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*Schouler, History of the United States. Dodd, Mead & Co. Seligman, Essays on Taxation. Macmillan. Shaw, Municipal Government in Continental Europe. The Cen

tury Co. Shaw, Municipal Government in Great Britain. The Century Co. *Sloane, The French War and the Revolution. Scribner. Sparling, Municipal History and Present Organization of the City

of Chicago. Bulletin 23, University of Wisconsin. Stanwood, History of Presidential Elections. Houghton, Mifflin

& Co. Stearns, Columbian History of Education in Wisconsin. Story, Commentaries on the Constitution. Stevens, Sources of the Constitution of the United States. Mac

millan. Taussig, The Silver Situation in the United States. Putnam. *Taussig, Tariff History of the United States. Putnam. Thwaites, The Colonies. Longmans, Green & Co. Tolman, Municipal Reform Movements. Revell. Tyler, Patrick Henry. American Statesmen Series. Houghton,

Mifflin & Co. Walker, Political Economy. Holt. *Walker, The Making of the Nation. Scribner. Watson, History of American Coinage. Putnam. Warner, American Charities. Crowell. White, Money and Banking. Ginn. *Wilcox, The Study of City Government. Macmillan, *Wilson, The State. Heath. *Wilson, Congressional Government. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. *Wilson, Division and Reunion. Longmans, Green & Co. Wines and Koren, The Liquor Problem in its Legislative Aspects.

Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Wright, Industrial Evolution of the United States. Flood & Vin

cent. *Wright, Practical Sociology. Longmans, Green & Co.

INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS,

city, 28-30
Administrative officers, State, 20
Agriculture, Department of, 297–

298
Agricultural colleges, 96
Alaska, 320
Albany Congress, 114, 120
Alexandria Conference, 123
Amendments to the Constitution,

chap. 29
Annapolis Convention, 123-124
Annapolis Naval Academy, 302
Appeals, 73
Appointment, President's power

of, 273-275
Apportionment of Representa-

tives, 142–146
Appropriation of money, 67
Appropriations by Congress, 195
Arbitration, labor, 77, 109
Arbitration, international, 355-357
Army of the United States, 235,

236, 241
Arrest, 71
Articles of Confederation, 117, 119,

122, 182, 193
Assay offices, 206
Assessment, 60
Attainder, bill of, 244
Auditing accounts, 67
Australian ballot system, 50-51, 56

CABINET, chap. 25
Cabinet system of government,

178–180, 181
Calendars in Congress, 169
Canvass, 51-52
Capital, location of, 238,239, 242
Caucus, 52
Census of the United States, 144

145, 157
Charitable institutions, chap. 8
Charters of cities, 27-31
Chicago, 42
Chicago riots, 317, 318
Chinese exclusion, 204
Church property, taxation of, 69
Circuit Courts of the United States,

304-305
Cities, European, 43-44, 46
Cities, growth of, 34, 42-43, 46
Citizen's duty, 57, 59
Citizenship, 222-224
City government, chap. 4.
Civic spirit, 40-41
Civil cases, 70
Civil Service Reform in cities, 32–

33, 46; National, 276-279, 281-

282
Coins and coinage, chap. 19
Colonial governments, 9-10
Colonial relations, 112, 120
Colonies made States, 117
Commissioner type of local govern-

ment, 5-6
Committee system in State legis-

latures, 82; in Congress, chap.

16
Committee of the Whole, 171
Committee, National, 253–254
Committee on Rules, 175
Committees of Correspondence,

121
Commerce, foreign, 197–199; inter-

state, 199-204
Commerce, power of Congress

over, chap. 18

BAIL, 71
Ballot, 50-51
Bank, see National Banks
Bankruptcy laws, 224-225
Bills in Congress, chap. 16
Bill of Rights, State, 11
Bimetallism, 208, 220-221
Bland Act, 211
Bonded warehouse, 184
Bonds, National, 191-193, 195, 216
Bonds, official, 23
Bullion, 206

EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS, chap. 9
Eight-hour laws, 107–108
Elections, chap. 5
Electoral Commission, 261-262
Electors, Presidential, 250–252, 256–

264, 269
Eminent domain, 310, 312
Equalization of taxes, 61
European cities, 43-44, 46
Executive departments, chap. 25
Exemptions from taxation, 62
Expenditures, National, 190-191
Ec post facto'laws, 245

18, 83

Common carriers, 100-101
Common law, 109
Conciliation, 77
Confederation, Articles of, see Ar-

ticles of Confederation
Confederation, between 1690 and

1754, 113–114, 120
Conference committees, 172
Congress, Continental, 115-116;

under the Constitution, chap.
14; procedure in, chap. 16;
powers of, chap. 18; sessions

of, 154-156; special sessions, 280
Connecticut compromise, 128-129
Connecticut constitution, 113, 120
Constitution of U. 8., Appendix

