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grego, or thick shaggy great-coat, with a French General has been planted, mera
Baleae traust be the most stupid at For the Monthly Magazine.
know how to appreciate the value of CHAMPAGNE IN FRANCE, in ANSWER Budbi protection not only by the boato certuin. QUERIES, circulated by poate of their own affairs, but by the . CHAPTAL. From LES ANNALES DE
h itheantary and ruin which I CHIMIE
e min Panki bura to Con I now divided into two departingets
Haute-Marne, bas been long celebrated The lower mountain comprehends a as the vineyard of France.
great quantity of vineyard countries ; There are two kinds of wines which dis. among wbich' we may distinguish Chatinguish this district.
ipery, Ecueil, and Ville Demanye: this White wies; called Ririere de Murne last place in particular, when the season wines.
is good, yields wine which will keep for Red wines: called Montugne de ten or twelve years. Rheims willes.
The lower mountain extends to the The white wines are produced from banks of the river Aisne. As the wines, vineyards situated in the valleys and upon it produces are of a middling quality, it the sides of the bills in Epernay, Dizy, scarcely requires to be particularized. Avenay, Cramaut, Lemesnil, Monthelon, The district of Saint Thierry, come Chouilly, Moussy, &c. : but in conse- prehends a large extent of grounds, quence of one of those varieties of nature, containing large vineyards, such as Saint for which we cannot always account, the Thierry, Trigny, Chenay, Villefranquex, estate of Cumieres, in the midst of so Douillon, Hermonville, which produce many vineyards celebrated for wbite yery agreeable red wines of a pale colour, wines, and under the same exposure, very much in request among the dealers. produces red wines only, and of a quality But the wine properly called Clos far superior to the above wines. . Saint Thierry, aud coming from the arch
Among all the vineyards on the river' bishopric of Rheins, is the only wine Marne, the cantons of Ilautvillers, Ma- which unites the rich colour aud flavour of reuil, Cumieres, and Epernay, are the Burgundy to the sparkling lightness of most advantageously situated: they ex: Champagne, Clos Saint Thierry, holds the tend along the river Marne, with this dis same rank ainong Champagne wines, that tinction, that the quality of the wine falls Clos-vougeot does among those of Burs off in proportion as the vineyard is distaut gundy. from the river: for this reason Hautvillers In the enumeration of the vineyards of and Ay have always enjoyed a prefcrence the mountain, some readers may perhaps over Epernay and Pierry; and the latter expect to find Sillery mentioned, once so over Cramant, Lemesnil, &c. and these reinarkable for red and white wines : the last over Monthelon, Moussy, &c. truth is, that Sillery wine is in a great
South exposures produce upon the measure composed of the wines produced banks of the Marne excellent white wines, in the territories of Verznay, Mailly, and but their declivities and posterior parts, Saint Basle, once made, by a particular whicbare called the mountains of Rheims, process, by the marechale d'Estries, and although situated in general towards the for this reason long known by the naine north, and almost always to the east, also of l'ins de la Murechale. At the revolu. yield red wines of a good quality, and of tiou this estate was divided, and sold to a fine taste and aromatic Navour.
different rich proprietors of Rheins: the The slope which overhangs Rheims is senator of Valencia, however, the heir to divided according to the quality of its a great part of this vineyard, neglects no wines; hence we have wies of the moun- means of restoring Sillery to its former retain, of the lower mountain, and of the putation. estate St. Thierry,
Series of Questions put by M. Chaptal, The mountain comprehends Verzy, St.
with their answers. Baste, Verznay, Dlailly, Taissy, Ludes, Chigny, Rilly, and Villers-Allerand; and
tad I, Which is the most advantageous Erpo. among these vineyards, the most esteemed
sure for the Vine? are Verzy, Verzbay, aud Mailly. The T he most advantageous exposure for rest, although very good, are of a differ- the vine is, without contradiction, the ent quality.
south and the east; but it has been ascer The vineyard of Bouzy, which termi- tained that certain advantages of soil and gates the chain or the horizon between the nature of the plant must also concur: south and east, and which, therefore, be. Otherwise various districts, such as Dalongs to the two divisions, ought not to be mery, Vanteuil, Reuil, &c, with the saine omitted. It produces excellent, fine, and exposure and climate, and also watered delicate red wines, which, from its expo- by the Marne, would enjoy the same ce gure, participate in the good qualities of lebrity as Cumieres, Hautvillers, and Ay. Verznay and the good red wines of La It must be confessed that the former dis Moroc.
tricts produce inferior kinds of wine; but
ground, the vine plant becomes over. XIII. How muny Eyes are left in the whelmed with roots, which at last for a
Plant solid cake, and absorb all the juices from Three eres upon each branch: when the ground: the rine being thus incapa- tlre vine is weak, one branch only is cut ble of shooting, the evil ought to be in- ott. stantly remedied.
