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St. Paul expressly says, There is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus....I Tim. 11, 5. Christ is rep. resented both in the Old and New Testament, as the only sacrifice for the sins of the whole world. His merits will extend to all who lived before and after the promulgation of the gospel : As in Adam all die, so in Christ shall all be made alive..... Cor. xv. 22.He is the Lamb which was slain from the foundation of the world.... Rev. xiii. 8. " Wherefore they are not to be heard, which feign that the Old Fathers did look only, for transitory promises." Though we now per. ceive the completion and application of all the prophecies, allusions, and types in the old testament, concerning the benefits to be derived from the incarnation and sufferings of Christ, yet we should remember that the exact meaning of these passages was by no means fully understood before the promulgation of the gospel. The belief, however, of the patriarchs in the promise of a redeemer, and their expectation of a future life, appear evident from their history in the old testament, and from the testimony of their faith given by the apostle in the eleventh chapter of Hebrews. And it is certain that those who lived under the law, collected from their scriptures general ideas of God's design to bestow upon mankind some signal blessings through the means of the Messiah, and therefore they were naturally led to extend their hopes and expectations beyond the transitory promises of the mosaic dispensation. Job comforts himself with the following reflection, from which it is evident that he believed there would be another life in which he should be rewarded for all his sufferings: I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth; and though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another....Job xix. 25. David says of himself, God has delivered my soul from the place of hell ; for he thall receive me....Psalm xlix. 15. and in the following passage he contrasts the success of the wicked in this world with the comforts, which he himself should enjoy in the next; he prays to be delivered from the wicked, who have their portion in this life.
The raising of the Shunamite woman's son to life....2 Kings, iv. 12, and the ascension of Elijah into heaven....2 Kings, xi. 1, &c. must also be allowed as proofs vouchsafed to the Jews of the resurrection, and of a state of happiness in heaven. It appears from various authorities, that the Jews in general believed in a future state in the time of our Savior; and if they believed that they were to exist in another life, they would of course consider themselves capable of happiness or misery in that existence, and would place their hopes and confidence in the Supreme Disposer of all events, whose interposition and mercy they had so often experienced, and who had given them such strong and repeated intimations of still greater favors and blessings. And though the Jews in general, at the time of our Sav. ior's appearance on earth, had very erroneous notions of the king. dom which the Messiah was to establish, yet we have no reason to think that those notions always prevailed, or that even then they look. ed for worldly grandeur and temporal benefits. only ; on the.comraty, it appears from an expression of our Saviour just now quoted,
that they had some expectation of happiness in another world; search the scriptures, said he to the unbelieving Jews, for in them ye think ye have eternal life....John v. 39.
“ Although the law given from God to Moses, as touching ceremonies and ritcs, do not bind christian men, nor the civil precepts thereof ought of necessity to be received in any commonwealth, yet notwithstanding, no christian man whatever is free from the obedience of the commandments which are called moral.” The mosaic dispensation was preparatory to the christian, and its principalobjects were to seperate the Jews from other nations, and to preserve in the world a knowledge of the one true God, which would otherwise have been utterly lost before the coming of the Mesiah. It consisted of three parts, the worship of God, the civil polity of the Jews, and precepts for the regulation of their moral conduct. The religious ceremonies and political regulations were blended together, and were calculated to keep the Jews united among themselves, and to prevent all intercourse with the rest of the world. The coming of the Messiah, by completing the use of there institutions, put an end to their obligation. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah ; not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt....Jer. xxxi. 31, 32. Agreeably to which St. Paul says, The law was our school master to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith ; but after that faith is come, we are no longer under a school master. The apostles decreed that the ceremonial law was not binding upon those Gentiles, who embraced the gospel ; and that doctrine is fully explained and enforced in the episties to the Galatians and Hebrews; but the apostles and other Jewish christians, although it was by no means required by the gospel, seem to have continued in the observance of several injunctions of the mosaic ritual, till the temple at Jerusalem was destroyed; since that time the Jews, although very numerous in different parts of the world, have no where existed as a nation ; and the performance of their religious worship, as directed by the law of Moses. has been absolutely impossible. The form of civil government established among the Jews was adapted to their peculiar destination ; but it was temporary even to them, and was obviously never intended for any other country or people. On the other hand, the moral prečepts resting upon fixed and immutable principles, being founded in the essential difference between right and wrong, and being equally applicable to all persons, at all times, will be binding upon every man to all eternity. And this, which appears from the whole tenor of the New Testament, is expressly asserted by Christ himself, in his scrmon upon the mount : Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets : I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil; for verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled....Matt. v. 17, 18. in which declaration our Savior evidently refers to the moral law; and all the moral precepts contained in the Old Testament are not only separately confirmed and enforced in the new, but many of them arc extended to a greater degree of strictness and purity.*
See sermon upon the mount, Matt. v. &c.
