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with its contents: That in this business however, I acted in no official character, having no instructions from congress, nor indeed from the convention ; but I thought it most respectful to them, as well as to his Grace, to present the letter in person. The Archbishop answered, that all that he could say at present was, that he was himself very well disposed to give the satisfaction desired, for he was by no means one of those, who wished that contentions should be kept up between the two countries, or between one party and another in Americe; but on the contrary, was desirous of doing every thing in his power to promote harmony and good humor. • I then said that if his Grace would take the trouble of reading two letters, from Mr. Lee and Mr. Jay, he would perceive the motives of those gentlemen, in sending the letters to my care. I gave him the letters, which he read attentively and returned, and added that it was a great satisfaction to him to see, that gentlemen of character and reputation, interested themselves in it; for that the episcopalians in the United States could not have the full and complete enjoyment of their religious liberties without it; and he subjoined that it was also a great satisfaction to him, to have received this visit from me, upon , this occasion : And he would take the liberty to ask me, if it were not an improper question, whether the interposition of the English Bishops would not give uneasiness and dissatisfaction in America. I replied that my answer could be only that of a private citizen, and, in that capacity, I had no scruple to say, that the people of the United States in general were for a liberal and generous toleration-I might indeed employ a stronger word, and call
it a right and the first right of mankind, to worship God according to their consciences; and therefore that I could not see any reasonable ground for dissatisfaction, and that I hoped and believed there would be none of any consequence.
His Grace was then pleased to say that religion in all countries, especially a young one, ought to be attended to, as it was the found ation of government. He hoped the characters which should be recommended would be good ones. I replied that there were in the churches, in America, able men, of characters altogether irreproachable, and that such and such only, I presumed would be recommended. I then rose to take leave, and his Grace then asked me, if he might be at liberty to mention that I had made him this visit on this occasion ; I answered, certainly, if his Grace should judge it proper. Thus, Sir, I have fulfilled my commission and remain as usual, Yours &c.
JOHN ADAMS. His Excellency John Jay.
Literary Intelligence. THE Rev. Dr. Claudius Buchanan, Vice-Provost of the College of Fort William in Bengal, by the last accounts from thence, was about to proceed to Cochin on the coast of Malabar, for the purpose of examining the ancient Hebrew manuscripts preserved in the Synagogue of the Jews at that place. The manuscripts are represented to be of a very high antiquity, being supposed to contain that portion of the scriptures which was written before the first dispersion of the Jews. A collection of them, with the European copies, has
Jong been desired by the learned. Another object of Dr. Buchanan's mission will be, to enquire into the state of the native christian churches in the provinces of Travancore and Malabar ; particularly of the thirty-five congregations, denominated by the Roman Catholics, the Schismatic churches. These christians refuse communion with the church of Rome, and adhere to the simple ritual of an early age. They are noticed in history as early as the fourth century, and are supposed to have emigrated from Syria and Chaldea. At this day, the syro-chaldaic language is used in their churches, and their liturgy is composed in that language and character. Agreeably to instructions received from the ecclesiastical authorities at home, a report is to be made on the constitution and doctrine of these churches, with a view to ascertain how far it may be the duty of the English church to recognize the christians of Malabar, now that they have become subjects of the British empire. Their churches have been governed for fifteen hundred years by a regular succession of bishops. Another subject of literary research offers itself among those ancient christians. When the Portuguese first arrived in India, they burned the writings and records found in the christian churches, and amongst them, says a Romish author, some apostolical monuments, in order to destroy the evidences of their antiquity, and force them to a union with the church of Rome. But it has been stated, by a respectable authority, that certain ancient manuscripts in the Chaldaic language are yet preserved in the country of Travancore.
Obituary. DIED, at Coopers-Town, (N. Y.) on the 31st October, in the the 57th year of his age, in the town of Hartwick, Mr. Isaac MALLERY, of an asthmatic complaint of many years standing, leaving a bereaved consort and a number of children, to deplore the loss of a kind husband and parent, in which their neighbors will unite in sympathetic grief.
