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other hand, were the British Cabinet pos- , and consider, that if Buenos Ayres alone gessed of an idea of our inferiority, it was at one time able to inflict punishment would not be surprising that the result of on much more powerful enemies, his ina negociation would be, to grant us much trigues, his machinations, his miserable more by favour than we deserved in jus power, and his threats are perfectly contice. Therefore, until we can know lhe temptible when opposed to the united opinion of the British nation, all ulterior force of America. proceedings should be suspended. In addition, your Excellency combines your Letter from the Conde de Linharez, Porlu
Buenos. Ayres, June 10. mediation with the armistice, and should
guese Minister at Rio Janeiro, to the a negociation take place, General Elio
Junta. Rio Janeiro, April 27, 1811. would continue to hold all the authority of Viceroy, wherewith he is invested by the Most Excellent Senor;-Don Manuel Junta of Cadiz, even here, where he now Sarratea, who has just arrived here, deli. occupies; but this would involve a con vered to me your letter, which I have laid tradiction in principles ; Elin, and the il- before the Prince Regent, my master. legitimate power from wbich he derives His Highness has charged me to assure his authority, would remain triumphant you, that he feels, and is always anxious over our rights before the termination of to maintain with the Junta and people of the dispute.--The unlimited confidence Buenos Ayres, the same sentiments of which the Junta has in the pure intentions friendship and good harmony to which he of your Excellency, convinces us that you is bound by the alliance which happily have no other object in view than to unite unites him with his Catholic Majesty. the political ties which subsist in common Your Excellency knows the good faith betwixt both nations; but your Excel and entire impartiality by which his lency may rest assured, that if the state Royal Highness is actuated. You are not of our negociations do not admit us to ad- ignorant how much he desires the conhere to them, our friendship towards servation of the Spanish Monarchy, and Great Britain shall not be less firm, nor to secure the eventual rights of his august our consideration of your Excellency. spouse ; your Excellency must therefore God preserve your Excellency many years. naturally suppose how anxious he is to From the Members of the Junta,
see union and harmony re-established Buenos Ayres, May 18, 1811.
among all parts of the Spanish dominions, To his Ercellency Lord Strany ford, &c. and with what pain he has witnessed the
commencement of a civil war on the very Buenos Ayres, June 14.
frontiers of his States. He is of course This day entered this capital the vete particularly anxious for its termination, to ran troops of infantry and dragoons which which he would most willingly contribute the kingdom of Chili has sent to us to sup- by all the means which can be suggested port the just cause in which we are equally by the friendship and impartiality which engaged. The General Commandant, at he feels for all the subjects of his Christhe head of all the regiments, marched out tian Majesty. In obedience to the Royal to receive them, at the distance of a quar- orders which I have received, I feel great ter of a league from the city; and incor- satisfaction in making this declaration of porated with our warlike legions, amist tbe sentiments of his Royal Highness, the acclamations of a numerous popula. which I hope will be agreeable to your tion, they were conducted to the great Excellency. May God preserve, &c. . square, in front of the town-hall, in the
CONDE DE LINHAREZ. balconies of wbich, the Junta and the Members of the Municipality were as
Reply of the Junta. sembled. There they renewed the most Most Excellent Senor ;– This Junta has solemn oaths to die with us, should it be learned, with the greatest satisfaction, the necessary, for the destruction of tyranny, pacific sentiments with which his Royal and in defence of the imprescriptible Highness the Prince Regent is impressed, rights of our native soil, that our children and his anxious desire to contribute, by all at least may enjoy the precious gift of amicable means, to the restoration of that liberty. They have come de ermined harmony which has been unfortunately not to return to their homes without the interrupted among those who have the palm of victory. Let the haughty despot honour to be the subjects of the same and his followers be filled with terror ; Monarch. Had the prejudices of the
