Abbildungen der Seite


[ocr errors]

ERUIR OF RICHARD GOUGH. "The gift was so acceptable to the king, Esq. OF ENFIELD.

that an offer of knigliibood was made io To the account of his family, which Mr. Mr. Gogh; but this loyal subject, having Gough himself communicated to Mr. no other view than to serve his sovereign, Stebbing Slaw, for the History of Stafford- declined this honour, which was afterwards shire, we are in part indebted for the ma- conferred on his grandso), llenry of Perterials of this little Memoir. The re. reball, when he wasintroduced at the court mainder has been communicated by a of Charles II: and had mention made of literary friend.]

the loyalty of his ancestors. It is preHE family from which Mr. Gough sumed these services were not forgotten T descended, the Googhs of Wales, in the reign of Queen Aune, as Sir extend their line no further back thai the Henry obtained for two of bis sons, time of Henry IV. though others of the wbile very youny, the places of page to name, and connected with tlie family, Oc- the Queen and Duke of Gloucester. cur as early as the reign of Henry I. Mr. Gough's father was Harry Gough,

Sir Matthew Gough, with whose father, Esq. fifth son of Sir Harry Gough, of Per. Inuerth or John, the pedigree begins, ha- ry-hall, and was born April 2, 1681. ving passed the prime of his life in the When only eleven years of age, he went French wars of Henry V. and VI. Finished with Sir Richard Gough, his uncle, to it in Cade's rebellion, fighting on the part China, kept all his accounts, and was of the citizens, in July 1450, at the battle called by the Chinese Ami whang, or the of London-bridge. Nor is this the only in- white-haired boy. In 1707 he commanded stance where Mr. Gough's ancestors were the ship Streatham, in which he contibighly distinguished for their loyalty. nued eight years, and with equal ability

Tive unfortunate Charles I. during his and integrity acquired a decent competroubles, stopt at Wolverhampton, where tency, the result of many hardships and he was entertained by Madani St. Andrew, voyages in the service of the East India who was either sister or aunt to Mr. Company, to which his whole life was deHenry Gough, and that gentleman ventur- voted while he presided among their died to accommodate their Royal Highnes. rectors, being elected one in 1731, if not ses Charles Prince of Wales and James' sooner. From 1734 to his death, which Duke of York, An antient tenement still happened July 13, 1751, be represented Pernains ac Wolverhampton, where these in parliament the borough of Bramber, in princely guests resided. A subscription Sussex, and enjoyed the confidence of Sir being set on foot to aid the exigencies of Robert Walpole : whose measures he so the royal cause, the inhabitants cheerfully firmly supported, as not only to hurt Ins contributed according to their ability; but health by attendance on the long and late the most ample supplywas expected from debates during the opposition tu that miMr. Gough, whose loyalty was as eminent nister, but was often known to attend the as his fortune was superior, when, to the house with a fit of the yout coming on. great surprise and disappointinent of every H is son Richard, the subject of our meone, he refused any assistance, though moir, was born October 21, 1735, in a strongly urged by the king's commission large house in Winchester-street, London, ers, who retired in disgust and chagrin. on a site peculiarly calculated for the birtli When night approached, putting on his of an antiquary, that of the monastery of hat and cloak, Mr. Gough went secretly Augustine-Iriars, founded by Humphrey de and solicited a private audience of his ma- Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, in jesty. This appearing an extraordinary 1253. At the time of the dissolution, the request, the dangerous circumstances of house, cloister and garden of the Angusthe times considered, the lord in waiting tines were granted by the crown to Wil. wished to know the object of the request, liam Lord St. John, afterwards Marquis of with an offer to communicate it to the Winchester, who built a magnificent house ting. Mr. Gough persisted in rejecting this upon the very spot, part of which remains, offer, and after much mterrogation, obrain- the rest is occupied by later dwellings, and ed adinission to the royal preselice.He then among them stands the house alluded to drew from bis cloak a purse, containing a Nir. Gough's parents were dissenters, large sum of money, and presenting it with and their son received the first rudiments due respect, said, "May it please your of Latin at home, under the inition of a majesty to accept this; it is all the cash | Mr. Barnewitz., a Courlander, who taught bave by me, or I would have brought more," at the same time the sons of several et


