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ABSTRACT Of the tonnage of the shipping of the several districts of the United States, on the last day of Dec. 1815.
ENROLLED & LICENSED. LICENSED UNDER 20 T's
Aggregate DISTRICTS, Permanent. Temporary. Permanent.| Temporary Coas.trade cod fishery tonnage
Portsmouth, N.II. 23,876 791 655 641
189 02 205 17 420 86 29,745 78 Newburyport, Mass. 15,003 62 2,370 26
243 18 329 68 24,922 09 Gloucester 2,585 85 323 28 4,110 49 24 55 264 382,628 88
9,937 58 Salem 22,467 50 4,484 39
294 25 109 00 264 91 35,454 56 Ipswich
1,776 15 Marblehead. 2,534 31 705 29 10,833 65 287 33 223 04
14,583 67 Boston
87,091 401 18,231 48 27,123 69 2,830 44 744 87 986 84 137,008 87 Plymouth
10,261 15 579 13 9,980 98 192 81 123 81 125 89 21,263 87 Barnstable
505 87 134. 91 10,944 48 Nantucket 9,038 35 322 28 4,832 681
178 48 345 53
14,717 42 Edgartown
993 04 New-Bedford
25 73 266 30 26 33 24,804 17 Dighton
9,699 09 York
64 49 1,470 42 Kennebunk
9,564 58 987 16
14 20 88 09 11,741 70 Saco 2,754 10 1,063 11 1,750 05
11 43 55 38
5,634 12 Portland. 21,014 51 4,592 72 5,817 541
126 01 581 33 882 23 33,014 44 Bath 14,555 501 2,352 16
262 59 425 64 22,351 61 Wiscasset 13,575 22 638 57 3,380 87
47 92 787 00 18,429 68 Waldoborough 5,071 12 2,431 43 10,964 07
287 24 1,129 071 19,882 93 Penobscot
6,976 52 3,667 81
496 23 730 121 20,044 01 Frenchman's bay. 1,420 60
318 15 375 75 5,812 56 Machias .
474 25 495 72
80 55 245 21 2,353 31 Passamaquoddy 796 49 5,601 39 597 -151 162 831 217 65
7,575 59 Vermont Newport, R. I.
7,852 56 1,765 28 2,559 39 172 331 359 501 6 171 12,715 33 Bristol 5,219 61 874 22 783 66
6,944 03 Providence. 10,151 58 3,156 37 5,117 18
18,538 87 New-London, Con., 5,574 71 1,368 45 5,489 01 507 18 446 45 284 001 13,669 85 Middletown 14,167 431 2,969 88 7,944 26 99 61 769 57
25,950 85 New Haven 8,003 53 725 11 4,464 74 145 65 297 94
13,637 12' Fairfield
6,846 63 Gennessee, N. v. Champlain 761 26
761 26 Hudson 833 31 462 311 2,032 90
3,449 62 New York 161,705 45 15,476 13 96,551 78
5,099 11 36 00 278,868 52 Sag Harbor 740 55 67 00 2,439 79 2,439 79 164 41
114 89 3,526 74 Oswego
504 38 Niagara Buffalo geek Sackett's llarbor 317 60
317 60. Perth Amboy, N.J. 1,871 64
9,926 70 Little Egg Harbor
1,618 10 Burlington
1,592 70 Bridgetown
14,493 64 Great Egg Harbor
70 78 140 74
3,569 86 Philadelphia, Penn. 68,649 12 8,300 671 17,601 89 2,273 78 2,484 10
99,309 66 Presque Isle 8349 165 651
249 19 Wilmington, Del.
9,591 07 Baltimore, Maryland, 77,190 19 9,477 02 17,640 45
107,137 37 Chester
1,813 02 Oxford
13,204 22 Vienna 1,165 65 57 06 13,097 66
16,360 73 Havre de Grace
1,636 72 Snowhill .
7,564 00 Annapolis
2,217 78 Nottingham
1,473 78 St. Mary's
2,000 49 Georgetown, Col. 2,239 12 137 83 3,704 82
61 70 651 49
6,795 11 Alexandria 6,308 37 2,594 801 4,769 79
14,959 16 Hampton, Virginia
1,148 60 27 15 371 41
1,547 21 Norfolk 14,677 12 6,559 39 8,574 51 3,097 59 1,796 41
34,705 12 Petersburg 1,402 10 592 15 3,163 80 256 35 497 57
5,912 07 Richmond 3,561 16 1,476 85 5,268 51 712 11 49 67
11,068 40 York-Town
121 16) 503 35
56 56 318 82 15,619 42
702,023 22 152,271 52! 445,760 07117,047 15) 40,593 51) 10,427 26 1,368,127 78
Treasury Department, Register's office, January 9th, 1817,
JOSEPH NOURSE, Register.
