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“I cannot suffer myself to believe, i could not suffer himself to believe that he “ that it EVER WAS, or is, their” (the was guilty; I might be thought to allow, accused persons)" meaning to violate the that, in addition to all his other powers, “ law of the land.” Here, reader, is this of which I have so often bad to speak, he Attorney General, this ufficial Prosecutor, possessed this of prosecuting men, of harmade to say, in open court, that he does rassing their minds and ruining their fornot believe ; nay, that he cannot suffer tunes, and that, too, under pretence that bimself to believe, that the accused per they had committed a crime, which he sons ever meant to violate the law of the cald not suffer himself to believe that land. Now, what had this same person they had committed.---Let ibere be no said only a few days before in the indicis attempt at shufle here. Let it not be prement against Messrs. Kirwan and Taaffe? tended, that the gentlemen might commit Why, just the reverse; for he there, as you the crime and not mean to do it'; for, obwill see by a reference to the copy of the serve, ali crime consists in the cvil-intention, indictment, in the last column of my last or meaning; and observe further, that this Number, says, that they were" ill-disposed Attorney General, in his indictment, did " persons and were unlawfully contriving and actually charge the Catholic Gentlemen “ intending" to do what he had accused with being “ill-disposed persons" and with them of? Was it possible, then, for him unlawfully contriving and intending" to to have uttered the words ascribed to him do that which he accused them of, and by the Courier ? Was it possible for a for which he brought one of them to be man to come into court, and, before those tried as a criminal. -Our English Atvery judges, to whom he had accused | torney General, when his conduct was these gentlemen, declare in so solemn a under discussion, in the House of Commanner, that he did not believe them to have mons, last year, said, that he was not to been guilty of the crime that he had laid be looked upon as free from errors of judg. to their charge in a manner still more so. ment any more than other men. Very lemn, and which charge was founded upon true; but, we here see the Courier exhi. informations upon oath? Was it possible biting the Irish Attorney General as har. for a man to coine into court and declare, ing prosecuted men for crimes that he that he did not believe persons to have himself acknowledged that he did not beever been guilty of the crime, for which lieve them guilty of.--The third part he bimself had prosecuted them, he of this speech given to the Irish Attorney himself having necessarily been the ad. General relates to his views in the proseviser of the prosecution ? And, yet, ifcutions; and he is made to say, that “ the there be no truth in the statement, at what " object of these prosecutions never was to a degree of impudence must this editor of “ persecute or to punish the individual." the Courier have arrived I cannot -No? What was the object, then ? bring myself to believe, that the declara- This passage of the Courier's fabricated tion was made; because it would, it seems speech (for fabricated it must be) forced to me, call for the most serious inquiry into my recollection the professions of the into the conduct of the Attorney General. Fox, in Dryden's beautiful Fable, where He has powers enough, God knows ! the poor Cock has just escaped from his Powers suficient to make him truly for- jaws to the branches of a friendly maple. midable without any abuse of them; but, And so, Dr. Sheridan, according to this if he were to arrive at such a pitch as to “ false Loon,” the COURIER, no hurm was avow, that he prosecuted inen for crimes, intended you, though you were informed of which he could not suffer himself to believe against, indicted, and put upon your trial, that they were guilty; if he were come to and though so strong an appeal was made this pass, what a country would Ireland to the Jury against you! No harm, ac. be to live in? - -Yet this is what the cording to this venal writer; no harm at Courier attributes to him; I have quoted all; only to put you a litile in a fright the very words said to have been uitered perhaps ! No harm at all, though you by him; I have, I believe, seen the same were described, in the indictment, as an words, under the same form, in other pub- evil-disposed person, not having the fear of lic prints; and, thus seeing them, were I God before your eyes, but being moved to let them pass without comment, I might and instigated by the Devil, and well be thought io acquiesce in the right of an knowing the premises, contriving and inAttorney General to prosecute any man tending to do the act laid to your charge! shat he chose for a crime of which he No, not the least harm; no persecution, no
punishment, intended : all in good part;, the Judges; that warrants to apprehend all perfectly friendly, according to this them have thereupon been issued; that English hack, surpassing, be you well as they have (I believe) been held to bail; sured, all the hacks of Ireland, except, that they have been indicted as ill-disperchance, you have imported some of the posed persons, unlawfully contriving and true British breed, the fame of which has | intending to do certain wicked.acts; and now extended over the whole earth. You all this for what ? Why, because they were know the answer of Chanticleer:
delegates, or took a part in choosing dele“ Nay, quoth the Cock, but I beshrew us both, gates, for the purpose of agreeing upon, If I believe a Saint upon his oath.”
