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in consequence of a single landlord's de «6 « down stairs. That was a pretty broad manding bis rent according to law, what “ “ hint!!!” (laughing.) So he, (Earl hare not landlords to fear? The safest Stanhope) had given Lord King a hint ; course, therefore, that they can pursue is " and if he followed up this business, why, to keep, as far as they are able, their farms “ when next Session came, he would give in their own hands; and this, to a very "bim a BROAD hint! (a laugh.)". Quite great extent, they certainly will do. So a wil, I declare : “Quite a sea-wit, Mr. that this law, as far as it is efficient, will “ Benjamin !" Well, you know, Gentle produce a virtual violation of contracts men, that there is a time for all things, and, and a discouragement to agriculture. of course, a time for laughing. But, it is
well worthy of remark, that this war (for During the discussions upon this mea- it is the same that began in 1793) sure, several hints were thrown out as to was waged for the “ PRESERVATION the courts of law setting their fuces against " OF LIBERTY AND PROPERTY those who should demand payment in “ AGAINST REPUBLICANS AND LE. gold.. Sir Samuel Romilly observed “ VELLERS,” that was the title of the vpon what Mr. Manning said about the Association at the Crown and Anchor. luw being too strong for the lundlords, that This is well worthy of remark; now is the it alarmed him to hear such language ; time to make such remark. This war has and that he thought it dangerous in the now been going on eighteen years; this extreme to expose men to such uncertainty war for the support of order and law and as to the real meaning of the law. But, property, and now, behold, we hear, in the Mr. Fuller and Lord STANHOPE, as ap- two houses of parliament, the supporters pears from the reports in the news papers, of this system, talk of tossing a landlord in came to the point at once. The former is a blanket and kicking him down stairs, if he reported to have said, in the debate of the should persist in demanding payment of 9th of July, that “ he wondered to hear his rents agreeably to the contract in his “ any doubt of the solvency of the Bank, leases ! " as it was to be supported by the sol- vency of Government; and Government Gentlemen, if you have read the reports “ surely had ships and stores, and plenty of the debates in parliament, upon this " of valuables besides. He (Mr. Fuller) subject, you must have observed, that the " did not understand the objects of the people in the ministry have very loudly "persons who had brought forward the disapproved of the conduct of Lord King “question, but he was convinced they for demanding of his tenants payment in “ were something sinister. (A luugh.) As gold, or in notes in sufficient amount to " to Bank-notes, if any landlord was make up for the depreciation of money. Now, * offered payment in them, and he wanted observe; they have brought forward, se" gold, he (Mr. Fuller) did not know what veral times, propositions for large grants to “ might be done; but of this he was sure, the King und to others, on account of the “ that THE WHOLE TENANTRY OF rise in prices, which, as I have already ex“ THE COUNTRY WOULD MEET plained to you, is only another name for " AND TOSS HIM IN A BLANKET. the depreciation of money. I beg you to " (laughing.)” And the latter is roported mark well what I am now going to state to have said, in the House of Lords, on the to you; because it will give you a clear 22nd of July, that “his Noble Friend insight into this whole matter. “ (Earl of Lauderdale) had called the Bill “ a legislative HINT: but it was a pretty In 1802, eight years ago, a large sum “ broad bint, too. He did not know whe. of money, wo less a sum than 990,0531. “ther bis Noble Friend had been educated (why not have made it a round million ?) “ at any of the Universities : but, he be. was granted by parliament " to the King “ lieved, not at Oxford. There was a “ to discharge the arrears and debts due “ story there about a broad hint, which
opon the CIVIL LIST on the 5th of Ja" they called “ John Keale's broad hint.” nuary,
1802.” The Civil List, Genile“ There was a man that John Keale did men, is the King's establishment of ser" not like : John gave him a hint that he vants and officers of different sorts, and, “ did not like his company : but he in short, of all his expences. The King “ would not go away.
