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rain, and often in great quantities. From the rapid thaw we alluded to in onr laft Report the accounts from the country have been truly diftretling ; the damage done in low countries is aiiriort incalculable; and there is real'on to fear that the havock committed by the floods among the iheep, will be productive of ferious effects upon the country in general.

The average temperature for the current month is equal to 14" '-' about 9 degrees higher fhnn it was during the fame month laft year, and 7 degrees higher than it was in February 1807. The uverage height of the barometer is ?9.'.,9?, which is rather lower than it wus for the laft month. The winds have blown chiefly from the wefterly quarter, tunietmicf north, tnd fomctimes foffth-weft. We may reckon, not with andiug the great number of rainy days, nine in which the fun has flume »ith great brilliancy.

Aitronmnical Anticijintions. In the conrfo of the prcfent month the moon will be twice at the full; vie. on the morning of the 2d, at 57 minutes paft three, and in the afternoon of the .Sift, at So minutes pad three The conjunction or new moon will be on the morning of the Kith, at IP miuutes paft four. On the evening of the 4th, will take place a notable occupation of the bright "liar, of the firft magnitude, in the conftellation of th6 Virgin, commonly named the Virgin's fpike, and by l!a\ or marked a. The inimerfion will take place at the bright edge 01 the moan, lb. 23m. after her riling, at'.'0 miuutes paft ten, apparent lime; and the cmerfion 254; minutes afterwards. At the commencement of the phenomenon the liar will he 13 minutes, and at the end 1-14 minutes, to the fouth of the moon's centre. It flmutd be noticed, that the fun-dial is llru. 57f. behind a well-regulated clock at the lime of the oc» eultation. Mercury and Jupiter will be too near the fun this month to be feen with tha naked eye. Venus will make a very fplendid appearance, every clear evening, in the weft, and towards the end of the month may be feen with the naked eye about two hours after fuu-fct. On the 1ft, her elongation from the fun will be 45" 4*', and on the 31ft, 44* 48'. Her grcateft elongation happens on the 13th, when her angular from tire fun will be 46° 8'. throughout the month flic will increafe in fplendour, and will ba up between four and five hours, after fun-let. About the middle of the month the will appear dichotomized, as feen through a telefcopc, after which the will become horned. Man will be a morning-ftar for the month. He will be up the greateft part of the night, and will make a fine appearance near the Virgin's fpike, towards which bright ftar he will ba .•onftantly approaching by his retrograde motion. Saturn is ftill a morning-liar. On the Hi he riles at one o'clock in the morning, and on the 31ft, at 5 minutes paft eleven, night. In the beginning of the month he will be 39 3?' lefs in longitude, and 6° 36' more north, ".nan the Scorpion's heart, a flat of the firft magnitude; on the 13th, the day of Saturn's •lafienary appearance, the planet will be feven minutes of a degree nearer to the ftar in toiuzitude, and only one minute further to the noith, than at the beginning of the month mil on the 31ft, the difference of longitude will be .'I" 30', and of latitude 6° 3'/. Tlu Gtorgiuin Sid us will be above the horizon the greater) part of the night. On the eveniu, if the 1ft he riles ar -V minutes paft ten, on the evening of the 16th at 53 minutes paif line, and on the evening a) the 31ft at h6 minutes palt eight, a-lle may he readily found with the telefcope, by nbferving, that on the 1ft the difference of longitude of this plauct nd the bright of the fecond magnitude, in the fonth feale of the Balance, w ill be 2° 50*, and on the 31ft, IP IT, the ftar, in both cafes, being further to the eatt in lonici rude, and about 7 minutes more to the fouth in latitude. That very (iiigular'ftar, the JS in in* cunttellatuin of IVrfeiix, fomctimes called Mcdufu'l head, and fumetimes Algol, was mbferved to be at its leaft brightnefs on February 18, at about 8 minutes paft eleven, night, clock-time, at which time it was as faint as the { Pcrfci, of the fourth magnitude. *>'rota ibt* datuui, compared with that of Mr. Goodricke of York, which was fixed on October S3, (703, the following times of Jeaft brightncls viftblc to limit Uritain are, with fulEi iritt sccuracy, determined to be: the 8th, at 3 minutes paft four, morning; the 11th, at 8 rat Kite* before one, morning; the lSlh, at 41 minutes paft nine, night; and the Slfl, at 34 ouuutes paft two, morning. Tluife who are curious to obferve the whole phenomenon, viuft begin to eaamine the ftar about four hours before the time ol its leaft brightness, anal rfuntinue their ohfervatioru fur the eight coufecutive' hour*. 1 he vernal equinox bapnrt «n the night of the 90th, at 14 minutes paft twelve, at which moment the real centre of th pfm will be tiling to alt (hole places whole longitude is 87* degrees to the rail of tbe Royi_ Obfervatory at Greenwich, precifely at their fix o'clock; and at '< ■ ■ < uaracot il will he felting to all thofe places Whofe longitude it 93J degrees to the well I (jreeawh h. But. '.fi account of the refractive nature of the atmofphcre, rfpi ci illy in tbe horizon, the fun's 'ftrhe will appear to rife three ur four minutes before, and to' •iter lis. On the equator the quantity of tlie aecelcratiun of the rifiug, •be fctring, will- bo 2m. I4f. in latitude 10 degrees, north and fouth, Sm. 161, f 0 degrees, Sm 13 f. in latitude 30 degrees, 2m. 35f. in atrtnde 50 degree*. 3m. ittf. in tbe latitude .it Louden, i: .. iHt. AtOnf

