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sula, are little better than traitors. The , Spain free; and, therefore, when we saws writer, after a great deal of labour 10 little something like a spirit of liberty, breaking effect for the above purpose, has these re- forth amongst the Spaniards, we were, not marks: “ But let us make Spain the test of silenced, as this writer here says; but, as " the patriotism of these men; for true he afterwards truly says, in hopes that the “ virtue is universal in its operation, and Spaniards would form a new government,

Spain affords an instance of the clearest though no one lalked of a republic. " But” “ villainy on the part of the enemy. When says he, “ this idea soon vanished; and, “ the French troops began to put in exe " as soon as it was determined to preserve “cution the designs of their master, then the monarchy under Ferdinand, they “ they told us that it was time that the old “ withdrew their good wishes, as it should

government of Spain should be destroyed ; seem for ever.' -No: not for ever. “the French would “regenerate" the That is a mistake: our good wishes the “ country and the people would gladly Spaniards always will have as far as they “ receive them. But when the people be- shall be found engaged in the cause of

gan to associate in different parts to op- freedom, which is their cause and our pose the French, our adorers of the cause and the cause of all the nations upon

majesty of the people” were for a time earth; but, between Joseph and Ferdi" silenced. They were, however, relieved nand we do not profess to be able to “ by the circumstance of the insurrection judge. We quitted the cause, it seems, “ not becoming at once general. 0! as soon as it was determined to preserve “ then, it was not the people who were “ the monarchy under Ferdinand.” But, “ resisting the French, but a blinded mob, who was it that came to this determination ? “ infuriated by priests and fanatic monks. Was it the people of Spain? The first that " At one time there was a hope indulged that we, in England, heard of such a determinthe refractory Spaniards would form a re ation was at the memorable Turtle Pa. " public, and then, and only then, did British triot dinner in the City of London, where patriots seem to feel an interest in their suc- Mr. Canning, then a Secretary of State,

çess ; but this idea soon vanished ; and introduced the new king to us, and toasted as soon as it was determined to preserve the him as king of Spain, though his father was

monurchy under Ferdinand, they withdrew notoriously still alive, and though he be alive their good wishes, as it should seem, forever. yet.* This was the first that we heard of “ Since that period their joy at the success any determination to preserve the Spanish " of the French has been ill disguised, and monarchy under Ferdinand; and, when “ their spleen at the triumphs of the allies we did hear of it; when we did find that “ openly discovered.”. If our spleen has a war was about to be entered upon for been moved only by the triumphs of the such a purpose, we expressed the opinion allies; there cannot have been much of contained in my motto, and gave very spleen since the French entered the Penio. ample reasons why such a war could sula ; and, on the other hand, if we did never succeed. We said, that, to resist rejoice at the success of the French, it the French required a thorough convicmust have been a continual toil to us to tion in the minds of the people that such disguise it. However, this is all asser resistance would lead to their freedom; tion: it is the offspring of the spite of that to make a people fight in defence of those who live upon the taxes. their country against an invader, you

to the bistory of our wishes must make them feel that his success in the case of the Peninsula, and of Spain would be injurious to them; that the in-, in particular, what does this writer say? fluence of nobles, priests, or of prejudice, Why, that, at first, when the French en though it might serve to rouze the people tered Spain, we said that is good : the sufficiently for the purposes of partial war“old government of Spain will now be fare, and might produce some very san" destroyed, at any rate ; but that when guinary conflicts, would never be suffi" the people began to move against the cient to resist, in the end, the armies of French, we were, for a time, silenced.” France; that there wanted, for this pur.

-Now, who is in the shape of man, pose, a new soul in Spain, a dislocation of except he be a Public Robber, a down- society, an event, in short, like the French right Robber, that does not think, that it revolution, without its bloodshed, and that would have been a good change for nothing short of that would enable the Spain to get rid of the old government at any rateBut, how much better to see

* See Vol. 14, p. 226.

But, as

country to resist the armies of Napoleon. The Spaniards, including the prisoners This was what we said: we did not ask made at the Olivo, have lost about three for republics or any other particular fancy: thousand.

Charles ADAM. we only asked for freedom to the people of Spain : and we gare our reasons for be

Tarragona, June 11, ISU. lieving, that, unless freedom was given 10 sea-beach, called the Francoli

, was de.

Sir;— The small advanced work on the Spain, the French would become masters of the country, an opinion which seems thrown up in the night of the 6th instant ;

stroyed in four hours by the batteries at last, not to be thought so very wild; but its situation was such as always to and it will, I imagine, not be long before this “ most thinking nation in Europe," will have made its tenure very uncertain, by pretty clearly perceive, that it would have being very much detached. On this ocbeen better if our advice had been fol- casion the conduct of the Spanish troops lowed.

was particularly gallant; all the men who

occupied the Francoli, to the amount of In my next I shall state, as fully and as killed or wounded, and the officer in com

one hundred and forty-five, being either' clearly as I am able, the whole of the case relating to the Dispute with Ame- mand having lefto the fort the last person.

