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“ tenance and protection ! Here were tempt to give the Spaniards any very high notion ing baits for our interests, and our com of our vigour. --We must not forget, loo, merce, if we had looked only to them. that, upon various occasions, the Spaniards “ But we have soared above them; Spain have not derived much credit from fight“ wanted our assistance, and we immedi. ing in company with us.. At the Battle of “ately forgave und forgot that she had Talavera, we know what was said of Cues“ aided the common cnemy against us ; ta; we know what our newspapers

called “ we flew to her as brothers, before almost him and his soldiers, though it is perfectly " she had returned into the scabbard the notorious that we left the care and protec“ sword she had drawn against us.—The re tion of our sick and wounded to them, and, "ply of the Spanish Regency to Mr. that they afterwards were upon the same “ Wellesley's note is expressive of confi- route between us and the French. At the “dence in our good faith, and of gralitude battle of Barrosa our language with re“ for our assistance. BUT we remark spect to them was still less equivocal; our " the omission in that reply of all promise newspapers called the Spanish General a to restrair by SEVERE PUNISH. traitor, who was called not much better “ MENTS practices which, in the pre- | by some of the speeches elsewhere ; our « sent circumstances of Spain, amount to commander, General Graham, appears HIGH TREASON of the blackest die.” to have sent home to England, the eagle

- This is a paragraph to be kept con taken from the French in that battle, stantly before the eyes of the people; be though he himself was under the command fore the eyes of the people of both nations ; of a Spanish General; and, at last, we for, we have here, we may be well assured, saw him engaged in a paper war with the the sentiments of OTHERS besides the Spanish officers commanding at, and in the editor, or, to use Mr. Wellesley's phrase, neighbourhood of Cadiz. At the battle of the sentiments “ of a certain class;" a Albuera, the case was not much better. class, which, God knows, all of us have | The Spaniards committed errors ; long had but too good reason to know. commander was unable to tell the state of

In our remarks upon this paragraph, them after the battle was over, and in a let us proceed in due order, concluding few days afterwards, our commander in with the chagrin here expressed, that no chief is unable to tell what is become of severe punishments were to be inflicted on them. I do not choose to give my opinion those in Cadiz, who had made such free as to the truth or falshood of what was said use of their tongues and their pens. This of the Spaniards upon these different ocman talks about the vigorousness of our ef- casions ; but this all the world knows, forts, and the disinterestedness of our mo that in the defence of many of their towns tives in a very vigorous style, but he has the Spaniards have shewn great and most not condescended to give us any proofs of obstinate bravery, and, that there is abuneither. We have twice entered Spain dant proof that their Guerillas, as they are with an army, I mean under Sir John called, have, in numerous instances, disMoore, and under the Lord Viscount Ta- played a degree of courage and perseverlavera; and we have twice got out of ance hardly to be equalled. Indeed, it is Spain again, in what manner I shall not notorious, that our newspapers are contidescribe; but this the Spaniards know, if nually representing these Guerillas as we do not, that the vigour we displayed composed of men ready to devote themthere was attended with consequences selves to destruction for the sake of their most fatal to many of them. We have country, and they go so far as to tell us seen Rodrigo taken in sight of our army, that we may expect from the efforts of we have seen Badajoz besieged by our these Guerillas alone the final extirpation army, but not retaken. Tarragona has of the French. These Guerillas are comfallen in sight of our fleet, and after being, posed of Spaniards, and how has it hapas the report of the Spanish commander pened, then, that the Spaniards, when enstates, visited by us, who declined io gaged in company with us, have acted in risk any troops in his defence. Now, the manner, in which they have been deit is not for me to say whether we had it scribed in our newspapers to have acted ? in our power to do more in these several This is, to say the least of it, extremely cases : perhaps, we did, in every case, all unfortunate; and, whatever we may think of that we were able to do, but this is quite the matter, the Spaniards, especially those certain, that we did not do much; or, at in Cadiz, have not read with complacency least, that our efforts were not calculated the remarks of our newspapers upon their