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trades, each dressed alike, and many people to see them enter.

On the 13th, the ambassadors were admitted to an audience of the King, and found him on a high sullette [a littie hall. Cotgr.] without a hed, hunt; with blue tapestry, diapred with the livery of the late King, i. e. to say, with broom plants, and his motto, Jamais, worked in gold; and throne of tapestry, of ladies, who were presenting to a lord the aims of 1 ranee: it was nil worked upon gold, very rich, and a high chair stood under the said throne, covered even to the ground witli a Vermillion cloth of gold."

[Here M. Galliard, Frenchman like, (for there cannot be a doubt, but C/arlte't Naval Tactics, will one day be affirmed to be a plagiarism from the French !) digresses to shew, that the broom-plants were borrowed from the order of the geniste in France, and adopted by Henry V. when he took the title of the King of France; whereas every bid. knows, tiiat this was the cognizance and Plantageiiet (Plantagenista), the niiine of our Kings from Henry II.—■' Menestiier (adds Mr. G.) is right in making the word Jamais, James, being a word in the order "— So much for French criticism upon English affairs. The order was not founded till long after the death of our Henry II. not till 1234! The throne and audience chamber of Henry VI. ate engraved by Strutt. Dresses, PI. cxv. Translator.]

Henry, proceeds the MS. received the French Ambassador with every mark of distinction ; and as soon as the Comte de Vcndosme and the Archbishop of Rheims, who were the first, entered into the chamber, and the King saw them, he descended, and, standing upright before his throne, there waited for the said ambassadors, et toucha tousceux du Hoi bien hutnblcmatt* in taking off his hood a little to the Count and Archbishop.

The Count presented the letters, and the Archbishop porta In parolc,-\ took up the word, and spoke in French, announcing t lie rank of each of the ambassadors. He observed, that the Comte de Laval ■was nephew by affinity of the King of France, and cousin gcrmnn by affinity of the King of England.

flere Mr. Gnlliard adds the pedigree.] he King had by him at this audience the Cardinal of York, and the Chancel

lor Archbishop of Canterbury, both creatures of the Cardinal of Winchester and the Duke of Suffolk: these were on hi* right. At his left were the Uuke of Gloucester and some others.

The instructions and discourse of the French ambassadors breathed nothing but peace and amity; and on-hearing these words, the King of England made a very fine aspect * of being exceedingly contented and rejoiced, and especially when they spoke of the King his uncle, and the love which he had for him, his heart seemed to leap for joy—it umbloit uue /c cueur luirist. Atlns window was Mons. de Glocestre, whom he looked at occasionally, and then turning to his right, to the Chancellor, Duke of Suffolk, and Cardinal of York, who were there, smiled upon them, and seemed to make a sisin. He was observed even to squeeze the hand of the Chancellor, and was overheard saying in English, "I am extremely glad that some people, who are present, hear these words: they are not at their ease."

The Chancellor of England replied also, in the name of his master, with some words of peace and amity; nevertheless the King complained to him, in English, that he had not said enough. And the King came to the ambassadors, and, putting his hand to his hood, and lifting .it from his head, cried two or three limes, Saint Jchan, grand mercy! Saint

Jehun, grand mercy!

