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tion, near enough to the spot where the to the water under the region of the accident may have occurred. We al- head, while the patient is in the bath, Jude to cases of drowning. This bas and another wire from the zinc termia been matter of very sincere regret to the nation of the battery, to the liquid surhumane, and scientific portion of the rounding the feet, or to touch, if the community. And it is this circumstance, patient be in a slipper bath, the external which has induced us to point out a very part of the bath (it being metallic and ready means of inimediately, and in any hence a conductor of electricity) opposite place, or at any season, presenting ethica. to where the feet are within. Thus thie ciously this powerful and penetrating whole force of the apparatus will be agent. For as muscular motion is de passed through the patient; the animal pendent on nervous ercitement, in the body being a better conductor than first instance, and as the heart, and not water, of the electrical influences thus the brain, is possibly the primum moriens, excited by the arrangement of Volta. so the nervous system must be stimulated; Sneezing is a good symptom, and is and to no stimulus is it so obedient as often produced immediately by this gala to the energy of electricity..

vanic application, to the expulsion of the We would recommend therefore, a azotic elastic fluid, which must be got rid Galvanic battery, of at least two hundred of before circulation can be reproduced, series, (any portion, or the whole of and consequen:ly before we are to bope whicli, according to its effects, should be for perfect restoration of the energies of employed.) This apparatus (as the vitality. Indeed the galvanic infiuence, discs of the battery need not be more or this peculiar modification of eleco than two inches square, may be brought tricity, produces effects so analogous to to the water's erige in case of drowning. those furnished at the instance of the The party should, if dressed, be as soon will, that many physiologists have in. as possible got into a slipper bath, of the dulyed themselves in theoriziny on this, temperature named above: and having as synonymous with the supposed nervous put a shilling, to which a brass or other fluid itself; and therefore, as, of all other inetallic wire is attached, into the mouth, powers, most essential to vitality. and another to any of the intercostal If after this, and any other auxiliary inuscles, or under the armpits, or to the means judiciously applied, the party soles of the feet,or indeed any of the more begin to breathe, if his pulse manifest a sensible parts of the surface of the body, perceptible return of arterial action, or the other points of the wire being at if the spark of latent vitality other the same time brought into contact with wise discovers itself, and more especially the two poles, or zinc and copper termic if the power of deglutition, or swallowing nations, of the battery;--an action of the return, a few table-spoons-full of diluted whole body is percepłible on contact; and brandy should be taken. If the breathe this is to be repeated, which is done after jog be very hard, and the face swelled every successive interruption of contact, and livid, six or eight ounces of blood by the wires. It is to be observed, that, may be taken with advantage. During as the diaphragin consents with the ol bleeding, a horizontal position is to be factory membrane from the sympathy preferred, lest deliquium come on. between the nerves distributed upon W hen matters take this favourable either, it may be found advisable to turn, and the patient is in a degree represent one of the wires to the interior covered, he should be put to bed in warm part of the nostril, rather than to the blankets, his feet kept warm by flannels, inouth. The energy is increased consi- with the occasional adhibition of diluted derably in consequence; and this is but cordial stimulants. valuable in particular when lite has been Before we conclude this important suspended bythe inhalation of deleterious topic, we may be permitted, without imvapour. Indeed, the system of sympathy, propriety, to mention the effect of the or consent in medicine seems too little warm bath and the galvanic energy, attended to, though with Dr. Whytt, we not only in cases of apparent death agree, that it is often of the utmost conse- from hanging or suffocation, from whate quence to success in the art of healing, ever cause, (we mean, however, that

