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in the easiest way, each parish might settlements, remorals, &c.; all which borrow a certain part of its quoia on the considerations would be left to the masecurity of its rates, paying interest for nagers of the home poor in the respec. it till discharged, which, I trust, would tive parishes, to whom the merits of be affected in a very few years, if a these cases wouid be best known. To inoiety of what was saved by the esta- remove the last objection, with any problishment to each parish, compared with mise of certainty, is indeed ditficult - hic precediny years, were applied annually to labor, hoc opus est. Our security in this ibis purpose. The apparent ditticulty of respect must depend on vigilance of inprocuring land will be removed by taking spection, and publicity of proceedings; it from wastes and cemmons, the propri- to insure this, the duties of the several etors and occupiers of which, lords of committees, calculated to inprove all manors and componers, are most inte. favourable circumstances, and to detect rested in the reduction of the poor's rate; and expose, with certainty of fidelity, what por can there be much doubt of pro- may be smiss, must be well defoed, clearly curing the requisite quantity within any explained, and faithfully performed; for space of country of 50 or 60 miles in which purpose minutes should be made by circumference; and how can such Innd each committee, and signed by the membe improved more expeditiously and be bers present at their respective sittings, of neficially for the public, than by placing every thing worthy of notice, in detail: such a population on it? We have been and that these minutes might not be paying of late years millions of money slurred over, as things to be forgotten as annually for the encouragement of fo- soon as made, those of the several weekreign agriculture for quantities of corn, ly committees in each district shouid be which in a few years these lands, under fairly transcribed every three inonths, successful management, will be compe and copies thereof be sent to the churchtent to supply. The draught-work too wardens of each incorporated parish, for on these lands might be executed chiefly the information of the parishioners thereby oxeo instead of horses, and thereby ot; and again, these minutes, together afford examples in every district of that with the whole detail of management sort of busbandry, which the public in- of each and every district manufactory terest requires to be more generally in the kingdom should be collared, and adopted. To facilitate the means of atan abstract of the whole be laid before tendance for inspection and controul, Parliament annually, wherein should be miany persons in each district must be ap- noticed, with scrupulous exactness, what. pointed to discharge these duties. Sup- soever was praise-worthy, and to be imipose two guardians be chosen in each pa. Cated, or blameable, and to be reprorish for every hundred pounds raised on bated, in the respective manufactories; an average of three preceding years to and for greater publicity, these abstracts the poor's rate, and that 12,0001. per should be published, whereby every apannum have been collected within the parent or real abuse would be exposed whole district, then will the number of io public animadversion and reproach, guardians be 240, to which add churchı- thus operating as the most feasible check wardens and overseers, guardians by of. against neglects and misconduct, against fice, 100 more-total, 340. The guar- the commission, or certaiuly against the dians so elected might chuse 24 direc- continuance, of improper transactions, tors from among themselves, or other Another objection might possibly be qualified persons within the district, and added, and thought of soiue weigia, these latter so chosen might appoint namely, that by carrying on this scene of weekly, monthly, and quarterly commit- industry in the district manufactories, tees of directors and guardians, so as to whether on account of the establishment, bave a routine of attendance for the or of manufacturers, much and different year with little inconvenitucy to the in- kinds of work will be withdrawn from dividuals, by about 80 persons: tbese the out-poor; bur in answer to this it commiuices will be able to fulfil their may be observed, that the district marespective duties with less trouble and in pufactories will be open to receive such less time than is required for the ordinary of them as may be thereby affected, where business before committees of incorporat- they will perform the same work, with ed houses of industry, by whom cognizance greater security, to the younger females is taken of matters not meant to be of especially, against a corruption of their inquiry at the district houses, namely, morals. (It cannot be well doubled, about granting relief to the out-poor, of that the manufactories supply a consider.

