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some time, if possible, to be employed in patient is dead and disposed of, the re: attending military hospitals, especially in ceiving party you know, may never be ibe field.

again distressed by the sight of any of During the summers, oral instruction, the family. He prescribes therefore, a as it best offers, in other branches of na- way his friend had done before him, adtural history besides botany, in natural ding of course, so much per day of the philosophy, and in the speculative sci- said Hotwell water, which, I repeat it, ences, if in these last any lectures should may be considered as a worthy substitute promise more than books. From one or for any quack composition ever put tothe other, the acquisition of as many gether. So it goes on, until the jaws of facts as possible concerning the mental the patient are either locked by death operations, should be considered as an or despair." essential part of the stock of the know He inaintains, that the whole art of ledge necessary to the physician," Hotwell physic, inay be acquired by any

After this the Doctor proceeds to in- person in three days, as it consists of quire, whether it is meant to tolerate nothing more " than a little vitriolic acid " the existing irregular practitioners, and for the night sweats, chalk mixture for advertising quacks?” and “ whether the the bowels, poppy syrup, or that favourpresent race of regulars deserve to have ite nostrom the black drop, or what you . an unrestrained monopoly of the sick please of the like, for the anodyne." trade, secured to them by law?

It is well known that the extreme “ What” adds he, « could invalids beat which took place during the Autumn Jose by the suppression of all quack me- of 1808, occasioned a great mortality dicines for consumption, while the regu- among the labouring classes, who were lar faculty is in snug possession of the exposed to its influence in the open fields. hot-well, here by the side of the Avon? This circumstance gave birth to a huWhat is there in Godbold's vegetable mane pamphlet, by Dr. B. entitled balsam, that this water cannot replace? “ Good Advice for the Husbandman in and (faith in the gift of St. Vincent fail- Harvest, and for all those who labour ing) have we not the air of Clifton close bard in hot berthes; as also, for others at band, offering itself to us as presump- who will follow it in Warm Weather." tive heir to the reputation of the water? From this we learn with equal sorrow Should you allow the said water and the and surprize, that the people in the said air, to be abundantly calculated to “happy vale of Gloucester" indulge in satisfy any cravings of credulity; con- harvest debauchery to such an excess, sider a little, I beseech you, the accom- that it has been proved " a Severn man's modation of that part of the faculty, stomach will hold just nineteen pints!" which is engaged in the great correspon- This scene of inebriation excites the pading branch of medical practice. This ternal animadversions of our author, who cannot be said to be carried on by cor- discants on the adsantages of sobriety, responding societies; the term is too and clearly demonstrates that the drink large; knots of two or three only, are of one day exhausts more than the sober concerned in this correspondence. These exertions of three." He observes, that a brother doctors, Sir, though separated so hot sun and a long day's hard labour are widely as I ain from you at this moment, sure to produce a fever, which instead of or more so, sympathize as tenderly, and being encreased by strong potions of ale are as ready to relieve one another's dis- and cyder, ought on the contrary to be treises, as those knights of old, of whom kept down by thin diluting liquors. He we hear as brothers in arms. Take for recommends also, “ that no one should instance a common case: the family swallow at once an excessive quantity doctor in London, Dublin, or wbere of cold water, or stand much in a strearst you please, cannot bear to think, that of cool air, while at rest, and growing the son or daughter of a dear friend of less and less warm, after being drenched bis should die at home, just under his with sweat." nose. So no sooner does it come to a In August 1808, he transmitted two Ilotwell case (a terin within a few weeks cases of hydrophobia, which were insertsynonimous to a corpse) than off the in- ed in the Niedical and Physical Jourvalid is sent with a pass. lovalid and nal," for September; in the number for pils, aie delivered to the receiving doc- November, appeared another paper, ior, uns efectings, as he is a stranger, giving an account of some dissections; C:1000L be so much overpowered by the and we believe, he was a frequent contritenderness of friendship. And when the butor to that periodical work.

or Of his other literary labours, we have Thus died, after he had attained the only time to enumerate the title pages, fifty-second, or fifty-third year of his life, Viz.