It will frequently be found desirable these effects are never to be expected to to apply the influence through the be applied with advantage, ir cases of body, by bringing a conducting wire organic lesion,) but also in cases of exo from the copper end of the battery, posure to extreme cold. For in our own MANTILY Mag, No. 285,


temperate temperate climate the seasons are often so plied, and the patient should take as intensely cold, as to be fatal to those wlio inch bark in powder, as will lie on a 'are unfortunately exposed to their direct shilling, every ewo or three hours. Ils severity. In those cases, in lieu of the beverage should be, in this case, the most warın bath, the budy is to be rubbcol with generous pori-wine to be bad; or, in lieu snow, or surrounded by sheets dipped in of it, brands and water. Alicr all, ice cold water, and the galvanic process should mortitication come on, as will be is to be used in addition, unul signs of obvious by the livid appearance of the life appear. Hence its importance in parts, and their deficiency in feeling; cases of paralysis, when derived from give the bark, and dress the part with exposure to extreme cold. On the re- basilicon, made warm in a spoon, and appearance of life, the method adopted apply pledgers hot, thrice a day, giving in the cases above alluded to, should be an opiate at night. cinploved.

The inethod which has been above In cases of chilblains, or of a single recommended, it is hoped will not be the member being frost-bitter, it is to be less acceptable, because its importance is treated precisely after the same inanner. as obvious, as its application is easy. We Carpue, in his Treatise, las pointed out need not add that a portable galvanic the iinportance of electricity in the very battery, such as is alluded to, and which disagreeable affcction of chill-bluin. We is quite competent to all the purposes shall farther obserre, that if the limb still described, should be within reach ou remain benumbed, after a continuance such lamentable occasions, and it may of these means for some hours, a warın be obtained at a coinparatively moderate cataplasm of brao and water may be apo expence.


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Some ACCOUNT of the late Right Reve- fore them. The once persecuted Chris

rend and Right Honourable BEILBY tians became in their turn persecutors; PORTEUS, D. D. LOND BISUOP of non- and, not content with treating the beDOX, DEAN of the CHAPEL ROYAL, VI. lievers in the old exploded faith with SITOR of SION COLLEGE, PROVINCIAL cruelty and contempt, they began to puDEAN of CANTERBURY, &c. &c. nish each other in the most rigorous and THE primitive Christians exhibited vindictive manner, ou account of petly

1 great simplicity of life and manners. "differences in their respective creeds. Consisting at first of men in a humble No sooner had religion become the resphere, their minds were neither de- liicle of grandeur, and ecclesiastical bauched by wealthi, nor led astray by appointments the means of gmtibca. worldly enjoyments; their morals were tion, than men of all descriptiviis ase accordingly pure, and their characters in pired to dignities, that were calculated general unspotted. Replete with integrity to confer in many instances exemption and zeal, they bore public tostiinony to from punishment, and, in must, the their faith; and from converts becoming means of enjoyment.-In Italy, the sucmartyrs, they spilt their blood on the cessor of the humble fisherman, decked scaffold without a murinur, and cven out in a purple robe, auid adorned with gloried amidst all the terrors attendant the tiara, soon boasted, as well as exer. on relentlesy injnstice..

cised, the power of taking away and In process of line, the Pagan deities conferring crowns. In Germany Sove. were trampled under foot, and the Cross rcigns arose, who united secular with ecwas finally triumphant. That gentle clesiastical authority; and in, the motley and dove-like religion, which had uni- character of Prince-Bishop, ruled alike forinly inculcated charity and mode. Over the consciences, and the fortunes, ration, and, at first, aimed at no and the persons of their subjects. Brimore than simple tnleration, in its turn tain, following the fate of the whole became the established faith. It was Christian world, was long governed, in then that all the disorderly passions of respect to its faith by a foreign sovercign, ambition, avarice, and tyranny, which who resided on the banks of the Tiber, had been carefully stified and repressed but whose iron sceptre ruled both the during a long period of sufferonce, burst Thames and the Tweed, and who indeed furtke like a deluge, and carried all be held the crown of England itself as lord


parumount, while a prince was found so school at Ripoi, under the care of the base, $u cowardly, and su compliant, in Reverend Mr. Hyde, that young Porthe person of hing Jolm, as to vield ho. teus commenced his classical career. mare, and transmit a yearly tribute to By that gentleman he was qualitied for the lioly Sec.

