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No, sultan,

Who takes it from thee, my good Saladin; him I know not.

why may'st thou not believe wbate'er thou HALADIN. God knows him.


No longer, Nathan, now; no longer now.
As he knows

NATHAN. the chaos, from whose deep the light arose.

Does not thy prophet teach thee, like mine me, It does not therefore now exist.

that God is merciful, that he forgives. Thou art

SALADIN. not the first, whom he has imperceptibly

Keep for thyself tby talismanic ring, allow'd thro'crimes to find out virtue's path.

and do not mock at the poor trodden worm

c'en in the dust. What boots the bas been, so the is be right. God will not ask the just man's virtue to


For God's sake no; no ; no. atone the sinner's Crespass, will not punish

Sultan, if with my blood I could procure the worthy for the faulty Saladin.


sest-O! how willingly. Yet not nnoften the amended man

SALADIN. dies of his sins.

Give, give, conviction.

In certainty is placed the might of truth.
Dies of some law of nature. Doubt is its foc; a fatal grub chat bores

deeper and deeper to the pith o'the root, What is this fear then? what this inward until the fair flower withers. It is shrivellid, struggling,

faded for me ; and found about me lie these racking tortures of avenging conscience? the fallow petals scatter'd. All their power, NATHAN.

the fragrance they once shed across my soul, A proof of tenderer virtuous feelings, of is gone. Then die, die, Saladin: thy lot abhorrence against vice. It is--perhaps be heaven, or hell, or everlasting nothing: the working of thy fever, of strain'd nerves die, die, for here is darkness all. Thy road and Aurried spirits.

is yonder over graves-o'er slaughter fields SALADIN.

thick sown with skulls of men-well mois'Tis no doubtful pang

ten'd too obscure and undefin'd, but clear perception with human gore. Who was the sower here! that I have not liv'd as a man should live. Who with his sabre plough'd the reeking soil? It is the palpitation of a culprit

Who? advancing to his judge. Conscience, my Na

NATHAN than,

Saladin, what ails thes, Saladin is no disease.


I, I, 'twas I, the valorous Saladin, Strive not against thy peace ; 'Twas I, who mow'd these heaps of daad. do not o'erlook thy virties; shore nut from

NATHAN thee .

My Sultan, the congolations which oh penitence

do recollect thyself. God has bestow'd


Ha! now I stand God? Where has he bestow'd it ? in blood up to my girdle. 'Twas well fought, How am I sure of that ; And is not God my warriors, nobly slaughter'd.-Bury them: a friend to order ? Values he no longer for fear their God should see them, and rethe laws he made, no longer loves his

venge creatures

on us their blood. Who breaks thro' those, or sacrifices these,

NATHAN. can God befriend? Indeed for men like us,

Dost thou know me no longert whom groping after truth buc leaves be- God, god, have pity on him! wilder'd,

BALADIN whum virtue fills with pride or fills with

What of pity. doubt,

Behold in me the mighty Saladin, faith is a precious thing. Beside the grave che conqueror of the world. The east is his. where a man strays alone; where other souls Down with thy arms, or die! no longer buoy him up with fellow feelings;

NATHAN where all is changing; and between to be

Cantt thou not know and not to be che dread abyss is yawning; thy Nachan any longer? where all that seem'd in life, truth, action,

SALADIN. fact,

Get thee gone; dwindles to a lic; where even reason's torch I will not deal with thee, jew, usurer, cheat. amid the wide and vacant gulph is quench'd, "hence with thy warc;l'cis trash; sell, sell, to O Nathan, Nathan, faith is preciout there,



Avaunt. Why dost thou weep? What For the Monthly Magazine.
would'st thou have?


OF LETTERS from an AMATEUR of Art, this is horrible!

in London, to a FRIEND near MANSALADIN

Ay; horrible.