" What did you had a permanent allowance, fixed by Act “ “ do, then,” says one to John? “ Do,' of Parliament, of 800,000l. a year for " says John Keale," why, 1 kicked him these purposes; but, in 1802 (the tinie
we are now speaking of) the Civil List bers of the Family enjoy; the propriety had got into debt; and the then Minister, or impropriety of none of which I ain Addington, taking advantage of the na-discussing, but it is necessary to state tional satisfaction at the Peace of Amiens, them in order to enable you to judge of proposed a grant of the above sum, for the fairness of the attacks upon Lord King, the purpose of paying off this debt. Mr. who only wanted a bare fulfilment of con. Fox and others opposed the grant; but it cruce with regard to his own private estate ; was supported by Pitt, George Rose and who only wanted to save himself from the majority, and upon a division there ruin from the future depreciation of were 226 for it and only 51 against it. money, and who gave up to his tenants And, let it be borne in mind, that the all they had gained from him by the past. grant was justified by Pitt upon this ground : that it did not make an increase Now, Gentlemen, I beg you to observe, to the Civil List equal in proportion " 10 that this second grant to the King; this " the increase of the price of commodities, grant of £.591,842 was to pay off what " and to THE DEPRECIATION OF he had lost in two years by the deprecia. “ MONEY.” So he said ; so they all tion of money; and, you will also obsaid; and the assertion was sanctioned by serve, and mark it well, that these are two a vote of the House granting 990,0531. to out of the nine years that have elapsed since the King. Now, then, if the King was to Lord King let the Estate respecting the rent of have a grant like this on account of the which you huve seen his notice to his tenant. past depreciution of money, why should Lord | The King, in 1802, had a fixed allowance King be reviled, why should he be tossed of £.800,000 a year out of the public in a blanket, or kicked down stairs, fordemand. money; and, at the end of only two years, ing payment in such a way as to give his advisers find him to require a grant of him some security for fulure depreciation £.991,842 on account of the depreciation of money, especially when we consider, of money; that is to say, £.295,921 in that he only demanded the fulfilment of a each of the two years. More than 30 per bargain, while the grant to the King was cent. per unnum! And, is Lord King, after oder and above the fulfilment of a bargain having silently suffered under the gradual made with hun by the public ?
depreciation for nine years, to be attacked
in this manner; is be to be lumped along But, did the demands for the King siop with Jews and Pedlars and Smugglers ; is he here? Very far from it; for, in the year to have a hint that he will be kicked down 1804 (only iwo years afterwards), Pitt, stairs or tossed in a blanket, because he now, who was then come back into power, when he sees the guinea selling at 25, or called for another grant for a similar pur- 26, or 27 s. is resolved to have a fulfile pose, to no less an amount than 591,8421. ment of his bargain, and not 1o be wholly 3s. 104d. How scrupulously exact the ruined by this depreciation of money? Gentleman was! To a half-penny, you see! Oh, wondrous financier ! This grant But, Gentlemen, this principle of augalso was made, and without any division menting allowances out of the public treuof the House, though it was strenuously sure, on account of the depreciation of opposed by Sir Francis BURDETT, upon money, has not been confined to the King the ground of its being a departure from and his family. It has been acted upon a bargain with the public, and of the in almost all the departments under the practice of making such grants being calo government, the army and navy excepted, culared to render the Royal Family abso- where, as far as relates to the Commissionlutely dependent upon the Minisier of the ed Officers especially, litde augmentation day. This grant also was justified upon has taken place. I will, however, here the ground that money had depreciated and confine nyseif to one particular class of the prices of all commodities increased. This persons, namely, THE JUDGES, and I grant was accompanied with a ermanent do it the rather because it has been hinted addition to the Civil List of 60,0001. a pretty broudly, that the Courts of Law would year; and, indeed, the annual sum, now set their faces against the efforts of those, paid by the people on that account is who might attempt to enforce payment in 958,0001. exclusive of 295,9681. 18. 8.