the l'niversity, having deiermined on At leliyin a new epoch occurred. the church as a profession, at a time Lt arning and learned men were fated on when he little thought that one of its daita tudiden Ha-ha of light on a bcnigliced richest critres would encircle his head, mond; and the northern parts of Europe and the two swords in sallier of the sec auke, it from a dream or rather a of London constitute his armis. Accord. stupor. The crown and the nobles shred ingly, with a zcal worthy of his future between them a large portion of the pas fortune, but an ambition that did not trimony of St, l'eter, while an indige- extend beyound a rural cure, he was ennous clergy was rescued from the yoke oftered at Christ's Coilove, Cambridge. a distant superior. One portion of our It occurred in re-pect to this student, own island, atier a sharp struggle, ab. as to the present Bistup of Landall, and jured a prelaucai bierarchy, and wounded indeed müst of the young men, who the kirk on the massailable rock of po. repair thither from the north of Eng. verty, where temptation could not as- land, who carry with them no other sault, or the inainnion of wrighteous pretensions thail their talents, that an ue'ss overpower. It accordingly las ex- undeviating assiduity and lanorious inhibited in an equality of pastors, pro- dustry occupied and distinguished alınost villed with a decent rather than a splendid every moment of his lite. He was acbicome, an example of primitive manners, cordingly treated with respect by his su., joined frequently to brilliant talents. pcriors, and, whic qualitving himself for England, the other and richer portion of the futit. c duties of the sacred protes. the kingdom, sull continues to maintain sion, of which he was one day to be a all the various gradations of rand, from shining ornament, a taste for literature the humble and useful pari.b-priest up and composition was gradually intused to the mitred primate of Canterbury, into liis mind. who takes precedency of every subject Nr. Porteus obtained his first degree in the kingdom, not of the blood royal. as bachelor of ails, in 1752, when he

Unul a very recent period, however, was unly seventeen or eighteen years of it has been cuotoinary, ever since the age. Tie sa!ne year, was also distinreforination, to select these dignitaries guished by another occurrence, which of the Anglican Church from that rank of was calculated to form an epoch in the lite, where all the virtues are supposed life of our Tyro; tor be gained one of to bloom anndst the privacy of retire- the two gold uredals, held out as a tempte ment, and to tkurisht most beneath the ing remuneration to those who should slude and shelter vi ubscurity. Birth, produce the best classical essays. This and wealth, and noble alliances, were not well-judgad and muniticent reward was permitted to extend their hand, in 01- conferred by a former Duke of Newcaso der to seize on the crosier. Learniny, a tle, then Chancellor of the Universils : Fell-regulated zeal, and an inoffensive as for his competitors, most, it not all, ut but pious lite, joined to the care and edu- thicin, have been long since, in the lancation of some of our noble youth these guage of the Scriptures, "gathered unto were the pretensjons That justly obiain- their fachers," with an exception, howe ed norice, distinction, and preferment; erer, of Francis Mascres, Esq. F.R.S. and that these were not ill-bestowed oo Cursitor Buron of the Exchequer, who such, the subject of the present memoir was, tihe himselt, il successful candidate. will, at least, serve as an eminent ex- lis worth, as well as talents, new lie ample.

gan to be knowil within the precincts of Dr. Beilly Portcus was a native of his dima Muter, and in 175+ Mr. PorYorkshire, where he was born about the leus was accordingly nomimured one of vear 1731; but he himself was accusto- the Esquire Beadies, of the University, med to liace his descent from a Scottish wbicia orice lie beld for about 16 mouthis. fauly; and it is a well-known fact, that in 1755, the degree o! Master of Arts his uranlather bast repaired 10 this was conturied upon thus respecialite siucountry at no distant period. His la dent, who now began tu bebuid the ther, a tradesgan of but little eminence, dnwn of his good fortune; for he mits resided for many years in the north of clecteil s tellus by his college, and nearly England; and it was at the graurinare at the same tipe appointed oue of we


preachers at Whitehall chapel. It Till my rapt soul, anticipating heav'n, was not, however, until 1759, that Mr. Bursts from the thraldom of incumb'ring Porteus was known beyond the limits of his University, for it was then that he And, on the wings of ecstacy upborne, obtained the Seatonian prize, for the best Springs into liberty, and light, and life.” composition on “ Death," which he pube

