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No, sultan, him I know not.
God know) him.
As he knows the chaos, from whose deep the light arose. It does not therefore now exist. Thou art
not the fir<t, whom he has imperceptibly allow'd thro' crimes to find out virtue's path. What boots the has ten, <o the is be right. God will not ask the just man's virtue to atone the sinner's trespass, will not punish the worthy tor the faulty Saladin.
Yet not nnoften the amended man diet of his sins.
Dies of some law of nature.
What is this fear then? what thia inward
struggling, theae racking tortures of avenging conscience?
A proof of tenderer virtuous feelings, of abhorrence against vice. It is—perhaps the working of thy fever, of •train'd nerves and flurried spirits.
'Tis no doubtful pang obscure and undefin'd, but clear perception that I have not liv'd as a man should live. It is the palpitation of a culprit advancing to his judge. Conscience, my Nathan, is no disease.
Strive not against thy peace; do not o'erluok thy virtues; shove nut from
thee the consolations which on penitence God hat bestow'd
God ? Where has he bestow'd it? How am I sure of that ; And is not God a friend to order f Values he no longer the laws he made, no longer loves his
creatures' Who breaks thro' those, or sacrifices these, can God befriend? Indeed for men like ut, whom groping after truth but leaves be
wilder'd, whom virtue tills with pride or fills with
doubt, faith is a precious thing. Beside the grave where a man strays alone ; where other souls no longer buoy him up with fellow feelings; where all is changing; and between ft> bt and mt ute the dread abyss is yawning; where all that seem'd in life, truth, action,
fact, dwindlea to a lie; where even reason's torch amid the wide and vacant gulph isqueneh'd, O Nathan, Nathan, faith it pricieaa then.
Who takes it from thee, my good Saladin; why may'st thou not believe wbate'er thews wilt?
No longer, Nathan, now; no longer now.
Does not thy prophet teach thee, likennaeme, that God is merciful, that he forgives.
Keep for thyself thy talitmanic ring,— and do not mock at the poor trodden worm e'en in the dust.
For God's sake no; no; no. Sultan, if with my blood I could procure
thee rest—O! how willingly.
Give, give, conviction. In certainty it placed the might of truth. Doubt.is its foe; a fatal grub that bores deeper and deeper to the pith o'the root, until the fair flower withers. It is shrivellM, faded for me ; and round about me lie the fallow petals scatter'd. All their power, the fragrance tbey once shed across my soul, is gone. Then die, die, Saladin : thy lot be heaven, or hell, or everlasting nothing: (lie, die, for here is darkness all. Thy road is yonder over graves—o'er slaughter fields thick sown with skulls of men—well moisten'J too with human gore. Who was the sower here' Who with his tabrepluugh'd the reeking soil? Who?
Saladin, what ails thee, Saladin—
I, I, 'twas I, the valorous Saladin.
My Sultan, do recollect thyself.
Ha I now I stand in blood up to my girdle. 'Twas well fought, my warriors, nobly slaughter'd.—Bury them: for fear their Cod should see them, and revenge en us their blood.
Dost thou know me no longer* God, god, have pity on him!
What of pity. Behold in me the mighty Saladin, the conqueror of the world. The cut it lui. Down with thy arms, or diel
Canrt thou not know iliy Nathan any longer?
Get thee gone; I will not deal with thee, jew, usurer, cheat, hence with thy ware ;|'tii trash; sell,sell, to fools.
Atannt. Why dost thou woulJ'st thou have?
0 this is horrible !—
1 did not kill them. Dost ihou claim of me tby children?
Do bury them still deeper: look, there peeps out a skull—in with it.
Oh— what a delirium this.
Up! up! we storm itForward, my brothers, brisk ! and down with
them! The dogs are yielding. On, on, we shall
have it. Mine is Jerusalem! Damascus, mine' Mine is all Syria I
Teach me, Lord, to think that I must die 1
What's all yon howling for? Give quarter now j and after up to God • tenth of all the booty. There a mode, and here a school, and there an hospital, shall be erected. We shall need th
O ' my dear Sittah, welcome!