edition of" Camden's Britannia." For where, having already purchased the

wenty summers he had amused himself collections of Mr. Thomas Martin, with with taking intes in various parts of Eng. the assistance of the captain's pencil, he land, and at last of Scotland, at first with made preparations for an improved no higher view than private information, "History of Thetford," which appeared or perhaps of communicating them to the the following year in quarto. Having public in some such form as Du Stukeley's also purchased Vertue's plates of the Itinerary, or that of the local antiquities of medals, cuins, and great seals, executed particular towns or districts; but the inis, by the celebrated Simon, and Girst pub takes and conciseness of preceding editors lished in 1752, he gave a new and en. at last encouraged him to a new edition of larged edition of them in 1780, 4to. the Britannia; the translation and enlarge. The same year he not only assisted Mr. ment of which occupied seven years, and Nichols in his “Collection of ancient Mr. Gough was nine more attending it Royal and Noble Wills," but wrote the through the press. It appeared in three preface; and soon after superintended volumes folio, 1789: and has been since the printing of Dr. Nash's "Collections republished by Mr. Stockdale in four vo- for a History of Worcestershire," in two lumnes.

volumes, folio, 1781. Abont this time, About the same time the design was for- too, Mr. Nic wis published his “ Biblia mied for Cainden, while on a visitat Poole, otheca Topographicu Britannica," the Mr. Gough beard of the difficulties under design of which was both suggested and which Mr. Hutchins laboured in respect to forwarded by Mr. Gough; and several his History of Dorsetshire. He set on foot essays bear luis name, particularly tha. a subscription, and was the means of "Meinoirs of Mr. Edward Rowe Mores; bringing into light one of die nuost valuable the Reliquiæ Galeana; the History of the of our county histories. Mr Hutchins was Society of Antiquaries of Spalding; the then combating the infirmities of age and Life of Sir John Hawkwood; a Genealogout, and Mr. Gongb superintended the gical View of the Family of Cromwell work through the press, whence it issued and the “ History of Croyland-Abbey." in two voludes folio, 1774. Its author, In 1785 Mr. Gough published A however, did not live to see it conipleted, comparative View of the ancient Manudying June 21, 1773. But his daughter ments of India, particularly those on the was enabled to proceed to Bombay, and Island of Salset, near Bombay;" in form a happy connexion with a gentleman which, wirb considerable industry, he to whom she had been longengaged, Ma- threw together the narratives of travel jor Bellasis, who in grateful return to the lers of different natious. memory of his father-in-law, in 1795, at The next year appeared the first vohis own expence, set on foot a new edi- lome of his grand work, (collectiug the tion, to which Mr. Gough cheerfully contri materials for which had occupied a large bured Iris assistance. The two first vis portion of his life) entitled "Sepulchra! Itines are already in the possession of the Monuments of Great Britain." "The seWorld: the greater part of the third was cond volume, in distinct parts, appeared destroved, we believe, at Mr. Nichols's in 1796 and 1799. In the introduction fire. Except Thomas's re-publication of to the first volume, he enters on a large Dugdale's Warwickshire, and two or three field of enquiry; the mode of interment, others of a paltry kind, this is the only in- and construction of monuments, from the statice of a county history attaining a se- earliest ages to that which is now praca cond edition.

tised in Europe: somewhat of this ground lu 1774 lie entered into a matrimonial, he again goes over in the introduction to connection with a lady sliose muiden the second; and throughout the work nanve was Hall; and retired principally to produces ample reason for inveighing Enfield, the property at which his father against the ravages of conquerors; the purchased in 1723. llere he added to the derastation of false zeal and Eunaticisin; family mansion an extensive library, which the repredations of iguorance, interest, contains at the present moment the richiest, and false taste; the defacements of the museuns of topography in the kingdomy. white-washer's brush, and a variety of

To 1777. le published "A Dissertation other circumstances, which, besides the wh the Coins of King Canute. *

ever writing hand of time, have all con In the snowy seuson € 1773. Mrtributed to descoy the sepulchral moGough, accompanied by the Inta Captnia aliments of our ancestors. In this work Grose, made un excursion in Norfall, be professes to have weither the object. the plan, nor the method of an his. whole of his literary career, he was not torian.