Permanently registered tonnage
702,023 22 : 152,271 52
Total registered tonnage
854,294 74 Permanent enrolled and licensed tonnage
445,760 07 Temporary
17,047 15 Total enrolled and licensed tonnage
(462,507 22 Licensed vessels under 20 tons employed in the coasting trade 40,593 śl
codfishery 10,427 26 Total licensed tonnage under 20 tons
(a) of the enrolled and licensed tornage, there wero employed
1,229 92 cod-fishery
Register's office, January 9, 2017.
JOSEPHI NOURSE, Register.
To the preceding is attached a table beaded, I have the honor to be, with great respect, you Dr.--the general statement of tonnage accounts, chez- obedient servant,
GEO. GRAHAM, mg the increase of tonnage from the 31st of December,
Acting secretary of war. 1814, to the 31st of December, 1815, inclusivem Cr.” The hon. Henry Clay, speaker This shews a difference in favor of the real increase of the house of representatives. of registered tonnage of 106,486 tons, and in favor
(A.) of the enrolled of 43,782 tons, for the year 1815. SIR-In the conferences we have had the honor REGISTERED) TOXXAGE.
to have with you, in relation to the claim of the By the retums of the collectors during the year state of Massachusetts, for expences incurred, and 1815, there were built 134 ships, 193 briggs, 198 supplies furnished, for the service of the militia of schooners and 27 sloops, qual to 106,079 tons; that state, for the general security and protection and captured in the late war and condemned in ciuring the late war, with the adjustment of which 1815, 50 ships, 78 brigs, 42 schooners and 4 sloops claim we have been charged, it has been our wish, 34,386 tons, registered.
as we have before made known to you, to conduct By the same returns-there were sold to foreign. the examination and settlement of the account with ers 10 ships, 11 brigs, 38 schooners, and 6 sloops-the respect and deferer.ce always due to the highest 9,227 tons; lost at sea, 15 ships, 33 brigs, 32 public functionaries of the nation, and to pursue schooners, and 6 sloops—14,241 tons; captured in that course, which, while it would do justice to the
he late war, by the return of 1815, 12 ships, 19 state we on this occasion have tlie bonor to reprebrigs, 14 schooners and 4 sioops-8,260 tons; and sent, would also best comport with the convenience condemned as unseaworthy, 2 slips, 9 brigs, and 5 and wishes of the executive of the United States, schooners—2,250 tons.
to whom, in the first instance, we considered it EXROILED TOXXAGE.
most proper to apply. By the collectors' returns for 1815, there were We understand, from the laws passed in the years built 2 ships, 31 brigs, 482 schooners, and 257 1795 and 1814, authorizing under certain circumsloops-48,545 tons; and captured in the late war stances, detachments of the militia on the requisi. and condemned in 1815, 6 brigs, and 13 schooners tion of the president of the United States, that the 2,213 tons, enrolled.
expences incurred, in consequence of such requiAnd sold to foreigners, 1 ship, 1 schooner, and 1 sitions, have been liquidated and paid by the gre sloop-355; lost at sea 39 schooners, and 2 'sloops neral government; and that where the militia hias --3.262 tons; captured during the war, 1 brig, 35 been ordered by state authority into service, with. schooners and 13 sloops—2,805 tons; condemned as out the request of the president, and the occasion unseaworthy, 7 schooners, 13 sloops--1,053 100s. has, in the opinion of the executive of the United
The amount of tonnage captured in the late war States, justified the call for their services, that a and condemned in 1815, is
subsequent recognition has been considered as Rögistered
equal to a previous requisition; and that on this Enrolled
construction of the powers given, by the laws ber
36,599 fore mentioned, to the president, very large claims Captured by the enemy, by the re
have been admitted and paid, in whole or in part, turns of 1815
either by advances or on final adjustment, to se. Registered
veral of the states who have presented them. Enrolled 2,305
On this ground, therefore, and justly presuming 10,565
on the distribution of that equal and exact justice
to all the members of this great family of states, Difference
Tong 26,034 which alone could furnish the vital principle of their
union, and which undoubtedly will govern the con. Massachusetts' Claims.
