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the duration of the state of innocence, attention, which was opposite to the the animals some how or other, (quo principle of play, which ought to be redammodo) understood Hebrew, and then laxation, but to indulge in cards where relates a fable of the Greeks, from Philo chance prevailed, and there was no art de confirsione Linguazum, who thought or diligence requisite. An excellent that they talked at that time, and that piece of advice in education ! this was the reason, why Eve was not

MALVENDA. frightened, when the serpent spoke to In his tract de Antich. ii. c. 15. main. her.

tains that, the whole sea is not only na. JOHN LERIUS, BUFGUNDUS, vigable, but has been navigated. In his Hist. Nuvigat, in Brasiliam

CRANZSUS. says, that atier Joshua had routed the He says that in the north beyond GroenCanaanites, that it is probable from their land, the sca becomes innavigable in a terror, that they took shipping and be- day's voyage, becausc “the ends of the came the ancestors, of the Americans. world becoming dark before them, ine HERRERA.

mane abyssi buruthrum reperitur." In the Hist. Gener. Ind. dec. i. lib. 9. JUSTUS LIPSIUS--BASJL. PONTIUS. c. 4. p. 296. says, that the old inhabi- Say, that two-headed eagles exactly tants of Cuba had a tradition that like those of the Romans, were etiigiated Noah's curse upon that son, from whom in many houses and gates at Chili in they descended, was that they sbould be Peru. They were idols. rude, particoloured, and walk on foot, BAPTIST. FULGORIUS-PETER MEXIA. naked: while those, whoin he blessed, Say, that ships alınost rotten with were to have cloaths, ride on horseback, damp, have been found upon the tops of &c.

very bigla mountains, far inland. Fulgor, CURYSOSTON-THEOPHYLACT-LACTAN. Rer. Memor, c. 6. Mesin in Sylva var. TIUS.

Lect. p. 2. c. 13. See also Alex. lib. 5. These writers contend, that the world Gen. c. 9. Maiol. Colloq.7.1. p. 6. $ 18. is of the shape of a bouse, because Scrip

COLUMBUS. ture calls it a tabernacle, and that it is Pet. Martyr. Dec. Nov. Orb. 1. i. impossible, that the sky can reach to the says, that he had otten heard Columbus Antarctic pole, and southern and western say, that, when he lauded at Hispaniola, regions! See Chrysost. Hom. 14 and be had found Ophir, 27 in Heb. 6 und 13 in Genes, und 12

CREGOR, LOPEZ. ud pop. Antioch. Theophyl. in Heb. 8. He writes, that the people of Sophala, Lucian. Firmian. iii, divin. Justit. c. 24. a place in the extremity of Africa, at the MAJOLUS.

Ethiopian sea, abounding in gold mines, Maiolus in his Dies Cunicul, i. Com. have books written in the Indian tongue, Colloq. 23. p. 520. et seq. et colloq. 18. which say, that Solomon every third year p. 404. & seg. et p. 422. and Alvys. fetched gold from thence : and that they Cuda muust. Navigat. 35. say, that there have mines still called by his name. are mountains of loadstone, which draw

PRALLUS. che nails out of ships, as in the story of It is singular, that this indelicate aSinbad.

mulet of the Greeks and Romans was PENEDA-LEIRNUS LEMNIUS-GEROPIUS found suspended round the necks of the

BECANUS — JOHN BAPTISTA PICS Mexcians. Rodin. Danon. I. 3. c. 15. CALIUS CALGAGNINUS AND STE- Theatr. Vit, Humun. v. 17. 1. i. p. 3114. PIENS..

So also the Indians adored the Phallus. All these writers maintain that in the

NIMROV. Mercator of Plautus, the versoria in the He is usually supposed to have been a compass need oot be confuted.

hunter. But sune Glossarists, Hugo, LauKIPPINGIUS.

rentius, &c. render the passage in GeneIn his Antiq. Romun. l. 4. C. 4. p. sis “ Nombroth, a stout huuter in the 732. upon the following line of Horace: presence of the Lord," an oppressor of “ Scu malis velitnlegibus aleu-says, slea, inen by the perinission of God. See id est chartulis pictis! ludere. Thus, in Jo, Solorzani de Indier. Jure, l. ii. c. xi, a treatise upon Roman antiquities, mak- p. 209. ing the Romans acquainted with playing

BARONIUS. cards!