In the formation of Mr. Mallery, nature seemed to have deviated from her usual uniformity. He was born without feet; the stumps on which he stood, or walked, exhibited an appearances as if his feet had been separated by an amputation, square and perpendicular, to the front of his legs. Wanting the usual springs, where with to poise himself, he could not walk with that ease and dignity so natural to others, and could never stand in a fixed posture; but could, in the prime of life, step a hornpipe with grace and exactness. He had but one arm, and but a deficient hand, which lacked one joint in all the fin. gers as well as the thumb; his fingers were webbed or joined together within an inch of the ends; he was nevertheless a beautiful writer, and an excellent School-master; from his left shoulder projected a part of an arm about eight inches in length, and without an elbow, which however he made a shift to render, occasionally, very useful, and could handle an axe, a hoe, and even a scythe, to considerable effect. By his industry he acquired a decent compe. tence for his family, and has left them in a situation to procure a comfortable kubsistence, by common industry.
am fearfully and wonderfully made-
To Correspondents. THE Communication from New York, signed A. B. is received and under consideration.
The writer of the piece signed B. will not, it is hoped, think himself neg. lected if we delay publishing his strictures until we shall have an opportunity of seeing ard judging for ourselves, concerning the merit of the work on which he remarks.
The Life of the Right Rev. Thomas Wilson, D. D.
LORD BISHOP OF SODOR AND MAN.
[Continued from page 86.] ON the 15th of January 1697-8, Mr. Wilson, being first created doctor of laws by the archbishop of Canterbury, was confirmed bishop of Man, at Bow church, by Dr. Oxenden, dean of the arches, and on the next day he was consecrated at the Savoy church, by Dr. Sharp, archbishop of York, assisted by the bishops of Chester and Norwich. On the 5th of April following, he landed at Derby-Haven, in the Isle of Man, and on the 11th was enthroned in the cathedral of St. Germain's, in Peel Castle : And from the prayer that he composed on the occasion, we may see with what piety and circumspection he entered upon his new dignity.* When he arrived at his bishopric, he found the palace in a most ruinous state, having been uninhabited for eight years; nothing but an ancient tower and chapel remaining entire. He was therefore obliged to rebuild the dwelling-house, and almost all the out offices from the ground. He stocked the garden with fruit trees, &c. fenced in the demesnes, planted many thousand timber trees, and laid out a farm, which afterwards became valuable to himself and successors; the expenses of these buildings and improvements amounted to the sum of fourteen hundred pounds. He says, “It having pleased God to bring me to the bishopric of Man, I find the house in ruins, which obliges me to interrupt my charity to the poor in some measure.” This interruption was, however, of short duration, and his beneficence was afterwards increased with his income. About this time the Earl of Derby again offered him the living of Baddesworth, to hold in command, and probably as a compensation for the dilapidation on his bishopric; but this our conscientious prelate refused as utterly inconsistent with his duty, and with the obligation that he hund formerly made of “never taking two ecclesiastical preferments
Mr. Hewetson's memorandum book,
with cure of souls," especially says he, “ when I must necessarily be absent from one of them ; and of which resolution it does not yet repent me that I made it."-On the 10th of July, 1698, he laid the foundation-stone of a new chapel at Castletown, which was built and paid for out of the ecclesiastical revenues. “The Lord grant," says the good bishop," that it may, when it is finished, continue a house of prayer to all ages.” On the 29th Sept. in the same year, he set sail for England, and landed the day following at Liverpool, whence, after a short stay, he went to Warrington, where he paid his addresses to Mary, daughter of Thomas Patten, Esq. to whom he was married on the 27th of Oct. at Winwick church, by the honourable and Rev.Mr. Finch, the rector. Previous to his marriage, we find him, as on all important occasions of his life, a petitioner to heaven. We lament the want of room to insert his excellent and fervent prayers which breathe so much of sincere christian piety. The bishop staid in England till the 6th of April, 1699, when taking leave of his friends, he arrived, with Mrs. Wilson, the next day, safe at his diocese. By this most excellent woman, who was every way the companion of his soul ; pious, devout, and charitable as himself, he had four children. Of these, Thomas, born August 24th, 1703, became Prebendary of Westminster, and rector of St. Stephen's, Walbrook. The excellence of the bishop's piety as a parent did not consist in heaping up riches for his children ; he considered himself as the steward, not as the proprietor of the revenues of his bishopric; and to what use they ought in his opinion to be applied, we learn from the following memorandum:
“MY CHILDREN, „If I do not live to tell you why I have saved no more for you out of my bishopric, let this satisfy you : that thc less you have of goods gathered from the church, the better the rest that I shall leave you will prosper. Church livings were never designed to make families or to raise portions out of them, but to maintain our families, to keep up hospitality, to feed the poor, &c. and one day you will be glad that this was my settled opinion : and God grant I inay act accordingly!”