duct of the general goverument on this and on all
other occasions, we have hoped, that the account Letter from the acting secretary of war transmit. we had the hoñor to present would have been ad
ting information relative to the claims of the mitted, at least to an investigation on its merits; and state of Massachusetis for paytient of the ex- that, as the simplest and most easy method of expences of the militia, ordered out by the execu- arnination that presented itself, we should be al
tive authority of the state, during the late war. lowed to take up the several items which composed February 20, 1817.-Read and ordered to lie on it in succession, in the crder in which they had been the table.
arranged, and to offer them for admission or rejecDepartment of War, Feb. 1&th, 1817. tion, accordingly as the judgment or sense of duty SIR-In obedience to the resolution of the house of the head of the cepartment, or the proper officer of representatives of the 14th inst. directing the designated for the purpose, might determine: not secretary of war “to lay before the house any infor- expecting that a claim for any expence would be al. mation in the possession of that derartment relative lowed, unless it were shown, that the occasion to the claims of the state of Massachusetts för pay-called for its being incurred that the service was ment of the expences of the militia ordered out by both effectually and economically rendered, a.id the executive authority of the state, during the that it has been fully and honorably paid for by the late war," I have the honor to transmit the enclos- state. ed documents. That marked A, is a copy of the This course we regret extremely to find is not communication, with the accompanyingłocuments, aceeptable to the executive, if we were correctly made to this department by James Lloyd, and Wil- impressed by the conversations which we had the liam II. Summer, esquires, agents on the part of honor to hold with you, the result of which, we the state of Massachusetts. B, is a copy of the understand to be, that the expences not having been answer given by this department to that communi- incurred under the authority of the United States, cation; and C, is a copy of a communication made and the governor of Massachusetts, baving omittel by the secretary of war to the chairman of the mili- to place the militia of the state under the officers tary committee of the senate, on the 7th of Febru. of the general government, no account of this kind bry, 1815, with the accompanying documents. could be received for examination at the departur
as we 710W
ment, without an antecedent recognitio. by the pre- ference of sentiment, that can be brought into con. sident of the Uved States of the several cases un troversy under any other provision of that constider which the expence arose.
tution, We cannot builament this course being now taken, Without meaning to sustain or scarcely to enter because we do not learn that it has been asked in into the argument, it is on the one hand conceded, any other instance to be pursued so much in detail, that a denial of the construction given by the gene.
resume it to be required, in reference ral government, would lessen the powers, and to the claim of Niassachusetts; because it will un- under certain circumstances materially impair the avoiri. bly entail a considerable delay in classing strength of the nation, while on the other, the anay the various expences of the same bodies of admission to the fullest extent, of the doctrines, militiä, as they were at different times called into that the executive of the union is to be the only se-vice, under separate heads or occasions; and may judge of the emergencies, under which the militia require a minuteness of evidence in support of the is to be brought into the service of the United urrency of their being employed, which the noio. States, at the time and in the manner which it miglit riety of the occasions at the time they occurred, thinl: expedient; and that when so brought into seralut the line of conduct understood to be adopted vice, the militia can by the junction of a large numtowards otiier claims, was not supposed to require; ber of their men, to a mere skeleton of regular and which evidence is not, even now in all its parts, troops, be in fact officered by the United States, probabiy in existence as a matter of record, and and that the executives of the several states, conmust therefore, in many instances, still remain to trary to their own belief in the existence of such be collected in an official or authentic shape, if this emergencies, would be bound to bow before this rip or in point of form should be adhered to. tribunal, erected in the breast of a single individual,
It is unloubtedly true, and neither a wish is felt, and to yield implicit obedience to such opinion, nor a direction been received to conceal the fact, must, after the surrender of the several states, of that a difference of opinion has unfortunateiy exist. the principle sources of their revenue, place them ed retten the general government of the United entirely at the mercy or disposition of any future Staies with the government of Massachusetts, re. tenant of power; strip the individual states of their specii g the constriional powers in the former in physical, as well as fiscal force, and ruld scarcely selaiion to the control of the militia of the several leave them in possession of even the remnant of sta'ts in union; and it is greatly to be deprecat. that sovereignty, and self-dependence, which some ed tuta difference in the construction of consti- of them undoubtedly supposed they had retained; tutional powers should ever excite other sentiments but it is