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racters he considered it evident that it some passages in these affidavits. 2. An was the Baleinoptera acuto-rostrata of account of the discovery of a living aniLa Cepede, and that tbat author had mal, resembling a toad inclosed in a fallen into an error in saying, that this bed of clay, in a cavity suited to its size, species never exceeds from twenty-six, at the depth of fifty-seven fathoms in the to twenty-nine feet long.--At the same coal formation at Govan ; communicated meeting, the secretary laid before the by Mr. Dixon, of Gován-hill. 3. An society the following communications: instance of remarkable intrepidity dis1. Copies of the affidavits made before played by a male and female olier, in justices of the peace, at Kirkwall, in defending their young, although the Orkney, by several persons who saw and otter is in general accounted a very timid examined the great sea-snake, (halsy- animal.-Mr. Laskey presented to the drus Pontoppiduni) cast on shore in the socieiy, a very valuable and well-arranged island of Stronsa, in October last : with collection of British shells, and likewise Temarks, illustrative of the meaning of a curious mineral from New Holland.
NEW PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.
MR. THOMAS JONES'S (BILSTON, STAF- tween the dies, and pressed violently, so
FORD), for Compositions for the pur- as to set it and make it smooth. After pose of making Trays, Waiters, and this it is to be put in the oven again, till various other Articles, by Presses or it is perfectly dried, but great caution Stamps.
must be used to prevent it from warping. THÉ ingredients made use of in the This is effected by means of a frame
1 manufacture of these articles, are made in the form of the inside of the arvaried according to the size of the arti. ticles, and weights to keep it in its proper des. For those that are small he takes form. It may next, if necessary, be ham100 lb. of rope, and 2015. of rags; inered over, and made smooth and flat; and for large ones, to 100 lb. of and then being perfectly dry, it is to be rope about 100 lb. of rags, are add- dipped in the japan liquid, and there ed. These are reduced to a pulp, suffered to remain till the said liquid has and mixed with a certain small propor- perfectly penetrated it, when it is to be tion of vitriolic acid. Various other ma. dried and varnished. The dics may be terials are mentioned; but those just enu- made of iron or other metal, or indeed of merated are deenied the best; and to almost any other solid substance; but make the said pulp into the articles re- what is recommended in the specification quired, Mr. Jones recommends that a is to have one of the dies of cast iron, wire or other sieve, of a similar size and and the other of tin, or some other more shape to the article required, be taken, fusible metal. The use of these intended and used in the manner directed in the compositions is to be extended to the specification. To render the mode of making or manufacturing of all kinds of operation intelligible, the patentee lastea-trays, waiters, boxes, bottle-stands, given an example shewing in what way baskets, caddies, pannels for coaches, the frame and sieve are placed to collect tables, bats, &c. &c. of any form the composition or pulp, for inaking an or shape ; and various other articles made oval canoc. He then puts on a flannel or manufactured upon the above mentor woollen cloth, or any other proper tioned principle. cloth or material, and upon that a board, and then turns the pulp out of the siere MR. EDWARD MASSEY'S (NEWCASTLE), for upon the flannel, and board upon the an Improved Cock for drawing off Litop of it, and presses the same together quors. lightly, to force out part of the liquid, by It will be impossible to give a tolerawhich the pulp felt is made. This being bly accurate idea of the nature of between the dies or tools, of the shape this invention, without the aid of figures, of the articles wanted, is put into a of which there are 14 or 15 attached to press, in order to render it at once solid the specification. We may observe, that and of the required sbape. It is now to the cock contains three valves, but it is be put into a stove or oven of a proper not necessary that all the valves should degree of heat, where it is kept till it is be used in the same cock; but may be nearly but not entirely, dry, and then it made with one, two, or three, according is to be taken out of the oven, por be to the fancy of the mechanic. For so simple an operation the apparatus is very and the fore axle-tree bed reduced alcomplicated: thus, in describing the most to nothing. filih figure, which represents a front Carriages constructed on this principle view of the lock of the cock (which, differ but little in appearance from other however, besides answering the ordinary four-wheel carriages; the chief distinction purpose of the locking, also locks it to lying in the construction of the perch, the barrel), we have a lever, a staple, a and its having a revolving motion, and ina hook acting upon a centre, a spring, and the hanging of the body on the springs. a stop acting with another spring: be. The perch being allowed to turn on its sides the place for the introduction of axis, the fore axle-tree bed may have the key, which, we learn, is to be any degree of obliquity required, pro“ raised on its centre, so as to pass