He asserts, Annals, i. ann.-39. ns do JAVES THE FIRST.

Suarez and others, that Christ couverted In liis Reg. Donun lih. 3. persuades the Gentiles during the three years be his son, Iloiry Prince of Wales not to preached at Jerusalem, and elsewhere. pluy at chess, because it required close



Adieu, blest soul, whose hasty fight away ON THL DEATH OF GENERAL MOORE. Tells--Heaven did ne'er display MORN broke the parting clouds of night, Such happiness to bless the world with stay; And, dawning on the bloody fight,

Death in thy fall betray'd his utmost spite, Which dy'd Iberia's shore,

His shafts most times are levell’d at the Mark'd as the vaunting Frenchmen filed,

white; Our valiant soldiers bravely led

He saw thy blooming ripeness Time prevent, To fame by gallanc Moore!

And envious grew, and strait his arrow sent;

So buds appearing ere the irosts are past, Amid the battle's rage he flies,

: And with a frown the foc defies,

Nipt by some unkind blast,

Wither in penance for their forward haste; By daring valour bore;

Thus have I seen a morn so bright, But, ah! he falls among the slain,

So deck'd with all the robes of light, Althougb chey Ay with fear the plain,

As if it scorn'd to think of night, Or yield to gallant Moore!

Which a rude storm ere noon would shroud, The warrior dies, but Fame shall tell, Burying its early glories in a cloud: Ere in the arms of Death he fell,

The day in funeral blackness mourn'd, From France he laurels tore;

And all to sighs and all to tears is turn'd. And English bands most grateful raise

But why do we thy death untimely deem, Some stone to tell to future days, The fame of gallant Moore !

Or Fate blaspheme?

We should thy full ripe virtues wrong,
January 25, 1809.

G. W. To think thee young;

Fate, when thy forward gifts she told, For the Monthly Magazine. . Forgot thy tale of years, and thought thee old The poetry of John Oldham, once so popular The brisk endowments of thy mind that his collective works went through six Scorn'd in the bud to be confin'd. editions, is now almost forgotten. Taste Outran thy age, and left slow Time behind; and morality will not sigh deeply for the Which made thee reach maturity so soon, los. Yet, among the satires, there are lines And at first dawn present a full-spread noon; which may deserve transplanting and, So thy perfections with thy soul agree;".. among the Pindarics, there is one, which Both knew no nonage, knew no infancy: .. canies the manner of Cowley to higher As the first pattern of our race began; ar perfection than any other production of that His life in middle age, at birth a perfect man. pedantic school, aod which may be thought Let our just wonder next commence ; ; se to have served as a model for the Threnodia How so small room could hold such excel: Auguitalis of Dryden. This poem, pruned 7. lence; :.. into readable limits, is berewith recome Nature was proud when she contrived, thy meaded for your insertion, and thus de f rame, serve to be gathered into an Anthology of In thee she labour'd for a name; British Odes. I describes a character of a Her curious hand here drew in straits, and carce, act of an unreal class. The extra join'

da 4 7 m vagance may diminish the credibility but all the perfections acrawl'd on human kind; not the ingenuity of the praise. If this Teaching her numerous gifts to be."

eli of the lamy, it is of Aladdin's, which Crampt in a short epitome;

patched a genius on its owner's errands So stars contracted in a diamond shine, borond the boundaries of nature. The Ode And jewels in a narrow point confine rhetsribed to the memory of Mr. Charles The riches of an Indian mine:

h imn Thue subtle artists can B T friendl could my anbounded grief but Draw nature's larger self within a span. mo .

Nor were these fruits on a rough soil bestown, ich doe' proportion thy too cruel fate; Like gems in rugged quarries chickest sown; e n happy mairacle bring forth,.. Good nature and good parts so sbar'd thy

Do nha nad thy greater worthy mind, hapa thoglu sopa be thine,

The Muse and Grace were so combin'd, A tribute to this shrine:

Twaa hard to guess which with piore lustre La r en ali drumsformd should be, shin'd.