What's the matter t
Alas! thou heat'st; thy brother4s delirious.
My Saladin delirious r God!
Keep back! Along this narrow foot-path climbs the way into the fortress. They are all asleep :— Jmsh, follow me in stillness. We shall
manage to take it by surprue. Hush.
Saladin is for to-day too weary for more toil. What if he would reposes little hour atnder the shade, and then with fresher
strength assail the fortress.
•ALAblH. Ay Twill, 1 will. Keep watch upon jour posts, my comrades
ail, least they should fall upon us.
NATHAN AND SITTAH.
We are going.
Mind ; in an hour or so I shall be waking.
For the Monthly Magazine. THE DILLETANTI TOURIST, Or Letters from an Amateur qf Art, in London, to a Friend near ManChester. No. V.
N pursuing my tour through the Townlfy Collection of Antiquities, the next department that I shall attempt describing, is that of the Roman SepclChral Antiquities, which are deposited in the fifth room. This room is of excellent proportions, vaulted, and lighted from a dome; the ceiling is supported by nnta of the Doric order, and in tlie interpilasters are niches and recesses in which are deposited sepulchral urns with inscriptions of great antiquity and considerable beauty. In the centre of the floor is a beautiful Mosaic pavement lately discovered in digging the foundations for the new buddings at the Bank of England, and presented to the British Museum by the director* of that opulent establishment.
They are mostly taken from the cemeteries of the Romans, of which every family of consequence bad one appropriated to itself. The largest and most ancient cemeteries were those of Memphis^ which have been discovered near that city in a circular plain, nearly four league* in diameter, which is called the Plain of Mummies. The care of the Egvptlnng for the preservation of the body after death, exceeded even their wishes for the conservation of the memory ol their illustrious dead. The Greeks and Roman* did not so anxiously preserve the mortal relics of the body; they contented themselves with burying them. The custom of burning their dead and preserving the ashes appear!) to have aiiseu more from a wish ot preventing violation, than the mere destruction of the body. The Kumanspaid great veneration to the remain* of their forefathers; they erected cemeteries to their honour, and deposited the ashes of each individual in itsown distinct catacomb, in a cinerary urn, inscribed wuh the name of the party, whose memory is thus recorded. The contents of this room arc principally of these cinerary nnd sepulchural urns and monumental inscriptions, each deposited after the ancient manner in a catacomb.
No. 1, is a monumental inscription to Q. Aufidius Gcncrosus, formerly in the collection of Thomas Hdlis, esq. and presented by him to the Museum; together with No. 2, to Delia i'ortunata, AeliusTelespborus, and othfs; No. ;}, to M. N^vins Proculus; No .T, to T. Sex. Agatha; No. 2Q, to Eutychia; No. 52, to C. Julias Primigenius; No. 23, to Lucrelia; atul No. 44, to Isidorus.
Among the most singular of these sec pulchral antiquities, are tivo earthen oUse (No. 0) placed in the manner of those which contained the ashes of the slaves, and the inferior orders of the Ron;:m people. The monumental inscription in front of these ancient relics of Roman customs', records the names of Anniolena Maxima, and Servilia Irene. No. 12, is a sepulchral vase, found Dear Naples.