only so able, but so ready to bestow on Our materials (he says) are different, the study of our national antiquities. and my plan adopts only what his excludes; Born to an hereditary fortune, he was great events, great personages, great cha, in ali respects pre-eminently qualified for racters, gond or had, are all that he brings the labours of an antiquary; the pain of upon his stage!

whose researches can but rarely mect an “I talk of graves, of worms and epitaphs

adequate remuneration. And his maca And that small portion of the barren earth milicent work upon Sepulchral MonuThat serves as paste and covering to our ments, must long ago have convinced the bones!

world, that he possessed not only in hinsMine are subjects rejected hy the his

self the nost indefatigable perseverance, toriau to the end of each reign, among

but an ardour which no expence conlit the prodigies that distinguish it: vet is possibly deter. this detail pot uninteresting. It is a Subsequent to 1805, his health, in picture of private mixed with public life, consequence of numerous fits of epilepsy, a subject in which my countrymen liave began gradually to declive; and he died been anticipated by their neighbours." February 20, 1809 ; lamented as much

The engravings which accompany it by the poor of his neighbourhood for are not only numerous and accurate, but extensive charity, as by the friends of splendid: principally from the hands of learning for his talents. the Basires.

The richest portion of his library, In 1794, Mr. Gough published an ac

which was always open to the studious, count of the beautiful missal presented to rumour asserts, has been bequeathed to Henry VI. by the Duchess of Bedford. the University of Oxford. which Mr. Edwards, of Pall-mall, purcliased at the Duchess of Portland's sale, Some ACCOUNT of the late RIGHT HON. and still possesses. Mr. Gougli assisted JAMES DOFF, EARI. of FIFE, VISCOUNT Mr. Nichols also in the greater part of

MAC DUFT, BARON BRACO of KILBRYDE, bis copious, well-directed, and accurate

in the KINGDOM of IRELAND, and BAHistory of Leicestershire: the remaining RON FIFE, in the KINGDOM of GREAT portion of which is still expected by the

BRITAIN literary world. In 1803, Mr. Gough published thie * History and Antiquitics Virtutext opera-By virtue and industry. of Plesly, in the County of Essex;" A CERTAIN degree of envy is said London, 1803, 4to. which, though con- A to attend the fortunes and the titles fined to the history of a single spot, of the great and opulent. Those who do furnis collectively a mass of joformation not possess these advantages, either hewhose value cannot in justice be lowly reditary or acquired, are supposed by appreciated.

some to conteinplate them with sympHis last work which bears the date of toms of jealousy, and to hate or to unthe same year, was that on the "Coins dervalue what they themselves are utof the Seleucidæ :" Illustrated by a beau- terly unable to obtaiu. It is easy, howtifol set of plates which he bad purchased ever to disarm, this species of jealousy of al dir. Duane's sale.

half its malignity at least, by acting a To the list of works which have either noble part in society, and exhibiting as his name or his initials attached, it may great a preeminence in public spirit, as he added, that his assistance to liis in family bonours and private wealth. Iriends engaged in literary pursuits, was These reflections are naturally prosnore extensive than will probably be duced by contemplating the character of ever known,

a man who has teuded not a little, at lle gare considerable help to Dr. Once to embellish and to improve his naKippis, in the second edition of the Bio- tire country, and whose private fortune graphia Britannica: and prepared the was increased, and his influence augLives of Sir John Fastolf, and the Farrars mented by an attention to agriculture of Little Gidding, for the sixth volume, and planting. wlich has never appeared. Mr. Ellis, James, Earl of Fife, was born in the in the History of Shoreditch, acknow- town of Bamil, in 1729. Ile was the lenges great assistance, both from his pen second son of William, Earl of Fife, by nad library. As well as Mr. Malcolm in his second wife, Jane, danghter of Sir the story of London. The prefaces to James Grant, of Grant, Bart. Haring numerous other works, acknowledge the an elder brother, who was educated at extensive patronage whichi, during the Westminster, he was intended tromu bis


is cradle for the profession of the law, and a protecting shade along the dreary his first instructor was the celebrated waste. William Guthrie, whose picture is still His Lordship's ambition, nearly at the in existence at Duff House, and who, sanie time, pointed at another object :after marrying in the family, repaired to this was a seat in Parliament. He acLondon, and became one of the most la- cordingly, became a candidate for the borious, if not one of the most able, county of Moray, and sat for some years writers of his day.

