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one may hereafter arise who shall be able of July were reiparkable for storins of to lay down rules more general and more hail, accompanied with thunder and accurate than any which bave heretofore lightning. One, on the 15th of that, been given, and from which, either by inonth, has been described with much means of the barometer and thermo. interest in the last voluine of the Monthmeter, or of the state of the clouds, a ly Magazine, (See vol. xxvi. p. 302person may judge, with a degree of pre- 8.) by an eye-witness; to which cision not yet attainable, of the weather the reader may be referred, as well zo be expected.
for the facts contained in it, as for The average heat of each month in the many judicious philosophical obserthe years 1807 and 1808, is as follows. vations incorporated with it. I have
in iny meteorological reports, attached 1807. 1808.7
to each number, recorded the principal January-i..
facts relating to this subject, which will 40.066 | 39.500 February ..
render it unnecessary to repeat what will 37.000 39.230 March-...
he found in their respective places. I 44.730 39.230 April ....
shall therefore only give a sort of sum44.740 | 42.000 May ....
mary for the whole year. 58.933 64.733
The average of heat, as may he scen June ....- 61.564 61.000 July- .....
above, is 50.619, and the average height 70.000 68.000
of the barometer is 29.724, wliich is August .... 69.500 64.670 September- ..
something less than what it was the pre56.230 60 000 October ....
ceding year : and the quantity of rain 59.080 49.00
fallen is 30.55 inches in height for the Novemher... 11.320 43.25 December. -. 31.900 56.825
whole year. The greatest cold in the year was on January 22, and the great
est heat on July 14. 51.665 | 50.619
Of the 366 days, 162 may be denoIt will be observed froin this state- minated brilliant, that is, days in which ment, that the general average of heat the sun was scarcely covered for any for the whole year differs but little froin length of tinc with a cloud-39 were that of the last. It is about one degree fair-29 cloudy, in which the sun was colder, though we had in the month of not seci)-on 119 there was rain-and July botter weather than was probnbly on 18 there was either snow or hail. excr known in this country. The tem- The wind has blown 38 days from the perature for January, March, April, north-19 from the south-52 from the June, July, August, and October, has west-54 from tbe east. In the northbeen lower this year than the last; in east it has been 44 days--south-east 37 the other months it has been higher. - north-west 65—and south-west 57.
The year commenced with stormy wea l t may not be uninteresting to bring ther, which did inuch dainage on the into one point of view the average state coast, and in some of the interior parts of the atmosphere for the last seven years. of the country. Of some nights towards The reader will recollect that the obserthe latter end of the year a similar re. vations were made at Camden-Town, a mark may be made; and in many parts village about two miles north-west of St. of the kingdom, several days in the month Paul's cathedral.
Average Height of
Average Height of 1 Depth of Rain in 1 the Thermomeler.
29.613 The only remark that I shall make is, that the quantity of min in the whole year is not by any means proportional to the density of the atmosphere. Highgate, Jan. 9, 1800.
• Your's, &c. J. J.
ACCOUNT For the Monthly Magazine. he was capable, and not doubting but he ACCOU XT of the RECONQUEST of NOR- would kill the physician, if he saw him, MANDY from the ENGLISH, in the REICN she hid him under the curtains, till Soof HENRY VÍ. from Mss. in the na- merset was gone out; she was however TIONAL LIBRARY of FRANCE, marked not less sensible than himself of the loss 6197, 6198, 5964, written by RO- of" Pont de l'Arche, for on hearing of it, BERT BLUA DEL.
she jumped out of her bed, running Now first published in Englund. and crying, without perceiving that she DLONDEL comiences his narrati- was naked. Blondel, comparing the D on, with the cause which produced warmth of the husband with the grief of Wie breach of the trúce, between France the wife, makes this honorable observa. asid England. It was the capture of tion, concerning the English women : that Foogeres, by the English in 14-18, from although the men of that nation are of a the Dake of Brittany, who had been violent temper, which knows no bounds, included in the treaty. Francis de Su- the women are full of sweetness and hus rience, an Arragonese, in the service of manity. These traits of ancient national Eoglaud, had surprised the place, and character, softened without doubt in carried off an enorious booty. The some respects, may still be discovered. Duke of Brittany and the King of France England demanded the restitution of complained to Somerset, and demanded Pont de l'Arche, France that of Fougeres redress. Soinerset gave up Surienne; and reparation of damages. They ne. but Blondel aftirins, that he was expressly gociated, but without success. Then authorised by Somerset, in the name of the King of France, having held a grand the King of England. The council of council, resolved to recommence the war. England made the same reply, but not- Our author bere gives a long speech, wibstanding approved what Somerset made by the chancellor, in which he had done, and engaged to support him. exposes the various grievances, commitThe English historians affirm, on the ted by the English since the truce. Among contrary, that they would have agreed 'other things, he says, that they sent out to the restitution of the place, upon their garrison upon the roads from Pacondition that the value of the dainages ris to Orleans and Rheims in the mas. could have been settled, and the French querade disguise of devils, to rob and murhad not made reprisals, . .. der the passengers.