This ancient city n:id Pisa both had oemeteries of such magnitude and clcguuea of construction, that they might be taken as models of such structures. The disposition or arrangement of. tjie great cemetery of Naples, where this vase was found, hadjiui licular reference to salubrity. It vjffi a vast enclosure,, hollowed into as many subterraneous apartments as there were days in the near, presenting three hundred and sixtyfive openings, arranged symmetrically round its superfices. Every opening was enclosed by a stone, and every gatacomb only opened once in the year, op the day of which opening all the drad who were to be buried ou that day were deposited; and by putting lime inlju coffins, the bodies were consumed, i^r their wore putrescent part* decayed, before the annual opening of lhutc^i,l,iic<>n)b. Tlieceiucteiy of Pisa, called tlje Curnfto Santo, was .1 celebrated anjl imble tdjHce, of a good style of; aiclutee^ur^, Ofjfl one of the most remarkaUe,fuu*r,ea^ njpnumeuts in Europe. It was. pcojjeci^l by Ubaldo, the Bisbop of Pi'sa. in, 12*$, began in 1218, and titu^Ufi^ in 1,28^. John of Pisa, the mo>t ccj'tbrawl tueb<itect of his time, hud the cave of thi* great: work, which reflects much liouo.uc pu hymemory as an architect of S1^ ability. It was nearly five hundred icjet Iuj hjjngjli, and" eighty in breadth- Tfe ^'TWtety was entirely built of wbite u^u;b^ei.
No. 13, m tbia room, is Ii niiiarkal^p sarcophagus of good n.nr.k.u.njns.uip,, representing the hiiiientajiinYof ty family over the dead body of\ dvparird/relntive. Nos. 21 nnri 21, aif l|p'h jLt|us,ci|n cineiery urns in terra pitta. 'Hie basso rilicvos on the front), ot both,, tjipteseijt the hero Ecliptics fii;h,i|ig wifb a'pfoMghtlnire fyr the Creeks, at t(ic bi|t|[e of Marathon, ami on each of |hg H'V'V? is a recumbent female figure. On the npper paj-t pi" the latter urn is an E|^uJ|can inscription in red letters, which was recovered to ihe wulid by the zctU and
generosity of the late ingenious Sir Wii-liam Hamilton.
According to Fabretti, the cinerarium. was the name of a sepulchral editict; ia which conjecture he is supported by Monfaucon, and in the 5th Vol. Plate 4th, lie describes n cinerarium of this description. But the true meaning of the word is undoubtedly as here employed by the editors of the Synopsis of the Museum; that is, an urn in which the cineres or ashes of the dead were deposited, as the ossuurium was a vessel in which the bones of the departed were enclosed. The rest of the sepulchral antiquities in this noble collection are equally valuable and interesting to the history of the arts. They serve to point out the names of illustrious men, and shew us how the Humans respecteii.t|»s manes of their departed relatives. One of thcin is peculiarly interesting,; it is.a sarcophagus, on the front«u;'which tanou> figures of Cupidiand Psyche are represented, perhaps to the memory of a departed virgin on the eve of marriiige. The ne\t room is appropriated to Greek and Roman sculptures, as medallions, sarcophagi, basso - riliivos, fragments, shields, altars, bustt^' &c I shall mention a few of the principal, for if 1 were to enumerate all thut are woithy of notice, I should describe every article, and never bring toy letters to a, .close. No 2 is part of t'fte front of a sarcophagus, rt;prese'iitjpg Achilles among the daughters of Lycomedts. Nos. 1 and B, are twu medallions, representing in profile the bust of an unknown Greet philosopner, of early workmanship and sculpture. No. 11 is a fine iragnieut of a magnificent sarcophagus, lepieseuting an elderly.maji vyith a ruauuscupt roll in his baud, which he i« reajliog, and before him si Muse is standing holding a mask; probably to the memory of a comedian, or dxauiatic poeL
No. 10 i- .; fragment.of a sarcophagus • representing Bacchus with a thyrsus m his left hiuiil. anr] with ln< right arm il ii.,\n over irte slionldfer pfnTaun. Now I inn upon the stirrject of the thjrsos, which I alluded to In niv las_t, I inke the opportunity "l on
encluied you berbtyijh ui\ outline sketch I of a bacchniiaj, linm the cuUeclia.ii of^ Lord Elgin, which I i hose purposely from ■ ipple he.id .ji the tbyrsu? \ ,■■■•-..-chtid. No. A is re- f nntrkqblc f<n' n> representing .1 bnccha
ion;Sinning of a Stirconl . \o is r.1.