as its representative. In 1760, be also Meanwhile Mr. Duff, the subject of married' Lady Dorothea Sinclair, sole the present memoir, repaired to the Uni- heiress of Alexander, ninth Earl of Caithversity of Edinburgh, for the two-fold ness, with whom he obtained a very conpurpose of completing his education, and siderable fortune: but the nuptials did studying the civil law, which is uulap- not take place under happy auspices, and, pily the basis of the jurisprudence of on the whole, this union proved unfortuScólland, the whole having been entirely nate, perlaps, to both parties. formed on the French model, in consello 1703, he succeeded his father, quence of which it is but little favourable both in lpnours and estate, and being either to personal security, or public hap- now in possession of Duff house, a noble piness. But the cicath of Lord Braco, mansioni, erected by the late Mr. Adatn, in England, wlio had turned out exceedo architect, at Leitb, and still unfinished, ingly wild, altered the views of his young- he immediately proceeded to ceinplete er brother, so that he immediately re- and to furnish it. turned home, and became, what in Eng- Soor after this he purchased Fife land is termed, a country gentleman. louse, at Whitehall, and liaving a taste. He found his father in possession of a for building, expended a very large sumvery large fortune, which he bad aug. in altering, or rather rcbuilding it. . Ins mented by the purchase of considerable deed, no Nobleinan in Great Britain posproperties in the counties of Aberdecil, sessed, perhaps, so many seats, for, i Moray, and Bamfi.' A rigorous and, addition to the town and country haruse perbaps, salutary economy, proverbial already mentioned, he had many others, for two or three generations in the fa. Some of which shall be here enuinerated. mily, båd enabled hiin to acideve this; Of Delgnty castle, where he occasionand he had good sense enouglı, instead ally resided, all the floors were forincd. of leaving pitiful annuities to his younger froun wood out of his own plantations. children, to bequeath them separate and At Rothemay house, Mary Queen of independent'estates.

di Scots appears to have slept: it is situate During the life of his father Mr. Duff, in a picturesque country, but sequcstered now become Lord Braco, conceived the from all the world. Iunes house, with outline of a noble plan for the improve the adjoining lands, he purchased from ment of his patriinonial fortune, which his cousin, Sir James Innes Ker, the he filled up and completed, after the 20th in lincal descent froun Beroaldus, lapse of more than half a century. His whose blood bas mingled with that of model and mentor, on this occasion, was the Scottish monarchs, Balvenny castle

the late Farl" of Findlater, a nobleman is situnte on the banks of the Devron, . who possessed a great and enlightened while Marr lodge is in the centre of Aber mind, and whose name and deeds will be deenshire. Here are grouse, ptarmigan, long remembered in that portion of Scot- and game of all sorts; here, too, hends Jand, which at this day reaps so many of will deer scour along the mountain's advantages from his benchcent projects. brow, dart precipitately into the delis and Tu conformity to bis judgment, which had valleys, and nt times approach, within been ripened by travel and experience, gun-shot of the house. his Lordship began to plant, and in the Ducina the political ebullition that suc course of a few years, the sides and tops .ceeded the French Rerohition, in this of liills, nearly inaccessible, and hitherto country, the Earl of Fite, we believe, was unpruductive, began to assume a new An Alarmist, and likemany others of that and á more advantageous aspect. The description, in order in demostrate Ii sterile soil now appenred vertant, and confidence in the existing governments the uniformn dull and barren extent of accepted of an English pecage from ita heath obtnined a warmer and a more ci- Accordingly, in 1799, he was create

vilized tint, from the fr, the pinenster, Baron Fife of the kingdom of Great 'tlre larch, the elin, the nsh, and the oak, inin. This circumstance, anun whose united masses for the first time cast tering it might prove in ONE PARA O

« ZurückWeiter »