and causing to be presented, a petition to -If any thing more were wanted to Parliament, the object of which was to obprove, that this speech put into the mouth tain for themselves and the rest of the of the Irish Attorney General was a mere Catholics an equality in rights with their fabrication of the Courier, we have it at Protestant fellow-subjects. Call you this the close, where the former is made to forbearance! The Attorney General has say, that he hopes not to be under the ne- forborne to prosecute some of those who cessity of pursuing the prosecutions; but were indicted. But, when did he forbear that, if the Catholics persist in what they to do that? Not till one of them had been were doing, he shall pursue them. No acquitted, and till Dublin and the whole man could have said this: no man would, kingdom bad expressed their joy at that I hope, have been permitted to throw out acquittal and their approbation of the cona threut like this in open court. What! duct of the Jury. Not till then; and, first prosecute men for an alledged therefore, it is by no means difficult to crime, which proves to be no crime, and form a just estimate of this forbearance. then tell them, that if they persist in duing --If the object of the prosecution had that which is no criine, they shall be har been merely to put the question at rest by rassed with prosecutions! What would a legal decision, why were so many pero this be but to tell then, in substance, i hat sons involved in it? One would have been though Jories acquitted them, though they enough for this purpose. I can, therewere guilty of no crime in the eye of the fore, discover nothing like forbearance in law, they should, at any rate, suffer all the any part of the proceedings; and a man trouble and expence of a state prosecu must have the impudence of an English tion, wherein the prosecutor pays no costs, venal writer to give that term to the susand wherein the public and the prose- pension of the trials at Dublin, which, be it cuted person are obliged to bear all the observed, appears to have been contrary to expences, amongst which are the fees of the express desire of the parties prosecutthe Attorney General bimself? If this ed, who, of course, were anxious io get rid could be said in open court; if this could of an indictmeni hanging over their heads. be permitied; if a threat like this could -Atthe tail of the article, on which I have be suffered to be thrown out in the pre- beenremarking, there are some observations sence of the Judges, then, indeed, we upon the conduct of “ the Reformers”, as should be in a pretty state.