able able proportion of the public prostitutes). might have the best chance for peace and Neither would many of the younger in- quietness among themselves, and conmaies be instructed with a view to the sidering the tretuless which the tempers perniament exercise of handicraft works, of many, by age and bodily detects, are the healthy vnes of both sexes would liable to, they should be placed in sinall be otherwise disposed of at early ages, rather than in large communities. To and thereby make room for others. prevent, therefore, any of these houses Neither would the degree of skill ac- from being overcrowded at any time, all quired at such ages enable them to exe- those who can be boarded out with relas cute work to be put in competition with tions, friends, or other householders, willthat of ile out-adult poor engaged in ing to take them at or under the average similar pursuits. The necessary sepa- cost of their maintenance within the ration of sexes and ages, with proper house, and others who can be lodged restraints and diligent employment, out, and dieted in the house, should which would be exacted at the district be so disposed of; and after deducimanufactories would check unnecessary ing from the elder poor of the whole application for admission to them, as be- district, all those who might by some fore suggested ; and to those adınitied, remaining ability be taken into the diseach house should be a school of mental trict manufactory, and such as may be discipline, as well as of bodily action, of disposed of in the ways just mentioned, cleanliness, and instruction, of useful the inipates in these houscs of refuge occupation, and strict moral conduct. would not be inconveniently numerous, The health of the inmates should be con. and might therefore be managed and prosulted in wholesomeness of diet, in airi- vided fir with little trouble, and at ioness of apartments, and in timely re- derale expence. These parish-houses missions of labour. The boys, at 11, and permanently helpless poor, as well in the interinissions of their viher pur. as others iabouring under temporary inasuits, might begin and continue to learn bilities from sicknesses, should be under the inilitary manual, not as a task, but as the direction and managenient of the a recreation for present hcalthy exercise, churchwardens and overseers of their reand to enable them hereafter, on emer- spective parishes, with whom I would gencies, to act more promptly and effec- propose to associate, in the execution of üvely in the protection of their country. These duties, a given number, according The girls of the same age should be to the extent and population of each taken by rotation into the kitchen, waslı parish, of guardians cléct, but not ottihouse, laundry, and be practised in all ciating at the district manufactory; fornneedful domestic work, to fit them for ing thoreby parochial weekly comunittees, services in private families at their de- to which other resident parishioners, parture, and for their future destinations magistrales, and gentlemen, qualified to in life; but it is highly probable, that be directors of the district manafactory, many of these of both sexes will, from should be visitors. The guardians so the skill acquired by them in different chosen or selected should be permanent crafts, be sought for and raken, without committee men, and excused, whilst so fee, as apprentices at earlier ages than engaged, from serving on committees at that proposed for the ordinary term of the district manufactory: they, theretheir residence in the district house. fore, would soon be competent, from ex

And thus haring provided, in a way perience, to advise the annual officers, ige consonant to the spirit of the act of the norant of their duty at the coinmence43d Eliz. for the employment of all ablc ment, and often for the whole term of paupers, and also for their frugal main- their service, in all obscure and disputed tenance, let us further endeavour to concerns of the parish: so protected, the shew how that description of needy poor, office of overseer would be less iuvidithe inpotent and infants, who are una: vusly thought of by the poor in general, ble to earn any thing in aid of their sup. who are often misled by those of the port, may be provided for with most com- worst characters, not gracified witli profort to themselves and least expence to fuse and unmerited relief. The poor the public. These paupers, in my judg. would soon be led to confide in parochial ment should remain in their respective committees so constituted, and would, parishes, and those who cannot be other- under such protection, certainly be sale wise disposed of be maintained in parish from any unjust denial of succour in their houses, houses of refuge for the aged and necessities. With respect to the more impotent; and that these helpless people active duties of the overseers, such as

tuaking making and collecting the rates, distri- by offering them present and future adbuting allowances, receiving and remov- vapinyes, more than equal to their inte ing paupers, &c. these might be fulilled mediate pecuniary sacrifices, which, to ty then as at present, according to re- fulfil the intention effectually, cannot be gulations settled at the Committee Meet- less from each inember than 50. or 6d. ings. But however humanely Wie help- per week. Those among the poor who les pror be treated, in their intirmities, may be desirous of becoining subscribers under the existing laws and general con- to these funds, but who, though sober duce of parishes, the more worthy part and laborious, are unable to inake full ofthem, reduced to finis dependent state by payinents thereto, upon satisfying the misfortunes, more than faults, cannot feel cominiltce of such inability and laudable themselves as parish paupers, but in a most conduct, should be entitled to receive one pitiable condition, and it would greatly age moiety of their contribution from their rete gravate these sensations were the parish spective parishes, and not on that acbadges, as by law directed, to be imposed count be deemned parish paupers. The on them), A power has been, therefore, members of these societies will rarely be given by a later law tu magistrates when iomates of the district inanufactory, only persuaded of the personal merits of such so in cases of non-employment, whico deserving poor, tó excuse them from be. would, to men of correct conduct, rarely ing so notoriously degraded : but this happen; but they might have occasion, power of discriminatiny, even if we can in cases of large families, or unhealthy suppose that partiality would never ope- wives, to send one or inore able children rate in its application, has rendered the thither, in which case, instead of applyduty of overseers, it inclined to fulfil ing to the parish officers, they might state this law, as they are in strictness their dificulties to the stewards of their obliged under a penalty to do, a more respective clubs, who, after having given invixious task, and hence the imposition notice thereof to the parish cominittee, of badges on parish paupers has been might, with their approbation, be authuvery generally discontinued. In a lateriza to vive an order for the reception of intended will it was proposed, that per. such inember's child, or children, into the sons becoming chargeable to their parishes district manufactory; and all immates by through idleness and unisconduct be bady- suclı orders might be classell in the house ed, whilst on parish relief, on the upper as mo itorious or provident poor; and, garinent, with the words, Criminal Poor: as such, be allowed preference in accoma but, leaving such to be properly punished modations and employments, and be alas rogues and tagabonds, let us see if it lowed a larger proportion of their tanLe not practicalle to discriminate, with ings for encouragement. The younger out any risque of partiality or injustice, oncs too may be taught reading, writing. and wise to denote publicly die provin and arithmetic, whereas all other inmates dent from the improvident poor, those silould be deened and treated as parish wbo, with the means in their power, ney. paupers ; be instructed in realling only; lect to lay up some provision for them- and be without exception badyed as the selves astusrihe time wisen their health law directs, ur at least wear a discrini and strengthe shall fuil thein, and those nating habit: nor should these imi doriwho fulul thio obligation to themselves dent pour in their respective parishes, and inlies. The means to be relied on whilst on pvish reliet, either occasional for ibc attainment of these views, arc or perinanent, be excured from wearing comprchended in a general establishment the parish-badye. The provident poor, of friendly societies and parochial funds, non-pari:bioners where resident, with combining together ander one or both the indulgencies proposed at the district denominacions, by present monthly con- mamictory for themselves and families, tribuljons, future relief for inembers subs would rarely incur the liability of re. scribircilicreto, not only temporary als movil, under the acts of settlement, to lowances in casual sicknesses, but per- their proper parishes; but to protect manent stipentis in old age, or prema them more effectually from uch possible ture impotency: but though such socie- inconveniences, every member of any ties and funds may be established in all provident club or society as before mens parishes or districts, the poor most re- tioned, having been resident in any pamain at liberty, whether to become sube risb for the space of three years, not conscribers to them, or not. These engare. victed of any crime punishable with des ments inust be on their part volumiary, gradation, and who has been a membco and no otherwise to be influenced then of such society for two years, and marle