repeated, it is not intended to discuss this than those of a reciprocal respect, and a mutual question, further than to prove, that with the most disposiuon, after dispassionate consideration, to correct views, different sentiments may honestly amend what may be detective and to provide a reme- and intelligently exist, with regard to it: and that dy for the eviis' of the future, from the inconvenien- at any rate, the opinion adopted for the time by cies of the past; and, more especially should this be Massachusetts, was one, fairly and deliberately the case in a governmeni founded on the choice of formed by the governor of a large and respecta. Enlightened freemen, to secure the enjoyment of ra- ble state; himself a statesman of forty years' ex. tinal liberty to themselves and their posterity-perience, in the highest offices in the country, and and the chief preservation of the purity and conse with the advice of his council; was corroborated quent duration of which must spring from the jea. by a judicial tribunal commanding the highest resluus vigilance with which all questionable expan- pect where known, and who are by the constitu. sions of power ought to be viewed, either on the tion of the state, bound to give their opinion "upon part of the general government or that of the states (important questions of law, and upon solemn oc--and which disposition, therefore, instead of meet- casions,” to the executive; was an opinion confirmed ing the frowns, would appear to be entitled to the by the legislature, and sanctioned by the people, support and encouragement of every friend of the by their reiterated support and election to office present form of government, and who would wisle of the same public agents, who adopted and avowed to maintain and transmit it, resting on its existing it
; an opinion, therefore, entitled to great respect foundations, pure and unimpaired to distant gene. under all circumstances, and meriting every conrations. And in a more particular manner, should sideration which the most deliberate judgment this disposition of mutual respect and deference for could give to it, and perhaps requiring the settleconflicting opinions prevail, where the event has ment of a point so interesting in itself, and so open happily proved the evils apprehended to Bow from to controversy, in the mode pointed out by the them to be those of imagination, rather than of constitution, by an amendment explanatory of its reality-and when the prosperous circumstances of powers, as applied to the rights of the general go. the country admit the people of the United States, vernment, and the states, in the employment of the the legitimate fountain of all power, peaceably to militia, in the cases contemplated by the constituadopt that corrective which their ardent desire to tion. secure and preserve their own rights, and those of This course has already been recommended by the general and state governments, as defined by the executive of a highly respectable state, (Souib. their respective constitutions, will undoubtedly in Carolina,) not interested in the immediate question duce them to apply, should they consider the oc- to be aciopted by its legislature, and seems to be casion as requiring it.
that best founded in reason and expediency and The point in discussion, that of the constitution. the one which might be attended with the hap. al control of the militia, and the extent to which it piest effects hereafter, in preventing misconstruc. has been given to the general government, or is re- tions or collisions of opinion, when they might tained by the states respectively, has from the first become injurious to the public safety, if ihe subadoption of the federal constitution, been perhaps ject were left in its present unsettled state. At a question more doubtful and interesting in its na. any rate, in a government yet in its infancy-in a ture, and has given rise to a greater diversity of government of experiment, which had never before opinion among the most eminent statesmen of the tested, or attempted to exercise its powers, in a wountry and probably allows of a more honest dif- foreign war, and under a state of public sentiment,
unprecedented in former times, it cannot be wished service of the militia baving been communicated to or expected by any part of the community, that a congress by the department, and for the greater difference of opinion relative to the extent of con- part printed, we will not trespass upon your time stitutional powers, sanctioned as was that formed further, in relation to them, than to remark, that by the state of Massachusetts, whether correct or the first call was made in consequence of the letter erroneous in itself, can be suffered after the services of the honorable William Eustis, written prior to have been rendered, and the protection wante!, in the declaration of war; and when that event still rea great measure, obtained, to remain as a lasting mained suspended in a very doubtful scale, and that source of irritation, or to operate as a pecuniary none of the constitutional emergencias did, at the mulct upon a brave and free people, who first reared time, exist, or were expected by the government the standard that ultimately, by the common efforts of Massachusetts speediiy to occur, nor did they of the nation, waved triumphantly over the esta occur, to any extent of importance, until two years blished independence of the country, and who in after the request of general Dearborn, on the 22d that war, as well as in the last, furnished their full of June, under the authority given him on the 12th proportion of those who filled its armies and fought of that month. But shortly after the declaration of its battles.
