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I directed that a second attempt should be have created a necessity for raising the made on that night to obtain possession siege; but on the same morning I received of that out-work. Major-General House accounts from the frontiers of Castile, toun ordered another detachment for this which left no doubt of the destination of service, under the command of Major the army of Portugal to the southward, Macgeachy, of the 17th Portuguese regi. and gave ground for belief that they ment, who, with the officers destined to woulil arrive at Merida on the 15th inst. command the different parties composing I therefore ordered that the siege might the detachment, had been employed be raised. I have every reason to be sathroughout the 8th and 9th in reconnoi- tisfied with the conduct of all the officers tering the breach, and the different ap- and troops employed at the siege of Bada. proaches to it. They advanced at about joz, whose labours and exertions deserved nine at night in the best order, though a very different result. Major General opposed by the same means and with the Picton directed the operations on the left sanie determination as had been opposed of the Guadiana, and Major-General to the detachment which had made the Houstoun on the right; and I am much attempt on the 6th. Ensign Dyas again indebted to these officers, as well as to led the advance, and the storming party Major-General Hamilton, and the other arrived at the foot of the breach; but they General and Staff-officers, and the officers found it impossible to mount it, the enemy and troops under their commands respechaving again cleared the rubbish from the tively. "Lieut. Colonel Fletcher, of the bottom of the escarp. The detachment Royal Engineers, was the directing engisuffered considerably, and Major Mac- neer, and immediately superintended the a geachy, the commanding officer, was un operations on the left of the Guadiana ; fortunately killed, and others of the of- and Captain Squires those on the right of ficers fell; but the troops continued to that river; and those officers and the maintain their station till Major-General corps of Engineers have by their conduct Houstoun ordered them to retire. When on this occasion augmented their claims to the reinforcements had arrived from the my approbation. Lieut.-Colonel Framfrontiers of Castile, after the battle of Al- ingham commanded the artillery, having buera, I undertook the siege of Badajos, under his orders Major Dickson attached entertaining a belief that the means of to the Portuguese service, who during the which I had the command would reduce absence of Lieut.-Colonel Framingham the place before the end of the second with the troops which were employed to week in June; at which time I expected cover the operations, conducted all the that the reinforcements for the enemy's details of this important department. I southern army, detached from Castile, had every reason to be satisfied with these would join Marshal Soult. I was unfor- officers, and most particularly with Major tunately mistaken in my estimate of the Dickson, from whose activity, zeal, and quality of those means. We had failed intelligence the public service has derived in two attempts to obtain possession of great advantages in the different operafort St. Christoval, and it was obvious to tions against Badajoz. Captain Cleves, of me that we could not obtain possession of the Hanoverian Artillery, conducted that that out-work, without performing a work department on the right of the Guadiana which would have required the labour of with great success. The service of the several days to complete. On the morn batteries was performed by detachments ing of the 10th instant, I received the in- from the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd regiments of closed intercepted dispatch from the Duke Portuguese artillery, who conducted themof Dalmatia to the Duke of Ragusa, which selves remarkably well. They were aided pointed out clearly the enemy's design to by Captain Rainsford's company of the collect in Estremadura their whole force ; Royal Artillery, who were indefatigable; and I had reason to believe that Drouet's some of them having never quitted the corps, which had marched from Toledo batteries. I am much indebted to Geneon the 28:h and 29th of May, and was ral Leite, the Governor of the Province of expected at Cordova on the 5th and 6th | Alentejo and of Elvas, for the assistance instant, would have joined the southern which he again afforded me in this operaarmy by the 10th; and it was generally tion. I inclose a return of the killed and expected in the country, that the southern wounded throughout the siege, from which army would have moveď by that time. your Lordship will observe that, except. The movement of this army alone would ing in the attempts to obtain possession
