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with regard to the above-mentioned fashion may induce persons to cover doctrines. I found that ihey were really their's with artificial colour. Tine, how, doctrines of the New Testament. By ever, which is the test of all things, ever degrees I discovered more and more conducts men at last back to the siin. their inaterial induence in improving, plicity and beauty of nature. In like ennobling, and felicitating the human nanner, though not so l'apidly, yet as soul; and thus gradualiy, and inpercep- surely in the event, the mind of man re. tibly, but on that account with fuller turns back to the unsophisticated and conviction likewise, and steadfastness, I wholesome lessons of truth. The em. became a follower and asserter of those bellishments of fallacy are cancelled by distinguishing tenets of the protestant time : while the decisions of truth receive system of religion.

from it a more secure establishment, As a teacher of christianity, I have In addition to all this, I protest before nerer lost sight of the duty of reading the Almighty, that no hours of iny whole and discussing its doubts and difficulues. life have been productive of greater bapoja I have made myself acquainted with the ness to ne, than those which I have most important writings, not only of ile spent in an intercourse with christianity unbelievers and scoffers of religion, but and in the more faithful and liappy prar: likewise especially with those, in which tice of it. The more intiinate niyaca even protestant divines dispute the cum- quaintance with it, the more deeply' was mou tenets of christianity. I have found iny heart affected by its majesty, and submuch contained in them, and have re- lunily. And the inore I was able to ceived much information from them; as conform my life and soul to its doctrines well in regard to the better explanation and precepts; the more confidently did of many passages o," the New Testament, my inınost feelings assure me, that I was as to the cleares comprehending of the respectable, elevated, andhappy. The lata spirit of the Old Testament, and to estab- ter years of my life have been tull of aflicJishing a more satisfactory developement tions: some of them the most severe, but of several doctrines. But all the in. I have had none more distressing thau quiries which I made upon the subject, those which proceeded from the neglect. or with a view to it; and again, more and violation of pure christianity. While particularly the daily devotional use of I continued perfectly faithful to this, in the New Testament, have led me to the the midst of the most painful sufferings. firmest conviction in the truth of Christ's I was tranquil, serenę, clate, and cher miracles, and of those of his apostles, of ful. The pleasures of my life were far the supernatural miraculous origin of the more numerous than its afflictions, but books of the Bible; and likewise in the pone were more sensibly felt by me. thin truth of the doctrines of the eternal dithose which arose froin the practice of vinity of the Redcemer, and Holy Ghost, christianity. Or rather," without this of the meritorious satisfaction of it,&c.&c. the most exquisite joys were weak and And at the end of these inquiries, this at insipid. *This alone seasoned every least I can assert with perfect safety, earthly pleasure ; and the hours passed that my religious belief, manifold and away with real happiness, when I chouche weighty as its defects certainly are, is and acted in imitation of Christina notwithstanding as unbinssed and un- $ If then this confession, drawn from me bigotted, as that of any other indifferent by gratitude to Christianity, and thia person, not appointed to the office of work, which proceeded from the bottom christian minister. R D

of a sensible heart, filled with thanh I know that most of the arguments in ness and reverence, may awaken and this work are no longer sashionable: and conduct the reader to siunilar veneration perbaps will be despised and rejected by and love towards this religion: I intress many as antiquated and discarded.. But hun to pray to God, that in every one of sinple remedies are no less effectuol, my remaining days, Christ may dwell though pot fashionable, and the naturally more and more in ine. red healthy cheeks of tmnimpaired inno- Gittingen, April 6. 1285 cence, are still really beautiful, although


To the Editor of the Monthly Ma There is great propriety in the expression sur, *** verlegene waare", as applying to goods, E publishing in your Magzine which have lokale by staying long ina the following account of in su shop

ces in obtaining spring water, may i Desa Lipod


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duce many others to obtain so necessary at present settled among the friends of and desirable an article of life, in a part reformi, of Middlesex where the inhabitants travel. Repeal of the Septennial; which of been deterred from the atteinpt, under course revives the Triennial act. an idea that it could not be procured at II. All male freeholders payivg to a less depth than between 2, and 300 assessed taxes, to exercise the right of feet.

suffrage. Having perused Mr. Middleton's Sur III. The worst of the Boroughs to te vey of Middlesex, and collected all the done away, by compulsory payınents to information I could, as to wells sunk at be settled by Parliament, (and not as Paddington, Kingsbury, and other places under Mr. Pitt's plan, by encreased bidadjoining the parish of Wilsden, I de- dings); and their share in the representermined to sink a well at Neasdon, a tation to be transferred to the unrepleasant rural village in that parish, and presented townis, Stratford on Avon, situated on an eminence between the Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, &c. Edgeware and Harrow Roads. Having so as that the number of the Members engaged George, the well diuger, he remain as at present. begali on the 13th of March last, and I think that it cannot be denied, on the 12th of May instant, at the depth that this plan of reform brings us back of 166 feet, he bored six feet into a bed much nearer than we are at present to of gravel, which produced water that the spirit of the antient English constiturose gradually for five days, and now tion, and to 'the time principle of represtands 104 seet deep in the well. The sentation. I wish the idea therefore to water is excellent and rather soft. The be circulcated in your Magazine, which stratns were as follow:

is so extensive a inedium of iptelligence. FEET.

