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on every consideration, and from the best information he could obtain, were in lis judgment most. likely to answer the great end.
Under these impressions he placed Col. Hamilton at the head of the Treasury Department.. .
At the head of the Department of Foreign Affairs, he placed Mr. Jefferson. is
General Knox was continued in the Department of War, which he had filled under the old Congress.
The office of Attorney General was assigned to Mr. Edmund Randolph.
These composed the cabinet council of the first president. .
The judicial department was filled as fol. lows;
John Jay, of New York, Chief Justice.
The officers who had been appointed by the in-
:' with M'Gillvray, and other chiefs of the nation,
with about two thousand men, at the Rock Land. ing, on the frontiers of Georgia. The negotiations were soon broken off by M'Gillvray, whose personal interests and connexion with Spain were sup. posed to have been the real cause of their abrupt and unsuccessful termination. The next year brought round an accomplishment of the presi. dent's wishes, which had failed in the first attempt. Policy and interest concurred in recommending every prudent measure for detaching the Creek Indians from all connexion with the Spaniards, and cementing their friendship with the United States. Negotiations carried on with them in the vicinity of the Spanish settlements, promised less than negotiations conducted at the seat of government. To induce a disposition favourable to this change of place; the president sent Col., Willet, a gallant and intelligent officer of the late army, into the Creek country, apparently on private bu. siness, but with a letter of introduction to M‘Gillvray, and with instructions to take occasional op. portunities to point out the distresses which a war with the United States would bring on the Creek nation, and the indiscretion of their breaking off the negotiation at the Rock Landing; and to ex
hort him to repair with the chiefs of his nation to " New York, in order to effect a solid and lasting
peace. Willet performed these duties with so much dexterity, that M'Gillvray, with the chiefs of his nation, were induced to come to New York, where fresh negotiations, commenced, which, on the 7th, of August, 1790, terminated in the establishment of peace.
THE LIFE OF
THE LIFE OF
In this manner, during the Presidency of George
ington with the view of civilizing these fierce sons of nature, have been ever since steadily. pursued by all his successors. Indian wars are now only known from the records or recollection of past events; and it is probable that the day is not far distant when the United States will receive a considerable accession of citizens from the civilized red men of the forest.
Gen. Washington attends to the foreign relations of the United States.
Negotiates with Spain..... Difficulties in the way..... The free naviga. tion of the Missisippi is granted by a treaty made with Major Pinckney..... Negotiations with Britain..... Difficulties in the way..... War probable..... Mr. Jay's mission.....His treaty with Great Britain ....Ops position thereto....Is ratified..... Washington refuses papers to House of Representatives.... British posts in United States evacuated.... Nego. tiations with France....Gepet's arrival..... Assumes illegal powers, in violation of the neutrality of the United States.....Is frattered by the people, but opposed by the executive..... Is recalled..... Gen. Pinckney sent as public minister to adjust disputes with France..... Is not receive ed..... Washington declines a re-electior, and addresses the people. His last address to the national legislature..... Recommends a navy, a military academy, and other public institutions.
Events which had taken place before the inaugu. tation of Washington, embarrassed his negotiations for the adjustment of the political relations between the United States and Spain.
In the year 1779, Mr. Jay had been appointed by the old Congress to make a treaty with his Catholic Majesty ; but his best endeavours for