But, as I his writer calls them, which are also wor. said before, it must be a fabrication of the ihy of notice. He says: COURIER, like the French Dispatch said hend, from what we have read in some to have been promulgated by Mr. Adams, “ Irish Papers, that we must not flatter and like the many intercepted Letters be " ourselves with the expectation that the tween Napoleon and bis brother Joseph. “ Réformers will suffer the people to be
- The Courier then adds something as undeceived; they will keep the declafrom himself. He seems to think, that it is “ ration of law by the Judges as much not enough to make the Attorney General “ out of sight as they do the fact, that the threaten, and therefore, takes upon him to acquittal of Doctor Sheridan was an acput forth an additional threat of his own, quiital solely on account of insufficiency and says, that, if the Catholics mistake ~ of evidence. Their wish is to keep the forbearance for fear, they will be prose public mind in a ferment, to inflame cuted with renewed vigour. Forbearance ! "and agitate the people, and to take eager The Catholic Gentlemen have experienced advantage of any season of calamity or disforbearance, have they? It is hard to say ~ tress. Public calamilies are their ele. what this man's ideas of forbearance may " ment. Then is the time to create alarm, be; but this we know, that these gentle “ to exalt their own merits, to establish men bave been informed against before “ the fame of their political sagacity in the
“ We appreo
“fulfilment of their predictions, and their quence of pursuing such and such mea“ true jacobin ferocity, by demanding that sures; and if those measures are pursued, " Ministers " shall be brought to the block." and the consequence arrives, are we not to " It is not their country that they love, point out the fulfilment of our predictions, " but their party; it is not the enemies of without exposing ourselves to the charge “ their country that they hate, but their po- of rejoicing at the mischief that has hap. “ litical opponents; the men whose talents pened - The Reformers are here ac"and characters keep them down.”. cused of " demanding that Ministers shall Now, if the Reformers really did wish to be brought to the block." I have never keep the public mind in a fernient; if they seen any such demand in print, I have did really wish to inflame and agitate the never heard it verbally made, I have people, wbat nust have been their satis- never heard any man destine them to faction at seeing the above-mentioned pru- such a fate, nor do I believe that any Resecutions commenced ? It is by those pro former in the kingdom would care one secutions that the public mind has been single straw what became of the Ministers, excited into a ferment, and that the people provided he could see a House of Commons have been inflamed and agitated, and not chosen as freely as Sir Francis Burdett by any thing that the Řeformers have was chosen for Westminster and as his said or done; for, unfortunately, what Brother will be chosen for Southwark. they say has but little effect "pon ile peo- This talking about the block is a trick to ple, who have enough to do to meet the scare people. A mere invention ; but an misery of the moment.- And as to sea- invention that will answer very little pursons of calamity and distress, whose fault is pose ; for, the writer may be assured, ihat it, if there are such seasons? The Reform- the days of terror are past; all the terrors ers have had nu hand in producing calamity that he or his abettors could conjure up and distress; for they have had no power. would not extract a sixpence from the Their advice has been scorned; they have pocket of the most timid creature in the wished for and recommended a set of kingdom. The day is gone by when the measures the opposite of those which have people were made to believe, that it was nebeen adopted; if their advice liad been cessary to give their money to placemen and followed, there would have been no stop- pensioners in order to present the Türench from page of those channels of intercourse, making them Atheists. That day is past never which were before open, and through which to return; and so is the day for exciting so many persons were fed; if their advice a dread of revolutionary horrors.
The had been followed there would bave been alarming, the terrifying, system is worn out; no armies to support in Sicily, Spain, and and to attempt to revive the use of it is Portugal. You will say, that their advice only 10 expose the party to ridicule. If was fuolish; very well; but, as you did Paine were to write iwenty such books as not follow it, acknowledge, at least, that he wrote before, there would be nobody they have had no hand in producing the found to burn him in effigy: -But, the calamities and distress, of which you talk; Reformers do not, it seems, hate the enemies and, acknowledge further, that they have of the country so much as their political opa fair right to lay these calamities at the ponents. In the Scripture a very pithy door of those who rejected their advice. question is put: “who is my neighbour .."?