That the plan is temperate, cannot, Yellow or top clay-... 38 I think, reasonably be disputed. That Stone .......... 2 it would be very considerably beneficially, Blue clay........

and permanently efficacious, I strongly Red clay ........

Neither this, nor any plan can succeed, Total .. -- 166 unless the public mind, extensively, de

liberately, and upon due information Many shells and other curious things adopt it, and express that adoption in were found in the clay, and at 84 feet

public meetings, and by numerous signa

tures. And if this be donc, from a condeep a large piece of wood was taken up, which, at first, appeared like silver,

viction of its necessity and utility, I have

little doubt of its then, but not always, but, upon being exposed to the air, turn; ed black and cracked into small pieces.

* making its way in Parliament, The inbabitants of Wilsden may now

I should hope, that as to the second and be encouraged to render water-tanks,

better class of boroughs, where there is a chalk drains, and filtering stones, useless,

regular corporation, but a small number by sinking wells in certain districts of the

of voters, as at Bury St. Edmunds, Stratparish at a joint expence, which would ford, &c. that the representation there fall very easy upon individuals. and tend will be improved by adding the Freegreatly to benefit their healths at all

holders of the borough town, for the electimes, and especially in a dry season of

tion of representatives to the corporate the year. Your's, &c. voters.

C. LOFFT. Bosuell-court, London, JAMES HALL.

Troston, May 14, 1809. 18th May, 1809. P. S. George sunk a well last year for

For the Monthly Magazine. Mr. Waters, at Kingsbury Green, 128 feet CRITICAL SURVEY OF LESSI NO'S WORKS. deep, which now stands 60 feet in water, (Continued from p. 340, vol. 24.) rather hard but excellent water, Kingsbury 5. THE Monk of Libanon is in fact Green is about two miles from Neasdon.

Ta second part, or continuation of

Nathan the Wise. After an elapse of For the Monthly Magazine.

years, the saine characters converse REFORM in PARLIAMENT of the REPRE- anew on the same topics, and compare

SENTATION of the COMMONS. their theories with observation and clI BELIEVE you may take the under perience, Saladia is now sick; his last I written as a correct outline, as far as hour apparently approaches; the chris



tians of Jerusalem have sent to his relief

NATHAN a monk of Libanon, distinguished for

I am anxious, Sultan, medical skill. The tender attentions of to understand precisely these allusions. Sittah to her brother, recall those un

SALADIN, surpassably beautiful scenes of Euripides, in which Electra watches the perturbed


drew me into this maze. It was a tale, Orestes. During a pause of fever, Saladin is desirous of seeing Nathan. No

that slid so unexpectedly, so gently,

into my open and unguarded soul; thing can be more equitable than the shedding so much forbearance and humane. manner in which the poet paints the

ness emptiness and impotence of those con- o'er my consenting heart; it seem'd to close solations, which the sceptic has to offer at once the mouth of each precipitate ? over a death-bed, to the troubled con- intolerant decider. Ah! indeed science. From an unpublished version of some strength of mind is needful to withthe poem, this striking interview shall be

stand, given.

particularly when-excuse me, Nathan

che teacher has been first announced to us, Scene: ebe apartment of Saladin, who reposes

from lips of praising thousands, by the name on a sofa in an alcove.

of the wise man. I took it as thou gavest it'; SALADIN, pusbing aside the curtain. and little thought, O Nathan, that so soon

Abdallah, the judges thousand thousand years for me

the judges thousan Come nigh, and wipe my forehead Ah! would have an end. Now I must die. And how weary!


in this uncertainty, and with my ring ABDALLAH. It seems as if thy slumbers were not tranquil,

alone, am summond up before the judge. not so refreshing as we wish'd: thy dreams

O! Nathan, how, if I have been deceiv'd? have harrowd off thy brow that peaceful

NATHAN. smoothness,

And, Sultan, how, if all have been deceiv'd? which slcep else gives the sufferer.