The rica, which has been delayed hitherto for

enemy has since made several atwant of certain points of information, tempts to carry these works, which prowhich I now possess.

tect the communication between the sea WM. COBBETT.

and the town, but by the vigilance and State Prison, Newgate, Friday,

bravery of Brigadier Sarsfield, who comAugust 23, 1817.

mands these defences, they have been repulsed with considerable loss; and, in

deed, in one instance, though the enemy OFFICIAL PAPERS.

had rallied three times, he was completely Spain.-Tarragona.- Account of the Siege defeated in his object. But the very hard

and Capture of this place, in letters from work by day in constructing works for the Capt. Adam, Col. Green, and Capt. support of the lines, which becomes neCodrington, to Admiral Cotton, Com- cessary in consequence of the radical de. manding in the Mediterraneun. From fects of the fortifications, and the constant the 5th to the 28th June, 1811.

alarms and attacks by night, causes seInvincible, Tarragona-roads,

rious anxiety for the earliest relief.

E. R. GREEN. June 5, 1811. Sir;-On the 28th in the morning the

Blake, off Villa Neuda, enemy opened his fire on fort Olivo from

June 1:5th, 1811. two batteries, one of four guns and a mor Sir;-As Captain Adam has informed tar, the other of three guns and an ho- you of the occurrences at Tarragona, durwitzer, placed on the flank of the fort. ing my absence, up to the 5th of June, I About mid day of the 29th, Colonel Green have only to add, that although the examined the works of the Olivo, owing French have advanced their works to to a report from an officer that its defences within half pistol shot of the lines of the were in a bad state, and he found them Puerto, besides having entirely destroyed very much destroyed. At night it was the battery of Francoli, and formed a intended to substitute the regiment of Al post under the position of its ruins, they meria for that of Iberia, which had been have been beaten off with very serious loss hitherto in the fort; and after dark the on their part in some desperate attempts to former regiment was marched out of the storm the Orleans and Saint Joseph' battown for that purpose; but I am sorry to teries ; and that the Spaniards under Gesay the enemy found means to mingle neral Sarsfield have made several successhimself with that regiment, and he got ful sorties with the few troops that could possession of the Olivo without firing a be spared for the purpose. My last letter shot, making nine hundred men prisoners. to you, dated the 15th of May, will have

The enemy's force at present is con- informed you of my intention of proceed. sidered to be between ten and eleven ing to Valencia and Alicant with General thousand men; he is supposed to have Doyle, and I have now to make known to Jost four thousand since the commence you the successful result of our visit to ment of the siege in killed and wounded, those places.-Leaving Tarragona on the and deserters.

16th, we reached Peniscola on the fore.

from me.

noon of the 17th, where, finding the In- whilst he himself would move forward vincible, with four empty transports, with the remainder of his army to the bound to Carthagena, I directed Captain banks of the Ebro; where, in concert Adam to remain until he heard farther with the Arragonese division, he might

From thence General Doyle threaten, and perhaps destroy, the difwrote to General O'Donnel an account of ferent depôts of General Suchet.- therethe situation of Tarragona, and of my de- fore hastened to Tarragona, to collect taining Captain Adam at Peniscola in rea the necessary shipping, for the purpose of diness to receive any reinforcements giving action to their liberal and patriotic which he might be pleased to send to that intentions. Again fortunately meeting garrison. Upon our arrival at Murviedra the Invincible on the night of the 6th, I we found General O'Donnell had already directed Captain Ariam to anchor at Peordered the embarkation of two thousand niscola, and wait my return to that renthree hundred infantry, and two hundred dezvous in company with Captain Pringle, ard eleven artillerymen, &c. which, by whom I ordered to do the same with the the zeal and exertion of Captain Adam, Sparrowhawk and the transport William, who received seven hundred of them on whenever he should have landed the mosboard the Invincible, wepe safely landed tars, &c. at Valencia, with which he was at Tarragona on the 22d.-Delivering to charged. --On the morning of the 7ıh we General O'Donnel two thousand stand of reached Tarragona, landed the whole of arms, accoutrement, and clothing, to ena our cargo in the course of the night; and, ble him to bring into' the field as many of alier a consultation with General Conthe recruits already trained as would sup- treras, again left that anchorage ai ien ply the place of the regular soldiers thus o'clock in the forenoon of the 8th, taking detached from his army, we proceeded to the Paloma along with us.