conduct when engaged in company with conduct of the Spaniards, and about her us. -But, this wriier tells us that our drawing the sword against us, is something disinterestedness must have been so manifest too impudent to merit an answer.--We to the Spaniards, that they must have been now come to the complaint of this writer so well satisfied that we have not been in- against the Spanish regency for omitting, fluenced by one.sordid or selfish principle. in their answer to Mr. Wellesley, “all proVerily this is a very foolish writer; for in “ mise to restrain, by SEVERE PUNISHanother part of this very paper of the 17th MENTS, practices which, in the preinst, he says in answer :o the Morning sent circumstances of Spain, amount to Chronicle, who had asserted that the war “ HIGH TREASON of the blackest dye.” in Spain was of no utility to us; in an. So, reader! This is the sort of treat. swer to this, he says, thái the war is of ment that this hired writer in England, great utility to us, because it compels points out for those who make what our Buonaparte 10 “ employ his main force minister in Spain deems too free a use of “ against Spain, instead of directing the their tongues and pens at Cadiz. A law whole against Ireland!" Aye, I know of libel, informations ex officio, jail for very well that this is the notion ; and the years, heary fines, harrassing prosecu. Spaniards know it too; for it has been said lions, bail for a man's lile; all these a thousand and a thousand times over, in not. sufficient for this prostituted the Parliament and in the public prints, English writer. He is for dragging and yet this man in this very same news the Spaniards to a scaffold or a gallows paper of the 17th instant, tells us that for writing, aye, and for speaking that none but a Frenchman could ever assert, which our minister there deems improper ! that we have been actuated by one selfish This is the way that he and those who principle, and that the Spaniards must think like him, and of whose words he is now be stupid indeed if they do not be- merely the repeater, would insure to the lieve that our whole and sole view is to assist people of Spain the blessings of liberty ! them, and that the success of these efforts High treason, of the blackest dye, too, for will be our best and most glorious reward! men to utter their apprehensions about --But, says he, if we had consulted our the introduction of foreign troops into their own interests we might have gone to South country; about placing part of their counAmerica and invited the provinces there try under the military command of a foto declare themselves independent. And reign General; about placing their native what should we have got by that, unless, Soldiers under the command of foreign Ofindeed, we bad resolved to carry liberty ficers; to express their apprehensions of into South America ? And if we had done these things is here deemed a crime thai, a declaration of independence would, amounting to High Treason of the blackest by no means, have cut off the connection dye, and, of course, meriting the punishbetween Old and New Spain, both coun. ment of an ignominious death, a punishtries being inhabited by Spaniards, and ment for not promising to inflict which the being so closely cconected, by all the ties Spanish government is reproached by this of interest and of blood. Spain, in that venal English writer! This is the liberty, case, would have yielded to Napoleon is it, which we flew " like brothers' to inwithout a struggle. There would have sure to the people of Spain; the liberty of been no ravages and no bloodshed, and being swung from a gallows-tree, if they the whole force of Spain would have been dare to express their fears at seeing their directed against us, it peace had not taken sea ports, their provinces, and even their place. By the war in Spain we have, armies, put under the command, and into hitherto, prevented this; but, we might the hands of foreigners. It is possible have prevented it for ever by giving lic that the suspicions, and fears of which we berty to Spain; by a war for the people, have been speaking might be groundless. instead of a war for Ferdinand. It is, For my part I believe that they were therefore, not at all owing to our disinter-groundless. But am I to represent a Spaestedness that we forebore that which the niard as a wretch worthy of death, am I to Courier threatens with respect to Spanish call him a traitor and censure his governSouth America, which were bo tempting ment for not punishing him as such, merely baits, or, if they were, they were beyond because he entertained such suspicions and our reach, or, at least, not to be made use fears? But, why do I ask these questions? of for our own purposes. What he says There is no man, who is not at bottom the about our forgetting and forgiving the enemy of all liberty amongst men, who