Thomas Beddoes, a man who possessed 1. The History of Isaac Jenkins. a warmth, a żeal, an ardour for the pur

2. Instructions for Persons of all Ca- suit of medical science, which had selpacitės, respecting their own Health and dom been equalled by any, and was that of their Children; which, like the assuredly excelled by none. His whole, former, passed through many editions. life was devoted to experiinent, to enquiry, 3. Manual of Health; and

to correspondence with men of talents, 4. Researches coucerning Fever. and to the instruction of himself and

We must here conclude the life and others. He possessed a fine genius for literary career of this extraordinary man, poetry, and had the happy faculty of at the same time. The physician whose viewing every subject on its most brile sind was ever on the stretch, to extend liant side. His language was glowing, the confines of medical science, and dis- figurative, and sometimes even sublime. cuver efficacious remedies for the relief He despised quackery, and pretensions of others, at last becarne a patient him. of every kind; and was accustomed to self. He had for some time anterior to detect and expose these to the full as his death, exbibited manifest symptoms freely in his own as in other professions. of drousy, but tiever considered his end In all the social relations of life, his conas so near. His dissolution perhaps was duct uniformly bore testimony to the exhastened by the rigour of the present cellence of his heart; for he was a good wmter; for he complained frequently of friend, a good father, and a good huscold ar bis extremities, and had actually band. A few years since, he married sent to London, for an ingenions me. Miss Edgeworth, a lady of a respectable chanic, who had undertaken to warm his literary family in Ireland, by whom be apartment to an equable temperature, has left four children. by means of steain. His death occurred Further particulars of his life will be on the 24th of December, 1808, and on speedily published under the auspices of being opened, it was clearly discernible his friends :-a work, wbich, if written that the machinery had been worn out, with ability, cannot fail to be productive and that the animal functions were ne- both of amusement and instruction. ; cessarily suspended, from the progress It is to be hoped, a portrait of Dr. B. of disease. The left lobe of the lungs has been in some way obtained, for it was was found to be in a morbid state, and, one of his peculiarities, to refuse the as might have been easily predicted, a frequent solicitations of some of his best lodgeident of water had also been friends to sit for his picture. Fin checked.



b. Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letters..

[Communications to this article are always thankfully received.] TH CHRISTENING OF AMERICA, Anton. de San. Roman, L. 1. Hist. Indic. DHIS important event occasioned in Orient. c. 11. p. 57, grievously lament,

its day a ridiculous disturbance. that this terro Brazil, (on account of The French, out of spite to the Spaniards, the wood for dying,) superseded the term and with thar usual officiousness and * Land of the Holy Cross," and observe. renity, chmiened it Francia Antarctica, that it perhaps happened by the cunning pretending that they were the first disco. of the devil. Borrellus (De Reg. Catholic.) feien under some lord of Villagagnon. contended that it ought to be styled Orbis La Sub Vilingannonis Domino," says Po. Carolinus, from Ch.V. and this because MeetIman S. P.162.] This attempt Isidore, Pereira, Mantua, and a variety paraned in the bud: but others arose, of authors were agreed upon this poiht,

christened in the Land of the Holy that to give names to nations and places Co by malaking the appellation of was a peculiar privilege of kings and Brick Brew to if by Cabral, upon the dukes. The majority, however, were for faces for the whole continent. - calling it the New World. This gave birth A Darud i Loc. %. Pet. to a columny upon mother Earth, that

h e de por Hist..2..338. she had many sisters, i.e. that diere were


more worlds than one in the universe :

JEWS. which was vehemently attacked, upon the Ant. Naldus Quæst. Practic, No. 20, authority of Aristotle, Jeroja, Isidore, and notes, that it was, about 1551, much in many more. James Pontanus (Progym- vogue in the Ecclesiastical State, for iudi nasm. p. 315.) ventured to say, that his viduals to seize the children of the Jews iuforination was not suficient to deno. and christen them vi et armis. minate it the other quarter of the world,