On the demise of George II. Mr. lislied soon after, in conformity with the Porteus once

Porteus once more invoked the Muses, will of the founder. This was his first

and, in some verses to the memory of

an poetical essay, or, at least, the first ever

that prince, exbibited his propensity to, issued from the press, and it obtained and his excellence in poeticalcompusition, for him not only a considerable portion of a talent on which he bas been since comfame, but was also considered as the plimented by Hannah Moore, in her poetiprelude to still greater celebrity.

cal composition,“ Sensibility." But other "The following passage seems so appro- studies and avocations, ofa far differentnapriate to his own situation, and we trust ture, called off his attention. In 1761, the his own feelings, on a late awful occasion, ver ofthe

ul occasion, pen of the subject of this memoir was octhat we cannot refrain from transcrib. cupied in simple prose, and on a subject ing it:

not very pleasant to a man of his placid - At thy good time, turn of mind-controversial divinity. A Let Death approach ; I reck not let him but little before this period appeared a come

work, entitled, “ The History of the In genuine form, not with thy vengeance Man after God's own Heart;" in which arm'd,

the many glaring defects in the character Too much for man to bear. O rather lend

of David were artfully exposed and Thy kindly aid to mitigate his stroke :


heightened, with a degree of boldness " And at that hour, when all oghast I that alarmed many good and well-disstand

posed Christians. Mr. Porteus, fearing (A trembling candidate for thy compassion)

i lest it might produce much mischiet, ona On this world's brink, and look into the

dertook, as well as many others, to vinnext : When my soul starting from the dark un.

dicate one of the heroes of the Old Tes

tament; and he accordingly preached a known, Casts back a wishful look, and -fondly clings sermon, November 29, before the Unie To her frail prop, unwilling to be wrench'd versity of Cambridge, which had preFrom this fair scene, from all her 'custom'd fixed to it by way of title-page, « The joys,

Character of David, King of Israel, imAnd all the lovely relatives of life,

partially stated.” Then shed thy comforts o'er me; then put on " It is, perhaps, to this little work, that The gentlest of thy looks. Let no dark his future fortunes are to be wholly attri. crimes,

buted; for Dr. Thomas Secker, who, in In all their hideous forms then starting up, 1758, had been trauslated from the see of Plant themselves round my couch in grim

Oxford, to the archiepiscopal throne of And stab my bleeding heart with two-edged

Canterbury, having read his discourse,

was induced by a perusal of this and his tortureSense of past guilt, and dread of future woe. other publications, to take Mr. P. who

by tbis time had obtained the degree of " Far be the ghastly crew! and in their

well M. A. under his own immediate patron. stead Let chearful Memory, from her purest cells,

her ourest cells. age.


He accordingly was pleased in Lead forth a goodly train of Virtues fair,

mediately to appoint bim one of his doe Cherísh'd in cartier youth, now paying back mestic chaplains; and soon after preWith ten-fold usury the pious care,

sented him, in succession, to two recAnd pouring o'er my wounds the heav'nly tories in Kent, and one in Middlesex. balm

A prebendal stall in Peterborough fol. Of conscious innocence.

lowed at no great distance, and on the " But chiefly Thou, Whom soft-eyed Pity once led down from Heavin,

It is evident from vol. 2d of his Ser. To bleed for man, to teach him how to live, mon on various Subjects, p. 303, that he was And Ob ! still harder lesson! how to die; obliged to Dr. Secker for his preferment, Disdain not thou to smooth the restless bed whom he there styles his « excellent friend Of sickness and of pain. Forgive the tear and patron." He also says, that he is inThat feeble Nature drops, calm all her fears, debted for part of six pages, beginning 8.309, Wake all ber bopes, and animate her faith ; Sermon XIV. to that prelata,