IN pursuing my tour through the I did not kill them. Dost thou claim of me

I TÓWNLEY Collection of Antiquities, thy children?

the next department that I shall attempt NATNAN.

describing, is that of the ROMAN SEPUIS God

CHRAL ANTIQUITIES, which are depe.
Do bury them still deeper: sited in the fifth room. This room is of

excellent proportions, vaulted, and lighted look, there peeps out a skull-in with it.

from a dome; the ceiling is supported by NATHAN.


antæ of the Doric order, and in the inter what a delirium chis.

pilasters are niches and recesses in which

are deposited sepulchral urns with in. SALIDIN. Up! up! we storm it

scriptions of great antiquity and consiForward, my brothers, brisk ! and down with derable beauty. In the centre of the them!

floor is a beautiful Mosaic pavement The dogs are yielding. On, on, we shall lately discovered in digging the foune have it.

dations for the new buildings at the Bank Mine is Jerusalem! Damascus, mine! of England, and presented to the British Mine is all Syria !

Museum by the directors of that opulent NATHAN.

establishment. Teach me, Lord, to think

They are mostly taken from the cemethat I must die !

teries of the Romans, of which every faSALADIN. What's all yon howling for?

mily of consequence had one appropriat

ed to itself. Give quarter now; and offer up to God

The largest and most an

cient cemeteries were those of Memphis, a tenth of all the booty. There a mosk, and here a school, and there an hospital,

which have been discovered near that shall be erected. We shall need them, city in a circular plain, nearly four leagues NATHAN.

in diamcter, which is called the Plain of Sitcah,

Muminies. The care of the Egyptians O! my dear Sittah, welcome!

for the preservation of the body after SITTAH approvebes.

death, exceeded even their wishes for the • What's the matter? conservation of the memory of their it

lustrious dead. The Greeks and Romans NATHAN. Alas! thou hear'st; thy brother is delirious.

did not so anxiously preserve the mortal

relics of the body; they contented themэттлн. My Saladin delirious ? God!

selves with burying them. The custom TALADIX.

of burning their dead and preserving the Keep back!

ashes appears to have arisen more from Along this narrow foot-path climbs the way a wish of preventing violation, than the into the fortress. They are all asleep: inere destruction of the body. The Rohush, follow me in stillness. We shall maus paid great veneration to the remains manage

of their forefathers; they erected ceme to take it by surprize. Hush.

teries to their honour, and deposited the TAN.

ashes of each individual in its own distinct

Saladin io for to-day too weary for more coil.

catacomb, in a cinerary urn, inscribed What if he would repose a little hour

with the name of the party, whose meunder the shade, and then with fresher

mory is thus recorded. The contents of strength

this room are principally of these cinerary assail the fortress.

and sepulchural urns and monumental SALADIN

inscriptions, each deposited after the ane Ay I will, I will.

cient manner in a catacomb. Keep watch upon your posts, my comrades No. 1, is a nonumental inscription to

Q. Aufidius Generosus, formerly in the least they should fall upon us.

collection of Thomas Hollis, esq. and NATHAN AND GITTAR.

presented by hun to the Museuin; togeWe are going.

iher with No. 2, to Delia Fortunata, SALADIN

Aelius Telesphorus, and others; No. 3, Mind; in an hour or so I shall be waking,

to M. Nerius Proculus ; No (To be continued.)

, to T. Sex. Agatha; No. 20, to Eutychia; No.



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12, to C. Julius Priinigenius., No. 23, generosity of the late ingenious Sir Wil to Lucretia; and No. 44, to Isidorus. liam Hamilton,

Ainong the most singular of these se According to Fabretti, che cinerarium pulchral antiquities, are two earthen was the name of a sepulchral edifice; in olæ (No. 6) placed in the manner of which conjecture he is supported by those which contained the ashes of the Monfaucon, and in the 5th Vol. Plate slaves, and the inferior orders of the Ro- 4th, lie describes a cinerarium of this man people. The monumental inscrip- description. But the true meaning of tion in front of these ancient relics of the word is undoubtedly as here emRoman customs, records the names of ployed by the editors of the Synopsis of Anniolena Maxima, and Servilia Irene. the Museum; that is, an urn in which

No. 12, is a sepulchral vase, found the cineres or ashes of the dead were de. near Naples.