war, to wit, on the 3d of July, 1812, the executive Still less, if possible, can it for a moment be be of Massachusetts issued the general order, (No 1,) lieved, that a claim thus founded on a necessary and which accompanies the present communication, for unavoidable defence for the general safety, against the purpose of placing the militia of the commona common enemy, and not amounting in the whole wealth in the most effective possible state, “exto one third of the sum which is contributed to- citing their love of country, and exhorting them to wards the revenues of the United States in a single be obedient to the provisions and inientions of the year, by a single port of the state that advanced it, laws in every respect, and to be ready, withi alacrican be retained as a lure for political subserviency, ty and effeci, to defend their constitutional rights or its liquidation be withheld for the advancement and liberties," and apprising them, in case of intof party purposes; a doctrine too discreditable to vasion, or imminent danger thereof, they were to receive a moment's convidence, and requiring from march without delay, and when in the actual serthe undersi, med an apology for its introduction, vice of the United States, to be placed under the only to be derived from the public avowal and re- orders of the president thereof. This order was commendation that has been made of it, and the sent, the same day it was issued, to general Dearexpression of their perfect conviction, it will meet, born, and, shortly after this, a body of militia, con. both from the high officers of government, and from sisting of three companies, was placed in the serthe people of the United States, the reprobation it vice of the United States, at Eastport, under the deserves.
orders of general Boyd. We cannot, therefore, but feel confident that The next request received by the governor was the rightful and constitutional remedy before no- in July, 1814, when the probability of attack havticed, if it should appear, in the good judgment of ing increased, the general requesied eleven hun. congress, to be needful, will be resorted to, and dred men might be ordered out for the defence of that the claim of the state of Plassachusetts will the more exposed parts of the sea coast. This or be admitted and repaid by the general government. der was complied with; the troops placed under the Under the influence of these impressions, we beg authority of the United States, and the service perleave to state, as the origin of this claim, and as formed-part of the said troops, to the number rematter of notoriety, that at the commencement of quested by general Dearborn, having been station. the war, the regular troops, perhaps not exceed. ed at Castine and Machias, prior to the capture of ing, at the time, a man to a mile of the exposed those places by the enemy. sea-coast of Massachusetts, vere, at a very early On the 5th September, 1814, general Dearborn period, withdrawn to the northern frontier; that again made a requisition on the governor of Massaafter the first year of the war, the maritime bor. chusetts for a body of militia, when the general or. der of the state was frecuently threatened by the der No. 2, herewith presented, was issued on the enemy; that a part of it was actually invaded, and 6th of the same month, and every measure taken to a very commanding naval and military position in guard against the attacks of the enemy. A consiit, unassailable when once fortified and possessed, derable body of the elite of the militia, from the without a superior naval force, except with great interior, was ordered into immediate service, and and nearly inevitable destruction, was recured and marched and encamped on the sea board, and retained by the enemy; thus cutting off and keep- the whole of the militia • were enjoined to hold ing in some degree, under his control, a large themselves in constant readiness, and were called division of the state, depriving it of the power of upon "by every motive of love of country, of ho. military co-operation, or of a safe and easy inter- nor, and sympathy for their fellow-citizens, who course with the capital or the government; that the might be suffering the perils of war, to maintain the harbors along the cost were frequently annoyed- most perfect state of preparation, and to move, expeditions for further conquest menaced, and pre- when called to the scene of action, with the utmost parations made for effecting it: that several ports celerity.” But the difficulties which had arisen, in the state were entered the vessels in them, in and the complaints that had been made, from placsome instances, burnt: that small, defenceless towns ing the militia in the immediate service of the were laid under contribution; that predatory in- United States, under United States' officers, on forcursions and alarms constantly prevailed; and that mer occasions, had been such as to induce the bethe security and protection of the inhabitants of lief it would be inexpedient, if not hazardous, to the state, from further aggression and insult, were repeat the order without having the power to enderived from the services of the militia, in the way force it. An arrangement was, however, subsein which they were rendered, and in which, from quently made with general Dearborn, to place part various circumstances, there is reason to believe, of the militia in the forts of the United States, in the defence of the state, by the militia, could alone the harbor of Boston, under the direction of his have been made effectual.
son, general H. S. Dearborn, and the very efficient The circumstances relative to the calls for the body of troops before mentioned were stationed in