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the existence of the Austrian Committee, is the principle they had laid down. That in conspiracies, it is absurd to call for demonstrative facts and judicial proofs : that in no time have they ever been ob. tained, not even in the conspiracies of Cataline; for conspirators are not used to be so unguarded in their conduct. It is sufficient that there exist strong probabilities:- if so, then will I prove against Brissot and Geníonné the existence of an Anglo-Prullian committee, by a collection of probabilities, a hundred times stronger than those by which Brisfot and Gensonné proved the existence of an Austrian committee.'

Brisfot, he says, always spoke favourably of England in his papers; he was secretary to Madaine Sillery, or to her brother De Crests, who was chancellor to the Duke of Orleans.

Pethion, a famous Brillotin, went to England, and travelled in the same carriage with Madame Sillery, Mademoiselle d'Orleans, Pamela, and Sarcey, for the purpose of consulting with Pitt.

Carra, another Brissotin, proposed once in the Jacobin club to make the Duke of York, or some other prince of the house of Brunswick, King of France, on condition of his marrying Mademoiselle d'Orleans.

M. Desmoulins charges the Briffotins with having lavished millions to corrupt the public mind, and with having 150 newspapers in their pay, while the Jacobins had only one. He roundly afferts that Roland, the minister of state for the home department, whom Brissot calls the virtuous Roland, was the person who robbed the jewel-office and stole the crown jewels; some of which, of inconsiderable value, had been recovered froin the thieves who were let in to give a colour to the business, after the arch thief and his friends had carried off the three great diamonds, the Regent, the Pitt, and the Sancy. He ac. cuses Guadet of having been so indifferent about the liberties of other countries, as to have said one day in a comunittee, - What does it signify to us whether Dutch cheesemongers are freemen or slaves?' the fame Guadet, who, six months before, positively called for war, that he might municipalize all Europe.-The retreat of the Prussians, when Dumourier might have cut them to pieces, reduced as their force was by sickness and by death, is instanced as a proof of treachery in Briflot and his party, who were then at the head of affairs.-M. Desmoulins, instead of denying that the Jacobins had committed the horrid murders of the month of September, reminds Briffot that he and his friends had defended the massacres at Avignon; and he Aates what he calls a fact, which, if it be one, proves this advocate for liumanity to have been as blood-thirsty as any Septemberizer of them all. The fact is contained in the following query and observation:

Is it not a fact, that Brissot, the Jeremiah of this ad of Sept. said on the 3d, at the executive council, in the presence of Danton, '«they have forgot Morande;" that Morande, who has almost deserved from the nation his pardon for his numerous slanders, for hav. ing told so many truths of Briffot. Chabot assured me, that on the 2d of September, Brisfot equally recollected Morande.

• This grief of Brissot's, at the escape of Morande, proves that this hypocrite in humanity has the soul of Tiberius, Medicis, or Charles IX. and to him the dead corpse of an enemy smelt well.'

There There is a parfage in this pamphlet which would shew that the Briffotins, instead of being the authors of the war, had constantly op. pofed all plans for uniting other countries to France, and for invading the terricories of their neighbours. This the Jacobins denominate a crime in them. The reader of the pamphlet will find it in p. 36. We are prevented from transcribing this, and many other curious passages, by our want of room. royalty! The French, on the one hand, hack and hew you with the sword, or the ruthless guillotine, and Peter Pindar tickles you to death with his feather ! Thus assailed on all sides, who would be en. cumbered with royalty? Nay, who would cyen be a royal Acadeini. cian? They, too, are persecuted by the French, who strip them of their very names and titles *; and P. P. is also for ever driving at them with his sharp-pointed quill!—Thus it is that we see

M. Desmoulins retorts the charge of corruption. He says that Guadet made a motion one day in the convention, to make which he (Desmoulins) had been offered 22,000 livres the day before. Pethion, during his mayoralty, received 1000 livres per day from the minister for foreign affairs. Rabaud de St. Etienne, a proteftant clergyman, is charged with having received large sums from the heirs of protestants who had been exiled by the revocation of the edict of Nantz; for whom, it is said, he pretended he would recover their etates.- .

We will stop here, for we are tired of such accusations and recrimi. nations. If either of the parties tells truth, miserably indeed muft France have been deceived; if both parties speak truth, what must be the blindness of the people to be any longer dupes to men who have no object but the gratification of avarice, or of revenge? and who disgrace one of the noblest causes that ever excited the attention and admiration of mankind?