rilievo of the heads of Paris and Helen. No. 14 represents, on the front 6f'a sarcophagus, several genii, supporting various pieces of armour. On a shield in the centre, is-Mil inscription to Sallustlus Josins. No. 19 is a most valuable Greek inscription, being an engraved copy of u decree of the people of Alliens, artrfofthe Piraeus, in honour of Callidnmas. No. 20 is an elegant votive statue of Diana trifonnis of excellent sculpture, with a dedicatory inscription round the plinth. One very singular relic of antiquity, is an altar of Roman workmanship. f\o. -21) ornamented with Egyptian figures, which for singularity, is unequalled in the collection. There is also a beautiful head of a female Bncohunte of early workmanship, and a Greek sepulchral monument of no less beauty, with ttu exquisite basso-rilicvo, and nu inscription to Mousis, who was a native of Mifttbs, and daughter of Arezus. This was also generously given to the Museum, by;Thomas' Mollis, esq. No. 32 is a very fine hasso-rilievo, representing Priam in the act of supplicating Achilles to deliver to him the body of his son Hector. There are1 two fragments of a oofossalfoot-and hand. The statues to which they belonged must have been of nnimmense size, and are striking monuments to tbetkill and enterprise of the ancient artists. Nos. 28 and 39 are two singularly elegant figures of Victory;1 with' wings,' sacrificing ■ a bull. No. 41 is a triangular1 base of a small candelabrum, which has been the- stand for a laroporotber light-forburning perfumes, to scent their apartments, and sometimes,«s iivthis and other examples in this no' ', i ";- tferv (which' Homer particular! corrolxir.iti ^) ns a -(-ciesof attar, on wmen tney unmet) uiiuiiiinous woods anil ofi'ered small sworiliccs.
No. 42 is a sepulchral cippus, with an inscription to she memory of Viria Primitiva. "The cippus was a l.indofmonuniei stone, or sometimes a
small rolomn to the memory of some par. titular event or departed friend. The form and ornamenting of the sepulchral
ppus-oflen imitated tic ancient altar, ami were then consecrated to the infernal
eitiesor manes. We meet with
pres- I Sippi, on coins, me
dals, and engraved gems. K 43 is a •wan in red marble, the plum and enure form of which is dclica'ely carved] The (bat I sliull enumerate
in my present cmamunitMtion tt-aneauI tliul Greek suftulchrni monument, with a
basso-rilievo, and an inscription to Isias, who was a native of Laodicea, nnd daughter of Metrodnrns. This valuable trophy was brought from Smyrna, and presented to the Museum by Matthew Duane and Thomas Ttrnhitr, esqrs.
I Shall now -Conclude for the present, and exclaim, alter viewing tlicse august testimonies of the histh perfection of Greek sculpture, with Thomson, On Ckiecf! thou SJpient nurse of rlsil
Which to bright Science blooming Fancy bore, Ec thii thy praise, that thou, and though
alone In these hist led the way, in these excell'd, Crown'd with the laurel of assenting Time!
Your's, &c. M.
For the Monthly Magazine. DISSERTATION on' the Best Means of Ee
S'.'SCITATlNC PERSONS APPARENTLY DROWNED, Or SUIEOCATED by ExpoSure to Dr.LCTEr.101s Vapours or Cases, and on the Effects O/extrems
"Miaerjs succurrere disco."
I labour still to lend the wretched aid." *
THAT season of the year is fast approaching, when every wateringplace, and every enmmodions hauiiet in the vicinity of the sea, will have its visitors. Into the utility of bathing we have 110 design to enter; but we shall be rendering some service to humanity, by pointing out a ready method of applying, in particular cases of suspended animation, an agent, as novel ns it is elticacious. From ignorance of the means •recommended by the Humane Society, we may calculate upon a number of uofortunutes.wlio lime been snatched from the bosom of their families, and the
After a person lias remained twenty minutes under water, there can be no considerable hope of recovery; yet we should never resign the unhappy object to his fate, before we have exhausted every means of n lief. The numbers attested by the best evidence to have been revived, is so considerable, even in hopeless cases, that wo are eminently cheared by it, in executing that amiable task which humanity, and the solace of success, so urgently press upon oar alien tion.