.. nd, but gae Mdipornenes A genius did thy whole comportment act, Na hatoa Niobe Iclent;

Whose charming complaisance most every the other and the monument; heart attract, w

ne like Mennan's speaking Such a soft air thy well-tund 1weetnes and prile

Antold thy soal of bårmony was made be b is All rude affections that disturbers by : the world with thy That moar or dhunite society,

4 :.Were foreigner to thee. .


Love only in their sted took up its rest, Untoucht the other's string returns the moan, Nature made that thy constant guest,

And gives an echo to each groan. And seem'd to form no other passion for thy Let fenyale frailty in fond tears distil, breast.

Who think that moisture which they spill

Can yield relief, This made thy courtesy to all extend,

And shirink the current of another's grief; And thee to the whole universe a friend; Who hope that breath which they in sighis The strangers to thy native soil and thee,

convey, No strangers to thy love could be:

Should blow calamities away; Whose bounds were wide as all mortality;

Thine did a manlier form express, Thy beart no island was disjoin'd,

And scorn's to whine at an unhappiness; .. Like thy own nation, from all human kind; Thou thought'st it still the noblest pity to But 'twas a continent to other countries

redress; fixt,

So friendly angels their relief bestow As firm by love, as they by carth annext; On the unfortunate below: Thou scorn'st the nap should thy affections Such nature in that generous plant is found, guide,

Whose every breach with balsam does Like theirs who love by dull geography,

abound; Friends to whom but by soil they are allied: And wounds itself to cure another's wound. Thine reach to all beside, To ev'ry member of the world's great family;

Nor didst thou to thy foes less generous Heaven's kindness only claims a name more


If any durst that title wear ; general, Which we the nobler call,

They could not offer wrongs so fast,

But what were pardon'd with like ha.te, Which walks not earth alone, but is vouch.

And by thy acts of amnesty defac'd ; safed to all.

Had he who wish the art how to forget, Thou seem'st corrupted with the very power to Discover'd its new worth in thee, please ;

He had a double value on it set, Only to let thee gratify,

And scorn'd th' ignobler art of memory : Would bribe and pay thy courtesy ;

No injuries could thee provoke, Thy kindness by acceptance might be bought,

Thy softness always dampt the stroke, It for no other wages sought ;

As Aints on feather-beds are easiest broke. No suitors went unsatisfied away,

Be it not thought these gudlike qualities
But left thee more unsatisfied than they; Could stand in need of votaries ;
Brave Titus! here thy portrait find,

Which heretofore had challeng'd sacribce.
And view thy rival in a private mind: Each assignation, each converse,
Twas heretofore thy praise,

Gain'd thee some new idolaters; By acts of goodness to compute thy days. Thy sweet obligingness could supple bate, Not measur'd by the sun's but thy own And out of it its contrary create; kinder rays;

Its powerful influence made quarrels cease; To think each hour out of life's journal lost, And feuds dissolv'd into a friendly peace ; Which could not some fresh favour boast, Envy resign'd her force, and vanguish'd And reckon bounties thy best clepsydras.

Spite Yet to the happy might this goodness most

Became chy speedy proselyte; . accrue;

Malice could cherish eomity no more; Somewhat was to the miserable due ;

And chose, who were thy foes before, Thou could'st affictions from another's breast

Now wishe they might adore; translate,

Conceive the tender care, And foreiga grief impropriate;

Of guardian angels to their charge assign'd, Whate'er mishap did a known heart oppress,

Or think how dear to heav'n expiring martyrs The same did thine as wretched make;

are ; Like yielding wax, thine did th' impression

These are the emblems of thy mind, take,

The only types to show how thou wast kind. And wore its sadness in as lively dress; So gentle was thy pilgrimage beneath, A small misfortune scarce could reach thy Time's unheard feet scarce make less noise, ear,

Os planets gliding in eternal poisc; But made thee give is alms a tear;

Life seem'd as calm as its last breath; And when our hearts breath'd their regret in A still tranquillity so husht chy breast,

As if some halcyon were its guest, Thine with their mournful aire would sym. And there had built her downy nest; pathize,

As that unspotted sky, Throngs of like sighs frorts its finc fibres Where Nile docs want of rain supply, croud.