gold. in allowances and pensions lo the Royal Family, besides the amount of sinecare Be it known to you, then, Gentlemen, places and military offices that some mem that the Judges' pay has bad two lift
since the Bank stopped its payments in the English Judges was nearly doubled; gold and silver. The first was, in the and, shall my Lord King be represented year 1799, two years only after the pass- as a pedlar, a jew, and a smuggler, because, ing of our famous Bank Restriction Act. at the end of nine years of depreciation of The two Chief Judges, whose incomes money, he wishes to put a stop to the were very large, underwent no augmen- ruinous progress? And shall be be tation by Act of Parliamenı; but, the threatened with the hostility of these pay of all the rest was augmented by the same Judges, in case he should attempt to Act, Chapter 110, of the 39th year of the enforce his legal claim? Shall be be told King's reign; and, no trifling augmenta- about beiug fought off in the courts, and tion did their pay receive, it being upon about the law being too strong for bim? an average nearly, if not quite, half the whole amount of their former pay.
The At the time when these Acts were Chief Baron of the Exchequer had £.1,000 passed for 'augmenting the pay of the a year added to bis former o£. 3,000 a Judges, one of the arguments was, that year; and all the nine Puisne Judges had such augmentation was necessary to sup2.1,000 each added to their former pay, port the DIGNITY of the office of Judge. which was, in some cases a little more and Now, in what way was an increase of pay in some cases a little less than £2,000 a to produce such an effect? Certainly in no year before. And, besides this, the Act other way than that of enabling the Judge enabled the King, that is to say, his ad- to augment his expences of living; for, as visers, to make a permanent provision for to his authority, as to his powers, as to his anyjudge that might become superannuated, station, the money would make no alteration and it fixed on great pensions for them in at all in them. This being the case, there this case, which pensions can, in conse appears to have been no good reason for quence of that act, be granted without any augmenting the Judges' pay any more than particular consent of the parliament, which the pay of the officers of the Navy, or of any was not the case before. Mr. TIERNEY op- other persons in the public employ. MR. posed this measure in a very able manner. TIERNEY used, at the time when the first He said, that the House of Commons augmentation was proposed, an argument would thus lose all check and controul as very applicable to our present purpose : to such remunerations; and that the in “ If,” said he, " an augmentation of influence of the Crown would be thus greatly "come be necessary to support the staand most fearfully enlarged. The mea “tion of a Judge, has the country no in. sure was, however, adopted ; and thus the “ terest in enabling the officers of the Judges, in Scotland as well as in England, “ Army and Navy, or the Ministers of the received an umple compensation for ihe de." Church, or the Magistrates, to maintain preciation of money, up to the year 1799. “their station of society? If the circum
" stances of a Judge, who has 2,0001. a Having gone on with this pay for ten “ year, require that he should have an ad. years, it appears to bave been thought “ ditional 1,000l. we know very well what time to give them another lift; and, ac “ must be the situation of a private Gencordingly an Act for this purpose was
“ tleman with an income of 2,0001. a year." passed in the year 1809, of which the people seem to have taken not the least notice. This argument applies precisely to Lord It seems to have escaped every body's King. The answer to Mr. Tierney was, attention; but, indeed, the Acts now passed that the private Gentleman, if his estate are so numerous, that it is next to impos- was in land, would, of course, raise bis sible for any single man to be able to pay rents, in order to make bis income keep attention to them all, or to a quarter part pace with the depreciation of money. But of them. This Act, which is Chapter 127 the reply to this is, that, if his estate was of the 49th year of the King's reign, let upou lease, as Lord King's is, he could makes an addition of £ 1,000 a year, to not raise his renis, till the expiration of the pay of the Chief Baron of the Exche that lease; and if he let a farm upon a quer; also an addition of £.1,000 a year, fourteen years' lease in the year 1798, he to each of the nine Puisne Judges; and has been receiving money at the rate of it gives an additional £.400 a year to each that time, during the last thirteen years, of the Welsh Judges. Thus, at the end whereas the pay of the Judges has been of twelve years from the time when the doubled in the space of twelve of those Bank stopped paying in gold, the pay of years. This is, in fact, the situation of
Lord King. Either, therefore, it was not department of the state, against the effects necessary, and it was not just to augment of the depreciation of money? The mea. the pay of the Judges in any degree; or, sure of Lord King fell far short of the it is extremely unjust that Lord King justice due to himself, for, though the should be prevented from augmenting his money had depreciated considerably at income. Indeed he has had, till now, all the date of his oldest leases, still, it has the legal means of making his income keep gone on depreciating further from that pace with the depreciation of money, by time to this. He, therefore, would have demanding his rents in gold; that is to been fairly entitled to payment in Gold, say, agreeably to the terms of the con- and nothing else, for the remainder of tract, in good and lawful money of the those old leases. But, pursuing a mode. realm.