'posited, as the ossuarium was a vessel in This ancient city and Pisa both had which the bones of the departed were oemeteries of such magnitude and ele- enclosed. The rest of the sepulchral angance of construction, that they might tiquities in this noble collection are be taken as inodels of such structures. equally valuable and interesting to the The disposition or arrangement of the history of the arts. They serve to point great cemetery of Naples, where this out the names of illustrious men, and vase was found, had particular reference shew, us how the Romans, respected the to salubrity. It was a vast enclosure, manes of their departed relatives. One hollowed into as many subterraneous of thein is peculiarly interesting; it is a apartments as there were days in the sarcoplagus, on the front of which various year, presenting three hundred and sixty- figures of Cupide and Psyche are repre. five openings, arranged symmetricaily sented, perhaps to the memory of a round its superfices. Every opening departed virgm on the eve of marriage. was enclosed by a stone, and every cala. The next room is appropriated to Greek comb only opened once in the year, on and Roman sculptures, as medallious, the day of which opening all the dead sarcophagi, basso - rilievos, fragments, who were to be buried on that day were shields, altars, busts,&c. Ishall mendeposited ; and by putting lime into tion a few of the principal, for if I were costins, the bodies were cousurped, or to enumerate all that are worthy of 10their nore putrescent parts decayed, be- tice, I should describe every article, and fore the annual opening of that catacomb. never bring my letters to a close. No.

The cemetery of Pisa, called the Campo 2 is part of the front of a sarcophagus, Santo, 'was a celebrated and ble ed - representing Achilles among the daughfice, åt a good style of architecture, and ters of Lycomedes. Nos. 1 and 8, are one of the most regarkable, funereal mo- two medallions, representing in profile numents in Europe. It was projected the bust of an unknown Greek philosoby Ubaldo, the Bishop of Pisa, in 1.200, pher, of early workinoship and good hegan in 1218, and finished in 1283. sculpture. No. 11 is a fine Frayment of John of Pisa, the most celebrated arebic a magnificent sarcophagus, representing tect of his time, had the care of this great an elderly man with a manuscript roll in work, which reflects much liopour on bis his hand, which he is reading, and be memory as an architect of great ability. fore him a Muse is standing holding al., It was nearly five hundred icet in length, inask; probably to the memory of a coand eighty in breadth. This, cemetery median, or dramatic poet. was entirely built of wbite marble.

No. 10 is a fragment of a sarcophagus No. 13, ni thus room, is a remarkable representing Bacchus with a thyrsus in sarcophagus of good workmanship, te- lis lelt huid, and with his right arm presenting the lawentation of a family thrown over the shoulder ofn Faun. Now orer the dead body of a separted relative. I am upon the subject of the thyrsus,

Nos. 21 and 21. are hoib Etruscan which I alluded to in my last, I take the cinerery urns in terra cotia. The basso opportunity of mcutioning that I have rilievos on the fronts of both, represent enclosed you herayith an outline sketch the hero Echotles fighting with a blough- of a bacchual from the collection of share for the Greeks, at the battle of Lord Elgin, which I chose purposely from Marnthon, and on cach of the essrs is having the pine-apple head at the thyrsus a recumbent female figure, on the distinctly represented. No. 12 is reupper part of the latter urn is an Etres markable for its representing a bacchacau miscription in red letters, which was nalinu procession, forming the front tucovered to the wokļd by the zeal and of a sarcophingus. No. 15 is in "alto