ROYAL APOSTLES, &c. for which he met with due punishment. Orosius, I. 7. c. 14. says, that the After much dispute, the vulgar both Goths, Huns, &c. invaded Italy, by an would and did call it America, which the inpulse of Providence, that they might learned adopted upon the authority of be converted. Boscus de rgh. Eccles. Quinctilian, 1. Instit. Orator. Utendum says, that Tiridates having vanquished est verbo ut nummo cui publica forma sit, the Armenians, compelled them to benot, however, withouc precautionary quo- come Christians. He adds, that the tations from Alliatus and Brechæus, in Burgundians and Franks became so, Rub. de verbor. Significat. and others re- through a vow made if they were suclated by Gutierrez, lib. 3. Pract. Quest. cessful in a battle. Charlemagne forced 14 a num. 132. Meron. Cevall, Commun. the Saxons into Christianity. Rhegin. Opin, o. i. 2. 109. and Mar. Burguy de Eginh. and Aimoin. No. 785. DubraLaudinio, p. i. c. 1. num. 24, 25, &c. all orus, c. 5. I. 6. Helmodius, l. 6. C. 16. of whom had taken intinite pains to in- 19. 24. say, that Otho the, Great thus form the public, that the vulgar were not converted the Bohemians. So also Boin the habits of taking much trouble leslaus, king of the Poles, (see Arnold, about the exact interpretation and mean- 1.7. c. 9.) converted the Prussians. So ing of words.

Waldemar, king of the Danes, the RuRUISCELLUS.

giani. (Helinod, 1. 1. c. 43. I. 2. c. 12. This man, lib. 2, delle Imprese, fol. 28, 19.) So Isid. Hist. Gothor. æra 650, contends, that the inscription, “ Plus notes, that the emperor Heraclius, SiseUltra," upon the pillars of Hercules, bert, king of Spain, and Dagobert, king which Charles assumed in his arms, of France, compelled the Jews to be should be read “ Plus Outre,"-a sapient baptized. So our Alfred forced Guthrun improvement!

and the Danes. Medina de Restit. ALPHONSO ALBUQUERQUE.

9. 27. and Johan, Azorius Instit. Monal. This famous Portuguese commander

1. 8. c. 24. and others say, that baptisin had formed an idea, by the help of the

was the usual condition of granting quarAbyssinians, to turn the streams of the

ter to infidels. Nile by a shorter cut into the Red Sea,

DEFENDER OR THE FAITI-ATHANASIUS.. that so he might render Egypt, because

The Hist. Eccles. 1. 10. and. Tiber. it was inhabited by the Turks, quite

Decianus. d. 1. 5. c. 12, n. 28. say, that barren. This idea is loudly applauded

Alexander bishop of Alexandria, when by Maffæus, 5 Hist. Ind.

walking in the street, saw a Jew boy nam

ed Athanasius,playing at bishop, and chrisGASPAR SANCTIUS.

tening other children; through which he This mon thus paraphrases the verse compelled them all to persevere in the in Isaiah, “Every valley shall be exalted, Christian faith: and thus it happened every hill made low, the crooked strait, that Athanasius became a very great, and rough places plain." The low depth “ Fidei Propugnator," Defender of the of vallies shall be raised by a rampart Faith. thrown up, and the ground heaped toge- ABRAHAM A DOCTOR-DOCTOR, TITLE OF. ther; on the other hand, the hills may This, as a degree, commences with the be lowered, by throwing down the tops 12 cent, but Lucian in Dea Syria, notes, of the rocks; and what is crooked may that there were publics hospites annong be made straight by a rule; and what is the Assyrians, called Doctores, because gibbons and inequal may be levelled into they narrated and explained all things. a plain." -- This commentator is not one Accordingly,Peneda de Reb. Talom, I. S. of those who elucidate clear passages into c. 27. num. 8. says, " the very hospiraobscurity, for his propositions are as pure lity of Abraham shows that he was a and lucid as the crystal spring.

doctor." See Joseph. Antiq. i. c. 10. FESTUS POMPETUS. CIAOS. Euseb. Præp. Evang. 1.9. c. ult. This grammarian styles « Chaus, the HAND EVILLE AND TIE SEVARANBIANS. seed of the World."-A very happy ex. A circunstance, which the writer here. Pession.