must not execrate the spirit by which these instes; and that, by no course of fair and remarks of the Courier were dictated. sound reasoning, can it be made out, that The source whence those remarks have because foreign troops are introduced into flowed is all despotism, shcer despotism, England, foreign troops ought also to be unmixed with a single particle of any introduced into Spain. The people of thing else. It would suffer no human England may like to have foreign troops being. to write, speak, breathe, or think brought into their country; but, if the freely; and, it seems to be ready to expire people of Spain do not like to have foreign in the overflowings of its own venom, be- troops brought into their country, they cause it cannot extend its poisonous influ- have surely a right lo say so; they surely ence to every corner of the earth.----The ought not io be stigmalized as traitors and reader will bear in mind, that we are con- doomed to the gallows, because they extinually speaking of the miseries, the de press their apprehensions upon so imporgradation, the baseness, of those nations tant a point.--As if to leave nothing who permit the French to garrison their wanting to make an exposure of his folly towns and to take the command in their or something worse, this writer, in only provinces. I beg the reader to call to his two days after his denunciations against recollection how our public prints have the poor Spaniards, falls upon Napoleon treated all such nations, with what scorn as an enemy of the freedom of the press! The they have spoken of them, how execrably occasion was as follows: the Editor of a base they have represented them to be. news paper, called the Abeille du Nord, Yet, I really have never beard of any case, published at Altona (in the territories of in which the army of the natives has been Denmark) has been obliged to apologize put under the command of French officers. for having inserted in his paper some pasWhat impudence, whiat insolence is it, sages of history, or, at least, of works pub. then, for this writer to talk thus about the lished a considerable time back. The nations who submit to the obtrusion of the apology is thus worded, under the date of French, while, at the same time, he would | Aug. 27, 1811.---" The Editor' of this have the Spaniards hung up like dogs" Paper, having imprudently inserted in merely because they make what he deems “ the Papers No. 51, 66, and 67, an aneca too free use of their tongue or pen in dote taken from works published a considerspeaking or writing against the introduction " able time back, and which do not belong of foreign troops into their territory? " Aye, " to the history of the present time, which “ but the troops, in this case, are English!" " is the object of this paper, makes known, And, you insolent hireling, do you, then, " that in consequence of this indiscretion, really believe, that, in the eyes of other " it has been imposed as a punishment by nations, an act changes its nature, and the Police, and enjoined by the supreme from bad becomes good, merely because authority, that he must abstain from inwe are the agent? -But, perhaps, our “serting anecdotes drawn even from the own example will be cited. The Spa. history of times past, calculated to offend niards may be said to be unreasonably jea. " Governments on friendly terms with that of lous in their opposition to the introduction Denmark." Upon this the COURIER of foreign troops by us, seeing that the makes the following remarks, and they English very quietly see great numbers of are well worthy of the attention of foreign troops introduced into England; the reader. They are all that was wantsee them quartered and stationed in Eng- ed to the exposure of the hireling who land; and, in some cases, have seen se has put thein forth to the world. « The veral counties of the kingdom, formed into “ Editor of the Abeille du Nord, a Paper a military district, placed under the com printei at Altona, has been forced to mand of a German Baron. The Spaniards" apologise again for having inserted an may be told this, and, as a further proof of " anecdote drawn from history, and has the disposition of the people of England," been cautioned by his Government to the Spaniardš may be told, that Roman "abstain from inserting any anecdotes of Catholic officers are permitted to serve in "times past which might give offence to these foreign corps without taking an oath, "friendly Governments : that is, to Buonawhich Irish Roman Catholics are obliged to parte!! What a fear and a despotism does take, in order to be capable of rising to " the conduct of this russian evince! It will rank equally high. I am aware, that all soon be deemed HIGH TREASON, we this

may be said to the Spaniards; but the “suppose, to have an historical work in answer is short; that men differ in their “ the library of an individual.”. -The

reader must be struck with the singular COLONEL M Mason's appointment and apıness of this quotation. Here it is pre some other topics must wait till my next. dicted, that Napoleon will make it high

WM. COBBETT. trevison; but, this writer himself had made Sente Prison, Newgate, Friday, it high treason two days before for Spa 2012 September, 1811. niards to express their apprehensions at putting their towns, their provinces and

OFFICIAL PAPERS. their troops into the hands of foreign troops and foreign commanders. When this pa

Spain. -Note of the Honble. Henry Wel

lesley, the English Nlmister in Spain, ragraph was written, that of the 17th was not recollected; thougb, to say the truth,

transmitted to Don Eusebio de Bardari y the impudence of these hirelings sets all Azara, first Secretary of State. Dated decency as well as truth at defiance. Cadiz, zugust 5, 1811. The Abeille du Nord was, it seems, to sup. Most Excellent Sir, I have hitherto press that which might give offence to friendly | abstained from calling the attention of the governments; and it was because their pub- Spanish government to the rumours and lications gave offence to our government, / writings which have for some time been that the Spaniards at Cadiz were found circulated in Cadiz, in the belief that my fault of by our Minister; and, for having forbearance and moderation might disarm given this offence, the Courier does not those who have endeavoured to weaken content him with demanding an apology; the bonds of friendship and confidence no, he would have “ severe punishmento" which so happily, and with so many adinflicted by way of terrific example ; he vantages to the cause, have hitherto subcalls the crime high treason of the blackest sisted between Great Britain and Spain. die, and, of course, would send the offend. But the papers that have been published, ers to be hanged and quartered. And this as well as the reports that have been cirman has the impudence, and that, too, alculated, have at length become so injurimost in the same breath, to attribute the ous to the Britisli good name and chagentle reproof of the Abeille du Nord to racter, and so adapted to promote the in“the fears and the despotism of the russian| terests of the enemy, and sow dissentions Buonaparté.--And, does this man and between the allied nations, that I should his associates imagine that they can de- be wanting to the duties of my charge, ceive the world by such invectives as and to all the sentiments of an Englishthese? Do they imagine, that, because man, anxious for the happy issue of this they can cajole the people of England; glorious and interesting cause, if I could because they can deceive and cheat them, look with indifference on the unjust and they can also deceive and cheat the people unfounded calumnies which are daily ac. of the Continent and of America ? Do they cumulated against my country.--To give imagine, that the Editor of the Abeille du a specimen of the terms in which these Nord, for instance, is not able to make a assertions are conveyed, and which oricomparison between the liberty of the press ginate, as it appears to me, from a certain in Denmark and that in England? Do they class of persons, I think it will be suffisuppose, that the world are to be made cient to request your Excellency to read noodles of like the poor cowed-down the subjoined paper, in which are imputed frightened wretches wlio read their pur. to my Sovereign, to his Government, and chased pages? Oh, no! The people of the to the British nation, intentions destitute Continent understand this matter very well. of honour and justice, and of good faith, They understand the worth of our liberty of and entirely subversive of all the princithe press as well as we do, and, if it were to ples upon which Great Britain has come reach them, the paragraph of the Courier forward to aid the cause of the Spanish must make them laugh heartily.--When nation. But the complaints, and imputa. the system of deception, of base fraud / tions contained in this paper,