A; amendments of, chap. 29;
amendment by usage, 260, 270 ;
construction of, 239,241 ; origin
of, 134-136 ; ratification, 131-

133 ; signers, 131
Constitutional convention (1787),

chap. 13; delegates to, 124-125;
compromises, 129–131 ; Madi-

son's Journal, 126
Constitutions (State), 10-11
Consuls, 286,287, 300-301
Contracts, obligation of, 246
Conventions, political, 53
Conventions, National, 252-256
Conventions, State constitutional,

10-11
Copyright, 229-231
Corporation taxes, 65, 69
Corrupt practices acts, 56
Council, city, 27
County type of local government, 3
Criminal cases, 70
Cuba, 323–324
Custom houses, 183

FEDERALIST, THE, 133
Feeb
Fees. official. 23 66
Felony, 233
Filibustering, 176
Finances, city, 33-35; National,

chap. 17; public, chap. 6
Foreign population of cities, 41
Franchise taxes, 65, 69
Franchises, 37-39, 46
Franklin, Benjamin, 131 ; plan of

Union, 114
Free coinage, 207–208
Free delivery of mail, 228

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GERRYMANDER, 12, 153-154, 157
Gladstone, William E., 134
Gold certificates, 215
Governors of States, 19-20
Grand jury, 71, 310-311

Habeas Corpus, 244
Hague, Peace Conference, 355-357
Hamilton, Alexander, 127
Hawaii, 323
Health, public, 98-99, 105
High license, 104
Home rule for cities. 35. 46
Homestead law, 333
House of Representatives, 140, 147

DEBTS OF CITIES, 34, 68; of the

Confederation, 345 ; of U. S.,

191-193, 195
Declaration of Independence, 116

117, 121
Defectives, 82
Deficiency bill, 194
Delinquent taxes, 62
Departments, executive, chap. 25
Dependent children, 80
Diplomatic bureaus, 285-286
Direct legislation, 14-15, 18
Direct nomination, 56
Discrimination by railroads, 201
Dispensary system, 104, 199
District of Columbia, 239
District courts of the U. S., 304
Duties, customs, 182–185

ILLITERACY, 82
Immigration law, 198–199, 205
Impeachment, 158, 160
Implied powers of Congress, 239

241, 242
Inauguration of President, 268–

270
Income taxes, State, 65-66, 69; Na-

tional, 188-189, 194
Independents in politics, 56
Indeterminate sentence, 34
Indian Territory, 320-321
Indians, 144, 296,329 note, 334, 335
Indictment, 71
Industrial education, 110
Inheritance taxes, 65-66, 69
Initiative, 15, 18
Injunctions, 109, 110
Insane persons, 182-183
Insurance, compulsory, 82, 111
Interior, department of, 295
Internal improvements, 242
Internal revenue system, 185–186
International arbitration, 355-357
International law, chap. 32
Interstate commerce, 199–204
Interstate commerce law, 201; com-

missioner, 202

NATIONAL BANKS, 217-219
Natural monopolies, 36
Naturalization, 222–224
Navigation laws, 198
Navy, Department of, 293; of the

U. s., 236-237, 242
Neutral nations, rights of, 353-354
New England colonies, 1-3; con-

federation, 113, 120
New Jersey Plan, 127-129
New York City, 33-35
Nobility, titles of, 245
Nomination system, 52 ff.
Non-partisan boards, 30
Northwest Territory, 319, 334

OATH OF OFFICE, 23, 268, 345
Ordinance of 1787, 319, 334
Original package case, 199

JUDGMENT OF THE COURT, 72
Judicial trials, chap. 7
Judiciary, city, 28 ; National, chap.

26; State, 21-22
Jurisdiction of U. S. courts, 306-

309
Justice, department of, 293–294
Jury, grand, 71, 310-311 ; petit, 72
Jury system, 7576, 77 ; trial, 72, 309

LABOR BUREAUS, 109; department

of, 298; legislation, chap. 11
Land of 'the U. S., 332–334, 335

336 ; grants of, 94–96, 97
Legacy taxes, 189
Legal tender, definition, 207
“ Legal tenders,” 212-214, 242
Legislatures, 11-12, 17, 35'; restric-

tions upon, 12-13
Licensed employments, 101-102
Licenses, 66
Liquor laws, 102–103, 105-106
Local option, 103-104
Lynch law, 76-77

PARDONS, 272
Parish, 3
Patents, 231-232, 241
Parliament of England, 178–180
Party government, chap. 5
Party politics in city government,