-But, they are charged with exulting in And, it is equally proper for us 10 ask, the fulfilment of their predictions. It is “ who are the enemies of the country ?! The very natural and very proper for men to French, to be sure. Oh, yes! but the counpoint out to those, who have rejected their try may have other enemies. A man is not advice, the consequences of such rejection; our neighbour merely because he lives at but, it by no means follows, that they re- nexť door; nor are people our enemies joice at these consequences. The farmer merely because they are foreigners. No: comes into the field to his harvest men, but, the French are at war with us. True, and tells them it will rain by such an hour, and they are, in that sense, our enemies; and that the corn will be wet, unless it be and, let the cause of the war be what it got in before that hour. The rain comes; may, it is our duty to defend our country the corn is not got in; he then reminds against these enemies. But, it does not his men (who have been dilatory) of his follow, that the country may not have prediction; but, is he, therefore, to be other and even greater enemies, or, at said to exult in the fulfilment of it? least, more wicked and worse-designing We have said what would be the conse- enemies, than the open foreign enemies
are; and, if so, they are just objects of as rica and England, in American ships, pergreat, and even greater, hatred. Why do fectly free; but, we will not suffer any we call the French our enemy? Because trade, in any ships, between America and they endeavour to do us harm; and, are France.--Now, on what law, or custom, of we not to consider others as enemies if they nations, do we prevent America, a neutral endeavour to do us harm? We are called nation, from carrying tobacco, for inupon to fight against the French, lest they stance, to France, and taking home wine in should conquer our country, and take from exchange? There is no law, no custom, us what we have of liberty; and, if we amongst nations to "authorize this. We were to see any body else endeavouring did it, at first, upon the ground of retulia. to effect the same object against us, should tion; because, we said, that Napoleon, by we not be called upon to oppose them too? his Berlin and Milan Decrees, was doing
-This accusation, therefore, against the the same with regard to us. But, he has Reformers, has no sense in it, even sup-repealed those decrees, and why do we posing it to be founded on a fact. No fact continue in our course? Why, as the Preis produced as to their feelings about the sident tells us, because Napoleon will not enemies of the country. It is mere asser- suffer American vessels to carry our goods tion; but, were it not so, it would be ne to the ports of the Continent, in his domicessary, in order to fix blame upon the nions, or under his controul! This is, Reformers, to show that they were unjust surely, the most curious reason that in their estimate of the degrees of enmity ever was alledged. For, what have towards the country.
the Americans to do with the regulawriters have not been backward in charg. tions that Napoleon chooses to establish ing the Reformers with enmity towards the as to the trade in his ports? If he were to country; indeed, it is done in this very prohibit the introduction of Americun sentence; let them not, therefore, be sur- goods, the Americans would have no prized, if the Reformers should think that ground of quarrel with him. Every nathey also perceive some enemies of the lion has a right to admit, or not, any country besides the French.
goods into iis own ports. The preventing
of two other independent nations from Amekican States.-The President's trading with each other is the ground of Speech, at the opening of the Congress, quarrel; and well it may be, for it is just will be found in another part of this Num- the same as if one man were to say to any ber. It does not announce the intention two of his neighbour's, you shall not deal of recommending an Embargo, for which with each other, because one of you is my our armies in Spain and Portugal may enemy. But, every sovereign has a clear thank him; but, it breathes a spirit of right to prohibit the entry of what he hostility against England, and plainly indi- pleases in his own ports, and this is what cates, that measures growing out of such a Buonaparte does. It pleases him to prospirit will be adopted. One passage of hibit the entry of English goods and Cothe Speech I beg leave to point out to the lonial Produce; and, we call upon the reader. It is that, in which the President Americans to make him admit our goods informs the Congress, that the Marquis into his ports, or else we will not permit Wellesley has signified the design of this them to carry their goods into his ports. country not to revoke the Orders in Coun- | In short, we want, it seems to me, to have cil, as far as they relate to America, until the benefits of peace and of war at one and American ships are permitted to take our the same time; a desire, as to the modesty goods to the ports of the Continent, as of which there cannot, at any rate, be two they were formerly. That is to say, then, opinions, whatever men may be disposed our government will not suffer the Ame- to think of it in other respects. ---And is ricans to carry their own goods from their own this; is this the way, by which our gocountry to France, unless Napoleon will per. vernment expects to remove, or to modify, mit them to carry our goods to France and the Continental System ! Men certainly see her dependencies, all the continent being her with different eyes; for, to me, this apdependencies. This is, as the reader will pears just as likely to produce such an bear in mind, precisely what I anticipated. effect as the frost that is now benumbing Napoleon suffers America to bring her my fingers is likely to make other men goods to us ; but we will not suffer Ame- sweat. The Continental System is a thing rica to carry her goods to France. In short, not to be changed on any account; it is one Napoleon leaves the trade belween Ame- of Napoleon's modes of warfare; he is
fighting us with it: and we may with as pealed; and, therefore, to his vessels remuch reason expect to see him give up turns the right of entering the American his
army to us as give up the Continental ports with or without prizes ; but, we System. He is resolved, that England have not repealed our Orders in Council, shall no longer trade with the Continent. and, for thui reason our right of sending He well knows, that her influence there ships of war into the American ports bas has always arisen out of that trade. His not returned. There is no partiality here. object is to prevent her from having any The measure is the same towards both influence there; and, as the means of belligerents. We find an ailvantage, accomplishing this object, he will, if he doubtless, in refusing to repeal our Orders can, and it appears that he can, prevent in Council; and, if so, we cannot expect her from enjoying any longer that trade to enjoy, at the same time, the advaniages This is a fixed and settled thing. He had that would attend the assenting to such not the power of cutting off our trade with repeal.
