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THE LATE M. ROYER COLLARD.—The follow-most opposite; the morning saw him neglected ing tribute to the memory of the late M. Royer and insulted by those whom the evening before Collard is ascribed to the pen of M. Guizot. he had protected and succored.
But nothing “France has just lost, in M. Royer Collard, a could shake him; he was ever consistent with great citizen, an illustrious orator, a severe writer, himself, armed as he always was with moderation a profound thinker, and, above all, an honest and with principle. A sound Christian education
The termination of noble lives, however had prepared M. Royer Collard for all positions ; long and well spent, always strikes us with a thus was he not taken unawares, when, in 1811, shock, as if it were unexpected. We feel that it M. de Fontaines, charged with the organization ought not to be, and we cannot restrain ourselves of the university, named him dean of the faculty from contemplating bitterly the void left by the of letters, and professor of philosophy to the lo.s of such men. The memory of their deeds, faculty, whose courses were attended by the northe authority of their words, assume then a more mal school. The choice was at once sanctioned solemn character. The country receives the be by all the ablest and best men of the day. M. quest with a feeling of piety, and the instructive Royer Collard, during the two years of his proexample of such lives mingles with unanimous fessorship, with the double authority of conexpressions of sympathy and of regret. Born at science and of reason, began an attack upon the Sompuis, near Vitry-le-Francais, in 1763, M. sensualist system of the last age; with him com Royer Collard died the 4th of September, at his menced the renovation which
was accomplished residence, Chateauvieux, in Berry, in the 83d afterwards, and with so much brilliancy, under year of his age. Few public men have ever pre- another master. Some portions of this course served, throughout so long a career, such perse. have been published; and in considering the vering and complete consistency of principle. In language, at once copious and severe, alike admithat especially consists his glory. From the ear-rable for depth and clearness, in which these fine liest days of the revolution of 1789 to the end of lessons are conveyed, we think we hear an echo his life, M. Royer Collard remained faithful to from the solitudes of Port Royal. By his firm. the same view, devoted to the same convictions. ness of soul, by his studies, by his religious faith That which he desired in the first struggles of his and private viriues, M. Royer Collard was of that youth, at the commune of Paris, of which he was a school and of that time. Having adorned so immember, until the 10th of August, and then at the portant a chair, he was called by the restoration Council of the Five Hundred, where he sat for the io fill high administrative functions, and remained department of the Marne, he proclaimed with all charged until 1819 with the direction of national his might under the empire, and again under the education. In this elevated post, to which he restoration; and that whether he was on the side was so well adapted, and where he has left such of the government, or whether he was in opposi- worthy successors anong his friends and disciples, tion and amidst those rough combats which a be maintained powerfully the rights of the unipower whose fall was prepared by its faults, versity against passions then alive and imperious. obliged him to encounter. The conciliation of The university never forgot that service, and toorder with liberty, of rights with duties, the day she claims, as of right, her identification with establishment of constitutional monarchy upon this noble memory. But it was especially as a the ruins of the ancient régime, alike removed political man, engaged in the parliamentary strug. froni Royal despotism and popular anarchy—such ples of this period, that Royer Collard assured for were at all periods, in all situations, alike in suc- his name enduring lustre, and a power which cess or in defeat, the aim, the object, the public each day renews and enlarges. We know how passion of this firm and convincd soul. Faction for fifteen years, separating respecifully the of all kinds he looked upon with the horror of a Crown from the intrigues of a faction, and cling. good citizen, and for all excess he felt the con- ing to the sanctuary of public liberties with the tempt of a wise man. He defended the liberties fervor of an apostle, he contributed by the influof his country, after having labored long to restore enc? of his overwhelming eloquence to the sethe throne ; he combated intriguing fanaticisin curing of the constitutional régime, to the propawith the same energy he had displayed in sustain- gation of sound liberal doctrines, and to ihe ing the rights of religion. Tyranny, in no mat- desence of new interests of order and of civilizater what shape, found bim an adversary. It is tion. During this long period he was one of the on that account that the ungrateful restoration truest terpreters of the public conscience, as struck him, as the Directory had struck him before well as its most eloquent organ. Each speech of He was exposed to hostilities from quarters the his directed its ardor and hastened its advancesolitary wanderings in search of them, and his watchings of their babits, are bis finest poems.
