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THE

PICTORIAL HISTORY

or THE

AMERICAN REVOLUTION;

WITH A

SKETCH OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY,

THF

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES,

AND A CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX.

ILLUSTRATED WITH SEVERAL HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS.

TWENTY-SEVENTH THOUSAND.

NEW YORK:

PUBLISHED BY ROBERT SEARS, 128 NASSAU STREET.

BURGESS, STRINGER, & CO.; W. H. GRAHAM; JUDD & TAYLOR-BOSTON: REDDING, & Co.-PHILADEL

PHIA: ZEIBER, & CO.; COLON & ADRIANCE. BALTIMORE: SHURTZ & TAYLOR.-CINCINNATI: ROBIN SOX & JONES-LOUISVILLE: J. H. BAGBY-NEW ORLEANS: J. B. STEEL, & CO.-MOBILE: T. P. MIL LER, & CO.CHARLESTON, S. C.: SILAS HOWE.PENFIELD, GA: WM. RICHARDS. ATHENS, GA: J.J. RICH ARDS. AND SOLD BY BOOKSELLERS AND PERIODICAL AGENTS GENERALLY THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES.

E208

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1845,

ROBERT SEARS, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern District of New York

EDUCATION DEPT.

PRE FACE

No portion of the would's history can be more interesting to the present generation, than that recorded in this volume; and although of comparatively recent occurrence, it has acquired by neglect much of the freshness and fascination of novelty. The AMERICAN REVOLUTION is an event calculated to exercise a great influence on the present and future destinies of other nations.

To write an authentic “ HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION," is no light, irresponsible task. We have endeavored to be impartial, and to be careful that no fact should be distorted, or receive a false coloring. Where, as is frequently the case, a considerable difference exists between various authorities, we have endeavored to exercise an unbiased judgment, and to adopt that statement which appeared on the whole, most consistent with TRUTH. The greai principles of civil and religious freedom, the contest for which, in America, aroused the slumbering nations of Europe, can not fail engaging our ardent admiration ; and every Friend of Human Rights, at the present day, can have no hesitation in adopting the words of the immortal CHATHAM," I rejoice that they have resisted.At this moment, the whole English nation, which then, with a few hon. orable exceptions, was willing to aid her rulers in trampling on the necks of her transatlantic sons, is now sealing her approval of the principles which actuated American Patriots, by her own efforts to establish the truth, that “ TAXATION, WITHOUT REPRESENTATION, IS TYRANNY."

In the preparation of a volume like the present, however, it is impossible to give universal satisfaction. Is it not enough that our fathers suffered, without the strife being bequeathed, as an heirloom, to their children? Wisdom suffers antipathies to die with the generation which has fostered them; and we believe that, were it not for the noxious influence of a portion of the periodi. cal press, both in America and England, the only rivalry between the two greatest countries on the face of the globe would be, in the knowledge and practice of those principles of moral and political science, which are adapted to promote the happiness and welfare of mankind at large. HISTORY requires a distant eminence, from which to take an impartial view of the character and transactions of the recording pen : but little more than half a century has now elapsed since the Colonists first asserted their independence; and the generation, whose arduous struggles achieved so important a result, has passed away to the silent tomb. To give a just and impartial view of the rise, progress, and establishment of the American Republic, has been the design of the work. The editor has aimed to do justice without asperity; to applaud patriotism, but not to justify its excesses; to condemn tyranny, but not to overlook the virtues of many of its instruments; and to exhibit the kindly prospect of the FUTURE, more strongly than the irritating aspect of the PAST.

The study of History can not be appreciated too highly ; it tells to the YOUTH of our country a story full of wisdom, and replete with many a moral--it shows the influence and success of honor and virtue—that vice and dishonor go hand in hand together; and it excites them to noble deeds of patriotism, and calls upon them to do all, and suffer all, for their country.

To the Youth OF AMERICA, especially, the present Narrative is invaluable. It tells the price at which all their present rights were purchased-it teaches them their incomparable value ; and thus renders those in whose hands the destinies of America are hereafter to be intrusted, alive to every encroachment upon them. It relates to a country of greater extent, resources, and beauty, than is possessed by any other single nation under heaven; and to a people, of recent origin in. deed, but developing immense powers, and making gigantic progress; to a people above all others interesting to the nations of Europe-presenting a refuge for their distressed children-exhibiting a noble example for their imitation; and as exercising no feeble influence on their destiny.

It is not, however, for Youth, alone, that this volume has been prepared. It has been written for All--for every age. To mankind at large the subject can not fail to be interesting; and if the preparation of these pages has been executed with a competent measure of industry, candor, and carefulness, they can scarcely fail of being valuable. These the editor has endeavored to ex. ercise, and he hopes not altogether without success.

RS New York, May 1, 1846

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CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX.

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INTRODUCTION.

I A.D.