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demise of that eminent and very pious and rose in the estimation bath of his prelate 1763, he, in association with friends, and the public, far beyond what Dr. Stinton, edited and published his might have been expocted, either from works, consisting of seven voluines 8vo. his birth or education. of sermons, ciiarges, and lectures; to W hile residing in the neiglibourhood of which was pretixed a lite, composed Cainbridge, he cultivaied his talents solely by our author, which obtained the with an uncon mon degree of assiduity praise of Johnson.

as well as success, translated Saurin's Previously to this event, Mr. P. who Sermons and Claude's Essay into Enhad resolved to settle in life, in 1765, glish, and, among other original producmarried Miss Hodgson, a lady of some tions, published a “Vindication of fortune, whose father had resided at Christ's Divinity." Happy at the opMatlock, in Derbyshire. The ceremony portunity now afforded by a diguitary was performed there by bis friend, the of the established church, the aspiring primate. Two years after this, the de dissenter readily entered ihe lists, and gree of D.D. was conferred on luim by broke a lance against the mive. The his own University, and still greater title of his work was, " The History and honours now awaited him. The queen, Mystery of Good Friday;" and it must bearing of Mr. P's reputation, and being be allowed that he bandled his weapons apprised of the excellence of his private with great skill; but he was not fortunate character, employed bin as her private enough to obtain an episcopal rejoinder chaplain ; and such a bigh opinion did to big reply. Her Majesty entertain of his piety, and While this composition was praised by endowments, durmy his attendance in nearly all who differed from the church, consequence of a short illness, that she those who cordially joined in her come was determined to complete what Secker munion, did every thing in their power to had begun. Accordingly, in January, forward the good intentions of the pious 1777, on the translation of Dr. Mark- prelate, llis addiesses were listened to ham to the archbishopric of York, the with submission, and cuforced with zeal, royal interposition was emploved in fa- while the Society for “ promoting Chris vour of Dr. Porteus, who was immedi. tian Knowledge" forwarded not a little ately raised to the episcopal bench, as his endeavour's by printing tbe “ Exborbishop of Chester.

S tation" in a cheap and portable form, so About the same time, this prelate as to be read hy inultitudes, and circumade great cxertions to restore a miorelated in great abundance. The conse, solemn observation of the fast, called quence was, that this day (Good Friday) Good Friday. He accordingly, with this furtherto neglected in the inetropolis and view, published an “ Exhortation" to its vicinity since the puritanical times, that effect. We shall not enter into the has been since kept with greiti strictless, controversy occasioned by this painpli- although the effect perhaps may have let, and the steps soon after taken to ens been rather different in a inultitude of force a strict observance of the principles instances from the intentions of the wors there laid down. By some it was praised, thy bisliop; for i: is obvious to those acas an effort tending to restore the purity quainted with the world, that the fast is of the ancient discipline, and promote now converted to a festival, and the the vital interests of christianity; while shops are not undequently emptied by others, it was considered as breathing into the alehouse. too much of the fauatical spirit of past Dr. Porteus, who about this time betimes, as well as exhibiting not a little of gan to be greatly estccined, and followed that intolerance, which had been long as a popular preacher, now published since happily exploded.

several single sermons. Although the This publication, of course excited popish religion had long ceased either considerable opposition, and gave rise to give offence, or create uneasiness, yet indeed to a polemical dispute. Mr. in 1781 he sent furtlo a work directly Robert Robinson, who had been bred a levelled against it, entitled " A Brief barber, and who from being a hearer of Confutation of the Errors of the Church Whitfield, became a prencher among the of Rome." This was extracted, inowcalvinists, until converted by the bap- ever, from Archbishop Secker's works, tists, among whom he became a teacher and intended for general distribution. of some eminence, was the champion on In 1783, he produced a volume of his the other side. He must be allowed to own Sermons on several subjects; it was, have been a mau highly gifted by nature, followed by two mure, and these have

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