The first piinciple to be attended I is, the restoration of natural nnrmil
This This (though it have not been heretofore recommended) is best and must speedily accomplished by a tepid bath (of 98° Fahrenheit); for without this temperature, the vital functions cannot go on. Stimulants have, with this view,, keen generally applied to the skin and lungs, and even to the intestines. In the last case it is usual to strip the patient of all his wet clothes, rub him perfectly dry, whilst several assistants are warming blankets; and when dry,he is •torected to be laid upon a table, with two blankets under him; a third is wrapt round his body, and should be removed, when it loses to any considerable degree its original warmth. This operation is to be repeated, until signs of recovery become apparent. While this process goes on, at least four assistants are employed in rubbing the legs and arms. Neutral saline bodies, and especially common salt has been used at the lime, and in aid of friction; but if, in a chemical point of view, we are at a loss lo see how it operates, most probably warm ashes, or any similar substance, by its mere mechanical power, and temperature, may answer every purpose. Whilst this is going forward, a dilute solution of ammonia is applied to his wrists and ancles (for a strong solution of the A<f. ummon. pur. would have u tendency actually to dissolve the rpitttnnis, and even the vera cutis itself, >n many cases. The ordinary spirit of hartshorn is consequently often employed; and a feather steeped in it is to lie applied every ten minutes to the nostrils ; bladders of hot water, in this case, to the feet and armpits have an important value. Others have found much advantage by dipping a blanket into boiling water, wringing the same as dry as possible, and wrapping the patient closely up in it, when undressed. This is recommended to be repeated every ten minutes, for two or three hours.
But whilst these external applications of restoring heat to the body ate going forward, internal means of rousing the heart and arterial system to action, must not be neglected. This is material, both with a view to the maintenance of a lit degree of animal beat, and to the support of the nervous system itself.
The smoke of tobacco, or other stimulants, applied by way of clyster, and air passed through the nostrils into ihe lungs, are employed witb success occasionally. But <vj"iuui gas, from a suit
able pneumatic apparatus, or, what is still better, the nitrous oxide, might be used with still greater advantage; if we calculate upon their effects on the human body being analogous to those they usually produce upon animals that have been drowned, or suffocated, by the deleterious effects consequent to the inhalation of hydrogen gas, curlHtnic acid, carbuietted hydrogen, sulphureous acid gus, nitrousair,or the compounder gases, constituting the etiouk and Jire dumps, with other deleterious vapours. But it is to be lamented, that, however important these means are, and however i itieacious they promise to be, still they are seldom used in aid of other means probably at hand, and usually recommended in case* of suspended animation. It it desirable, that in every situation where there is a life-boat kept, such au apparatus as would at once yield these valuable gases, shuuld be its companion. It is usual in the injection of the fumes ol tobacco, to have a common clysterbag, and at the other end have w common tobacco-pipe, firmly attached toil. The bowl of the pipe is to be filled wiih tobacco, and well lighted; then by ap. plying a playing-card, formed in the shape of a funnel, round the bowl of the tobacco-pipe, and blowing with the mouth at the other end, the bag may be filled with smoak; and this may be injected into the intestines, by simply filling and compressing the hag or containing bladder. For throwing air into the lungs, the stem of a common tobaccopipe may answer. This should be introduced into one of the nostrils, and at the same time the other is to be closed by a finger, ns well as the mouth. Blow pretty strongly. When the lungs are full, by pressure on the breast the air may be forced from the lungs again. This process should be continued for at least half an hour. It is usual to administer the tobacco-fumes, and the inflation of the lungs alternately, but there is no good reasnu,why the operations should not proceed together. And it is recommended, that these processes be persevered in, even for liours, although no signs of life appear.
At the same tune that we do not dm. to these methods their respective portions of merit, we cunnot help adverting to the general value of electricity if) cases of this nature. But it has bfrequently a subject of regret, that objection to its employment drpen iij'un the incompatibility u( its