vided the body is not hung on the care clear of the work in the lock, except riaye, without affecting the horizontality coming in contact with the hook and stop, of the hind axle-tree bed, and vice which rise a little higher than the other versa; and it is by the instrumentality of parts, and are opposed to the key. Now, this motion, co-operating with the mode when the key is turned in the direction of hanging the body on the springs, and of the dotted arch, and the houk pressed by the aid of collar-braces, that the out of the staple by it, raise the lever, and body of the carriage may be kept nearly the staple, being a fixture, or part of it, on the true level, or at least sufficiently will be raised also, at which time the in- so to prevent its being overturned, ale Rer part of the staple which pressed down though either the fore or the hind axlethe ward, being likewise raised, the stop tree may have a great degree of obliwill rise out of the arch, and prevent quity from the plane of the horizon. A Vie key from being taken out till the sta- similar effect and security may be oba ple is returned into the lock, the object of tained by inverting the construction of which is to prevent the cock from being the perch, and by having the fixed part left unlocked."-This may be regarded of the perch in the hind axle-tree bed, as a fair specimen of the specification, and the revolving part in the transom bed but the nature of the invention can only in front, or by making the perch revolve be understood by referring to the docus on an axis at each end, or by any other ment itself, and by examining every part mode which will allow the hind and fore of it, with the figures attached to it. axle-tree beds, when connected by
means of a perch, to be in different NR. EDWARD STPACEY'S (WESTMINSTER), planes at one and the same tiine, as by
for an Improved Method of hanging the permitting one axle tree bed, provided Bodies, and of constructing the Perches, that the body is not hung on the carof four wheel Carriages, by which riage, to remain parallel to the plane of such Curriuges are rendered less liable the horizon, and by inaking the other to be overlurned.
stand perpendicular to it, This invention embraces four ob- The principal variation of this inven. jects---1. The constructing of the tion, from the common method of hange pereh of a four-wheeled carriage, in such ing the body on its springs, consists in a manner, that either of the axle-trees the body-loops, which must be so exmay have a vertical motion independent lended, that the ends of them inay coine of the other; so that the axle-trees may nearly under the shackles of their respecbe in different plancs at the saine time. tive springs, and each of them so forined, 2. The hanging of the body on the springs as to end in a cylindrical axis of one to of such a carriage, in such a manner as two inches or inore in length, and of sufwill tend not only to diminish the liabi. ficient strength to support the body; and lity of its being overturned, but add also on each of these body loop-axes, a shackle, to the ease of its motion. 3. The forin- for the reception of one of the main ing a collar-brace, which shall almost braces, should be fitted, ending in a cya immediately bring the body to an equili. lindrical box er rocket, made so as to brium, shoald the centre of gravity be work and turn on the axis of the bodymoved. 4. The formning a perch-bolt, by loop, and secured to it by a nut and pin; the use of which the carriage may be and the connection between these more easily turned to the right or left, shackles and their respective boxes and the friction that now takes place, by should be by means of a strong joint, the use of the common perch-bolts be working towards the front and hind part tween the wheel plates, the transom bed, of the carriage in the direction of the
perch, perch. The body is to be hung by the tion of the cylinder or roller on its axis, Tham braces, attached to these shackles and the consequent lapping and unlapon the springs, in the same mwer as ping of the straps, for to whichever side other carriage-bodies are usually bang, the body is impelled, on that side will When the body is thus hung, the action the collar brace be lengthened, and of is as follows; should either of the hind course the opposite collar brace propor. or fore wheels descend into a low spot tionally shortened; one side is made to in the road, or ascend a raised surface, operate as a check upon the other, in the boxes or sockets on the body loops order to bring the body to its true centre. will turn on their axes, and keep the The last part of the invention is the whole on a proper equilibrium, so as not perch-boli, which being properly placed, to be overturned.
the fore axle-tree bed may be turned Another part of the invention is the either to the right or the left, with much application of a cylinder to the collar- greater ease than if the coinmon perchbraces of carriages, by means of which, bolt were made use of, the usual fricshould the centre of gravity of the body tion between the beds and wheel plates of the carriage be moved by any inequa- being almost wholly removed from their lities in the road or otherwise, either to being gradually separated by the lifting the right or left, the equilibrium will be of the screw in the act of turning. almost immediately restored by the mo
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