from an ancient English Publication. Breathes forth a warning grief, till The reader will perceive that the fol time shall strike a death! lowing poem is built on the text
* HOW SOON prefixed, and that the first line of
Our new-born light each stanza is borrowed from it. , Attains to full-aged noon? Behold, alas! our days we spend;
And this, how soon to grey haird How vain they be, how soon they end.
We spring, we bud, we blossom and
Ere we can count our days, our days Was long enough of old
they flee so fast. To measure out the life of man; In those well temper'd days, his time
THEY END was then
When scarce begun ; Survey'd, cast up and found but three And ere we apprehend score years and ten.
That we begin to live, our life is'done ;
Man count thy days, and if they fly too ALAS!
fast, And what is that?
For thy dull thoughts to count, count They come, and slide and pass,
every day the last. Before my pen can tell thee what. The posts of time are swift, which having run
A WINTER PIECE. Their seven short stages o'er, their “ Dread Winter comes at last to close short-lived task is donc.
“ the scene."
Yes Winter comes !
'Tis but a moment since the smiling To sleep, to antic plays
Spring And toys, until the first stage end ; On zephyr's downy wing rejoicing Twelve waning moons,twice five times came, told, we give
And op'd and kiss'd the coyly blushing Tounrecover'd loss; we rather breathe rose. than live.
Then nature from her sleep awoke WE SPEND
serene, A ten year's breath
And dress'd herself anew.-At his Before we apprehend
approach, What 'tis to live, or fear a death ;
Tall hills of snow ran down with gratOur childish dreams are fill'd with
itude; painted joys
The lofty mountains rais'd their meltWhich please our sense awhile, and
ing heads, waking prove but toys !
And, in the face of Heaven, wept for
joy; HOW VAIN,
The little rivulets ran to find the sea, How wretched is
And join to swell the thankful song of Poor man, that doth remain
praise. A slave to such a state as this ! His days are short at longest ; few at But, ah! their joys were short ! their
songs have ceas'd, most ; They are but bad at best, yet lavish'd
All nature sleeps again, dread winter's
here out, or lost.
The Lapland Giant comes with pend. THEY BE
ent ice, The secret spring's
Chill horror shooting from his gelid That make our minutes flee On wheels more swift than eagle's Nor lakes, nor seas, can stop his rough wings!
career; Our life's a clock, and every gasp of He builds his bridge across old ocean's breath
Affrighted, Sol retires with hasty God's highest glory-peace on earth, strides,
A host of seraphs sing. And dares not but obliquely down.
CHORUS. ward look, On his once conquer'd now his con
O joy-inspiring theme sublime !
Let nature learn the welcome lay,
And, through all worlds, in er’ry The earth is all in weeds of mourning
Proclaim redemption's natal day. To wail the loss of her departed friend; The unconquer'd evergreen is left alone,
The Prince of Peace, so long foretold, And nods defiance to the northern
In David's city reigns : blasts.