America; that was beyond his reach; he I could not march his troops into the Ame MR. White's SUBSCRIPTION.--No
rican sea-ports in order to shut out Eng. thing is calculated to give greater encoulish goods. No: that was a thing too ragement to the friends of treedon than much for binı; and, that we have, by our the meetings, which have taken plare in measures against the Americans, kindly behalf of Mr. FINNERTY and Mr. WHITE, caused to be done for him. America was boih of whom distinguished themselves open to us though the Continent was shut; by a gallant defence of the rights of the and we have induced the Americans to press. -The latter, which took place on shut it themselves; and thus to aid, in Monday last, consisted of about 200 perihe most effectual manner, that system sons, and was, in all respects, worthy of which our great enemy has adopted as one the CHAIRMAN, Sir Francis Burdert, whom of his modes of warfare.--I have, for my we always find at bis post, when the liberpart, no notion, that the Americans will ties of Englishnen, which he seems born go to war. It would be very inconvenient to defend, call for the exertion of his abito them, and could do them no good. lities. He availed himself of this occasion They will, probably, pass some laws that to repeat those opinions, which he stated shali more effectually annoy us in the with so much force and effect, during the way of trade and commerce ; but, if they debate, last winter, upon Ex Officio Inforcontinue to do what they are now doing, mations and the conduct of the Attorney it will, perhaps, better answer their end. General, and which opinions are, thank They will carry.on less esternal com- God, daily gaining ground. Indeed, what, merce than formerly, and they will every compared to this subject
, are all the discusday want it less and less. It is said, it sions about wars and commerce? Nay, has been urged by some writers in the way what are wars and commerce themselves? of complaint against the Americans, that What would complete success in both be, they permit the French to capture our if we were not at liberty freely to scrutinize vessels and carry them to American ports, the conducı of public men Mr. Alwhile they will not permit our ships of DERMAN Wood, another true friend to the war to go into their ports at all. The liberties of his country, was appointed by state of the case is this: the ports of a the meeting to be Treasurer of the Soba neatral state are open to the ships of war scription. Other gentlemen were appointed of all belligerents; and, if no dispute had to receive, but I am not in possession of ever existed between us and America and their names. I see great subscriptions for Napoleon and America, the ships of war the Portuguese, who, in my opinion, have, of boih would have been, at all times, all the whole nation put together, not so permitted to enter her ports, and to carry good a claim upon us as eiiber Mr. Finin their prizes. But, when we passed our nerty or Mr. White. Others may think Orders in Council and Napoleon his De- differently; and let them follow their crees, America, by way of show her re taste. As, however, there are not likely to sentment, prohibited the ships of war of be, for Mr. White, very many collections both nations from entering her ports; de- in the Churches, under the direction of the claring, at the same time, that the prohi- Clergy, it becomes the friends of the freebilion would be taken off as soon as those dom of the press not to neglect any means violations of her neutrality should cease. that they have in their power to further The decrees of Napoleon bare been re the object of the late Meeting. It must