And he lived to hear his surviving child thank him for the bles. sing he bestowed, more valuable than riches ; which however his son enjoyed, for he became possessed of his mother's fortune when of age ; and went out from Oxford grand compounder, with the degree of D. D. May 10th, 1739.
The annual receipts of the bishopric did not exceed three hundred pounds in money: some necessaries in his house, as spices, sugar, wine, books, &c. must be paid for in money; distressed or ship-wrecked mariners, and some other poor objects, required to be relieved with money ; but the poor of the Island were fed and elothed, and the house in general supplied from his demesnes, by exchange without money.*
The poor who could weave or spin, found the best market at Bishop's Court, where they bartered the produce of their labour for corn. Taylors and shoemakers were kept in the house constantly
* Mr. Hewetson's memorandum book.
employed, to make into garments or shoes, that cloth or leather which his corn had purchased ; and the aged and infirm were supplied according to their several wants. He took the greatest care to find out the most deserving objects of charity, yet was it probably often bestowed amiss, and indeed he was frequently told so by those who envied his virtues, but would not imitate his example. may be so," he said, “ but I would rather give to ten unworthy objects, than that one deserving object should go without relief.”. If the persons who applied were inhabitants of the Island, they were generally recommended by a note from their parish minister : these notes of recommendation he kept regularly filed ; upon these he entered the name and circumstances of his poor, in a large book kept for that purpose, which he called Matricula Pauperum, or the Register of the Poor.
The bishop accustomed himself to frequent recollection and review of his conduct, and his pious resolutions were strictly and religiously observed. His prayers and his sermons furnish a sufficient proof of his study; his prayers were constant and devout, with his flock and with his family ; and three times a day he communed with his own heart privately, in his closet. During the fifty-eight years of his pastoral life, except on occasions of sickness, he never failed on a Sunday to expound the scriptures, preach the gospel or administer the sacrament, at some one or other of the churches of his diocese ; and if absent from the Island, he always preached at the church where he resided for the day: When in London he was generally solicited to preach for some one or other of the public charities, being much followed and admired ; and many who heard him have remarked the great beauty of his prayer before the sermon, particularly where he offers up prayers for those who never pray for themselves.
In the year 1699, he published a small tract, in Manks and Eng. lish, entitled, “ The Principles and Duties of Christianity,” for the use of the Island; the first book ever printed in the Manks language : and with the assistance of Dr. Thomas Bray, he began to found parochial libraries which he afterwards established and completed through the diocese, and gave to each a proper book-case, furnishing them with bibles, testaments, and such books as were calculated to instruct the people in the great truths of the gospel, and which we hope are still remaining
His family prayers were as regular as his public duties ; every summer morning at five, and every winter morning at seven, the kamily attended him to their devotions in his chapel, where he himself
, or one of his students, performed the service of the day, and in the evening they did the same. And thus it was lit formed his young clergy for the pulpii, and a graceful delivery. In the prayer for his closet we meet with the purest sentiments of christianity, and his sacra privata bear ample testimony of his uniform piety, and the excellency of his understanding. He kept a diary as well of the special favors in extraordinary deliverances, as of the merciful visitations, and chastisements he experienced in a variety of instance. On the 9th of December 1700, a fire broke out in this