These reprisals were the capture of Blondel here.. makes a digression Pont de l'Arche, in which affair historians upon the establishment of the free arhave not soted, that the chief part was chers by Charles VII. and the advanplayed by a tradesman of Louviers, tage of that institution. He gives it with named Jean Hotel Having made his reason, the highest eulogium. Instead agreeinent with the porter to let him in of companies more devoted to robbery before dey, under pretence of bringing than war, and who practised the former in some goods, be encumbered the bridge when the war was ended, even upon those with his cart; afterwards having on pur- from whom they received their pay; pose let the money fall, which he drew troops paid by the people, dreadful to from his pocket to pay the sum agreed, the enemy during war, became quiet Le killed the guard, as he stooped down citizens during peace, devoted to com to pick it up, and afterwards a young in- merce, arts, and agriculture. ident habitant, who ran thither in his shirt to The war then recommenced, and raise the draw-bridge. Then Flogues Verneuil, was taken by stratagem in July and Mareni, who were in ambuscade 1449. This event is recounted by the with the troops, threw themselves into well known historians, but the recital of the town and took possession of it. An Blondel is more detailed, and differs in inliabitant escaped over the wall, and some circumstances, which he appears to ran to Ronen to carry the news to So- have learned from persons worthy of terset, who came to him in a rage, for credit.-Verneuil was surrounded with a be was of a very passionate charac-wall, near which were built mills, turned ter; and our author gives the following by a rivulet, which fell into the ditch of trust of it. When Pont de l'Arche was the place. An Englishman of the garritaken, the wife of Somerset was sick, son kept a woman whom he suspected to aod had with her a French physician, na- have a connection with the miller of one med Jean Tiffeigne. Hearing her hus- of the mills. He picked a quarrel against Land coming into her chamber, furious the miller, under pretext of the guard Pgainst the French, and knowing of what of the town, due from the citizens, and MOSTELY Mac. No. 181,
treated treated this man exceedingly ill. The hundred and twenty English in the place. miller projected revenge, by delivery of Some were killed, or made prisoners in the town to the French. He went to flying to the castle. The French, followed the bailiff of Evereux, Robert de Flo. by the citizens, did not wait for scaling gues, and proposed to introduce him ladders, but clambered up the wall, one into the place. Flogues twice refused, leaped armed as he was upon the draw. frorn fear of some treachery; but the bridge, though it was raised; and the Engmiller pressing the matter, he at last lish were obliged to fly to a tower, which agreed. The miller, as generous as could not be taken, but by famine. It vindictive, asked no other recompence surrendered at discretion, August 22, than the honour of having served the and the English were reduced to thirty king; but, added he, I require one con- men. There were among then some bandition, it is, that when the town is taken, ditti, whom the king had commanded no Frenchman shall receive any dumage. them not to let escape; but having cor
Flogues arranged matters with the rupted the centinels, they descended in Count de Dunois, and ordered the se- the night by cords, and carried away a neschal of Poitou, Pierre de Brezé, to great deal of money. Florent d'Illien, bring him some troops. To conceal the who had the charge of the siege, was design, the Count de Dunois and Flogues, greatly reproached on this account. pretended to have a hunting party in rafiner picture, though unintended by the forest of Couches, near Verneuil, the author, of the bravery of a handful of Their wives, who were sisters,came there, English overpowered by numbers, caunot and there was much hunting with great be given; and the caution and corruption splendour. They fixed on the night of of the French, ill accords with the bomthe 19th or 20th of July for the execution bast of extraordinary exploits, in the alof their project.