PAOE

1729. Colony reverts to the Crown . .

100

EARLY HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN COLONIES.

Separation of North and South Carolina 100

A.D.

PAGE.

1732. Settlement of Georgia. .

101

986-1015. Discoveries by the Ancient Northmen-

1738. Spanish War breaks out ..

. 102

Biarne Hierulfson's Voyage in 986. .

1752. Georgia becomes a royal Colony.

. 103

Discoveries of Leif Ericson in 1000

Early Life of George Washington

105

Thorwald's Expedition, and Battle with the 1753. His Mission to the Western Territory. . 106

Skrellings (Esquimaux)

1754. Plans for a Union of the Colonies . . 106

Settlement in Vineland,' by Thorfinn Karl 1755. Expedition and Defeat of Gen. Braddock . 109

setne. . .

1750. Success of the French under Montcalm. 111

Voyage of Freydísa, Helge, and Finnebaye. 1757. Vigorous Measures of William Pitt. 112

Ancient Relics discovered in New England

15 1758. Cession of Canada by France. . . 112

1492. Christopher Coluinbus sails in Search of a

1763. Progress of the Colonies in Population,

New World .

Commerce, &c. . . . . . . 113

Mutiny on board his Vessel, and first Discov.

ery of Land .

1493. Columbus' second Voyage

HISTORY OF THE REVOLUTION.

1498. Columbus' third Voyage

1508. Death of Columbus, May 15th. . . 26

CHAPTER I.

1497-1525. Voyages of Sebastian Cabot

Introductory Remarks . .

. 115

1499-1514. Voyages of Americus Vespuccius, 28

1765. Stamp Act passed.

1525-1542. Career of Hernando de Soto in Amer-

1766. Meeting of the first Congress.

117

jca. . . . . . .

Tumults in the Colonies.

1525. Discoveries of Giovanni Verazzano

Repeal of the Stamp Act .

1562. Voyage of John Ribault

1767. New Taxes imposed

1584. Sir Walter Raleigh sends two Ships to

Fresh Troubles in consequence . . . 122

America . .

1768. Non Importation Agreement

123

Their Adventures with the Natives

1769. Intemperance of the British Parliament. 123

1585. Raleigh sends another Fleet to America

1770. (22d of April) Duties repealed: (5th March)

Ralph Lane appointed Governor of Virginia . 45

Boston Massacre .

. 194

1566, Colony breaks up and returns to England 47

Captain Preston tried and acquitted . . 124

1615. Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded.

72. (9th of June). The Gaspar Schooner burned 128

1606. Colony sent to America by James I. , . 52

(January). Assembly at Boston; Indiscretion

1607. Settlement of Jamestown.

of the Governor .

Difficulties with the Natives.

. . . . . 128

Life of John Sinith saved by Pocahontas ..

CHAPTER II.

Arrival of Newport with a fresh Colony .

1633. Colony of Maryland settled by Lord Balti. 1772. (16th of December). Destruction of Tea in

more. .

Boston Harbor . . . . . . . 129

1620. First successful Effort to colonize New 1774. The Boston Port Bill . . . . . 130

England.

Arrival of Troops at Boston . . . . 133

Landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth

(251h of August) Writs issued for an Assem-

1625. Colony established near Cape Anne

bly at Salem ; (9th of September) coun-

1630. Fifteen Hundred Settlers sail from Eng.

termanded, but meets and resolves itself

land . . . ...

i n

into a Provincial Congress

Hostilities commence with the Natives .

General Gage fortifies Boston Neck . . 133

Defeat and Death of King Philip . .

Suffolk Resolutions . . . . . 134

1609. Voyages of Henry Hudson

Proceedings of Congress ,

135

1629. Settlement of Delaware

They publish a Declaration of Rights . . 135

1646. Peter Stuyvesant appointed Governor of

Petition from Congress to the King

136

New Netherlands,

(26th of October). Dissolution of Congress 136

Meeting of the Provincial Congress at Con-

bish ,

cord; they adjourn to Cambridge . . 137

Engage Minute Men . .

.. . . 137

America,

A Committee of Safety and Supplies . . 137

1683. Penn forms a Treaty with the Indians.

Hostile Resolution of the Provincial Congress 138

16-4-1718. His Difficulties with the Settlers

Exportation of the Military Stores from Brit-

1663. Liberal Grants by Charles II. of Territory

ain prohibited ; Cannon removed by the

south of Virginia .

People of Rhode Island

. . . . 138

1665. Constitution for Colony of Carolina formed 94 Military Stores taken in New Hampshire , 138

.693. Constitution annulled -

1775. General Agitation. .

. . . 138

702. Attack on St. Augustine.

Debates on American Affairs in Parliament' 139

War with the Indians

Provincial Congress . : . .

Internal Commotions. .

158

. . . 99 Colonel Leslie marches to Salem .

130

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1680. William Penn obtains a Grant'or Lands in

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