St. Christoval, our loss has not been severe. 2d Batt. 5th Foot~1 Lieutenant, 3 rank We still maintain the blockade of Bada- and file, killed ; 1 serjeant, 3 rank and file, joz. I have not yet heard that the enemy wounded. have moved from their position at Llerena, 7th Fusileers-2 rank and file wounded. and I imagine that the arrival of the 9th 28 Batt. 39th Foot—2 rank and file corps has been delayed longer than was wounded. expected ; and it is probable that Soult 1st Batt. 40th Foot-1 rank and file will be unwilling to move till he will hear killed. of the movements of the army of Portugal. Ist Batt. 45th Foot-3 rank and file They broke up from the Tormes on the wounded. 3rd, and their advanced guard arrived at 2d Batt. 48th Foot-1 rank and file Ciudad Rodrigo on the evening of the 5th. wounded. The moved forward again on the 6th, and 51st Foot-9 rank and file wounded. Lieut.-General Sir Brent Spencer with Ist Batt. 57th Foot-1 Ensign, 1 rank drew the advanced guard of the troops and file wounded. under his command, first to the Nave 2d Batt. 66th Foot2 rank and file d'Aver, and then to Alfayates. The killed. enemy patroled on the 6th into Fuentes 74th Foot-2 rank and file killed; 1 de Honor and into Nave d'Aver. I en- serjeant, 6 rank and file wounded. close Sir Brent Spencer's report of these 2d Batt. 83d Footl serjeant, 3 rank operations, from which it appears that the and file, wounded. Royal Dragoons, under Lieut.- Colonel 85th Foot-1 rank and file killed; 3 Clifton, and a troop of the 14th, the whole rank and file wounded. directed by Major-General Slade, distin 1st Batt. 88th Foot-l rank and file guished themselves. I imagine that the killed ; 1 rank and file wounded. enemy's march in this direction was in. 94th Foot-2 rank and file wounded. tended as a reconnoisance, and to cover Chasseurs Britanniques-3 rank and tile the march of a convoy to Ciudad Rodrigo; killed; 5 rank and file wounded; 2 rank as on the following day, the 7th, the and file missing. whole moved from thence to Moras Verdes, Detachments 1st and 2d Light Battain the direction of the pass of Banos, near lions of the King's German Legion-1 which pass Gen. Regnier had been with rank and file wounded. two divisions of the army of Portugal, Brunswick Oels 4 rank and file since the 5th. On the 8th, in the even. wounded. ing, one division of General Regnier's Total British Loss—2 Lieutenants, 13 troops had come through Banos, and I ex- rank and file, killed ; 1 ensign, 3 serjeants, pect that those divisions will have arrived 48 rank and file, wounded ; 2 rank and at Placentia the 9th, and the whole army file, missing. on the loth.-P.S. Since writing this Total Portuguese Losse Lieutenant, dispatch, I have received accounts that 20 rank and file, killed'; 1 LieutenantGeneral Drouet's troops joined on the Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Lieutenant, 2 ensigns, enemy's right at Berlunza and Azuga yes- 1 serjeant, 1 drummer, 63 rank and file, terday, and a report that their cavalry wounded; 2 rank and file, missing. were in movement towards Los Santos this Total Loss—3 Lieutenants, 33 rank and morning. The British cavalry, and the file, killed; 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, 1 Ma2nd and 4th divisions, were about to march jor, 1 Lieutenant, 3 ensigns, 4 serjeants, 1 from Villa Franca and Almendralejo to-drummer, 111 rank and file, wounded ; 4 ward: Albuera, and I have ordered there rank and file, missing. General Hamilton's division and shall pro
(Signed) CHARLES STEWART. ceed there this night myself, if I should
Major. Gen. and Adj. Gen. find that report confirmed.
Names of Officers Killed, Wounded, and Total of Killed, Wounded, and Missing, of Missing, at the Siege of Badajoz, from
the Army under the Command of Lieute the 30th of May to the 5th of June, in, nant-General Lord Viscount Welling clusive. ton, K. B. at the Siege of Badajoz, from
Killed. the 30th of May to the 5th of June, both
Royal British Foot Artillery-Lieutedays inclusive.
nant Edmund Hawker. Royal Artillery-1 Lieutenant killed ; 2d Batt. 5th FootLieutenant Sedg. 2 rank and file wounded.