M. Royer Collard combated the law of BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. election, the rights of primogeniture, the law of
Great Britiin. sacrilege, the laws violating the liberty of the press. It was thus that he secured for himself, The Poetical Works of Alerander Wilson, the instead of an unworthy popularity, a large hold American Ornithologist. With Portrait, Vigo upon the opinion of the country. This was made nette, fc. Pp. 504. Belfast: John Henderson. evident in the most striking manner the day when Alexander Wilson was one of those men, who, seven electoral colleges returned him at the same if not exclusively confined to Scotland, are much time—an honor to which his nomination to the more frequently found in that soul-ripening clime presidency of the Chamber seemed hardly to add than in any other land. Though a few years He hore with him to the tribune all the gravity younger, he was, as a poet, contemporary with of his mind, all the vigor of his character. Even Burns, and had composed The Puck, Waity and secondary and transitory questions rose in his Meg, and all his other celebrated Scoirislı pieces, hands to those bigh regions of philosophy and of and prophesied the utter decline of poetry, shortly morality to wbich his mind was habituated, and before Campbell, Rogers, Scott, Byron, Southey, from which it derived its inspiration. No orator Coleridge, Professor Wilson, Hogg, Wordsworth, had a higher idea of the dignity which is suitable and Moore, the bright poetic galaxy of the first to the language of a public man in a free country years of the century, had appeared. AlexanHe knew what effects would flow, sooner or der Wilson was born in Paisley in 1766. Bis palater, from such example, and therefore did he rents were respectable persons, in comfortable, seek rather conviction than triumph. The revo- though bumble circumstances; and, in childhood, lution of 1830 was to M. Royer Collard a solemn his mother had mentally devoted bim to the event, in which he recognized the victorious Church, though, losing her when still very young, consummation of forty years of sacrifices and the hand-loom became his occupation. The fu. labors endured by the country. Rojer Collard
ture wanderer and watcher in the forests and sahad his share in a victory which his profound vannahs of America, heariily detested this sedenmind bad foreseen. He continued to sit in the tary employment, and, as one more agreeable, or Chamber, and took a conscientious oath to the less distasteful, while still a lad, Wilson became new dynasty, and to the resolution of which the a pedlar, or hawker of muslins and other l'aisley address of the 221 bad formed the glorious stand: goods. He also published a volume of his early ard. If the infirmities of age rarely then allowed poems, and made an opportunity of vending the his appearance at the tribune, he continued not
wares of his fancy's loom along with his more mathe less devoted to his principles; he manifested terial tissues. The bistory of his adventures, them upon all important occasions. We need not while roaming with his packi, is interesting from recal to mind any stronger proof than the words the character of the youih, and not without inpronounced by him with such eloquent emotion struction, especially to those in bis own station in over the tomb of Casimer Perrier. Worthy as he life possessed by the saine turbulent spirit of inwas of esteem and admiration in the labors of his tellectual activity. Poverty was his great enemy; public life, he was in his intimate and private re- but it must not be forgotten, that this poverty was, sations not less generous, simple, and good. He in a great measure, the consequence of unsettled possessed all the domestic virtues, and experi: habits, or, at least, any thing like steady persever. enced their joys and sorrows. Providence, which ing industry. Wilson was, however, among those did not slini him in years, did not always spare strong-minded men who, when time is given them, him afflictions. He supported them with the are certain 10 redeem ihemselves from the con firmness of a sage—with the faith of a Christian. sequences of the errors of their early training and Latterly he felt the presentiment-rather say the unfortunate circumstances.
While suill young, conviction of his approaching end. Within less and a hot democrat, he emigrated to the United than a month ago he spoke of it to. M. Guizot states of America, where, after a few years spent with the calmness and resolution that character in desultory employments, he settled as a school. ized him ever. It was a last adieu! Religion, master, in whichi capacity he was much esteemed. which he always loved and respected, and for That love of nature which marks the poet, and whose cause he often combated, did not fail him which had gained strength in his wanderings in at his last hour. Sinking in the arms of bis re. Scotland as a pedlar, became at length his ruling vered wife, his dying thoughts were occupied passion. He was an enthusiastic naturalist, and with objects of beneficence and of charity. God his poetic genius carried him into the wilderness received him thus. Noble and genile end of an to gratify his own longing inborn desires. Wil. existence consecrated entirely to goodness, rea- son thus became the most eminent Ornithologist son, and duty, the memory of which will ever which the New World has produced; and no man remain dear to the country, and its examples and has ever encountered the same hardships, or has lessons be received by youthful generations des bad the same enjoyment in the pursuit of this tined to live in better and less tried times with branch of science, as the quondam Weaver and respect and sympathy that cannot be exagger- Packman. His descriptions of birds, and of his ated.”—Eruminer.