And, at his beauteous feet, behold,
In adamantine chains, This mirror paints the fate of chang- The monster sin, and tyrant death; ing man,
Their fell dominions fail; This moment youth, with all its op'. His ruthless shaft, her baleful breath, ning charms,
Shall never more prevail.-Chorus. In playful mood, sits laughing in his
face : His swelling heart now beats with With pity melting in his eye, "sanguine hope
The infant king of kings, Of satisfying bliss, and full blown joy: Through man's abode, bids mercy He hugs himself in this fantastic
With healing in her wings; And thinks that nought can blast the With arms out-stretch'd from pole to vernal flower,
pole, But while anticipation gilds the wing Embracing each believing soul,
From Indies to the west, of hope, The frigid hand of Time with furrows And giving-endless rest.-Chorus.
deer, His forehead ploughs ; and blights the pleasing view.
MATTHEW xi. 28. * Then let fair virtue's seed in youth “Come unto me all ye that labor," EC
· be sown; “ 'Twill prove an evergreen in hoary" To me ye sons of sorrow come,
“ That o'er life's rugged road, age, *« And Adurish in the Winter of our
“ With weary steps uncertain roam, years:
“And bend beneath your load. Twill waft us to the realms of peace “ Come take my yoke, and learn of me; and love,
“ For I am meek of mind : * To taste the ecstatic bliss of saints “Come, and your soul from error free, on high ;
“ The rest it seeks shall find." « There happiness will spring without Such was the voice of him who spoke alloy,
As never man before : “ And seraphs chaunt their never. His burthen light, and easy yoke ending strains.”
My soul shall shun no more.
I come: my prayer to thee address'd, A HYMN,
Whose lips the precept gave : Sung at the Episcopal Church in Rich
Do thou, within my inmost breast; mond, on Christmas-day.
The heavenly lesson grave.
So shall I learn my destin'd race WHAT streams, what floods of radi. To man, with willing feet
Unmor'd, as honor or disgrace
In truth's defence, I meet.
My exaltation see,
Bless'd Lord! in serving thee.
During the course of last year, it will be recollected, was inserted in the Magazine a series of letters, under the title of ORIGINAL DOCU. MENTS, relative to Bishop SEABURY'S consecration to the first American Episcopate. To illustrate the history of the church in this country, and transmit to posterity a knowledge of her early and present state, is one part of our design. Nor can we doubt, but that whatever contributes to this object will be acceptable to the reader. Under these impressions, we have made diligent enquiry for papers of this sort, and are now, by a kind correspondent, put in possession of another file ; some on the same subject with the former, and others relative to the subsequent consecrations in England of Bishops WHITE and PREVOST ; by which the church in America was completely organized, and competent to continue the episcopal succession agreeably to primitive and canonical usage. These papers, according to notice given in our last number, we now begin to insert ; commencing with those relative to Bishop SEABURY, as prior in the order of time.....dit.
[No. I.] LETTER FROM THE CLERGT OP connectICUT, TO THE ARCHBISHOP
OF CANTERBURY, MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GRACE,
IN this day of anxiety for the church in America, the clergy of Connecticut, deeply impressed with apprehensions of what will be her fate under the present changes of empire and policy, beg leave to embrace the earliest moment in their power to address your grace with all the unaffected freedom which may become the ministers of Christ when pleading the cause of that church; a cause wherein not only her interest is greatly concerned, but on which her very existence depends. · America is now severed from the British empire ; by that seperation we cease to be a part of the national church. But although political changes affect and dissolve our external connection, and cut Us off from the powers of the state, yet we hope a door still remains open for access to the governors of the church ; and what they might not do for us without the permission of government, while we were bound as subjects to ask favors and receive them under its auspices and sanction: they may, in right of their inherent spiritual powers, grant and exercise in favor of a church planted and nurtured by their hand, and now subjected to other powers. As it is our only refuge, we are persuaded no just exceptions can lie against the attempt to avail ourselves of it; and the uniform benevolent part the bishops have taken, in order to transfer the episcopal authority into America, fills us with the greater confidence of success in the application.
To secure to our church a valid and undoubted episcopate, and that the several vacant churches may be furnished with ministers as soon as possible, are what we have much at heart.