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NEW PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.
Improvements in the Construction of
THE reservoir of the oil may be marie of any shape, so that it is very shallow, or at least as shallow as it conveniently can, in order that the oil may be always near the Hame, and have as little as possible to ascend up the wick : the body of the lamp should be made no larger than to contain a sufficient quantity of oil for each time of burning. The tube that contain! the wick is flat, and reaches to the bottom of the lump; and in order to give room to the wick, a little on one side of toe wick-tube is cut away, or doubled up »t the bottom. The advantages attending thi» construction of the tube are, that tbeoilri wanned and kept from coagulating, especially that part of it which imaarrounds the wick, and is in ith the tube; which, in consents conducting power, soon hero throughout its whole length. la tvtube of tins kind, the wick is not liable to slide down, and extinguish the light: it r» soldered, or otherwise fixed into a small round plate of tin, brass, or other metal, the edge of which rests upon Mhanlderon the inside of a brass screw. tag], or lamp-glass, is not much >'JfoA-'thOM already in use; in ate of the organ lamp: a, quarter of an inch •V<lfee wick-tube, leaving a tn "of the chimney, to screw, of about half ie admission of nirr theaghimneyei supported by a wire of mettrfPapaMeuf sosrnijpng an opening so as to em
'\S»s^h^s^^hei«i<mfyt using IsWaVM* tpfe tmmeratmitfit upptore
Oat-^The^dd.tional length of the
of the lamp. 2. The contrivance at the bottom of the wick-tube, for giving room to the wick, and preventing it from sliding down. 3. The additional width of the wick-tube. 4. The shape of the chimney or lump-glass. 5. The manner of placing the chimney, or its application to lamps of any construction. 6. The manner of supporting the same. The advantages of these lamps are enumerated by the patentee, who says, they will burn the most common oil without the least smell oi smoke, and give a clear and bright light. They may be used in any situation, and are equally adapted for the manufactory and drawing room. They are also very simple, readily managed, and capable of assuming the most elegant forms.
Rr.murks.—We cannot help observing that Mr. Seward has claimed more than he can well defend, if put to the test. From the figures attached to the specification, we are pretty certain that the shape of the chimney has no claim to novelty ; nor is there sufficient novelty in the mode nf supporting it, to justify an exclusive claim. We heartily concur with him in recommending t of roughened glass.
MR. SAMUr.r. CTtACKLES (KT
Iidli), for a Method of manufacturing Brushes from Wluilclone.
He takes bone, which c<>meJ^ttMaV mouth of the whale, and having cutit into lengths of nine, twelve, or eighteen inches, boils or steeps it in water for such a length of time, as the nature of it may require, I make it soft and flexible. In this stats i may be cat with a plane, knife, or oti sharp instrument, into thin shavings, slices, or substances, which may be stuti, cut, or torn, by baring lances rixea in front of the plane, knife, &o. into f^lt' pieces resembling bristles of all sizes, Wo"
degrees of strength. When the bnne is thus reduced into substances, resembling bristles, it must be hud in a convenient place, that it may become perfectly dry, and then it may be worked up into brushes: those that are to be set with pitch, may be seared or singed at one end with a hot iron, to make them resemble the roots, mid heat at the other to make them resemble the flag of the bristle.
MR. RALPH DODD's (CHANCE ALLEY, I.ON
Pojo, for improved Bridge Floorings, or Platforms, and Fire Proof Floorings, for extensive. Dwelling Houses, fVaiehousis and Milk.
This invention consists of a certain method of applying nialleableiron, and other metnls, and condensed earth, or artificial stone. As the right understanding of this specification depends on figures, which we cannot introduce into this work, the most we can do is to describe the objects of the figures. The first is meant for a tubical nb, to he used either empty or filled, or partly filled with condensed earth, or artificial stone, to be applied from one pier to another, orbearincs, either straight triangular, orcurved. The second rcpre-. sent:, an upright shaft, or column, forsustaining heavy weights strengthened with condensed earth or artificial stone. Another figure shows the same with flanges or joints for attaching one to each other, to stand upright, or to be laid horizontal, for hearing heavy pressures,or conducting fluids, or air, in a cold or heated state, through thorn, when part of the centre is left void of condensed earth, or artificial stone. The next figure shews a square tube, in be coated internally, orexternally, with condensed earth, or artificial stone, to be used as abeam, rafter, joist, girder, pile, &c. This is varied in its shape, size, and other particulars, and is represented with the variations in other figures. We have likewise the figure of a tirhical beam, made of the same materials, with two upper ears or flanges, to fasten down platforms, decks, and floorings, or other attached parts, to be formed of any figure, from the square to the begun nt, taper, twisting, angle-wise, made watertight to prevent their sinking. The thirteenth figure shews the various parts when cquibined in the formation of houses, ware-houses, or mills, coated or not, infernally, or externally, with condensed earth or artificial stone; and the liisl figure is lire representation ol the ia
rious parts, when combined and applied to vessels floating in, or on water, or to contain any fluid, coated or not, internal, ly, or externally with condensed earth, or artificial stone.