rate and liberal course, he restrained his
demands far within their legal bounds. This legal, this equitable, this fair, this with a considerateness that does him great honest, this indubitable claim, he was pre- honour, he suffered his tenants quietly to paring to inforce, when my Lord Stanhope retain what they had gained during the steps forward with the proposition of a past, and only required of them a due law, avowedly intended to prevent him fulfilment of contract for the future, which from so doing; to throw impediments in was not less necessary to the welfare of his way; to interfere in the management his-tenants, than it was to his own protecof his estates; to take from him part of tion; because without such a measure, it the legal means which he before possessed was impossible they ever could obtain a of preserving his property; and, for having renewal of their leases. signified his intention to use those means, he is held forth as a jew, a pedlar, and a Much, during the discussions upon this smuggler. I have observed, ihat Mr. She famous Bill, has been said about patriotism; RIDAN has taken part upon this occasion and Lord King has been charged with a with those who have censured Lord King. want of that quality, because he made the And, this is the more remarkable as he demand, of which so much has been said. has seldom taken part in any discussion But, if Lord King, in barely demanding whatever. Is Mr. SHERIDAN aware of the the fulfilment of a contract in order to consequences to which this may lead ? It protect himself against the effects of the is hardly necessary to tell him, that the depreciation of money; if Lord King, in day may not be far distant, when the barely appealing to the law already in CIVIL LIST will have to be settled anew; existence for his protection against this and, I should be glad to know whether; in ruinous effect of paper-money; if, for this, that settlement, it is likely to be the wish Lord King is to be accused of a want of of the parties concerned, that the sum patriotism, and is to be lumped with Jews, should be fixed as if it were to be paid in Pedlars, and Smugglers, what will be the gold. Whether, in short, the amount of inference with regard to the King and the Civil List would be fixed for the fu- royal family, and my lords the Judges, to lure, at its present amount. But, if that protect whom against the effects of deprewere not to be the case, how could a ciation laws have been passed, laws proposed larger amount be proposed or supported by by the minister of the day and sanctioned those who have now railed at the conduct by the majority. Lord King comes for no of Lord King?