fair of the boots, draw-bridge, &c.] The miller in the mean while obtais- Talbot, the English general, who was .ed an associate. As the 20th of July at Beaumont le Roger, heard of the capwas a Sunday, they had a pretence for ture of Verneuil, on the morrow; but le:ting the water run (on Saturday) be- having been told at Vandreuil, that the cause they could not grind the next day. French were masters of the place, and One of them went to fetch the soldiers, that the Count de Dunois was arrived concealed in the forest, the other remain in force, he retreated to Neuborg. Dued watching upon the wall, and advised nois followed him, but could not prevent the English, who were on guard at that him from gaining Rouen. This retreat place, to go at break of day to hear mass. was very fine. Although the printed Brezé then arrived with the soldiers, who accounts speak of it, there are in the threw themselves into the foss. He MSS. some differepces and particularities. was on foot at their head: but baring The French were less successful at Pont his boots on, which were large and hea. Auderner. This town was only defended vy, they were buried in the mud to by a pallisade and a ditch, in which such a degree, that he could not remove rån the river Rille. Brezé attempted to them; he left them behind, and gained carry it by a cop de main; but when he and scaled the wall, * followed by his bad arrived at the fauxbourg, he found people: nobody was present to repel them,t that his men had deserted him to go and they descended into the high-street, hold- pillage. Notwithstanding this desering their swords drawn in their hands, iion, he passed the foss, Core up the pabut concealed under their cloaks, and lisades, and liad entered the place, when advising the inhabitants in a low toice, the inhabitants rushed to repulse him. to keep within their houses, and they He found that he was almost alone, and would do them no harm. One person was obliged to retire. Dunois approachhad the imprudence to attempt resistance ed to lay a regular siege. It migbt have and was killed upon the spot.
lasted a long time, for a supply of money The French, arrived at the gate, open- and troops had just arrived; bot an accied it to the rest of their people, who dent expedited the surrender. The details were on horseback. There were only one are not given by any other writer. A
young inan, a relative of the Count of St. . Hence it appears that the bombastic
Paul, who was at the siege, attempting to statements of the modern day, are of ancient
initate the Greck fire, had made a fireorigin. * The passages in italics shew the unwary
work, which he discharged upon the confessions of the author, and what absurdi. town, without informing the generals of it. ties he makes of trivial incidente,
It fell upon a thatched roof, which imme
diately took fire. The flame communi- Twenty-four English were killed, as cated to the neighbouring houses, and many made prisoners, and the rest dis. in an instant the distress was extreme. persed. His victory cost him dear. He The besiegers prepared to take advantage bad with him the young Roisnivinen his of it, and put an end to the atfair. Tbe nephew, who was bringing a prisoner. inhabitants cried at once-To the fire! He had taken off his helmet to breathe a To arus. --some ran to stop the pro. moment; the perfidious prisoner seized gress of the flames; others to the palli- the sword of Roisgivinen, whose head sades. The soldiers of Picardy and the he saw disarmed, and killed him. Near Pays de Caur jumped into the river; thirty prisoners paid upon the spot with their chiefs followed, they were up to their lives, for this treachery.* their chin in water, and the current Blondel relates, the battle of Formigny was rapid: but one supported the other, in the same manner as the other Frenoh they climbed up the bank, raised en dos historians, and he precisely agrees, with d'ane (like an ass's back) tore up the pal Matth. de Couci, concerning the numlisades, and jumped down into the town, ber of dead on the side of the English, at lance's length. The English to the He makes them amount to three thou. number of five hundred had no resource sand, six hundred, and sixty-four men, but to fly to a strong house, at the end of whilst the French lost only twelve! The the town, and were very soon compelled English, according to him, had in all seven to surrender.
thousand men, the French but three Then follows an account of the surren thousand, five hundred. The English der of Maules, which the Count de Bre, writers pretend that the French were quigny notices to be a gross falsehood far superior in number, and that the this, I pass over,of course, to proceed to un English had only five thousand, of which published accounts of particular incidents.
they lost only five hundred; but our auGeffrey de Couvron, who commanded thor explains the cause, and the Count for the hing of France at Coutances, and thinks he is the only writer, who does so. Joachim Ronault at Saint Lo, at the The wind was so high, that it quite head of two hundred borse and some blinded the eyes of the English with dust, ibfantry, went out at night and advanced and not only hindered them from aiming tu the gates of Vire, which was then in their blows, but impeded the flight of the the lands of the English. They were arrows. mery neur taking it; for towards eight in Passing by a variety of superstitious the morning, they fell upon the man reasons assigned by the author for the who was on guard at the gate, and over- ill success of the English, I proceed to threw him by the thrust of a lance, and cut
the capture of Avranches. This was the of the arm of another, who was attempts first result of the battle of Formigny. ing to raise the draw-bridge, but the in
The author gives some particulars, not habitants running up at the noise, obliged to be found elsewhere. The English goThe French to retire? Thus, more than vernor, without hopes of succour, wishing *** hundred wen boust of having con- to save the inhabitants from the danger of quered to but fled before the undisci-. storm, was resolved to surrender; but his plined towns-people. The infantry halted wife, young and handsome, whose bravery
the Fauxbourg, when they carried equalled her charıns, would not permit Away (ao unisoners, by whom they learne a place, impregoable on one side, al that a varty of three hundred English protected on the other by high walls and.. had left Vire on the preceding night. deep ditches, and defended by a garrison The French resolved to lie in ambuscade of five hundred men, to surrender.. to sürprise them on their return but without striking a blow ! She quitted her. they were not there louz, when the Eng-female dress, put on a helmet, and cuilish appeared and surprised the French rass, and with a truncheon in her hand, thenreres. Ropault hesitated upon the harangued the soldiers, went from house measure he aucht to take. Couvron cried to house, to the citizens, even to the ea olsas no time to deliberate let us see clesiastics, and animated them with an
ich hatik harest mistres, an expres ardour like her own. They engaged to in odliran common in that age. He • We are not told, whether the English: tha lance in the rest, and rushed upon Encfub
were cavalry or infantry. In those times, the followed by his people. former had infinite advantage over the latter;
who could do nothing with them till die how like the boots.