Is free from clouds, from scoro is ever frec; And tell thy grief for oor each grief aloud; As that smooth sea, Such is the secret sweet conspiracy,

Which wears the name of Peace, We may between two neighbour lutes descry; Still with one cven face appears; If either by unskilful hand tov rudely beat, And feels no tides to heave it from its place, Ils soft complaint in pensive murmers vent, No waves to alter the fair form is beans;

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So thy unvaried mind was always one; Thou wast a living system, where were wrote And with such clear serenity still shone, All those bigh morals which in books are As caus'd thy little world to seem all tem

sought, perate zone.

Thy practice did more virtues share In thee extremes were join'd;

Than heretofore the learned Porch e'er knew, The loftiest and the lowliest mind :

Or in the Stagyrite's scant ethics grew; Thus tho some part of heaven's vast round

Devout thou wast, as holy hermits are, Appear bat low and seem to touch the ground;

Who spend their time in extacy and prayer; Yet 'tis well known to circle in the spheres,

Modest as infant roses in their bloom, And truly held to be above the stars.

Which in a blush their lives consume; Thou stoodst at once secure

So chaste, the dead are only more, From all the Rattery and obloquy of fame,

Who lie divorc'd from objects and from Its rough and gentler breath were both to thee

power; the same

So pure, that if blest saints again could be Nor this could thee exalt, nor that depress

Taught innocence, they'd gladly learn of thee. thec lower;

Thy virtues only thus could fairer be Less the heaven dreads that it should fired be Advantag'd by the foil of misery ; By the weak flitting sparks that upwards Aly; Thy soul, which hasten'd now to be enlarg'd Less the bright goddess of the night And of its grosser load Jischarg'd, Fears those loud howlings that revile her light; Began to act above its former rate Than thou - malignant tongues thy worth And gave a prelude of the unbody'd state : should blast,

So dying tapers, near their fall, Which was too great for envy's cloud to When their own lustre lights their funeral, overcast;

Contract their strength into one brighter Gre, 'Twas thy brave method to despise contempt; And in that blaze triumphantly expire; And make what was the fault the punish So the bright globe that rules the skies, ment

Altho' he gild the air with glorious risc, So clouds, which would obscure the sun, oft Reserves his choicest beams until he dies. gilded be,

The sharpest pains thou didst with courage And shades are taught to lend him pageantry; bear, So diamonds, when the envious night

And still thy looks so unconcern'd didst wear; Would shroud their splendor, look most Beholders seem'd more indispos'd than thee, bright,

i n

" For they were sick in effigy

Like some well-fashion'd arch thy patience

Pond Pleasure, whose soft magic oft beguiles


And purchas'd firmness from its greater load; And with smooth fattery cajoles, .. . Those shapes of corture, which to view in Could neer ensnare chee with her wiles,


i Or make thee captive to her soothing smiles; Would make another faint, In nin that pimp of vice essays

Thou could'st endure in sharp reality, To draw thee to her warm embrace. And smile to feel what others shriek to see! Iby prudence still the Syren past,

Those Indians, who their kings by torment Wichou: being pinion 'd to the mast;

choose, Thou didat such ignorance over knowledge

Could ne'er thy sway refuse; * 1 Bulevad prize,

If he deserves to reign who suffers best, for thus to he unskilld is to be wise

Had those fierce savages ths patience view'd, stue alone thy actions guided bere,

Thy claims had been confest, ou by nu other card chy life didst steer. They with a crown DN. Not day would serve

Had paid thy fortitude,
To make thee from her rigid dictates swerve: And turn'd thy death-bed to a throna.

love me e thought her worse;. Fate paus'd awhile with wonder struck,
ne thou hadst sa few competitors, And turned again the dreadful books

could's adore her when adored by none, And hop'd she had mistouk, Lacat bebe rotary alone;