2d Portuguese Regiment of the Line--19 lieutenants, serjeants, 127 rank and Lieutenant Rodrigo de Mello.
file, wounded; I captain, I ensign, 6 rank, Wounded.
and file, missing 1st Batt. 57th Foot-Ensign Leslie. Total Portuguese Loss-1 major, 2 lieu.
Portuguese Artillery-Lieutenant Joze tenants, 2 serjeants, 25 rank and file, Baptista de Silva Lopez.
killed; 2 captains, 2 lieutenants, I ensign, 14th Portuguese Regimient-Lieutenant | 4 serjeants, 76 rank and file, wounded; I Colonel Oliver, severely.
captain missing 21st Ditto-Major Gomes, Ensign Joze General Total-1 major, 3 lieutenants, Vicente.
3 serjeants, 73 rank and file killed; 4 Total of Killed, Wounded, and Missing, of jeants, 203 rank and file, wounded; 2
captains, 11 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 13 ser.. the Army under the Corrmand of Lieute-captains, lensign, 6 rank and file, missing.. nant General Lord Viscount Wellington, K. B. at the Siege of Badajoz, from the Names of Officers Killed, Wounded, und Och to the 11th of June, 1811.
Missing, at the Siege of Badajoz, from Royal Engineers—1 Lieutenant killed;
the 6th to the 11th of June, 1811, ine
clusive. 1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, wounded. Royal Staff Corps - 1 Lieutenant
Royal Engineers-Lieutenant Hunt. 2d Batt. 5th Foot-2 rank and file, 51st Foot-Lieutenant Westropp. killed; serjeant, 1 rank and file, 85th Foot-Lieutenant Hogg: wounded.
7th Portuguese Regiment of the Line7th Fusileers-2 rank and file wounded. Lieutenant Joze Pereirra. 29th Footml rank and file wounded. 17th Ditto — Major M‘Geachy (11th
Ist Batt. 45th Foot-1 rank and file British regiment.) killed ; 4 rank and file wounded.
19th Ditto-Lieutenant Joze D'Mea. 51st Foot-1 Lieutenant, 26 rank and file, killed; 1 Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 3
Wounded. gerjeants, 63 rank and file, wounded ; 4 Royal Engineers Captain Patton, serank and file missing.
verely ; Lieut. Forster, severely, since 1st Batt. 57th Foot-1 Ensign missing. dead.
741h Foot-2 rank and file killed; 2 rank Royal Staff Corps-Lieut. Westmacott, and file wounded.
severely. 2d Batt. 83d Foot-1 serjeant, 3 rank 51st Foot-Captain Smellie, Lieutenants and file, wounded.
Beardsley and Hicks, all severely. 85th Foot--Lieutenant, 6 rank and 85th Foot-Lieutenants Gammell, Grant file, killed; 3 Lieutenants, 3 serjeants, 13 and Morton, all slightly. rank and file, wounded ; 1 Captain missing. Chasseurs Britanniques Lieutenant Du
1st Batt. 88th Foot-5 rank and file fief, severely. wounded.
Duke of Brunswick's Light Infantry— 941h Foot-- 1 rank and Gle killed ; 6 Lieutenant Lyznewsky, slightly. rank and file wounded.
17th Portuguese Regiment of the Line *Chasseurs Britanniques-1 serjeant, 8-Captain Maxwell, severely; Lieut. Jose rank and file, killed; 1 Lieutenant, 17 " Forrio, slightly; Ensign J. Antonio Borank and file, wounded; 2 rank and file guese, severely. missing.
3d Portuguese Regiment of ArtilleryDetachments 1st and 2d Light Batt. Captain Velez Barreiros, slightly ; Licut. King's German Legion-1 rank and file Baptista Lopez, severely. killed; I rauk and file wounded. Duke of Brunswick's Corps1 rank and
Missing file killed; Lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 7
Ist Batt. 571h Foot- Ensign Leslie. rank and file, wounded.
85th Foot-Captain Nixon. British Artillery-2 rank and file
19th Portuguese Regiment of the Line wounded.