39-40, 46
Paupers, 79
Paving, 46
Penal institutions, chap. 8
Penn's Plan of Union, 113–114
Pensions, 295
Personal property, taxation of, 63,

64, 69
Philadelphia, 33 note
Philippines, government of, 321
Pinckney resolutions, 127
Piracy, 232
Plaintiff, 70
Police, 29
Police powers, chap. 10
Poll tax, 66
Pooling, 201, 204
Poor in cities, 46-47
Porto Rico, government of, 322–

323
Ports of entry, 183
Post office, department of, 294 ;

system, 225-229, 241, 294
Preamble to the Constitution, 135-

136
Preliminary examination, 72
Presentment, 72
President of U. S., chaps. 22–25;

election of, chap. 23
Presidential succession, 265–266
Primaries, 52
Primary reform, 56

MACHINE POLITICS, 55
Madison's Journal of Constitution-

al Convention, 126
Mail matter, classes, 226-227
Marque, letters of, 246
Marshall, John, 314, 325
Mayor, 27, 30-31
Message, President's, 280
Military powers of Congress, 233-

238, 271, 291
Militia, 70, 237-238
Mints, 206
Money of the U. S., chap. 19
Mortgages, taxation of, 69
Municipal art, 47 ; functions, 36 ;

government, chap. 4; ownership
37-39, 46

Prison labor, 85-86, 87
Prisons, 83-84
Privateers, 234
Prohibition, 103
Property tax, see Taxation
Proportional representation, 13-14,

18
Public debt, statement, 192–193
Public lands, chap. 28
Puritans, 2
QUORUM IN CONGRESS, 160-162,

176

RAILROADS AND INTERSTATE

COMMERCE, 200-204
Real estate, 63
Reed, Speaker, 176, 180
Referendum, 15, 18
Reform movements, 40-42, 47
Reformatories, 84, 86
Refunding of bonds, 192
Registration, 49-50
Relief, out-door, 79-80 ; in-door, 80
Repeating, 49
Representative government, 13
Representatives, apportionment of,

142-146; election of, 152–154 ;

qualifications of, 141
Reprieve, 272
Resumption of specie payments,

213-214
Revenue bills in Congress, 190
Riders to appropriation bills, 194
Roads, 25
Rotation in office, 276
Rural delivery of mail, 228-229

Stamp act, 114-115, 121
Stamp Act Congress, 114-115, 121
Star routes, 229
State, Department of, 285-287
State sovereignty, 350
States, government, chaps. 2, 3; re-

lations to U. S., chaps. 27, 31
Streets, 46
Strikes, 108-109
Subpoena, 72
Subsidiary silver, 211
Suffrage, 48–49; negro, 141-143
Sulu Islands, 322, 335
Summons, 73
Superintendent of schools, 89-90
Supervisor system of local govern.

ment, 5-6
Supreme Court of U. S., 303
Survey, U.S. Government, 329-332
TARIFF, 184-185, 194
Taxation, chap. 6; of church prop-

erty, 69; of corporations, 65, 69;
delinquent taxes, 62; franchise
taxes, 65, 69; inheritance taxes,
65-66, 69; income taxes, 65; local
and State, 66 ff.; of mortgages,
69; National, 182–191 ; of per-
sonal property, 63-64 ; poll tax,

66
Taxes, direct and indirect, 187–189
Territorial cases, 325-327
Territorial delegates, 146
Territories, chap. 28
Territory, admission of 327-328;

western, 329
Text-book laws, 92
Town type of local government, 2;

township-county type, 4
Trade unions, 108
Tramp problem, 81
Treason, 312, 313
Treasury, Department of, 287-290
Treasury notes, 193, 211, 215-217
Treaties, 272-273
Trials, judicial, chap. 9
Trusts, 202–204
Tweed Ring, 29 note

SALARIES OF CONGRESSMEN, 164
Samoan Islands, 323
Sanitation, 98–99; in cities, 46
School revenues, 93-94
Schools, city, 47, 91 ; district, 88;

colonial, 97; supervision, 89 ff.
Selectmen, 2
Senate of U. S., 147, 157, 177
Senatorial courtesy, 275
Senators, qualifications of, 149-150;

election of, 151-152
Sherman Act, 211
Ship subsidies, 204
Silver certificates, 215
Slave trade, 243-244
Slavery compromises, 129-131
Smuggling, 184
Special assessments, 67
Speaker of the House of Repre-

sentatives, 146, 175-176, 181
Spoils system, 30, 276-277

UNDERVALUATION, 62-63
Unemployed persons, 80-81
Uniformity of State laws, 15-16
Union, steps leading to, chap. 12
United States notes, 212-214

VACANCIES, in House of Repre-
sentatives, 146 ; in Senate, 148

149
Valuation of property, 60

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