rilievo of the heads of Paris and Helen. Lasso-vilievo, and an inscription to Isins, No. 14' represents, on the front of a sar- who was a native of Laodicen, and cophagus, several genii, supporting va- daughter of Metrodoras. This valuable rious pieces of armour. On a shield in trophy was brought from Smyrna, and the centre, is an inscription to Sallustlas presented to the Museum by Matthew Jasius. No. 19 is a most valuable Duane and Thomas Tyrwhitt, esgrs. Greek inscription, being an engraved I shall now conclude for the present, copy of a decree of the people of Athens, and exclaim, afrer' viewing these august and of the Piræus, iu honour of Callida- testimonies of the trigh perfection of mas. No. 20 is an elegant votive Greek sculpture, with Thomson, statue- of Diana''triformis of excellent Ou GREECE! thou sapient nurse of FINER sculpture, with a dedicatory inscription

ARTS round the plinth. One very singular Which to bright Science blooming Fancy bore, relic of antiquity, is an altar of Roinan Be this thy praise, that thou, and though workmanship. No: 21) ornamented with . alone Egyptian figures, which for singularity, In these hast led the way, in these excell'd, ja miequalled in the collection. There is Crown'd with the laurel of assenting Time! also a beautiful head of a female Bac

Your's, &c.

M. cbante of early workmanship, and a Greek 'sepulchral monument of no less

For the Monthly Magazinc. beauty, with an exquisite basso-rilievo, DISSERTATION on the BEST MEANS of RE. and an inscription to Mousis, who was a

SUSCITATING PERSONS APPARENTLY native of Miletus, and daughter of Ar

DROWNED, OT SUFFOCATED by EXPOgæus. This was also generously given to

SURE to DELETERIOUS VAPOURS or The Museum, by Thomas Hollis, esq.

GASES, und un the EFFECTS OF EXTREMS No. 32 is a very fine basso-rilievo, re

COLD. presenting Prian in the act of supplica

"Miseris succurrere disco." ting Achilles to deliver to hin the body

I labour still to lend the wretched aid." of his son Hector. There are two fraga ments of a colossal foot and hand. The

"Latet scintillola forsan." statues to which they belonged must TVMAT season of the year is fast ap. have been of an immense size, and are T proaching, when every vateringstriking monioments torbe skill and enter- place, and every commodioas bamlet prise of the ancient artists. Nos, 28 and in the vicinity of the sea, will have its 39 are two singularly elegant figures of visitors, Into the utility of bathing we Victory, with wings, sacrificing a bull. have no design to enter; but we shall be No. 41 is a triangolan base of a small rendering soune service to humanity, by candelabrum, which has been the stand pointing out a ready method of applying, for a lampor other light forburning per- in particular cases of suspended animafumes, co scent dieir apartments, and tion, an agent, as novel as it is efficasometimes, as in this and other examples cious. Front ignorance of the means in diis noble collection (which Homer recoinmended by the Humane Society, particularly corroborates) as a species of we may calculate upon a number of uit . Altar, on which they burned bituminous fortunates who have been suatched from woods and offered sinal sacrifices. the bosom of their families, I and the

No. 42 is a sepulchral cippus, with an circle in which they had usefully inscription to the memory of Viria Pri- moved, la, a

ras & mitiva. The cippas was a kind of mo- After a person has remained twenty numental grave-stone, or sometimes a minutes under water, there can be no small column to the memory of some par. considerable hope of recovery; yet we ticular levent or departed friend. The should never resign the unhappy object form and ornamenting of the sepulcbral to his fate, before we have exhausted cippus often imitated the ancient altne, every means of relief. The nuinbers atand were then consecrated to the infernal tested by the best evideuce to have been deities or maties. We often meet with revived, is so considevable, even in lope-. representations of Sippi, on coins, me- dess cases, that we are eminently cbeared dals, and engraved gems. No. 43 is a by it, in executing that amiable task Bwan in red marble, the plumage and ent- which humanity, and the solace of suc tire form of which is delicately carved. CEBS, so urgently press upon our Atten-.

The last article that I shall enumeratecion. in my present communication is a beru- The first principle to be attended to tiful Groes sepulchral monument, with a is, the restoration of natural warmth.