Spanish Government permitted them calm- of their neighbours, had they not sent ly to attend to our rights, and had not the them aid. They therefore, dispatched former depositaries of the royal authority some troops, who have in part arrested the in this part of America been resolved to current of these misfortunes.-The Junta act contrary to the evidence of facts, by have thought proper to explain to your disseminating every where doubts and Excellency the motives of their separation errors, our loyalty would have been much from Spain, and to give a brief exposition more confirmed, and even the remains of of the most recent events. They trust civil discord would have disappeared from that his Royal Highness the Prince Reamong us. But, unfortunately, guided the gent will be enabled to judge from this most of them, by personal views, they statement, that neither the ultramarine introduced the deadly germs of division, Spaniards, nor Elio, nor his followers the wbich, though put down in the greater Europeans in Monte Video, are entitled in part of this viceroyalty, is still committing any degree to his protection, in prejudice ravages in the province of Paraguay, and to our just cause. Upon the whole, the within the walls of Monte Video.The Junta will never lose sight of the considepublic papers will have informed your rations with which they ought to be imExcellency of the just and undeniable pressed as subjects of their king. They ground on which, without prejudice to our wish the happy moment to be accelerated, allegiance to Ferdinand VII, we have when we shall see Ferdinand VII. restored founded our right to resume the manage to the throne of his ancestors, and when ment of our own affairs. As to the dissen- all of us, reconciled, shall labour in contions more immediately in your vicinity, cert in supporting without alteration the it is equally notorious ihat the object of rights of the crown. Doubtless the powerthe military expedition to Paraguay was ful influence of the Prince Regent, your no other than to place the inhabitants of master, might smooth the difficulties in the that province, confined to an angle of the way of such an event. But considering kingdom, in a situation to deliberate on that by the general wish of the people, it the means of saying the State from the has been thought necessary to convoke subversion which threatened it. But they their Representatives for the purpose of chose rather to listen to the suggestions discussing those difficult questions which of ill-designing men, who were interested have been excited by the passing occurin their errors, than to the wise counsel rences, and for securing the interests of of their brothers. Hence it happened that the nation, it is the opinion of this Junta, hostilities took place. But ihe Junta, that without the consent of that Congress, whose first object was to spare the blood it would be premature to enter into any of their Countrymen, viewed these dis- measures of negociation with Spain. The asters with horror, and ordered all hos- same obstacles are not opposed to our retilities to cease, leaving to time the conciliation with the city of Monte Video. work of undeceiving the Paraguayans. The consanguinity of its inhabitants, the With regard to the affairs of Monte Vi vicinity of their territory, and their intideo, the Junta of Cadiz were so inconsi- mate relations with this metropolis, all derate as to place at the head of affairs concur in exciting a desire for our reDon F. Xavier Elio, with the respectable union. The Junta will therefore receive title of Viceroy. This audacious man, any proposition that may be made to them whose instinct for destruction is notorious, through the medium of his Royal Highsince his arrival in these parts, has not ness, but will not compromise the interests ceased to treat us as rebels--to denounce which bave been entrusted to them.--God against us the vengeance of the law-to preserve, &c. blockade our ports-to make preparations Buenos Ayres, May 16, 197, to reduce us by forces and, in fine, to To his Excellency the Conde de Linharez. irritate the inhabitants of the Eastern dig. trict by the sacrifices which he exacts,
Buenos Ayres, June 26. and the miseries to which he reduced Our army at present consists of 22,000 them.- The inhabitants being placed in warriors, the flower of the provinces, withthis cruel situation, prudence obliged out including the Indians, who voluntarily them to resort to violent measures; they join the service, and chiefly convey the rose in a mass, and demanded assistance artillery and baggage. They are not all, from this capital. The Junta would have to be sure, armed with muskets, but a conbeen criminally indifferent to the distresses siderable part of them are.
are provided with every kind of side arms; rank of officer, and every hostage, who, and are able of themselves to rout those after having given his parole, shall violate miserable legions, from whom the efforts it, shall, if he be retaken, be considered of their chiefs have not been able to con- and treated as a soldier with respect to ceal the injustice of their cause.
pay and rations, and shut up in a citadel, Circular of the Junta to the Cabildos of the the rank of officers and hostages, who shall
fort, or castle.-- Prisoners of war having United Provinces.