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* The translator is net certain as to the ■ense of this passage.

t It is contrary to modem etiquette to tftak first to tut Kipg, but ambtuadon nay W uitilrli4.

Saint John! Thank you, Saint John !' — and clapped them on the back, and made many very joyful gestures, and bid the Comte de Suffolk tell them, that he did not consider them as strangers; and that they should make the same use of his house as that of the King his uncle, and come and go at all hours, the same a* in the house of that King,

On the 16th they returned to the King'* audience chambers, and, while waiting, conversed with the Comte deSuffoIck, as the MS. frwichifies the English title.— He said to them, purposely loud enough fur every body to hear,—Et si aroit " la ptvsirtirs ; princes and seigneurs—that he wished them all to know, that he was the servant of the King of France, and that, .except the person of the King of Englund. Ins master, he would serve him with person and property against all the world; and added: 1 say, except my master, An person : I do not speak of the Lords, and do not exempt neither the Dauphin not Gloucester, nor any others, beyond lm person; and he repeated these wonli

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three or four times over each time, in a louder tone of voice, saying, that he knew well, that his master wished the same, and that the King of France was the person whom his master loved best in the whole world, next to his wife. He added, that he desired such great honour and good to the King of France; that lie wished every one to know , that he would serve biin towards all and against all, except the person of his said master."

[From this silly speech, it appears that Suffolk, was a very weak man; and with such counsellors the misfortunes of Ilenry are not surprising.]

In this second audience they talked of business and peace, but in a manner superficial and fitted to the bnundeu capacity of the King. They talked more of peace in general, than of the methods sf making it. They said, that since the two Kings were such friends! "cursed be be who should advise them to have war together!" to which every one present replied Amen. It was also said, that the two Kings could better than any person terminate their differences by an interview; and Moris, de Suffolck said, quite loud, that when he was in Fiance, It was rumoured, that Mons. dc Glocestre hindered the King, and that the King offered to come in person to aid the ■flair; but tliat the said Sieur de Suffolck answered tbat he did not believe it (tic), and that Mous. de Glocestre did not wish i to do it, and thus he had not the powand at another time said, quite loud, l th* second person in the world whom Kin? loved best, was the King his un; and the King answered, "Saint John, yes!" many times in English.

It was agreed, that the' Cardinal •YTorclc, the Comre de Sorrblck, and Itftowi (Ralph), otherwise William, le Jfoftewe/ (Bolder), Grand Treasurer of jrneld labour in concert with l ambassadors to effect a peace. ambassador* were 'preparing ""ndteue*, because they had , & #r at that time, the ling sa^^fy«nwy,t> [probabl» a Trench jonversjon uf Nay, Nay], and withheld ibem, and* teemed as if he wns cxreed|»dyfti4-tJ0»e« them ;*«tdj Wfrdid not «*ttk*trjr other word to them. ^^Wterthe trrofeatations,



acquired a right, before tbs quarrel of Philip de Valois and Edward the Third about the succession to the crown of France

The Archbishop of Rheims, who wns the orator of the French embassy, repeated also the offers which had been made at Tours on the part of France: it was to cede to England, in the southern provinces, Guienne, le Quercy, and le Perigord; in the part of the north, Calais and Guisnes; the whole under condition of homage. These offers, he said, were full as great, or very nearly so, as the piettnsiens of the English before the quarrel for the crown; since then they laid no pretensions to Normandy, and were confined to the Duchy of Guienne, and the county of Ponthieu.

The Cardinal d'Yorck pretended, that Poitou and Noruiandie were part of their just pretensions (en etoient MS.). The ambassadors recalled to their Tecollection the famous treaty of 1259, concluded between S. Louis and Henry III. King of England, by which Saint Louis ceded to the English the Duchy of Guienne, composed of the Bourdelois, the Landes, and the Bnzardois, and some other adjacent provinces, which were those offered at the conferences of Tours, and were still offered. In consequence of this cession, the English had formally renounced the provinces of Normandy, Anjou, Maine, &c. In the end King Edward I. had Ponlhieu du chef'de M femme, ho had done homage for it, as well as for Guienne and its annexations, which had not been ceded by St. Louis but under the express condition of homage, which the English demanded that they should renounce, and to which the French ambassadors protested that France would never assent. Posterior treaties had only conlinupd the treaty of 1259: thus lidward III. who himself had rendered homage for Guienne and Ponthieu, did not possess but these two provinces, ami their dependences, in Frauce, before the quarrel for'the crown, They now offered to the English, instead of Ponthieu, Calais and GuJMies, which were worth more, and the Duchy of Guienne, inch as they had possessed, *' Let as leave all these getyitcs,*

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into their views, and know their intentions. Let us come to the point: tell us frankly the last offers which you are Charged to make us. We will tell you at the same time, what are the last demands to winch we confine ourselves."