MR. Zaciiahtah Babratt's (croydok)Jot a Machine for teas/tins, Linen, eye. to which mail he attached a Contrivance for pressing the Water from thtm, instead of wringing them. The machine consists of a wooden trough, of a convenieut size, for one persen to stand at, with an inclined bottom, the inside surface is made uneven, by grooves, or projections, about an inch a»sunder. The ribs of the grooves are hollowed, so as to give thsm a wavy appearance, and into the hollows may he introduced small pieces of buff or other elnstic substance, which in the operation of washing are supposed to act in a similar manner to the human fingers. A hole is made in the bottom of the trough to let off the suds when done with. On the inside of the trough, and parallel with its ends, a roller is fixed on centres, covered with cork, leather, or other soft substance, to prevent noise in the operation of washing, which operation is performed by a person pressing the cloathsin the trough, wirh a loose bonrd called an agitator, the under side of which is supported by, and moves on the roller ahove-inentioned. This agitator is constructed of one or more pieces of bonrd, two feet six inches long, framed together so as to form a flat surface, nearly of the widthof the interior, having two holes or spaces cut out in the upper end, for the operator's hands. The lower end, about an inch high, is covered with leather, cork, or other fit elastic soft material, with one or two pieces projecting at the bottom, similar to those in the hollow parts of the grooves, in the inside of the trough. Across the top of the trough isastrowg bar, or shelf of wood, on which may be placed an npparntus of any proper construction for pressing out the water, to be used as a substitute for wringing: this apparatus is a box, or tube/into which the wet things may be put, and the water pressed out by a piece of wood, of the size nearly of the interior of the box, attached* to the end of a screw fixed in a frame. A lever, or other means of creating a pressure, may be adopted, hut if a screw is used. It should be encircled with a cylinder of leather, to keep it tree from wet, which would render it* action stiff and unpleasant,
' l t volume; as wcll the Knowledge r
body, for whose use it appears to be 50
detail of Mich miscellaneous occurrences within the same period, us may be deemed worthy of record.
Mr. Rylance is composing a romance, to he entitled, Francesco, or the Pool of Genius, founded on the extraordinary hie of Mazzuoli, celebrated as a painter, by the name of Parmegrano.
Dr. Ap.ivs's work on Epidemics, is almost through the press, ft is an address to the public, particularly the legislative body, on the laws which govern those diseases, and on the late proposals for exterminating the small pox.
Mr. Webbe is about to publish nn edition of his most admired Glees, in three volumes, folio; containing each about one hundred pages.
Dr. Crotch intends to read Lectures ou Music at tbe Hanover-square Rooms in April. His third volume of Specimens of the Tarious Kinds of Music will be published shortly; and he is engaged in preparing sonic other publications which are expected to be interesting to the mutaical world.
Dr. Rr.iD will commence his Lectures on tlie Theory and Piactice of Medicine, at his house in Grenville-street, on the lith of March.
Dr. Claekk and Mr. Clarke will ■begin their Spring Course of Lectures on Midwifery and tbe Diseases of Women and Children, on Monday, March the 90lh; from a quarter past ten o'cluck in the morning till a quarter past eleven, lor the convenience of students attending the hospitals.
A new edition of Lardner's Works is in considerable forwardness, and is to appear in monthly parts. The first part will make its appearance on the first of March, and the others in succession, on the first day of every month, or earlier, at the option of subscribers. It is calculated that the whole work* will be comprised in about thirty-t».o parts, and that this will be the cheapest edition of the Works of I.ardner ever published.
The Hev. Koiiert Bland, author of nf Edwyn ami telgivn, and Sir Everard, has in the pics-, a poetical romantic in ten cantos, entitled, the Pour Slaves of Cytheia.
The Rev. J. Girdles-tone, is about to publish hy subscription all the Odes of Findaii, translated into EinJish verse, with notes explanatory and critical.
Mr. C Macartnev is preparing for jjublicarion n set of rules for ascertaining the tkuuuon and relations in the liv
ing body of the principal blood-vesseis, nerves, c<c. concerned in surgical opciations; to be illustrated with plates.
At a meeting of the Wernciian Natural History .Society of Edinburgh, on the 14th of January, Dr. Thomson read an interesting description and analysis of a particular variety of copper-glance, from North America. At the same meeting, Dr. John Barclay communicated some highly curious observations which he had made on the caudal vertebra; of the great sea snake, mentioned in a former number, which exhibit in their structure some admirable provisions of nature, not hitherto observed in the vertebra; of any other animal. Mr. Patrick Null read an, ample and interesting account of this new animal, collected Irom different sources, especially from letters of undoubted authority, which lie had received from the Orkneys. He stated, however, that, owing to the tempestuous season, the head, fin, sternum, and dorsal vertebra, promised some weeks ago to the University Museum of Edinburgh, had not yet arrived; but that he had received a note from Gilbert Measou, Esq. on whose estate m Stiousa, the sea-snake was cast, intimating, that they might be expected by ilie earliest arrivals from Orkney. In the mean time he submitted to the Society the first sketch of a generic character. The name proposed for this new genus was Hukydrus, (from «*•?, the sen, and iJ^oc, a water-snake ;) and as it evidently appeared to be the Sae-Omicn described by Pontoppidan, in his Natural History of Norway, it was suggested that its specific name should be H. Pontoppidani.
Dr. Kentish, of Bristol, has formed an establishment where the facility may order heat or cold in any proportion to be applied to H patient either locally or generally.
The following account of a shock of an earthquake lilt at Dunning in Perthshire, on the 18th of January, about two o'clock, A. M. is given by Mr. Peter Martin, surgeon ofth.it place. He was returning home, at the time, on horseback, when his attention was suddenly attracted by a .seemingly subterraneous, noise; and his horse immediately stopping, he perceived that the sound proceeded from tin* north-west. After it had continued for half a minute, it hi?came louder nod louder, and apparently ncarer.wl.cn, suddenly, the earth heuvccl perpendicularly, and wiih a tremulous, waving motion, icetned to roll or move in