good his payments thereto, might, on He chastises the dead.
these circumsiances being verified under – seeks water in the sea.
the hands of two officers of the parish in - puts a rope to the eye of a needle.
which he resides, and of one steward of - is washing the crow.
the club in which he has been enrolled. - draw's water with a sieve.
be entitled to a certificate from his pro-

- gives straw to his dogs, and bones to his ass: per parish, with all the privileges thereto

numbers the waves. by law allowed. The power now pos.

- paves the meadow.

- paints the dead. sessed by parish officers of refusing certi

- seeks wool on an ass. bcates to their ex-poor might be thus re.

digs the well at the river. laxed in favour of the provident poor, - puts a hat on a hen. with public advantage, and without par - runs against the point of a spear. tial detriment to any parish whatsoever. - is erecting broken posts. Other indulgences might be suggested for fans with a feather. for this class of inmates in the district – strikes with a straw. manufactories; and out of these houses

- cleave

louds. a marked preference inay be shewn by - takes a spear to kill a fly. magistrates in the disposal of forfeitures,

- washes his sheep with scalding water, and by trustees of charities, as well as by

speaks of things more ancient than Chaos.

the benevolent in general, in favour of

roasts snow in a furnace. the provident poor, by which means

- holds a looking glass to a mole.

is teaching iron to swim. their numbers would from prudence, if

- is building a bridge over the sea, &c. &c. not froin inclination, in a few years be greatly multiplied to the certain relief of

Not insensible of the value and vast the parish rates, and general amendment variety in your widely spreading Misof the morais and manners of the interior cellany, I reirain, Your's, &c. part of the cominunity.

St. Martin's-lane. James Hall.

May 5, 1809. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. P.S. Could any of your readers tell me

what is the origin of the phrase, “ He does T ERMIT me to send you a List of the it under the rose "---J. H.

I foolish and absurd actions mentioned by the Greeks, and used by them, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. as a kind of proverbs, more than two thousand years ago. Those of your

s , readers, who are well acquainted with A

A Sthe season of the year is approachthe history of modern times and the colloquial language of this country, will

the watering-places either for the benefit be able to judge how far the nations of

of of the saline springs, or the more gratiEurope have, by adopting these, approved

fying pleasure of rural retirement, a of them. When the Greeks meant to

short account of Lemington Priors will say that a man was absurdly, foolishly, probably be acceptable to some of your or improperly employed, they used to

numerous readers; no situation can be

so bighiy faroured by nature, the springs, say,

like the dews of heaven, appear iverHe ploughs the air.

haustible, and tend very much to invigorate - washes the Ethiopian.

the frame, and in scorbutic, gouty, and - measures a twig.

rheumatic cases, are held in great re- opens the door with an ox. - demands tribute of the dead.

pute. Several patients of the celebrated - holds the serpent by the tail.