XIV. At what Hright from the Ground IX. Ithat kind of Grapes ure best
is the Piunt pruned ? adapted for While Irine ?
When the plant is young and thic rind Black and white grapes are planted in. is not machined with old prunings, the discriminately in the same vineyard: and plant is cut at the height of three or four this is perhaps wrong; for the term of inchies: the ville dresser's cut bigher, bematurity is not the same with both kinds cause they frequently cultitale three of grape. The reason assigned for this branches, and leave fuur eyes, practice is, that wine made from black XV. To ihut Height is the l'ine alloned grapes alone would be too vinous, and
10 risc would become muddy (sujet à tocher) in Not higher than a foot and a half,-to hot seasons; while wine made froin white avoid dilating tie sap too much. grapes would be too soft : the latter kind of grapes would be too soft, as containing
XVI. At what Season does the first Ope. more inucilage (muqueux).
ralion in the l'ineyards commence ? X. Is the Block Grupe preferable to the Alter having pruneil the vine, the first • While ? - Slule the cause of this Supe- operation is that of toerng: this conriority.
sists in digging up thc earth around : There is not much variety in the grapes
the plants, so as to uncover their svoS of Champagne.
for a naoment, and detach the carılı The black are generally preferred to the from them which may have become clotwhite grapes for sereraí leasons: in the ted; the lwe being always inserted into the first place, the black grapes resist much earth about a lot from the plant. bettertbe raips and trust so common about At the end of Marcli, or beginning of vintage time. Secondly, because there is April, when the thaus bave solicned the inore vinosity and tueness in the black ground, I be hveig cominences. grape, and it gives more of what is called XVII. What is the Period of Planting liyo body to the wine: the while on the con
Slips or Cullings ? érary is too mucilaginous, renders the This kind of planting is performed at wine sott, and exposes t to become yellow, the time when the vine is planted. or to thicken.
XVIII. In what Manner' is this kind of There are whole cantons, however, such
Planling managed as Chouilly, Cranfart, Avise, Bisscail, &c. In proning, the vine-dresser reserves, in. where there are but very few black grapes, she barest and most sterile places, cer. and yet their wine is in high estimation. tain slips, upon which he leaves only two XI. Il'hich of the Errosurcs is most sub on three stalks, according to the strength
ject to the Hoarfrosts of Spring? of the slip: the hole or furrow being inade, The etlects of frost are only to be feared the slip is gently inclined, by disenyayiny at sunrise: the easteru exposures are con- the roots, and by means of a pair of tongs sequently most apt to suffer, although it the stalks are beld while placing in the has been ascertained that vine-plants furrow, at fronn four to six inches distance freeze in every exposure.
from each other: the slip being ilus fixed Thus, all the preservative methods hic at the depih of a foot or thereabour, a therto indicated, such as fumigations, or hand-basketfull of manure is thrown ut the poles arnied with long branches of foliage root of the ylip; the hole is then filled up capable of being agitated by the air, are with natural earth in a lovose manner, in mere reveries of the imagination: they order to admit of the two or three stalks hase been cmployed indecd in small co- sending out their shoots without being closures; but they never preserved a sinte bruised. gle cluster of grapes, and are incapable of XIX. HIme many Operations are there is beng applied to a large vineyam.
de perfimod betreurn the Pruning und XIL 'uhul Period is the line to be the l'intuge Season 2 pruned!
The prunings being over, as the same Ahoot beend ut February or beginning rines are not pruned every year, and eren of March, the most essential operation in those which have been pruned the miust be performcıl, namely, that of cut- carth las not been thoroughly stirred, the ung the plant. When it is very strong, vinos are trimmed at the beginning of two branclics or stuinps only are Icft. May : this trinining is called lutwurage uu.