not enjoy the favour granted by the first Nothing is more important to the great article of the present decree, shall be kept objects which this Junia promotes, than to in the depôts, and shall not travel but see the moment arrive when the provinces under the escort of the armed force. If shall be represented in a Congress which they escape on the road, or from a depôt, shall commence its weighty deliberations. and be retaken, they shall be confined in And, as notwithstanding the repeated invi- a citadel, fort, or castle.- Prisoners of war tations, which have been issued for the who have not the rank of officers, and who purpose of hastening the arrival of a day escape either on the road, or from a depôt, which will be the most remarkable in the from the battalion of the establishmeni, or future annals of America, a number of the from the houses of private persons, where deputies of which that august assembly is they may have been placed, shall, in case to be composed have not yet arrived, the they are retaken, be confined in a citadel, Junta, therefore, on account of its pressing fort, or castle. importance to the State, have resolved that the National Congress shall commence its
France. --Address to the Emperor from La sittings about the end of November in the
Lippe and from the Ionian Isles, together present year. In consequence, the Go
with his Imperiul Majesty's Answers vernment requires you to accelerate the
Paris, 19th Aug. 1811. mission of your representatives, and that one at least be elected for each of the Yesterday, and Sunday the 18th, before cities in your districts; with this under- Mass, the Emperor, surrounded by the standing, that should unforeseen difficul Princes, grand Dignitaries, the Ministers, ties prevent you from carrying the mea- the grand Eagles of the Legion of Honour, sure into effect within the time prefixed, &c. received in the Hall of the Throne a supplementary Deputies will be appointed, deputation from the department of La till they arrive who are legitimately in Lippe, and another from the Ionian Isles. vested with powers from their constituents. The Duc de Looz, President of the depu
- This Resolution is communicated to tation from La Lippe, présented the fol. - you, that you may with zeal and love for lowing address : the cause of your country, take all neces SIRE; The deputies of the department of sary measures for hastening the assen- La Lippe, authorised by the clemency of blage of the said Representatives in this your Imperial Majesty to deposit at the
foot of your throne the most respectful exBuenos Ayres, June 26, 1911.
pressions of the submission and gratitude
of a people newly united to your Empire, FRANCE.—Decree relative to Prisoners of deur and of the power of the first Mo
amidst the imposing spectacle of the granWar. Aug. 5,1811.
narch of the universe, feel themselves enPrisoners of war, having the rank of couraged by the thought that they speak officers, as well as hostages, shall enjoy in the name of the descendants of those the favour of proceeding freely and with ancient Germaus, whose valour long baout escort to the place assigned for them, lanced the fortune of the Roman eagles, and to reside there, without being detain- and who have been always remarked for ed, after their having given their parole the uprightness and loyalty of their chanot to depart from the road marked out for racter, and for a steady attachment to their , them, nor from the place of their resi. sovereigns and their laws. dence.-Every prisoner of war having the
(To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :--Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall,
LONDON :- Printed by T: C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Floet-Street,
VOL. XX. No. 11.] LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1811.
(322 TO THE PRINCE REGENT: to again. And, be your Royal Highness
well assured, that these same writers would ON THE DISPUTE WITH AMERICA.
have applauded your ministers, if, instead
of an Order in Council to prohibit the imLetter III.
portation of American produce, they had Sir,
issued an order to strip the skin over the Before I enter upon the affair of the ears of the Roman Catholics, or to do any American Frigate and the Little Belt, pero other thing, however tyrannical, however mit me to call your Royal Highness's at monstrous, it might have been. tention, for a moment, to the servility of the English press, and to offer you some Suffer yourself not, then, Sir, to be perremarks thereon.
suaded to act, in any case, from what is
presented to you in the writings of these Towards the end of last week 2 Council parasites. Reflect; Sir, upon the past. having been held, and an Order relative | During the whole of the last twenty to American commerce having been years, these same writers have praised all agreed upon, it was, by those who merely the measures of the government. All knew that some order of this kind was these measures were, according to them, about to come forth, taken for granted, the fruit of consummate wisdom. Yet, that it contained a prohibition against these measures have, at last, produced a future imports from the American States stale of things exactly the contrary of into this courtry, by way of retaliation what was wished for and expected. All for the American non-importation act. the measures which have led to the vicThere needed no more. The busy slaves tories and conquests of France, that have of the press, who endeavour even to anti led to her exaltation, that have produced cipate the acts of government, be they all that we now behold in our own situawhat they may, with their approbation, tion, the paper-money not excepted; all lost not a moment. This “ measure of these measures have received, in their “ retaliation,” as they called it, was then turn, the unqaalified approbation of the an instance of perfect wisdom in your parasites of the press. To know and bear Royal Highness's ministers: it was a mea in mind this fact, will be, I am certain, sure become absolutely necessary to our sufficient to guard your Royal Highness safety as weil as our honour; and, indeed, against forming your opinion of measures if it had not been adopted, we are told, from what may be said of them by this that the ministers would have been highly tribe of time-serving writers, who have criminal. Alas! It was all a mistake: been one of the principal causes of that there was no such measure adopted : aod, state of things in Europe, which is, even oh! most scandalous to relate! These with themselves, the burden of incessant same writers discovered, all in a moment, and unavailing lamentation. Buonaparté! that it would have been premature to adopt “ The Corsican Tyrant"! The " towering such a measure at present !