5.- We reached Valencia, and lande if the remainder of Peniscola on the noon of the 9th, where our cargo; by which means the troops of the Invincible had alreadly anchored with General Villa Campa, 'then dispersed as the four transports, and were joined on the peasantry for want of arms, were enabled 10th by the Centour, Sparrowhawk, and again to take the field, and the corps of William transport.- From the critical si. Mina and Empecinado completed in all tuation of Tarragona, I left orders with


army of Arragon thus brought forward to war might arrive before my return, should act in concert with the movements of that join me immediately; and to Capiain of Valencia.--At Alicant we procured as White's promptness in obeying this order, many necessary materials for Tarragona and consenting in common with Captain as the ship would actually stow, besides Adam and myself to receive each a bat• eighty artilleryinen, and a considerable talion of eight hundred troops, with the

quantity of powder, ball cartridge, lead, proper proportion of officers, I am in& c. sent in the Paloma Spani-h corvette debted for tbe power of embarking the from Carthagena, in company with a

whole four thousand on Ihe forenuon of Spanish transport from Cadiz, deeply the 11th, and landing them at the garrison laden with similar supplies. 'As it was

of Tarragona during ihe night of the 121h. impossible to receive these stores on board -As soon as the troops were ready for the Biake, they were conveyed at my re embarkation at Peniscoia, I sent the Sparquest in the Palowa, with the ship under rowhawk forward to prepare the garrison convoy, directly to Tarragona.-Aster re- and also the Marquis of Campo Verde for turning to Valencia, wliere we landed ihe our arrival, in consequence of the Mår. additional arms, &c. for the Arragonese quis's letter in auswer to General Miranda army, we moved on to Murviedra ; where requesting I would again embark his di. the Count of Bisbal procreded from Va vision for the purpose of joining the Marlencia to join us in a consultation with his quis in the neighbourhood of Villa Neuva brother, although on accountof his wound, die wilges, in order to threaien the flank of he was very unfit for such a journey. The the besieging army. And this farther result of this conference was a determina- service was so speedily executed by means tion on the part of General O'Donneil to of the boats of the squadrun, that the commit to my protection, for the succour whole division was again safely landed at of Tarragona, another division of his this place on the evening of yesterday, best troops, under Major-General Mi- from wlience it marched this morning for randa, consisting of four thousand med, Villa Franca, intending to join the Mar

quis of Campo Verde, to-morrow, at Iqua- prey to the merciless and sanguinary lada.-EDWARD CODRINGTON.

enemy. wbo has so greatly circumscribed

its means of detence. Blake, in Tarragona-Roads,

EDWARD CODRINGTON. June 23, 1811. Sir,- Besides employing the gun-boats Blake, off Turragona, June 29, 1811. and launches during the whole of every Sir,-Yesterday morning, at dawn of night in annoying the enemy's working day, the French opened their fire upon parties, I have supplied the garrison with the town; about half past five in the afterabove three thousand sand-bags made by noon á breach was made in the works, ibe squadron, and sent all the women, and the place carried by assault immechildren, and wounded people by the diately afterwards. From the rapidity transports to Villa Neuva; added to which with which they entered, I fear they met the boats of the squadron under the par- with but little opposition; and upon the ticular directions of Captain Adam, but Barcelona side a general panic took place. assisted by Captain White and myself, Those already without the walls, stripped took off abore iwo hundred men who re and endeavoured to swim off to the ship{reated to the Mole after the French had ping, while those within were seen sliding laken the batieries, and who were safely down the tace of the batteries; each party landed again during the night at the Mila thus equally endangering their lives more gro, that is, within the works on the east than they would have done by a firm reside of the towi). And in order to coun. sistauce to the enemy - A large mass of teract the depression which might ensue. people, some with muskets and some withfrom the extensive and unexpected ad. out, then pressed forward along the road, vantages gained by the enemy on the suff-ring themselves to be fired upon by night of ihe 21st, I yesterday led the abot iwell's French, who continued runsquadron as near to the Niole and Puerto omg beside them at only a few yards disas could be done with safety, and drove tance. At length they were stopped enthe enemy from the advanced position tirely by a volley of fire from one small they had taken. This position, which was party of the eneiny, who had entrenchied taken with the view of picking off the ar themseives at a turn of the road, suptillery men at their guns, as they did on ported by a serond a little bigher up, who the lines of the Puerto, was ini mediasey opened a maskert har ery of, two fieldafterwards, and still remains, occupied by pieres. A horrible buchery then ensued; the Spanish Gerias.—But the French and shortiv atie wards, le remainder of are making a work near the Fuerte Real these pror wre'ches: amounting to above battery, from which they will quickly three thousand, tamely submitted to be breach the wall of he town, and are dig. I led awav prisoners by less than as many ging their ir ni hes in such a direction as bundred French.---The launches and gonwill secure them from the fire of the strip boats went from the ships the instant the ping. ln the mean time they are de enemy were o'server by the Invincible stroying the Custom house, the large (which iay so the westward) to be collectstores, and all the buildings of the Puerlo, ing in their trenches; and yet, so rapid in order, I presume, to ruin the place as was beir success, that the whole was ver much as possible; and I have no doubt before we could open our fire with effect. but the town will share the same face, if --All the boats of ine squadron and transit shouid untorionately fa!) imo their poris were sent to assist those who were hands. The Baron de Eroles has taken a swimming or concealeri under.the rocks; conroy of five hundred mules Laden, and and, notwithstanding a heavy fire of mus. destroyed some of the escort. The exer querry and field-pieces, which was warinly tion and ability of the French in besieging and such esstully returned by the launches this place has never, I believe, been esa and gun-boals, from five to six hundred ceeded; and I irrist the brave garrison were then brought off to the shipping, will stili inake a detence wortlıy the braio many of them badly wounded. I cannot liant example which has been see them 'o conciude my history of our operations at some other parts of the Peninsula: but I Tarragona without assuring you, that the am sorry to say the stery of the place zeal and exertion of those under my comnow seems to depend particularly upon mand, in every branch of the various serthe army of the Marquis of Campo Verde; vices which have fallen to their lot, has and I fear the town wili eventually fall a been carried far beyond the mere dictatos