There lies the sting. Thus would, with all SALADIN.

his love, o I have been

thy father be a cheat-have given, for truth, in other worlds--alas! how weak I feel to his own.son, who languish'd after light, where light and darkness strove more hor. mere error. Nathan, how can God, our than life and death within my soul.-Is have given illusion, error, to mankind ?*** han.

. . .


What if his creatures bad not strength to ABDALLAX shows in Natban and retires..

bear -sphoria e Sultan, he attends. . ; the purest rays of truth. What, if illusion, SALADIN...

or a faint morning, twilight upon earth, Then let him enter. We are now, my were for the human faculties, while here,

the frontier. Asit thee down, I pray.

their highest scope; and on yon side the

tomb, Now I have slept, I hope to talk with thee first the untemper'd noon of truth broke on more calmly. Thou art sorrowful, my . Nachan. T

a lde God leads us step by step unto perfection: NATHAN. STOL and many are the grades and shades of ilIt grieves me, Saladin. TUT T E RON IL SALADIN.

between deep aight and the broad day of T W I know thy feeling!. . wisdom. but recollect it is the will of God, - What we call cruth is merely man's opinion, and bow to it. Nachan, I have sent for chee, a web of human pride, rash notions prated to give my breast once more the lost repuse, to all-remembering credulity, thy wisdom took away. I

by old Tradition's tongue... Truth lies toa

deepen sule

for our horizon far. - God-he is truth; from theet: O. God forbid ! me and man a thing that erns and fails.

Or rather say, my own presumption, Nadan. O how direly must fail? If so, thou may't have spoken

bus Truth revengd upog ne her importance ! , falsely sit was at botcom but a sport of fancy,

buta, sport of fancy, and may'st, instead of knowledge a mere Amusing levitys pot really and

have caught error.

* 12

ale a jent of







Must ere


caught error.

to make a jote o co sport with, too important

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NATHAN. • Thou- unless alone of all mankind,

Is it not contingent ? thou art excepted from the lot of man: It is the circumstances amid which unless thou only art th’infallible,

a lucky chance has plac'd thee-'cis the land the wise. -Ye sceptics, is then nothing true, allotted for thy country 'tis the men but that we're fools ?

with whom thou dwellest-'tis chy meat, thy NATHAN.

drink, Be calm, have patience, Sultan, nay e'en the very air that bathes thy brow, accept man as he is if he should err, and above all the early bending given can't here below infallibly decide,

to'thy yet tender forces, education, carth is but earth a dull and lightless body. paternal prejudice, and the first thrust SALADIN,

with which Fate Kurls thee into life's career, Ay--but the soul, my Nathan.

hence is thy virtue, man. Soil, weather, NATHAN.


Be it light; these shape the tree. be it a quenchless spark of fire etherial;

SALADIN or what you will. So long as night inwraps

The upshot comes of course: this light; so long no tone, no ray, no image we have at worst to die, and all is over; comes to thy soul, but thro' ear, eye, or truth's but a dream ; virtue, an accident. nerves;

Truih, Nathan, thou 'art a sage indeed ; ani but what thro' flesh, or bone, or wand'ring juices,

philosophiz'd me nearly into madness. according to the nature and arrangement How-grows there not upon the 'self-same of thy material part, is modified into a thought for thee, and thee alone, beside the goodly stem the crooked dwarfling? which could not dwell another human soul :

NATHAN. 80 long must feelings, instincts, passions, The faulc perhaps was in the seed; perhaps form

a grob, or an unheeded gust of wind, 'opinion error be each mortal's lot,

or any of the thousand petty causes, and what seems truth to one stand with whose action and reaction hold together another

this wondrous frame of things. for proven falshood.


But, my good friend, No: that goes too far. man is not quite a block, a log of wood Then would each image to himself in flower, obeying mere exiernal laws. Is he sun, man, a different something; because chaind to the earth he springs from? In the each

. "east Kes not with the same eyes. But do wę, is it too suliry for thy virtue, fly, Nathan,

go to the pole. If wine pyopoke'tby Blood, not understand each other; although each

drink water: if thy neighbour," seek'a better.

drink wat hears with his own ears only? Linguage be What curbs thy freedom, does not therefore my pledge, that, between man and truth, at

exclude it. least

Else what were freedom ? no such entire antipathy exists,

NATHAN as thou maintainest. Many as our words,

A mere play on words so many commonly consented truths. a leading string, with which good easy man NATHAN.

'believes hc strays alone, yet can't advance So many images by all acknowleged,

further than his conductress Providence which strike on one more strongly than permits. 'Tis, if you will, a whirling car another,

we boys get in, and shout to our companions and irritatc in different degrees

proudly: " how fast' we drive": but round our several passions. Tell me, Saladin,

and round is passion, truth; vice,'truth? Is avarice, the eternal measur'd circle of the world or tyranny, or sneaking murder, truth:

we are but draggód. or all of monstrous, that the human wish

SALADIN. by images of sensuality

Fie, Nathan, do not squander is cheated into?

upon such tales; 'which thou thyself believ'st SALADIN.

not, . Nathan, o beware

thy ready wit. Thou dost not talk in earnest; least with thy wisdom thou impair thy virtue. for how could'st thou, who bast a thousand Little by little, ore short footstep more,

times and lo we all are rogues, and must be rogues, ' in life o'crcome those enemies of virtue and my good worthy Nathan-no, to think it the passions, and the cravings of our senses, were blasphemy, were crime. Man, thy con with one sword-stroke of reason, thur assert? clusions

Thou art but seeking artfully to keep cannot be just; for if truth be illusion, truck out of sight. But, Nathan, disputation then so must virtue,

is now no longer mias,




And would to God

That is--not punish with severity, it never had been, Salasu. The few

but punish, if he is master of the world. worthy and noble souls should only act, What would become of kingdoms, if mankind live after truth, and leave their deeds behind might with impunity make sport of law, then.

rob, murder? All disputation if and what be truth

NATHAN wastes the fair hours bestow'd so sparingly

Where the law smites but the guilty, upon the wanderer, whu for his journey what has the good to fear? has not one hour too much. The lazy man

SALADIN. may fling himself along beneath the shade,

The good-ay he and with his fellow weigh and ascertain What should the good man fear?-but crimi. how far he has to gomis this the road?

nals. · are we come wrong?--but let us with fresh

NATIAN. strides

Abandon to the sentence of their judge; Laste to the goal; we then, I ween, shall and gaze rejoicing at the glorious harvest; know

that ripens for the doings of the just how far it was, and, if we have not chosen in better worlds. The more the soul be!ow the shortest road, our industry at least is veil'd in darkness, the more full of raywill have made up for many a round-about.


must be the passage to the sunny day My pilgrimage is almost at an end;

of shining truth. We here have yet to but, friend, its gual I see not. I am con

wander founded.

thro' many a labyrinth on this murky earth : Live after truth, thou sayst, and yet not from thee ihe fetters drop. Soon thy free soul know

may hail yon clearer heaven; and eagle. what truth may be, nor even care to know it; wingid but trudge along bap-hazard, north or south. soar to her God, the eternal only source NATHAN,

of light and bliss. O might I follow, sultan Not much there needs of truth to be a nan. God be thy guide! “ There is a god; he pious and fear hiin:

SALALIN. trust he will crown thy virtue, scourge thy

No; no; that cannot be; vice."

that were unsuitable; my lot is other. That is enough.

Each talks but as he feels; thou canst not SALADIN.

tell And shall we not inquire

how it is here with me. Just, pious, good, what is this god? and how we should be pio are lovely words; and happy who can speak

them how act to win his favor ? how he scourges, and feel no dagger digging at his breast ! and how rewards ? and, when he punishes** Ah, Nathan, hast thou never stain'd thy whither the sinoner goes?

life NATHAN.

not with one crime ? Is there not

NATHAN water enough to cleanse with in Damascus?

Oh! who is free from faults, SALADIN,

my dearest sultan-in the sight of God No stream can clcanse the conscience of its sin; pure, yet a man! no flame can purify the sullied heart

SALADIN. before the sigbt of God. How can I know

Speak'st thou of faults, just man, whether, it God is just, to guiita fue, away ! Come not to sully thy white virtue. I too shall be forgiven. O my Nathan, beside a criminal ! Off! dost thou know me! 'tis that, 'tis that, which wounds me, which dost thou know Saladin ? impels me

NATHAN to make the dread inquiry, not, as ere,

. Who knows him nocy the idle love of disputation. Death • the generous, the impartial, and the just, itself is nothing but a step across

the tolerant friend of man? Who knows him a narrow threshold; but à troubled moment,

not, and all is over. The intoxicated

* the pious Saladin? will dare the stride, and boldly spring avaunt,

SALADIN fare as he may without. But there's no art:

The robber too, con drug the conscience into cold deliriurn, the blood-hound, Nathan, tuo. Know'st thou sele to the night of death its wateful eye,

not him and teach it at futurity to sport. .. . who has spill'd more of unoftending blood Those with a sober conscience, Naihan. than thousand murderers, whom the sword of NATHAN


Sultan, refus'd to spare-who, to rapacious wishes, I would not flatter : but can God above to wild ambition, sacritic'd his duty be found less just, les gracives, ciao thyself? lis conscience-all? Know'st thou not him?


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