relative 10 and hypocrisy, in the carrying on of which the conduct of Great Britain, rumours nothis Courier is one of the agents; when ticed in the month of March last, are again this vile system of cheatery, this impos- revived,--that the Spanish provinces borture of impostures, will come to an end I dering on Portugal were placed under the know not ; but, as long as it exists, and I military command of Lord Wellington; exist, it shall have in me, if not a power that the Spanish army was to be placed ful, at least an implacable foe.

under English officers; and in a word,

withdrawn from subordination to the Spa- , were sent to this city, it was solely and nish military authorities, in order to form exclusively in order to contribute to the an army truly British. To the British defence of this important position, and Government is also attributed the design preserve it to the Crown of Spain.-Lastly,

of | I troops, sufficient to take possession of this declared to your Excellency, that Great city and island, and retain it in the name Britain in taking part in this contest had and possession of his Britannic Majesty.. no other view than to assist the glorious Considering the sacrifices which great efforts of the Spanish nation to recover its Great Britain has made in support of the liberty and independence; and that she Spanish cause ; considering her repeated persevered in it without any idea of her declarations of the conduct which she has own aggrandizement, or any exclusive resolved to observe with respect to the adyantage which she might derive from Spanish colonies, some of which have been the unfortunate circumstances to which published in the Gazette of the Regency; the Spanish nation has been reduced; but considering the decisive proof which she solely to contribute to the expulsion of has just given of her disinterested views, by the enemy, and the re-establishment of offering her mediation between Spain and the integrity and independence of the the Colonies which have refused to acknow- Spanish monarchy.-In conclusion, most ledge the authority of the mother country; Excellent Sir, I earnestly intreat your ExI ought to be far from being under the ne- cellency will be pleased to present, with cessity to refute charges such as those the least possible delay, this note to the contained in this paper. In fact, it was Council of Regency; and I think myself necessary that we should find ourselves in obliged to demand from the Spanish Goa situation so critical as that in which we vernment, that all proper publicity may are reduced to the narrow bounds of this be given to it, in order to prevent the seplace, the salvation of which depends on rious consequences which must inevitably harmony and good understanding, so in result, should the Spanish nation once condispensable at all times, but especially at ceive the intentions of the English nation this critical moment, to consent to suffer to be such as the injurious suspicions the humiliation of vindicating the honour which the rumours and writings circulated of my country, attacked as it has been by throughout this city are calculated to inpublications, the malignant tendency of spire.--I have the honour to reiterate to which is sufficiently apparent. Desirous your Excellency the assurances of my however, to preserve, without the least al. distinguished consideration. (Signed) teration, the sentiments of respect and es.

H. WELLESLEY. I teem with which the two nations are mu

ANSWER. tually animated, I consider myself as under an obligation to deny, in the most positive

Dated Cadiz, 7th August, 1811. and solemn manner, in the name of his Sir ; Without loss of time, I presented Britannic Majesty, that of his Govern to the Council of Regency the note which ment, and that of the whole British nation, your Excellency was pleased to transmit all the imputation of views of aggrandize- to me on the 5th instant, as well as a copy ment, or territorial acquisition, either in of the paper lately printed and published Europe or America, at the expense of the in this city. His Excellency, fully imSpanish nation. With the same positive- pressed with what your Excellency has been ness, I deny that there is any foundation pleased to state concerning the malicious for the interpretation given to the notes rumours which have been for some time which I presented in the month of March so industriously circulated in these parts, last, suggesting that the Spanish provinces has ordered me above all things to deon the borders of Portugal should be plac- clare, that believing himself as much ined under the temporary authority of Lord terested as your Excellency in discreditWellington; as by this no more was in- ing reports and writings which can in the tended than to authorise him to derive least degree offend the respect and defrom them the military supplies which corum due to his Britannic Majesty, bis they were capable of furnishing. I, in Government, and the English nation, he like manner, solemnly affirm, that neither will most willingly hasten to publish the my Sovereign nor his Government had note of your Excellency, with this reply; any intention to render themselves masters -well persuaded that their publication canof Cadiz; and that if any reinforcements not fail to undeceive the incautious, who

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