of duty.The Invincible and Centaur | tering the town, and afterwards all those
have remained with me the whole time found in uniform or with arms in their
immediately off Tarragona, and Captains houses, and that many of the women and
Adam, White, and myself have passed young girls of ten years old, were treated
most nights in our gigs, carrying on such in the most inhuman way; and that after
operations under cover of the dark as the soldiers had satisfied their lust, many
could not have been successfully employed of them, it was reported, were thrown into
in sight of the enemy; I do not mean as the flames, together with the badly-
to mere danger, for the boats have been wounded Spaniards; one thousand men
assailed by shot and shells both night and had been left to destroy the works; the
day, even during the time of their taking whole city was burnt 10 ashes, or would be
off the women and children, as well as the so, as the houses were all set fire to; the
wounded, without being in the smallest only chance in their favour was the calm
degree diverted from their purpose. It is weather and the sudden march of the
impossible to detail in a letter all that has French, by which some houses might
passed during this short but tragic period; escape.
but humanity bas given increased excite-

General MEMORANDUM. Whereas,
ment to our exertions; and the bodily from the present distressed situation of
powers of Captain Adam have enabled
him perhaps to push to greater extent Tarragona, many fanilies may be obliged

lo embark without the necessary means of that desire to relieve distress which we have all partaken in common.--Our own

existence, until they can be conveyed to

other places on the coast, where the cusships, as well as the transports, have been the receptacles of the miserable objects tomary generosity of the people will enwhich saw no shelter but in the English for their own subsistence. It is my direc

sure them a share of what they may have squadron; and you will see by the orders tion that the ships of the English squadron which I have found it necessary to give, furnish them with such provision, for the that we have been called upon to clothe time of their embarkation and transport, the naked, and feed the starving, beyond as the humanity and liberality of our the regular rules of our service. -- Our boats have suffered occasionally from the country will dictate.—A separate account shot of the enemy, as well as from the

of the provision so expended is hereafter rocks from which they have embarked the to be given to me, regularly signed by people ; amongst others the barge of the the Victualling Board, instead of the peo

proper officers, for the information of Blake, which however, I was so fortunate as to recover after being swamped and ple being borne for victuals as passengers

EDWARD CODRINGTON. overset, in consequence of a shot passing Blake, in Tarragonu Roads, June 25, 1811. through both her sides, with the loss only of one woman and child killed out of GENERAL MEMORANDUM. Whereas, twelve, which were then on board in ad-in consequence of the town of Tarragona dition to her crew. But the only casualty being taken this evening by assault, numof importance which has happened in the bers of the troops and inhabitants who squadron is that which befel the Centaur's have been received on board the different launch on the evening of the 28th, and I ships and vessels of the squadron perfectly beg to refer you particularly to the ob- naked, it is my direction that they may servations of Captain White respecting be supplied with such articles of clothing Lieutenant Ashworth, whose conduct and as a due regard to decency and humanity whose misfortune entitle bim to every con may absolutely require. sideration. EDWARD CODRINGTON.


Blake, in Tarragonu Rouds, June 28, 1811.
Captain Codrington farther states, that
he had received intelligence that General Spain. - French Oficial News from the Ar-
Contreras was wounded and made pri-

mies.- Paris, Dih August, 1811.
soner, and that the General personally
distinguished himself; that the Governor Madrid, July 16.-Yesterday was
(Gonzales), with a handful of men, de-day of rejoicing for this capital. The
fended himself to the last, and was bayo- King, our Sovereign, entered it on his re-
netted to death in the square vear bis turn from his journey, at half-past six in
house ;. that man, woman, and child were the evening, amidst the acclamations of
put to the sword upon the French first en an immense multitude, who awaited and

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