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Indiana Past and Present
A Monthly Magazine of Hoosier Progress

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By GEORGE S. COTTMAN

A

ASTOR, DETOX (Copyright Applied for by George S. Cottman)

TILDEN FOUNDATIONS The section marks (8) refer the reader to a fuller exposition of the particular subject in R

1994 the department "Indiana in Brief." Fundamental Factors: Soil, Climate, Stock and race, a congeries of minor nations that seem forever National Policy-A study of the influences that have on the border of anarchy. Briefly, the history of given direction, shape and character to the history South America and that of the United States since of Indiana carries the inquirer back not only to the the settlement of the two continents largely illusbeginnings of American history in the Mississippi trates the difference in stock. valley, but to more remote causes. For example, Australia, with an area almost equal to that of the what is the explanation of the phenomenal swift- United States, is little more than one vast barren ness (as history goes) with which this valley, which, waste, with a fringe of isolated civilization strung but a little more than a century ago, was one prime- along part of its coasts. val wilderness, has progressed to the high tide of

Of Asia, we are told by an authority, "owing to its twentieth century civilization? Obviously, soil, cli

great extent from east to west the central parts, demate, configuration and natural features of the country, stock and national policy are all factors which. prived of moisture, are almost everywhere deserts,

, collectively, have wrought results that for expedite

and a belt around the western, southern and eastern ness and inherent energy hardly find an analogy in

shores comprises nearly all that contributes to the the history of the world. A comparison with other

support of man."

This same writer (Charles Maclaren) pointing out continental portions of the globe presents some interesting contrasts. The most striking, perhaps, as

the superior natural advantages of the Americas is presenting differences imposed by the physical

a seat of civilization, maintains that “the new contibasis, is Africa. That vast continent, with its more

nent, though less than half the size of the old, con

tains at least an equal quantity of useful soil and than 10,000,000 square miles, lying contiguous to the older centers of civilization and itself the seat of the

much more than an equal amount of productive most ancient ones, has, until recent times, remained power”; and he adds that “America is indebted for the “dark continent," and the invasions of the domi

this advantage to its comparatively small breadth,

which brings nearly all its interior within reach of nant nations have to the present day resulted only in a polyglot group of colonies that are practically

the fertilizing exhalations of the ocean." This

means that the rain supply, which is evaporated negligible in an estimate of the world's growth. In

from the ocean, reaches these interior parts; the rain sufficient water supply and vast wastes, tropic heat, fell diseases and ineradicable pests have been effect

supply, in turn, means a system of well-supplied

streams, and they mean, in the first instance, irrigaive deterrents to the successful reign of the Cau

tion, vegetation and soil, and in the second, natural casian.

routes of travel and transportation that are a great If we consider South America, with its zones of determining factor in the distribution of settlers in climate ranging all the way from the tropics of Bra

a new country. 'Apropos to this, if we study a hyzil to the Antarctic sterility of southern Argentine, drographic chart of the Mississippi valley showing and its fertile soils, capable of supporting a teeming the numerous streams that ramify far and wide from multitude, we find it, beneath the rule of a Latin

the great "father of waters" and its larger affluents,

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