Never did plenipotentiaries answer in earnest to a similar request, because they could never reckon upon the good faith of those who made it, and both sides are afraid of being too forward.— The ambassadors then said, that the offers which they had made were the last which they had to make, and that they were reasonable and advantageous. "If you have no others," replied Suffolk, " we must break up our conference; but happily I know that you have some others. As to the rest, it is late, let us go to dinner, and afterwards proceed directly to business, and, without losing more time, hasten to say the last word.''

These debates had lasted till the 20th: that day they began by insisting upon the first offers, by wishing to keep to them; and lastly, upon urgency to advance, and give the last word, the Trench said, " Well! all that we can promise you is, to read over our instructions, to study them to the bottom, and to see, jointly, i^ in interpreting thein the most favourably for peace, we can without prevarication pretend to add any thing to these oilers; but do you also, on your side, declare in good earnest what is the last limit which you put to your demands, your hopes, and your projects."

The next dav (21) the ambassadors went to see the Cardinal of England, who had just come to London: by this term they denominated the Cardinal of Winchester, because he was of the royal lamily, and because he had the greatest interest in England. He was, as we have "aid, entinriy devoted to the Queen and the French party; the English plenipotentiaries were all his creatures: his discourse was entirely conformable tothtirs, and breathed nothing but peace.

In the conference of that day, the French nmba?<adors added to their offers the Limousin. The Cardinal de Yorck said, that in the evening he had conceived good hopes, from the last words which the French ambassadors had "poken, on quitting his hotel: thnthrsnnin thesteps.which they havejust taken, the pacific disposition of the King of Prance, of which M. de Suffolck had been the witness, and with which he hnd so entertained them in the transports of his satisfaction and delight; but that it was not possible tor such dispositious uol to

have produced more; that assuredly the powers of the ambassadors were much further extended ; that, in short, the time was come for developing the whole, and that peace was so great a good, that there ought not to be the least delay.— The ambassadors, having gone a little aside to deliberate together, agreed to add to Limousin the Sointonge and the fays d'Annis, since a hint of that kind had been dropped by M. dePrecigny to. M. de Suffolck.'

The French plenipotentiaries, in their turn, then pressed the English in the most urgent manner to imitate their frankness, and say the last word.

"If we have delayed till now to say it," replied the Cardinal d'Yorck, "it was for two reasons only; one, that your offers are the smallest which have been hitherto made on the part of France, although the situation of our affairs is much better than it has ever been since we began to treat; the other, that being so near the King, we can say and do nothing without taking his orders." "Ah!" cried Precigny, "would to God, that the two Kings were within reach of each other; in the disposition in which they both are peace would be soon concluded." Every one cried, Amen—and after this unanimous voice, the French ambassadors begged the English plenipotentiaries to propose this interview to Henry. Suffolk was charged wilh the office

On the oOth July, the Comte de Vendosme, the Archbishop of Khcinis, and the Seigneur de Precigny, had a private audience of the King of England at Fo1cm (Fulham), a country house of the Bishop of London. The Archbishop of Rheims, speaking in the nnme of all, said, that he believed that the King had already been informed of the proposition which they had to make to him; that nil minds were disposed to peace, but that the objects upon which they treated with the purpose of definitive settlement were so delicate and important, that servant; hesitated to meddle with and lay their hands upon it. It had been avowed, that if the two Kings could meet, and converse together, the matter would be better and sooner brought to an issue; and that, in truth, they knew that the King his uncle had a very great desire to see him, and that it would be n very great satisfaction to him. They proposed then that he should come to France in the following spring or later; but as the truce expired on Ap/il 1. 11-16, they had powers to continue it till Ail-Saints (Nov. 30), of the same year.


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