of is enabled to cornmunicate, will at



once decide the controversy (see vol. have rejected Admiral Blake, then of xxvi. p. 17. 224.) respecting Dr. Mande- Wadham, froni a fellowship of Merton, ville's being or not being the author of on account of the lowness of his sta. the History of the Sevarambians. I am possessed of a copy of this work

EDWARD THE SECOND. in Low Dutch, (quarto, small size,) trans Adam Tarlton, bishop of Hereford, is lated from the French into that language said to have been the great engineer and by G. V. BROEKHUYZEN, embellished contriver of this king's murder. Fuller with many curious copper cuts, prinded says, that when he preached before the at Amsterdam, for Timotheus ten Hoorn, queen, then in pursuit of her husband, bookseller, in the Nes, (a street so named) his text was, the words of the sick Shu 1682. According to the biographical dic- namite, “ My heud, my head,"-a curious tionaries in common use, Dr. Mandeville text. It was not so: bat the real one died in 1783, about the 630 year of his was striking ; " I will put enmity between age: if so, be must have been born about you and the woman"-a most blasphe1670; and it is admitted that he gradu- mous and detestable application, and deated at Leyden in 1691.

livered from the pulpit ! The Dutch edition is divided into four ARMS OF THE CITY OF LONDON. parts only; the fourth is called, the fourth Said to have received the addition of and last part, and concludes with relating the daggers from Sir William Walworth's the return of the fictitious Captain Siden punishment of Wat Tyler's insolence. to Smyrna. Perhaps a fifth part was It appears from a stone near Runnymede, afterwards added, previous to the publi- bearing the date of 1285, that they were cation of the second English edition in blazoned with daggers at that period. 1716. In my Dutch copy, each of the BATTLE OF TOWTON-YORK AND LANfour parts has a separate title-page, with

CASTER. the same date, 1682. In the preface, This was fought between the houses of (page 1) Virgilius is styled bishop of Co. York and Lancaster March 27, 1461. logne (not of Salzburg).

Twenty-eight thousund were killed. From The writer of the letter inserted in 1455 to 1483, more than seventy thou. Vol. xxvi. p. 224, will, I am persuaded, sand perished." Excuse my taking the liberty of submit

SPALATO. ting to his consideration, whether his own This was a Romish archbishop, a prejudicious remarks in the last parngraph tended proselyte, who obtained from will not warrant a conjecture that the James I. the deanery of Windsor. He Teal author of the History of the Seva. was very fond of persuading others to rambians was the learned professor he charitable actions, but would give nothing dere mentions. With respect to time himself. Upon an application to the and other circumstances, nothing appears chapter of Windsor, one of the prebends in the accounts extant of Bayle's life answered "Qui suudet, sua det." that readers such a supposition impro


This word, was first introduced in the THOMAS-A-BECKET. S to

translation of the Bible in 1541. Bishop The dergy before the 23d Henry II. Sparrow, says Peter Salatinus, had 1 were, in fact, greater sofferets than the brought in the pronunciation and writing hity; for tey had no remedy at common of it, never before used or heard of in law, their own punishments not going any language. .. .. ..'..7 beyond excommunication, for the mur Se NATHANAEL IN SCRIPTURE, den of any of their own body by laymen. He is the same apostle as Bartholos So absurd was Berker : and so his own mew-_Bar-Tholmai, the son of Tholmal. Danderersescaped with their lives. Pro- St. John always calls hin Nathanae!, the vidence pumisbed bim in his folly. three other Evangelists Bartholoniew. DIRI THE SECONDS

MARTIAL. l a prodirious memory, and was in Menage says, that there is no Latin de hize of quoting and applying past poet whatever in whose works there are celta a sedadion o his conduct so many things as might occur in-conver2 4 STERREN

s ation as in his On du the best land-60

Tann in the km domand fost puc land- The following is the fine definition of

Se hr foating the legitithate hyperbole, translated froin

the Latin: " Although every byperbole La muat respect exceeds credit, it ought never to surpass na students, and to moderation. So



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