-Captain Budd. Portuguese Artillery-6 rank and file,
Soito, June 7, 1811: killed ; 1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 28 rank My Lord, “In my letter of the 5th inand file, wounded.
stant from Villa Formosa, I did myself the Total British Loss--3 lieutenants, 1 ser. honour of acquainting your Lordship, jeant, 48 rank and file, killed; 2 captains, that I had just returned from the heights
in front of Gallegos, from whence I disco. to Espeja, were assembled at Gallegos, vered a body of the enemy of about 8,000 and retreated from thence agreeably to men, consisting of 500 cavalry and 2,500 my directions. The force to which they infantry, with artillery, entering Cuidad were opposed your Lordship is in possesRodrigo from the Salamanca road. I re- sion of in this letter ; and notwithstanding quested Col. Waters to remain on the all the efforts of General Montbrun, who heights until sunset, to notice whether any commanded the French cavalry, to outmore of the enemy followed those which I flank the British, pressing them at the bave mentioned, and he reported to me same time in front with eight pieces of that they were succeeded by another cannon, their retiring to Nave d’Aver column ; but I have strong reason to think, merits the highest admiration. In offer. from what I shall relate to your Lordship, ing my sense of their conduct, and of the that they must have marched large bodies very stubborn manner in which they reof infantry and cavalry into Ciudad Ro. tired, I derive very great satisfaction in drigo in the course of the night. Accord acquainting your Lordship, that Major-Geing to your Lordship’s instructions I con neral Slade directed in person the whole centrated the troops rather more in their of the affair, and by his movements foiled cantonments, upon hearing a few days be the designs of the enemy, and the British fore, that the enemy were moving in thę cavalry maintained as usual their high direction of Ciudad Rodrigo, and took the character. The Major-General in his reother necessary precautions for falling port to me speaks in much praise of Major back. The enemy advanced, as I thought Dorville, of the Royal Dragoons, of Capit probable, at day-break on the morning tain Purvis, of the same regiment, and of of the 6th, in two columns; one taking Captain Dowson, of the 14th Light Drathe direction of Gallegos, and the other goons, who had opportunities of distinthat of Carpio and Espeja. The former guishing themselves niuch.-I am not able was a heavy column of cavalry and infan- to judge exactly of the designs of the enetry, with several guns, and the latter con my, but I know that they left Salamanca sisted of about 6,000 infantry; but in say- with 18,000 infantry, and with upwards of ing this, I should observe, that, from the 3,000 cavalry, and 34 pieces of artillery, pature of the country, the rear of these on the road to Ciudad Rodrigo.
In concolumns could not be discovered. They cluding my statement of the movements had also upwards of 2,000 cavalry and 10 of yesterday, I beg leave to add my acguns, which moved across the plain in knowledgments for the choice made by front of Fuentes de Honor. From the na- your Lordship, of the Hon. Colonel ture of the country being so perfectly Pakenham, and of Lieutenant. Colonel Deopen, and the probability of the enemy lancey, at the head of their respective bringing a large portion of his cavalry departments, with this portion of the upon this point, I deemed it most prudent army; their zeal and good judgment is al. to withdraw the light division under Bri- ready known to your Lordship. The loss gadier General Crausurd, which accord of the cavalry upon this occasion, I am ingly fell back from Gallegos and Espeja, happy to say, amounted to no more than at two o'clock in the morning, upon Nave ten rank and file wounded, and nine missd'Aver. Observing the rapidity of the ing; and six horses killed, ten wounded enemy's advance, and the superior num and four missing.--I have the honour to ber of his cavalry, the light division, with be, &c. B. SPENCER, Lieut.-Gen. the horse artillery attached to them, was directed to retire farther back upon Alfayates, the first and fifth divisions gradu
FRANCE. Er ion of the State of the Emm aliy falling back from Aldea de Ponte and
pire, presented to the Legislatire Body at Nave d'Aver to the heights just behind
its sitting of June 29, hy his Excellency Soito, and the sixth division from Meal
Count Montalivet, Minister for the In
terwr. hada de Sordo to Rendo, the cavalry remaining in front of Alfayates. It is with GENTLEMEN, ---Since your last Session, great pleasure I bave to mention the very the Empire has received an addition of adcairable conduct of the Royals, under sixteen departments, five millions of peothe command of Lieutenant-Colonel Clif. ple, a territory yielding a revenue of one ton, and one troop of the 14th Light Dra- hundred millions, three hundred leagues goons, which being all that were employed of coast, with all their maritime means, in covering the front from Villa de Egua The mouths of the Rhine, the Meuse, and
