of life, his conduct uniformly bore testimony to the excellence of his heart; for he was a good friend, a good father, and a good husband. A few years since, he married Miss Edgewovtb, a lady of a respectable literary family in Ireland, by whom he has left four children.
Further particulars of his life will be speedily published under the auspices of his friends :—a work, which, if written with ability, cannot fail to be productive) both of amusement and instruction.
It is to be hoped, a portrait of Dr. B. has been in some way obtained, lor it was one of his peculiarities, to refuse the frequent solicitations of some of his best friends to sit for his picture.
Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letters.
.municatiuns to thil Article are always thankfully received.]
Anion. (Is San. Roman. I. i. Hut. Indie. Orient, c. 11. p. .T, grievously lament, that this term Brazil, (on account of (he wood tor dying,)superseded the term "Land of the Holy Cross;" and observe, that it perhaps happened by the cunning of the devil. Borro.llus(De Reg. Catholic.) contended that it ought to be styled Orbit Carolinui, from Ch. V. and this because Isidore, Pereira, Mantua, and a variety of authors were agreed upon this point, that to give names to nations and places was a peculiar privilege of kings and dukes. The majority, however, were for calling it the Xeu> World. This gave bir^th to a calumny upon mother Earth, that she bad many sinters, i.e. that there we '-»■*'■** ■< . -c •
.■•#&£■»-f • i."
more worlds than one in the universe: which was vehemently atti eked, upon the authority of Aristotle, Jerom, Isidore, and many more. James Pnutimus (I'togt/mnasm. p. 315.) ventured to say, that hi-, information was not sufficient to denominate it the other quarter of the world,for which be met with due punishment. After much dispute, the vulgar both \v»uld and did call it America, which the learned adopted upon the authority of Quinctdian, 1. Instit. Orator. Uttndum est verbo ut nummo cut publicu forma sit, not, however, without precautionary quotations from Alhatus and Brechieus, in Rub. de Vtrbor. Signijieat. and others related by Gutierrez, lib. 3. tract. Quest. lta num. 132. Meron. Cevull. Cummun. Opin. Jj. i. 2. 409. and Mar. Burguj/ de Laudimio, p, i. c. 1. num. 24, 25, etc. all of whom had taken infinite pains to inform the public, that the vulgar were not in the habits of taking much trouble about the exact interpretation and meaning of words.
This man, lib. 2, dalle Imprcsc, fol. 28, contends, that the inscription, "1'lus Ultra," upon the pillars of Hercules, which Charles assumed in his arms, should be read "Plus Outre,"—a sapient improvement!
This famous Portuguese commander had formed an idea, by the help of the Abvssinians, to turn the streams of the yile by a shorter cut into the Hod Sea, that so he mi«ht render Egypt, because it was inhabited by the Turks, quite barren. This idea is loudly upplauded by Maflaius, 5 Hist. InJ.
Tin* msn thus paraphrases the verse in Isaiah, "Every valley shall be exalted, every hill made low, tlif. erooked strait, and rough places plain." "The low depth of rallies shall be raised by a rumpart thrown up, and the ground heaped together; on the other hand, the lulls may lie lowered, by throwing down the tops of the rocks; and what is crooked may lie made straight by a rule; and what is gibbous and unequal may be levelled into a plain."—This commentator is not one of those who elucidute clear passages into obscurity, for his propositions are as pure ajid lucid as the crystal spring.
This grammarian styles "Chaos, the feed of the World."—A very buppy s.\wesskm.
Ant. Naldus Quasi. Practic. No. 20. notes, that it was, about 1551, much in vogue in the Ecclesiastical State, for iudi viduals to seize the children of the Jews and christen them vi tt aruiis.
ROY A I. APOSTLES, &C.
Orosius, I. 7. c. 14. says, that the Goths, Huns, &c. invaded Italy, by an impulse of Providence, that they might be converted. Boscus de rgh. Eccles. says, that Tiridates having vanquished the Armenians, compelled them to become Christians. He adds, that the* liurgundiaus and Franks became so, through a vow made if they were successful in a battle. Charlemagne forced'In.- Saxons into Christianity. Hhegin. IC'.'inh. and Aimoin. No. 785. Oubraorus, c. 5. 1. 6. Ilclmodius, 1. (i. c. Id. 19. 24. say, that Otho the. Great thus converted the Bohemians. So also Boleshius, king of the Poles, (see Arnold, 1.7. c. 9.) converted the Prussians. So. Waldemar, king of the Danes, the Rugiani. (Ilehnod, 1.1. c. 43. I. 2. c. 12. 13.) So Isid. Hist. Gothor. era 650, notes, that the emperor Heraclius, Sisebert, king of Spain, and Dagobert, knit; of France, compelled the Jews to be baptized. So our Alfred forced Guthrun and the Danes. Medina de Itestit. 9. 27. and Johan. Azorius lnstit. Monal. 1. 8. c. 34. and others say, that baptum was the usual condition of granting quarter to infidels. OEFF.xnr.il or Hie Faiiu—Atimkasius..