And wisht she might have cut another line; The loyalty

• But dire Necessity would are not be

Soon cried 'twas thine,
Butchen Lerve her still without a livery And bad her give the blow of destiny;
A rthdo por of recompence debarr'd, Strait shę obeys: the vital powers grow
Docted banaty its owa reward

Too weak to grapple with a stronger foc; Thes e s wub a peiter bliss to accrue, Life's sapt foundation every moment sinks ; b e to that was to be happy too;. Each breath to lesser compass shrinks ; of thy mind

Last panting gups grow weaker each rebound, o el ddat always find, Like the faint tremblings of a pausing sounds P leat there none else And doubtful twilight bovers o'er the light,

Ready to usher in eternat night


Yet here thy courage could outbrave Go, happy soul, ascend the joyful sky
All the slight horrors of the grave; ..

Prepar'd to shine with your bright company : Pale death's arrest

Go, mount the spangled sphere Ne'er shockt thy breast;

And make it brighter by another star; That ugly skeleton may guilty spirits Yet stop not, 'till thou art swallow'd quite daunt,

In the vast unexhausted ocean of delight; Whom che dire ghosts of crimes departed Delight, which there alone in its true essence haunti

is ; Armid with bold innocence thou could'st the Where saints keep an eternal carnival of blies, mormo dare,

And spread regales of joy,
And on the bare-fac'd king of terrors stare ; Which fill but never cly;
As free from all effect as from the cause of Where pleasures spring for ever new,

Immortal as thyself and boundless too.


ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. comet, as they relate to the ahore-menTN the second part of the Philosophical tioned particulars, namely, the nucleus,

I Transactions for 1808, Dr. HER- the head, the coma, and the tail, without SCHELL has published Observations on a regarding the order of the time when they late Comet, inade wish a view to investi- were made. The date of each observation, gate its Magnitude, and the Nature of it's however will be added, that any person Illumination,

who may hereafter be in possession of The comet, which we have lately obe more accurate elements of the comet's served, says Dr. Herschell, was pointed orbit, than those which I have at present, out to me by Mr. Piggot, who discovered may repeat the calculations in order to it at Bath the 28th of September; and obtain a more accurate result. the first time I had an opportunity of ex

Of the Nucleus. amining it was the 4th of October, when its brightness to the naked eye gave me

From wliat has already been said, it great hopes to find it of a different con

will easily be understood, that, by the 10struction from many I have seen before,

cleus of the comet, I mean that part of

the bead which appears to be a condensed in which no solid body could be discovered with any of my telescopes.

or solid body, and in which none of the In the following observatious, my atten- very bright coma is included. It should be tion has been directed to such phenomena

na remarked, that from this definition it folonly, as were likely to give us some infor- lows, that when the nucleus is very small, mation relating to the physical condition no telescope, but what has light and powe of the comet: it will therefore not be exi er in an eminent degree, will show it dispected that I should give an account of its tinctly. motion, which I was well assured would

Observations. be inost accurately ascertained at the Oct. 4. 1807. Ten-feet reflector. The Royal Observatory at Greenwich. comet has a nucleus, the disl, of which is

The different putso: a comet bave been plainly to be seen. generally expressed by terms that may be Oct. 6. 1 examined the disk of the liable to misar prehension, such as the comet with a proper s t of diaphragms, in hend, the tail, the coma, and the uncleus; order to see whether any part of it were for in reading what some authors say of spurions; but when the exterior light was the head, when thev speak of the size of excluded, so far from appearing larger, as the comet, it is evident that they take it would have been the case with a spurious for what is often called the nucleus. The disk, it appeared rather diminished for truth is, that inferior telescopes, which want of light; i1or was its diameter lessencannot show the real nucleus, will give a el when I used only the outside rays of certain mainitude of the comet, which the mirror. The visible disk of the comet may be called its head; it includes all the therefore is a real one. very bright surrounding light; nor is the Oct. 4. I viewed the comet with difwame of the head badly applied, if we ferent inaynifying powers, but found that keep it to this meaning; and since, with its light was not suttficiently intense to proper restriction, tho terms which have bear very high ones. As far as 200 and been used may be retained, I shall give a 300, my ten-feet reflector acted very well, hort account of my observations of the but with 100 and 500 there was nothing


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