the Scheldt, were not then French : the
Religion. circulation of the interior of the Empire The Emperor is satisfied with the spirit was circumscribed ; the productions of its which animates all his clergy.—The cares central departments could not reach the of administration have been directed to sea unless they were submitted to the in- the wants of the dioceses. The estaspection of foreign custom houses. These blishment of secondary ecclesiastical inconveniencies have for ever disappeared. schools, commonly called small schools ; The maritime arsenal of the Scheldt, the founding of many large seminaries for whereon so many hopes are founded, has higher studies; the re-establishment of thereby received all the developement churches wherever they had been destroy. which it needed. The mouths of the Ems, ed; and the purchase of several grand the Weser, and the Elbe, place in our cathedrals, of which the revolution had inhands all the wood which Germany fur- tercepted the construction; are manifest nishes. The frontiers of the Empire are proofs of the interest which the governsupported on the Baltic; and thus, having ment takes in ihe splendour of religious a direct communication with the North, it worship, and the prosperity of religion will be easy for us thence to draw masts, Religious dissentions, the effect of our polihemp, iron, and such other naval stores as, tical troubles, have entirely disappeareu ; we may want. We at this moment unite there are no longer in France any priests but all that France, Germany, and Italy pro- those in communion with their bishops, and duce, as materials for the construction of as united in their religious principles as in ships. The Simplon, become part of their attachment to Government.-TwentyFrance, secures us a new communication seven bishopricks having been for a long with Italy.—The union of Rome has re. time vacant, and the Pope having refused moved that troublesome intermediacy at two different periods, from 1805 to 1807, which subsisted between our armies in the and from 1808 up to the present moment, north and in the south of Italy, and has to execute the clauses of the Concordat given us new coasts on the Mediterranean, which bind him to institute the Bishops as useful and necessary to Toulon, as those nominated by the Emperor ; this refusal of the Adriatic are to Venice. This union has nullified the Concordat-it no longer also brings with it this double advantage exists. The Emperor has been, therefore -that the Popes are no longer sovereign obliged to convoke all the Bishops of the Princes, and in the relation of strangers to Empire, in order that they may deliberate France. To bring to our recollection all about the means of supplying the vacant the evils which religion has sustained, by sees, and of nominating to those that inay the confounding of temporal with spiritual become vacant in future, conformably power, we have only to look into history. to what was done under Charlemagne, The Popes have invariably sacrificed eter- under St. Louis, and in all the ages nal things to temporal ones. The divorce which preceded the Concordat of Francis of Henry VIII. was not the cause of Eng. I. and Leo X; for it is of the essence land's separation from the Church of Rome. of the Catholic religion not to be able The pence of St. Peter occasioned that to dispense with the ministry and the event. If it be advantageous to the State mission of Bishops. Thus has ceased to and to Religion that the Pope should not exist that famous transaction between continue to be a Sovereign Prince, it is Francis I. and Leo X. against which equally desirable that the Bishop of Rome, the Church, the University, and the Su. the head of our Church, should not be a preme Courts, so long protested, and which stranger to us ; but that he should unite made the Publicists and Magistrates of in his heart, with the love of religion, that that period say, that the King and the Pope love for this country which characterises had mutually ceded that which belonged elevated minds. Besides, it is the only neither to the one nor the other. Hencemeans whereby that proper influence forward it is to the deliberations of the which the Pope ought to possess over spiri- Council of Paris, that the fate of episcotual concerns can be rendered compatible pacy is attached, which will have so much with the principles of the Empire, which influence upon that of religion itselfcannot suffer any foreign Bishop to exer- The Council will decide whether France, cise an authority therein.
like Germany,shall be without episcopacy.
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