The Hist. Eccles. 1. 10. and Tiber. Dccianus. d. I. 5. o. 12. n. 28. say, that Alexander bishop of Alexandria, when walking in the street, saw a Jew boy named A thannsius,playingatbishop,and christening other children; through which he compelled (hem all to persevere in the Christian faith: and thus it happened that Athanasjus became a very greet "Fidci Propugnator," Defender of the Faith.
ABRAHAM A DOCTOR—DOCTOR, TITLE OF.
This, as a degree, commences with the 12 cent, but Luciati in Dr<i Syria, notes, that tlicro were publics hospitcs among the Assyrians, called Dottortt, because they narrated and explained all things. Accordingly,Peneda de Itch. Talom. I. 3. c. 27. num. 8. says. " the very hospitality of Abraham shows that he was a, doctor.TM See Joseph. Autiq. L c. 16. I-.u.-eh. Przp. Eviing. 1.9. c. lilt.
MAffDF.riLLE AND THE SEYAR ANIUAN S.
A circumstance,which the writer hereof is enabled to communicate, will at
once once decide the controversy (see vol. xxvi. p. 17. 224.) respecting Dr. Mandevillc's being or not being the author of the History of the Sevarambians.
I am possessed of a copy of this work in Low Dutch, (quarto, small size,) translated from the French into that language by G. v. Broekhoyzen, embellished with many curious copper cuts, printed at Amsterdam, for Timotheus ten Hooni, tiooksetler, in the Nes, (a street so named) 1682. According to the biographical dictionaries in common use, Dr. Mandcville died in 1733, about the ti3d year of his age: if so, he must have been born about 1670; and it is admitted that he graduated at Leyden in 1691.
Hie Dutch edition is divided into four parts only ; the fourth is called, the fourth ar.d !d-i part, and concludes with relating tie return of the fictitious Captain Siden to Smyrna. Perhaps a fifth part was afterwards added, previous to the publication of the second English edition in 1716. In my Dutch copy, each of the fctrr parts has a separate title-page, with the same date, 1G82. In the preface, (page 1) Virsilins is styled bishop of Cologne (not of Salzburg).
The writer of the letter inserted in Vol. xxvi. p. 224, will, I am persuaded, excuse my taking the liberty of submit* ting to his consideration, whether his own jaocioiu remarks in the last paragraph ■ill Mt warrant a conjecture that the real aathor of the History of the SevantBhhtits was the learned professor he ttiere mentions. With respect to time and other circumstances, nothing appears in the accounts extant of Bayle's life that rentiers such a supposition impro
THOfc AS-A-BECK ET.
Tgy before the ^3d Henry II. j to fact, greater sufferers than the Wry; for they had no remedy at common law, their own punishments not going beyond excommunication, for the murderssfanr of their own body by laymen. So *b«4#WhV JsCrfef .- and no kit own 1 with their lives. ProviiuttkHtMtJolly. *T r**«T«te!Oltn
jr-—w. *. -J was >n
habits of 9"°lp%S^ ^rW*"E P841 rt> in Reflation" 43 -.'»»•
^vra»"gf|tAjMPMt^land ror» w^if twkjnsjBom: SjRJ^m pat land
have rejected Admiral Blake, then of Wadham, from a fellowship of Mcrton, on account of the lowness of bis stature.
EDWARD TJIE SECOND.
Adam Tarlton, bishop of Hereford, ii said to have been the great engineer and contriver of this king's murder. Fuller says, that when he preached before the queen, then in pursuit of her husband, his text was, the words of the sick Shn namite, " My head, my head,"—a curious text. It was not so: bnt the real one was striking; " I will put enmity between you and the woman"—a most blasphemous and detestable application, and delivered from the pulpit!
ARSfS OF THE C1TV OF LONDON.
Said to have received the addition of the daggers from Sir William Walworth's punishment of Wat Tyler's insolence. It appears from a stone nearllunuyiuede, bearing the date of 1285, that they were blazoned with daggers at that period.
BATTLE OF T0WT0S—YOKK AND LAN-' CAStEK.
This was fought between the houses of York ami Lancaster March 27, 1461. Ttcenty-cight thousand were killed. From 1455 to 1483, more than seventy thousand perished.
This was a Romish archbishop, a pretended proselyte, who obtained from James I. the deanery of W'indsor. He was very fond of persuading others to charitable actions, but would give nothing himself. Upon an application to the chapter of Windsor, one of the prebends answered " Qui stiudet, sua det."
This word was first introduced in the translation of the Bible in 1541. Bishop Sparrow, says Peter. Salminus, had brought in the pronunciation and writing of it, never before used or heard of ih any language. ■ ' • -1
KATHAKAEL IN SCRIPTURE.
He is the same apostle as Bartholomew—Bar-Tholmai, the son of Tholmat. St. John always calls him Nathnnae!, the threeotherEvan^Bartholornew.
Menage says, that there is no Latin poet whatever in whose works there are so many things as might occur inc on v sation as in his. h**N*M
The following is the fine definition the legitimate hyperbole, translated the Latin t "Although every hyperbole exceeds credit, it ought never to surpass moderation, s. » - .- j "K.