" despot,” Buonaparté! Alas! Sir, the
fault is none of his, and all the abuse beI have mentioned this fact with a view
him should go in another diof putting your Royal Highness upon rection. The fault is in those, who con. your guard against the parasites of the trived and who encouraged the war against press, who (though it may be a bold as the Republicans of France; and, amongst sertion to make) are the worst of para them, there are in all the world none to sites, even in England. “ Hang them equal the parasites of the English press. " scurvy jades, they would have done no « less if Cæsar bad murdered their mo In returning, now, to the affair of the "thers,” said Casca of the strumpets of American frigate and the Little Belt, the Rome, who affected to weep, when Cæsar first thing would be to ascertain, which fainted, and who shouted when be came vessel fired the first shot. The Commanders
on both sides deny having fired first;
in such a cause. Your Royal Highness and, if their words are thus at variance, the sees, I am fully persuaded, but one side of decisions of Courts of Inquiry will do little the question, with regard to America. in the way of settling the point. This The venal prints present you with publifact, therefore, appears to me not cupable cations made by the enemies of the men at of being decided There is no court present in power in America; that is to wherein to try it. We do not acknow say, by the opposition of that country. ledge a court in America, and the Ameri- But, the fact is, that all parties agree in cans do not acknowledge a court here. their complaints against our seizure of their Each government believes its own officer, seamen, with instances of which their or its own courts of inquiry ; and, if the public prints abound. This is a thing so belief of the American government is op- completely without a parallel, that' one posed to what ours believe, there is no de. can hardly bring oneself to look upon it cision but by an appeal to arms. But, as a reality. For an American vessel to
there is a much better way of settling the meet a packet between Cork and Bristol · matter; and that is to say no more about it, and take out some of her sailors and carry
which may be done without any stain upon them away to the East or West Indies to the honour of either party. And this is the die or be killed, is something so monstrous more desirable, if the supposed attack that one cannot bring ourself to feel as if it upon the Little Belt can possibly be made, were real. Yet, this is no more than what in some general settlement of disputes, to the Americans complain of; and, if there form a sett-off against the affair of the be good ground, or only slight ground; if Chesapeake.
there be any ground at all, for such com
plaint, the atfair between the American Yet, may it please your 'Royal High-Frigate and the Little Belt is by no means ness, there is a view of this matter which a matter to be wondered at. I beg your it is very necessary for you to take, and Royal Highness to consider how many fa. which will never be taken by any of the milies in the American States have been political parasites in this country. We made unhappy by the impressment are accustomed to speak of this supposed American seamen; how many parents attack upon the Little Belt, as if it had have been thus deprived of their sons, taken place out at sca, and as if there had wives of their husbands, and children of been no alledged provocation ever given to their fathers; and, when you bave so the American ships of war. But, Sir, the considered, you will not, I am sure, be sure · Americans alledge, that the Little Belt prized at the exultation that appears to was found in their waters ; that she was have been felt in America at the result of one of a squadron that formed a sort of the affair with the Little Belt. blockade of their coast; that this squadron stopped, rummaged, and insulted their As a specimen of the complaints of inmerchantmen; and, that in many cases, dividuals upon this score, I here insert a it seized and carried away their own peo- letter from an unfortunate impressed Ameple out of their own ships within sight of rican, which letter I take from the New their own shores. The way for us to York Public Advertiser of the 31st of July, judge of the feelings that such acts were .“ Port Royal, Jamaica, 30 June, 1811. calculated to inspire in the bosoms of the “ - Mr. Snowden, I hope you will be so Americans, is, to make the case our own “ good as to publish these few lines.-I, for a moment; to suppose an American “ Edwin Bouldin, was impressed out of the squadron off our coast, stopping, rummag « barque Coluinbus,. of Elizabeth City, iog and insulting our colliers, and, in “ Captain Traftor, and carried on board many cases, taking away their sailors to « his Britannic majesty's brig Rbodian, in serve them; to be exposed to the loss of Montego Bay, commanded by capt. life in that service; and, at the very least, “ Mobary-He told me my protection to be taken from their calling and their “ was of no consequence, he would have families and friends.
" me whether or not. I was born in Bal
“ timore and served my time with Messrs. Your Royal Highness would, I trust, " Smith and Buchanan. I hope my risk even your life rather than suffer this “ friends will do something for me to get with impunity; and you would, I am sure, “ my clearance, for I do not like to serve look upon your people as unworthy of any other country but my own, which I existence, if they were not ready to bleed am willing to serve. I am now captain