Dr. Cheshire, of Hinckley, have found - takes the bull by the horns.

much relief. For rural retirement it bas - is making clothes for fishes.

no rival, being nearly in the iniddle of is teaching an old woman to dance.

the kingdoin within two miles of War - is teaching a pig to play on a flute. wick; a delightful morning's walk from - catches the wind with a net.

Guy's Cliff, once the noted residence of - changes the fly into an elephant.

our country's champion, and the vene-- takes the spring from the year.

rable ruins of Kenilworth Castle; and is making ropes of sand.

about nine miles from this city: there is - sprinkles incense on a dunghill, is ploughing a rock.

a stage coach passes through (ou its way - is sowing on the sand.

to Chester) which renders the communi. is taking oil to extinguish the fire. cation easy, and the canal cuming near

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the village makes the necessaries of life who had their seat here, and for distincmoderate; the fertility and dryness of tion from other Newbolds gave the addie ils situation renders it very healthy; the tion of their owu name to this place." roads are likewise particularly clean and “In 31 Henry III. upon difference that pleasant.

grew betwixt John Comyn and Geffry de * "Lemington Priors takes its name Simely, Lord of Radford, touching liberty from its situation on the south side of the of fisbing in the river Leame, they came river Leame. In the Conqueror's time to an agreement that the said John Earl Roger held it to the extent thereof, should fish as far as his own land exbeing certified at two hides, which were tended." valued at 41, having two mills rated at Such was the state in former cimes of 248.

these two villages, which constitute one “ The church, dedicated to all Saints, parish, or constablewick; the river, which was originally but a chapel belonging to rises in this county, divides their disWooton, being therewith confirmed to tricts, wasbing the banks from an eastern the canons of Kenilworth, by Ric. Peche, to a western direction ; a handsoine Bishop of Coventry, in Henry the Se- stone bridge of three arches bas lately cond's days, and appropriated to them been erected, which holds a communia by G. Muschamp, his successor, iu King cation between the two villages, and John's tiine, 1291. 19 Edw. I. it was from wbence proceeds a road leading to valued at six marks over and above a this city, &c. Last summer, a new saltpension of 203. then issuing out of the spring (the first of the kind, I suppose) abby of Malmsbury, and the vicarage at was opened on the Newbold side, at 20s. But in 26 Henry 8ih. the same about the distance of twenty yards from was valued at 61. 10s. the pension at the river and bridge, to wbich baths and 33s. 4d. added by the canons of Kenilo proper conveniences will be made for worth computed.

using the Spa water. A new town is “All that is further observable touch- likewise building on this side for accoming this place, is that nigh to the eastmodation, which is marked out on an exend of the church, is a spring of salt was tensive scale; the first stone was laid ter (nut above a stone's throw from the on Tuesday, 20th September, 1808, river Leame) whereof the inhabitants by John Tomes, esq. 'the second by make use for seasoning of meat."

the Rev. Janies Walhouse; the third “Newbold Coinyn. This place (the by Mr. B. Satchwell. Here there is a original occasion of whose name is dis wonderful instance of the mutability of covered by the latter syllable beld, which human affairs. To the tumultuous throng in the Saxon language signifieth house) which once inhabited this village had is one of those depopulated villages succeeded the solitulle of death; last whereof John Rous" (an antiquarian and year it was a pasture field which bloonied some time chantry-priest at Guy's Cliffe) with verdure; again a village io opulence “ complayned, and lycth on the north and magnitulle is rising: but reflecting side of Leame. In Edward Confessor's that if this very place did once exbibit Lime it was the inheritance of one this animated picture; wiio can assure Vleucine, who gave it to the Abby of me, that it will not be again desolated, Malınsbury at such time as lie wns sborn and that another individual like our a inunk in that monastery; and by the countryman Rous will not sit down amid Cong. Survey is certified to contain silent ruius, and lament a people inurned, 3 bides, at which time there was a mill and their greatness changed into an empyielding 8s. per ann. the value of the ty naine? whole being 50s. But it was not long The first spring in freehold ground on after the Nortnan conquest that the the Lemington side was originally sought Monks of Malmsbury enfcoft one Radule for by Mr. William Abbots, deceased, phus Vicecomes in this their land at on the 14th January, 1786, who imme Newbold; which Ralph had issue, Wi- diately erected a new set of hot and bert, and he a son called Anselme, who coid baths, being the first of the kind lest one only daughter, sc. Juan, within ever made here, and from the period age at her father's decease, and in ward which Dugdale wrote till then, I believe, to the Abbott, by whom she was given in it had remained much the same; so that marriage to Elias Comyo. From which from the exertions of the above individual, Elias and Joan descended these Comyns, who lived to see bis benevolent intena

- tions usefully and generally adopted, this See Warren's Edit. of Dugdale, 1656 place inay be said to have taken its rise. MONTILY Mag. No. 185,

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