defend themselves. In vain did the placed a large piece of cannon* upon Duke of Brittany batter the walls with a spot, which the sea covered twice a a formidable artillery. Being at the day, and baltered the walls on the point of sapping them, and already inas- weakest side. They took care at the reter of the fort, the inhabitants deinanded turn of every tide, to stop the mouth of a capitulation; then, this same heroine, the cannon with wax and pitch, and copulled off her armour, clothed herself ver it with an entire piece of leather, so in her gayest dress, aided her natural that the sea, in corering it, could not wet charms by every possible art, and went to it. The effect of this battery was such, sce the Duke of Brittany. This prince that at the first disclarge a large part of who was of an age which favored the the wall was thrown down, as well as a hopes which she had conceived, could tower built upon an angle, which was not refuse to such a negociatrix, the on that side. The inhabitants were terfavour which she asked. After this pre- ritied, and Thomas Ilowel, who hade much amble (says the count shrewedly) one booty at seu, which he was ufraid to lose, might have expected better terms than surrendered August 12th, 1450, upon marching out with a white staff in the condition, that they should liberate his hand, instead of a lance, and abandoning son, who roniained as a hostage for the bag and baggage.
capitulation of Rouen. Thus, says BlonThe capitulation of Bayeux was nearly Jel in finishing, were more than thirty upon the same conditions. More than places, and all Normandy conquered in a three hundred women went out, drawing year and sir days. (A most onequivocal behind them, or carrying their children. testimony of brave defence against an The French could not see such a sight eneiny at home.] without emotion! they gave them horses O ur historians observe, that affairs and carriages.
never went well after the death of Card. The English soon after further experi- Beaufort. The infancy and character of enced the generosity of the French to Henry VI. the squabbles of the courtiers their conqucred enemies. Caen was sur- during the regency, the intestine factions rendered 1st July, 1450, Somerset, who of York and Lancaster did not however commanded there,lcft it with his garrison prevent a long and fcilious war, with of four thousand men, and went to sleep the French, on their own shores, and in a village, which he had before sacked very superior numbers, &c. It is suffiand delivered to the flames. The inha- cient to note, that they even needed the bitants refused provisions and lodging to stimulus of fanaticism,the Pucelle,to make the English, shewing them the ruins of any exertions at all. Our English offimore than sixty of their burnt houses, and cers uniforinly admit the gallantry of the loading them with reproaches. The king French : but, though they cannot take a was informed of it, and made then bring ship, or conquer the British troops in provisions, and provide them lodgings. equal numbers, St. Crois's continu
The town of Falaise was surrendered ator, mentions a patriotic Asbe, who the next day; and the deliverance of went to all the coffee-houses in the Palais Talbot, prisoner in France, was one of Royal, perpetually declaisring that tuette the conditions of capitulation. He was thousand men inust be landed in Eugland one of the best English generals; and before it could be conquered, whence he they strongly advised the King of France, got the name of Aube Douze-mille homto retain him; but such treachery would mes. If three hundred British marines have been unworthy of him. He loaded and a few Turks resisted the whole aruny Talbot with presents, and gave him his of Buonaparte at Acre for twenty-eight liberty. This general did not take advan• days, it is a matter of just doubt whether an tage of it to resume his office; but went equal regular army would not teach even to Rome to profit by the indulgence of this mighty general what Sieyes is said to the jubilee.
have told him, that the "fiers insulaires" There remained but two places to sub- would pluck the laurels from his browa due in all Normandy —Doinpont and HoweverDuo parte is certainly to be acCherbourg. Dompont, according to our quitted of being the author of "bombustic author, surrendered at the first attack; statement;" this of the fileenth century some writers say, notwithstanding, that it being precisely so. It is the mal de pays.) held out a siege of five days. Cherbourga place so strong, that it was supposed it . He means a bombard, a huge morlar which could not be taken but by famine, defen- shot enormous stones, sucb as those at Con. ded itself vigorously. But the French stantinople.