law to protect him; he asks for no law
against his tenants; he only wants bis duc Endless are the difficulties, into which according to the existing law; and yet, he those have plunged themselves, who have - is, and by the very people, too, who apreprobated the conduct of this nobleman as proved of the above-mentioned large unjust, or who have represented it as un- grants to the King and the Judges, acwise. Such persons will hardly muster cused of a want of patriotism! up the resolution to make a frank acknowledgment of their error; and yet, if they The venal prints have not failed to join do not do this, with what face can they in the accusations against Lord King, propose, or support, or sanction, either whom the COURIER, on the 5th instant, expressly or tacitly, any measure which charges with motives of “ base lucre," as shall h.ve for its object, the preservation the ATTORNEY GENERAL did me, and with of the Crown, the Royal Family, the Army, precisely the same degree of justice. The the Navy, the Courts of Justice, or any article here referred to in the COURIER
concludes with some observations as to the Judges of England alone have received, duty of patriotism, in this case ; and say's, since the year 1799, in virtue of the two that, “ On an occasion in which ALL Acis above-mentioned, no less a sum than “ SUFFER, the man who first abandons 120,0001. that is, one hundred and twenty " the general causė for his own personal thousand pounds of principal money, more “ interests, must needs make a very sorry than they would have received had not “ figure before the world, just like the these two grants been made to them; and “coward who is the first to Ay in battle, if we include the interest, as in all such " while victory is doubtful. But if this calculations we must, they have received, " man were an high officer, a Legislator, since 1799, over and above their former “an hereditary Counsellor of his Sovereign, pay, about 145,000l. And, yet, my Lord "whose peculiar duty it is to set an eram King is, by this venal scribe, accused of “ple of bravery, of fortitude, of contempi for motives of “ BASE LUCRE," because he “personal consequences in the general cause, wishes to prevent the whole of his income “ with what feelings could we view his from being sunk in the depreciation of money. "e conduct?". Now, it is to be observed | The Judges have actually put in their here, that all this talk about the public pockets this large sum of money; they cause is most shocking nonsense, and what have actually touched it, since the year no man in the world besides one of these 1799, and, of course, the National Debt is birelings would be found to put upon so much the greater on that account; the inpaper. But, if to demand merely the terest upon that Debt is so much the fulfilment of contracts in order to pre- greater on that account; the quantity of serve his fortune against the effects of de- bank notes to pay the Dividends are so preciation of money, if this be to " abun- much the greater on that account; and, « don the general cuuse for his own personal of course, these iwo Acts of Parliament " interests,” if this be to resemble "a have tended, in some degree, to hasten the “ coward who is the first to flee in battle," how depreciation, and to produce the very will this venal man speak of the King and effect which now threatens to ruin Lord Royal Family and the Judges? The King King, and to find out a remedy for which has, since the year 1799, had two great puzzles so many men who think them. grants in augmentation of the sum allowed selves wise. Lord King's measure does him, the Junior Branches of the Royal not tend to 'add to the national Debt; it Family have had one additional grant (in tends to produce no addition to the Divj. 1806) and the Judges have, as we have dends or the bank paper; it is a mere above seen, had their pay doubled, actually measure of management of his private afdoubled, since that time. And yet this fairs, which does not trench upon the pubvenal man accuses Lord King of “ BASE lic good in any way whatever; and yet, “ LUCRE” because he is endeavouring to he is lumped along with Jews, Pedlars, get what is his due ; because he is endea. and Smugglers, and is accused of a want vouring to get his own; because he is try of patriotism ! ing to protect himself against that ruin which he foresees will come upon him, if · This writer tells us, that it was the duty he does not now begin to obtain the fulfil- of such a man as Lord King to set an exment of his contracts.
ample of contempt of personal consequences,"
meaning, of course, pecuniary conse“ On an occasion,” says this venal man, quences. But, was it more his duty than " in which ALL suffer." No: not all. it was the duty of the King, the Royal The king has not suffered from the depre- Family, and the Judges ? He says that Lord ciation, nor have the Judges, whose pay King ought to have done it, as being an has been, as we have seen, actually doubled hereditary counsellor of the crown. If since the stoppage of cash payments took Lord King had had much to do in counplace, and who, of course, would be now selling the Crown, the present subject as well off as they were before that time, would, perhaps, never have been disif the pound bank note were worth only cussed; but, be that as it may, was it ten shillings, and Mr. Honner tells us it is more his duty to set an example of conyet worth about sixteen shillings. “ ALL” tempe of pecuniary consequences than it do not suffer, then. The Judges, so far was of the King? Was it more his from suffering have gained very greatly ; duty than it was the duty of the Judges ? and yet, no one has ever charged them was no example of this sort to be exwith motives of “ BASE LUCRE.” The pected from them, while it was to be ex: