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since been considered as models. In nestly recommended by him, he more the course of the same year, his lordslip easily succeeded in persuading others. preached before the Sociсty for propa- In point of private character, the late gating she Gospel in foreign Parts; and Bishop of London has ever beco unexhe seized that occasion, to piead the cepuovable. Allible, amiable, easy of cau;e of the unhappy negroes, whose access, primitive in respect to manners, claims have been lately advocated with unspotted in regiud to morais, be has uncominon success, and whose sutlermys been always held up as an examplo have been in part vindicated and re- worthy of the pristine times of chris. dressed.
tianity. Addicted during the whole of Another laudable subject that engaged his long life to literary pursuits, and much of his attention), was also pro- excelling, in the early part of it, in poetry, moted by his recoinmendation, and for- he became the friend of Mrs. Hannah warded by bis zeal. Accordingly with Moore, the correspondent of Mrs.Carter, this view, he published a “ Letter to the and the patron of all those why to a Clergy of the Diocese of Chester, con- taste for composition added a terveut cerning Sunday Schools."
piety, approaching to something like In 1787, a considerable change took evangelical purii. place in his life, and the scene of bis. As to his creed, however, he was not labours was not a little extended; for on perhaps origmaily very strict, tor huis the death of the amiable, and learned patron, Secker, was educated at Teukes. Bishop Lowth, Dr. Porieus was trans- bury, ainong the dissenters, and it was lated to the see of London. This event 110t, until he had obtained the degree of gave entire satisfaction to every descrip- doctor of medicine, at Levrien, that he tion of christians within the kingcionn. aspired to the dignities of tne church of
Instead of relaxing froin his labours, England. We believe also, that Dr. his lordslıp now appears to have been Porteus, at an carly period of his lile, invigorated in his career; for atier de- not only objected to some of the Thirtylivering and publishing a charge to the bine Articles of the church of England, ciergy of his new diocese, at the primary but also asserter at the meeting, at ibe visitation, he once more turned his at- Featbers Taver, when a petition with tention towards the unhappy situation of many respectable signatures was prethe oppressed Africans, who, after having sented to parliament, praying to be rebeen forcibly taken from their native lieved from subscription. country, chiefly by fraud, treachery, or Notwithstanding this, in 1807, the force, were treated with an uncommon apparitor of his lordsbip, als Bishop or degree of harshness, not to say cruelty, London, summoned the Rer. Francis by their task-masters in the colonics. Stone, M.A. F.S.A. and rector of Cuid This good prelate, imagining that chris. Norton, in the county of Essex, to antianity might soften their lot, in 1792, swer in the spiritual court to a charge, assisted to found a society for their " of having revolted from, impugned, conversion.
L and depraved some one or more ut the Meanwhile, lest 'the inhabitants of bis Thirty-nine Articles of the church of Ervery populous diocese should relapse gland, in opposition to the 39th of Eliinto intidelitv, he coinmerced a series of zabeth." This produced a very impolitic, lectures, at St. James's church, in the and ill-formed reply, consisting of a city of Westminster. These were de. « Letter to the Right Ilonourable Beilby livered every Friday, to crowded and Porteus, Lord Bishop of London, on the genteel audiences, composed of persons subject of his citation, on an unfounded of all persuasions, and had for their ot;- charge, respecting certain doctrives couject to demonstrate the truth of the gos- tained in his Visilation Discourse, preached pel history, and the divinity of Christ's before Dr. Gretton, Archdeacon of Essex, mission. It was on this occasion bat, at Danbury, July 8, 1806, hay Francis towards the latter end of his life, he ac- Stone, &c." The author, who has a very quired the character of an accomplished numerous family, wholly unpravided for, orator; for leis language was chasse, his has been since deprived of his living by a mamer inpressive, and his eloquence sentence of the ecclesiastical court, and captivating. Nor should it be here which was confirmied on appenl: but we omitted, that his addiess was peculiarly believe, that, in consequence of the huimpressive, he seemed to speak from manity of the bishop, he was never re. conviction, anot fully persuaded himself jected from the temporalities. of the truth of those doctrines, so ear. With the Rev. llenry Bate Dudley,
now a rignitary of the church of Ireland, recollect, indeed, to have heard a line hits lordship had also a long dispute, re- of his own composicion quoted against lative to the right of presentation to him in the house of Peers, un ad event & rectory in Essex; but liciny unac- of this kind. quainted with the pierity of the case, we lo regard to stvle, Dr. Porteus' poe. C ol pretend tu decide on this subject. tical works, ex, bit a character of un
ils to the obloquy, however, which was adorned wlegance, and he seems to have attempted to be cast on the venerable preferred blank verse lo rhyme. llis prelate, on account of his conferring a prose cumposition is classically correct; valuable living on the Rev. J. F. Usco, but he was perhaps too studious to avoid a learned Prussian, who speaks hfieen the blandishments of ornaments, and the different languages, and hard been en inspirittions of lancy, which he doubtless ployed on a Wission abroad, we never considered as neretricious erubeilisti could give it the least countenance. ment, unbecoming either the subject or Nereiser the inorals, por talents of that the author. accomplished divine, have been objected in his youth, the person of Porteus tu; and as to the mere circumstance of been handsome, and uncil of late be prehis being a foreigner, we think the dise served a turid hue, and features that qualitication not only balanced, but uut- bespoke a manly beauty. He had been weighed, by his singular merits and ac. long atlicter with one of thosc coinCuinplishments.
plaints incident to sedentary persons, On one subject, we are desirous to which at length produced a general degive Dr. Porteus great and unqualified bility, and he yielded to the pressure of praise: this is the education of the Ne accumulated disease, nearly at the period groes, on Dr. Bell's and Mr. Lancaster's when he was about to become an octoplan. He was ainavs, as has been al- gcnarian. ready noticed, a strenuous advocate for During the winter, ibc bishop usually the abolition of the slave trade; and we spent most of his time in St. Jaines'sa only lament that he did not contend square: the spring and autumn were openly, and manfully, like Hürsely, from cliefly passed at Fulham: a portion of the bench of bishops, in favour of that the suminer was constantly dedicated to hunane measure, as his character and a rural retreat at Sundridge, in Kenz, influence would have powerfully assisted where he lived like a privale gentleman, jo putting an end to such a diabolical without ostentation, and without parade, commerce, many years before its final His lordstip leit town but two days be. extinction,
fore his death, for the palace on the . In respect to politics, he appears to banks of the Thues, where he ceased to have uniformly voted with his majesty's exist. On this, as on all sinilar occasious, ministers; and althouglı not an active the great beil of St. Paul's, reserved partizan, yet by siding with and sup- to announce the demise of the sovereisla porting them in all our late wars, he did and the diocesan, was tolled. not stand so bigh, perhaps, in the public H is remains are to be interred in a estimation, at least in this point of view, vault, at the chapel at Sundridge, iso a. il' he had maiutuned an uitorm Deli- Kent, built and endowed by hin, mure Trally, on a suliject of this kind. We majorum, expressly for this purpose.
ORIGINAL LETTERS OF MR. GIBBON, THE HISTORIAN.
other particular the lease shall remain T YIELD to your renson, and to An- entire as if nothing, &c. and without I dress's law, and believe it may be such a security, I ain every clay more at saler not to move the foundations of his mercy. Every day his damages will things. The best part of the house is encrease, my pleas will lose something perfectly clear, and with regard to the of their frisce. Terror, and if necessary, words, bowever unlucky the omission actual violence, are our best weapons might be at first, we must now shilt as against hivo: and if he should hesitate well as we can. But the written agree- about signing, I would leave bini only ment of another year for the repairs, muy eight and forty bours to consider, whether surely be expressed in a few strong he would see a distress upon the farm. [ Giosen terms, declaring, that in every am bnlf sorry that you were to receive
the half year and Luff's account. I do will persist in occupying, almost without not absolutely want the money; and the any habitation, a few inconsiderable deweiglivier is the lump of debt against him, tached fields. If we could have a little the more polite he will continue. Not à mutual patience, till he was gone, the fair plank, I hope is, or will be added to the exchange which you recominended to voluntary repairs, till he hus signed. As me, would easily accommodate both we contine ourselves to that single article, parties. If this delay should be impracthere cannot, I should think, be any oc- ticable, I could wish to form some notion casion for laying the lease before coun- of the probable. cost of restoring the cil. But if you are of a contrary opinion, fences, that we might judge bow far it send it up immediately.
would be advisable to purchase peace, or With regard to Mrs. Lee, I should be to engage in (legal) war. . very unwilling to raise a dispute, upon I must own that I am exceedingly diswhat might perhaps be legal, but would appointed about the payment of the stock, surely be very indelicate ground.
as I expected that Ilearsay would havo By Ilolroyd's advice, I am insuring at taken and inmediately paid for the Buriton, &c. With his usual clearness, whole, and that I should have recovered he has drawp me up a plan for that pur- all, or nearly all of the eight hundred and pose. We want only answers to the fol- odd pounds of my heart's blood, which lowing points. 1. Morn's barn, whether you were forced to drain. I am very thatched or tiled, or both. 2. The same much mortified to find that a considerof Whetraw farm-house. 3. What barns able part of the stock is still to be disupon Horn-farm, and how covered. At posed of, and as you apprehend to a your leisure, my dear Sir, a word to those disadvantage; and that even the poor questions. Adieu,
pittance, which Hearsay is to pay, (3501.) Most sincerely your's, will not be ready in less than a month. Bentinck-street,
E. GIBBON. I hope that we are secured, (by bonds Dec. 16, 1773.
and penalties, such as were imposed on Do you ever shoot? When do you me, that the payment will not be dethink of London.
layed beyond this term of grace, with
which I was not indulged. Dear Sir,
I must be the favour of you to exact I made an effort, I have been forced the whole of the sum, and to remit it toto make several lately, to discharge the gether with all the odd ends you can Magdalén College fine with the imper- collect, from arrears of rent, sale of wood, fect assistance which you were able to &c. for I do not remember, that I ever send me. As I knew the danger of de- found myself with smaller receipts, and lay, it was paid into Child's shop, before larger demands, than at present. Want Christmas day. That was the essential of money and of credit, is indeed the part; I have not given any particular universal complaint, beyond the example notice as yet; though I may as well send of any former times. À line to desire that both the leases may I sincerely sympathize with you in the be delivered to you.
state of your eyes, and wish that you You embarrass me to the last degree would fix your residence for some time in about Lee's fences, as you require in- town where you might enjoy without in structions without giving advice. Even terruption the benefit of skilful advice. in choice of evils and difficulties, and of The zeal which you exercise, and I am late I have had little else, something afraid hurt your eyes for my service, gives must be preferable: I want your opinion me real uneasiness, and I consider myself? about that something. "If Mr. Lee is as accessary in some degree to your reasonable, I shoald think that in a misfortunes. Yet I will give you the question where the vigour of law seems to fatigue, (for it must be a fatigue, rather De against him, he would listen to some than a pleasure) of reading a pamphlety, equitable proposal. which would divide which I have just published, against some the burthen between us. But the diffi- of my clerical adversaries. Perhaps you culty would be removed, if both estates may blame me for taking notice of them, should again be united in the hands of and perhaps you will be in the right; one tenant. I have sufficiently felt the but I have endeavoured in the first obstinate madness of Winton; yet I can- pages to state the reason of my conduct. not persvade myself, that after relin. If Mr. Barton should be at Bariton, I quishing a capital house and farın, he should like to know his judgment as to
the points of fact and quotation, in dis-' their credit. I am not at all averse to pute between us; for I respect his learn- setiling the matter, according to your ing, and know that his mind is more plan, by letting them one or two small cop. candid than his habit.
ses at an easy rate; but should be very hard I hope you have not forgot our design to come into any other agreeinent. With of trouncing Harris. The assizes av regard to the practice of Old Luff's time, proach; and I ain more earnest about it you well knew, bw little the value of than iny temper commonly allows. woods or land either, was understood I am,
Dear Sir, formerly. I am sorry young Sinith is Most gratelully yours, likely to stay in Wales, and fear the
E. GIBBON, father is become too old for business; Bentinck-street, January 21, 1779. and should think it would answer to send When will Winton make room fordlear
for Sir Smevn's mans, from Guildford, say? Should not the leases be signed?
and talk with him about it.
quantity cul in the Woolvor cannot, I Thursduy evening. I have written to
should hope, make any material ditMaydalen College. This moment I re
ference in the value of it. ceive your letter, and am very sorry to
As the Wintons bave considerably exfind you think a law suit about ihe fences
ceeded their time in paying for the rest unavoidable. In Winton could be made
of the stock, I should be glad if you to understand that the burthen must fall
would ask them for it. The large valuaupon him, would it not make him glad to
tion was 9271. pounds, of which I have withdraw, and then Mr. Lee and I might
received 600. The smaller account I make the amicable exchange, which would
have given you, and I suppose Lutf has supersede the necessity of lences. For
reckoned the hop-poles that purpose, che lawyer of Ilorsham
I can only thank you Dear Sir, again might be of use. I shall lay your case
and again, for the troublesoine business before counsel, perhaps before the at.
you have undertaken, about the repairs; torney-general, with whom I sup this
they cannot be in better hands, and it evening,
would be ridiculous in me, even to in.
terpose a word of advice. The fences DEAR SIR,
there is no avoiding ; with regard to the I should have thanked you last post, line
ast post: little purchase, it will be impossible for me for your very obliging letter, had I moc
conquer muy general repugnance to buybeen laid up by a very unpleasant acci
ing land, unless I could guess, what it. deut: 3 sprain, which soon afterwards misht amount to. I have nothing to say shewed itself, for the first time in my about the
"Y about the sale, but to approve of what lite, with pretty clear symptoms of the you bave done; but could wish Burch gout. It has now almost left me; and
would send me an account of the whole. I can only wish, that the ugly guest may I suppose Luti received the money. and Do! be tempted to repeat his visit.
that he goes on selling corn, and the rest I am very sorry that my transactions
of the stuck; it will be a great trust, and witir the Wintous should commence with
h I could wish that you would soon ask a dispute of a very delicate natire. 10. bim for his book, merely for my satisface their onth, I can only oppose my word of tion in knowing what money I can comhonour, that I never made any promis mand. A word to the wise is enough, relative the fewel, or indeed that I heard
A propos Mrs. Gibbon was frighted out any thing about it. I am concerned of
u of her wits, for tear Winton should get that it should become necessary to cor
possession of the Manor pews. I think roborate such a declaration by any cula
they wouid be best in your hands; and lateral circumstances, but I might add, in
d. that our upper seriamin' pews would do 1. That in our conversations afterwards, for the farmer. I believe I hare gut my I always expressed my surprize that house in Bentinck.street, and shall soon Winton had forgot that article, and . Send for my dear books. &c. Clarke of Tbat, had I understood any such request fers to give me a road waggon for sixteen to have been, I should have declined
pounds; will you calculate whether two giving any answer till I bad consulted
or three cruntry learns will cost me so you. Let me observe too, that their
much. Adieu Dear Sir, iny paper fails own account of taking the moment, when
me, but life must tail me too, betiore I I was alone, to ask ine a thing which they
cease to be your most grateful friend and had never mentioned to you in the whole
servant. E. GIBBON. Only be bolder, negociation, is far from redounding to
order MONTILY Mac. No. 185.
order and be secure of my approbation seventy years. All iny Hampshire writa and thanks. Even the fewel, settle it as ings are at Sheffield Place; and if he finds you judge right.
any thing concerning the two farms, Lord Francis Hugonin, Esq. Nursted, S., who goes next week for four or five Petersfield Hanis. .
days into Sussex, will bring it with him
to town. I entirely approve of Mr. DEAR SIP,
Andrews having the advantage, as he
shared the trouble, of this busmess. Two truths are told,
Dear Sir, As happpy prologues to the swelling act,
Most truly Yours, Of the Imperial theme, -I thank you, gentlemen.
E. GIBBON. OR RATHER I thank you alone, whose Francis Hugonin, Esq. Nursled,
April 21th, 1780. zeal and friendship have delivered me
Petersfield. first from Whetrow, and now from Horn farm; an auspicious promise of your fu MY DEAR SIR, ture success in the last and greatest tran- Your active friendship, I most gratesaction, which I must however reluctant- fully applaud: and should have been conly postpone in deference to Lord S.'s de
tent with your success, lad you not drept cided opinion. We both wish and hope to a hint, that another hundred muht have have the pleasure of seeing you in town
beeu got for Skinner's. The acceptance next month, any day that will be most con
of Redman's hond in part of payment venient to you between the sixth and the
to you between the sixth and the was an untoward circumstance; but twentieth of May; and Lord S. desires
you could not refuse, mos should I com. you would bring with you any ideas or plain. I thought the interest bad been papers, that you may collect relative to
regularly cleared. Upon the whole I the value of the woods, woodlands, quite shall improve my income, and dininish rents of Buriton.
my cares; and whatever may be the inI fully and cheerfully ratify your agree- stability of the funds, I had rather have ment for Horn farm, at 2600b. deducting the nation for my debtor, than Magdalen the interest till Michaelmas on 12001.
College for my landlord. To morrow and am ready to execute the conveyance I go to Sheffield Place, wliere I shall As soon as it can be properly prepared. repose myself about a fortnight previous As to Skinner's, if you can get 6001. tant to my devarture: and I inust again repeat mieux; but I acquiesce in the five hundred, my serious entreaties, that you would faand feel the weight of your observations. Vour us with a visit, and bring over with The licence from the College I suppose you every verbal and written information to be a matter of form but of course; that may assist us in our great council and as you have always appeared in the concerning the fate of Buriton. At the Management of my affairs, I should es. same time I must beg you to eract the teem it an additional favour, if you whole arrear of rent from Buriton, Horus would undertake to solicit it; but if you farm, &c. which had been ultimately prothink that it ought to proceed from my mised in the beginning of May, and for self in person, I will apply as soon as I which too loug an indulgence has been receive your answer. With regard to given. You are now deliverea.rom the title-deeds I am at a loss to understand cares of the sale; and it is true, though it what you mean; my only title is founded may sound odd, that I never had occasion in the last leases which Magdalen Col for money so much as at present. lege has granted to me, and which must
Dear Sir, be in your hands; and if any little parcel
Most faithfully Yours, of freehold be intermixed (which should Downing-Street, E. GIBBOX. perhaps lave been discriminated,) a fair June the 26th, 1788. and willing purchaser may be satisfied Francis Tugonin, Esq. Nurried, with a peaceful possession of sixty or Petersfield.