The poems, the early history, and ihe subsequent adventures of this remarkable man, with selections from his prose writings, form, we need hardly say, a delighiful Miscellany-a book that ought to be popular, and which will be so. The work has higher claims than those of its author's Scottish poetry, thongh that is, if not of the highest, yet of a high order. As a specimen of his
THE DISCONSOLATE WREN.
verse in his earlier years, and as an indication of SELECT LIST OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS, that love of nature, and power of describing the common objects it exhibits to the searching or contemplative eye of genius, for which Wilson became pre-eminent, we select a few stanzas from his juvenile poem.
Biblical Cabinet, New Series, Vol. I.,
Hegstenberg's Commentary on the Psalms. Be not the Muse ashamed here to bemoan Hall's Six Sermons on our Lord's Temp
Her brothers of the grove. Thomson. tation. The morn was keeking frae the east,
Scenes from the History of the Christian The lav'rock shrill, wi’ dewy breast, Was tow'ring past my ken;
Church, by the Rev. A. R. Bonar. Alang a burnie's Pow'ry side.
On Procuring Sleep in Insanity, by J. That gurgled on wi' glancing glide,
Williams, M. D.
Cudworth's Intellectual System of the
Universe, new edit. 3 vols. 8vo. A'roun'amang the spreading leaves
Grammar of the German Language, by
K. F. Becker, M. D., 2d edit.
Woman in the 19th Century, by S. M.
Contrasts between the Righteous and the
Wicked, by the Hon. Mrs. Penrose. And viewed this blissful sylvan spat,
Rev. J. Platt's Dictionary of English Amid the joyous soun',
Synonymes, 12mo. Some mournfu' chirps, methought of wae, On the Nature of the Scholar, by J. G. Stole on my ear frae 'neath a brae, Whare, as I glinted down,
Fichte, translated by W. Smith. I spied a bonny wee bit Wren
Memoir of the Life and Writings of T. Lone on a fuggy stane;
Cartwright, by the Rev. B. Brook.'
History of the later Roman Common-
wealth, by T. Arnold, D.D.
Chillingworth's Religion of Protestants,
new edition, by Nichols.
A social Robin came;
Das Evangelium Johannis und die neuA wee he view'd her sad despair;
este Hypothese über seine Entstehung, von Her bitter chirps of wae
J. H. A. Ebrard. Zürich.
Predigten von A. Tholuck. Vol. V. Ueber
die Leidensgeschichte, über christliche, Nane near to gie relief;
Tugenden, am Todtenfeste. Halle.
Zur römischen Topographie. Antwort
an Hrn. Ulricns. Von W. A. Becker. We have no space for the direful catastrophe Leipzig. thus pathetically introduced. But none of Wil. Lehrbuch der Religions geschichte u. son's poetical descriptions of the fairy birds of the Mythologie d. Völker, d. Alterthums, nach New World—the humming.bird or the lovely Oitfr. Müller’s Anordnung. Vol. I. II. blue-bird—are more beautiful than this elegy of the bereaved wren. In his riper years, Wilson Von K. Eckermann. Halle. did not neglect poetry; and his Solitary Tutor, a poem of some length, bears testimony to the expansion and repose of intellect which had succeeded his servid youth. The manner of Wilson's death was characteristic. He died in 1813 of a violent illness, caused by the ardent and impru
Histoire Universelle de l'Eglise Cathodent pursuit of a rare bird of which he had long been in search. The moment he perceived the lique. T. XVIII. Par Abbé Rohrbacher. bird, he seized his gun, plunged into the neigh- Grammaire Général, ou Philosophie de boring river in pursuit of it, swam across, and Langues, présentant l'analyse de l'art de caught the illness which, in ten days, closed bis
He came to be highly esteemed in his parler. Par A. Montemont. adopted country, where honors were heaped upon
Les Diplomates Europeens. Par Capehis memory.— Tuit's Magazine.