This (though it bave not been hereto- able pneumatic apparatus,or, what is still fore recommended) is best and most better, the nitrous oride, might be used speedily accomplished by a tepid bath with still greater advantage; if we cal(of 980 Fahrenheit); for without this tem- culate upon their effects on the human perature, the vital functions cannot go body being analogous to those they on. Stimulants bave, with this view, usually produce upon animals that have. been generally applied to the skin and been drowned, or suffocated, by the de. bunys, and even to the intestines. lu leterious effects consequent to the inhathe last case it is usual to strip the pa- lation of hydrogen gus, curbonic acid, tient of all his wet clothes, rub him per- carburetted hydrogen, sulphureous acid fectly dry, whilst several assistants are gas, nitrous air, or the compounder gases, warining blankets; and when dry, he is constituting the choak and fire damps, directed to be laid upon a table, with with other deleterious vapours. But it two blankets under hiin; a third is wrapt is to be lamented, that, however imporround his body, and should be removed, tant these means are, and however etfiwhen it loses to any considerable degree eacious they promise to be, still they are its original warmth. This operation is to seldom used in aid of other means probe repeated, until signs of recovery be- bably at hand, and usually recommended come apparent. While this process in cases of suspended animation. It is goes on, at least four assistants are em- desirable, that in every situation where ployed in rubbing the legs and arms. there is a life-boat kept, such an Neutral saline bodies, and especially apparatus as would at once yield these common salt has been used at the time, valuable gases, should be its companion, and in aid of friction; but if, in a che- It is usual in the injection of the fumes mical point of view, we are at a loss of tobacco, to have a common clysterto see how it operates, most probably bag, and at the other end have a comwarm ashes, or any similar substance, by mon tobacco-pipe, firmly attached to it. its mere mechanical power, and teinpe- The bowl of the pipe is to be filled with rature, may answer every purpuse. tobacco, and well lighted; then by apWhilst this is going forward, a dilute plying a playing - card, formed in the solution of ammonia is applied to his shape of a funnel, round the bowl of the wrists and ancles (for a strong solution tobacco-pipe, and blowing with the of the dq, ammon. pur, would have a mouth at the other end, the bag may be tendency actually to dissolve the epic filled with smoak; and this may be indermis, and even the vera cutis itself, in jected into the intestines, by simply filling many cases. The ordinary spirit of aud compressing the bag or containing hartshorn is consequently often em- bladder. For throwing air into the ployed; and a feather steeped in it is to lungs, the stem of a common tobaccobe applied every ten minutes to the nose pipe may answer. This should be intrils, bladders of hot water, in this case, troduced into one of the nostrils, and at to the feet and armpits have an impor- the same time the other is to be closed tant value. Others have found much by a finger, as well as the mouth. Blow advantage by dipping a blanket into pretty strongly. When the lungs are boiling water, wringing the same as dry full, by pressure on the breast the air as possible, and wrapping the patient may be forced from the lungs again. closely up in it, when undressed. This This process should be continued for at is recommended to be repeated eve- least half an hour. It is usual to admiry ten minutes, for two or three nister the tobacco-fumes, and the inflahours.

tion of the lungs alternately, but there is . But whilst these external applications no good reason,why the operations should of restoring heat to the body are going not proceed together. And it is reforward, internal means of rousing the commended, that these processes be heart and arterial system to action, persevered in, even for hours, although 'must not be neglected. This is material, no signs of life appear. both with a view to the maintenance of At the same time that we do not deny a lit degree of animal beat, and to the to these methods their respective por support of the nervous system itself. tions of inerit, we cannot help adverting

The smoke of tobacco, or other sui- to the general value of electricity mplants, applied by way of clyster, and cases of this nature. But it bas been teo air passed through the nostrils into the frequently a subject of regret, that the Jungs, are employed with success occa- objection to its employment depends.. sivually. But oxygenous gas, from a suitupon the incompatibility of its excita


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