If we compare Brissot and Desmoulins as writers, the credit of the comparison will be entirely on the side of the former. He is not indeed equal to the latter in the matchless intrepidity with which he brings charges without proofs, and triumphs in declamation as if it were demonstration : but, in folid sense, in argument, and in reason, Briffot leaves his adversary a thousand miles behind him.- Desmoulins may be heard in the Jacobin club, or at the revolutionary tribunal: but, at the bar of sense and justice, he would soon be silenced. Sh. Art. 33. The Anarchy and Horrors of France displayed by a Member of

the Convention. 8vo. pp. 27. is. Parsons. This little pamphlet consists of extracts from Brifiot's address to his constituents: as we have reviewed the whole of that work, which our readers will find in our preceding pages, we have no occasion to take notice here of any of its parts. To these extracts are prefixed fome observations by the compiler, in the shape of a preface, which shew that the Jacobins cannot detest order and humanity more than he detests the Jacobins. Christianity says, “ love your enemies;" modern policy says, “ hate them :'- the compiler gives striking proofs that the Jacobins are not the only persons who reject the mild precepts of the gospel : on this occasion, it is evident that he prefers the political to the evangelical command; and that some men can make a great noise, because others have abandoned what they themselves no longer practise.

Do LAW. Art. 34. A Case of Libel, the King v. John Lambert and others,

Printer and Proprietors of the Morning Chronicle: With the Arguments of Counsel, and Decision of the Court, on the general


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Question, " Whether the Special Jury, first struck and reduced, according to the Statute, shall be the Jury to try the IfTue joined between the Parties :" 8vo. pp. 68. 15.6d. Debrete. 1794.

This appears to be an accurate and fair statement of the trial for libel, which took place on account of the proprietors of the Morning Chronicle having inserted in their paper of Dec. 2;th, 1792, an ad dress from a meeting of the Society for Political Information at the Talbot Inn in Derby, July 16, 1792.- The previous question respecte ing the jury is more fully reported in 5 Term Rep. 453. The jury, having retired from two in the afternoon till seven in the evening, brought in the verdict, Guilty of publishing, but with no malicious in. tent; this Lord Kenyon refused to record, considering it, as he said, to be no verdict at all. They again returned at five in the morning with a general verdict of Not guilty. --The Appendix contains a valuable extract from a Tract written by Sir John Hawles, published in Charles the Second's time, on the duty of jurors.

S.R. MEDICAL, CHEMICAL, &c. Art. 35. A Plan for preventing the fatal Efects from the Bite of a mad

Dog, with Cases. By Jesse Foot, Surgeon. 8vo. 6d. Becket. Mr. F. insists that · excision by the knife is the only sure and cer. tain method of prevention, and that the sooner it be done after the bite, the better :' but he adds that the practice should not be renounced even after the expiration of 60 hours, or a much longer time.' This subject merits universal attention.

1. Bed. Art. 36. Of the Hotwell Waters, near Bristol; by John Nott, M. D.

8vo. pp. 94. 25. Walter. 1793.

In this water-drinking companion, intended, (as the author says,) not for the physician, but for the valetudinarian, will be found an amofing miscellany of the history of the Wells, the natural history of the vicinity, the chemical analysis of the water, the medical theory of their operation, their practical application in discases, the accommodations and amusements of the place, &c. drawn up in gentlemanly language, not without a little spice of affectation, As ac: curate research and novelty of observation are not attempted, we shall not make any extracts from the work, but rather recommend the whole to the persons for whom it is particularly designed. With respect to the chemical analyfis of the water, the writer confides in that of Dr. Higgins.

Ai. Art. 37. A Treatise upon Gravel and upon Gout, in which their

Sources and Connection are ascertained; with an Examination of
Dr. Austin's Theory of Stone, and other critical Remarks, a Dif.
sertation on the Bile and its Concretions, and an Enquiry into the
Operation of Solvents. By Murray Forbes, Member of the
Surgeon's Company. 8vo. pp. 258. 45. Boards. Cadell. 1793.

In the Preface to this work, we are informed that the principal part of the matter contained in it was made public almost seven years fince, under the title of A Treatise upon Gravel and upon Gout *, &c. The chief additions in the present publication are the dissertation on bile, and the remarks on the late Dr. Austin's theory. Mr. Forbes,

See M. Rev. vol. Ixxvi. p. 220. Roy. FEB. 1794


having adopted the opinion that the urinary calculus is a concretion of a peculiar acid, the lithisiac, could not admit the hypothesis of Dr. Austin, that it consists only of hardened mucus produced from the sides of the cavities through which the urine flows. He employs various arguments in refutation of this theory; which, however, being chiehy a repetition of his own notions, contrasted with Dr. Austin's system, without any new experiments, we cannot abridge with any advantage to our readers. We do not mean to fay that they are not worthy of the notice of those who wish to discuss the point: but they require a previous knowlege of the chemical investigations of Scheele, Higgins, and others, to which the reasonings all refer. With respect to che bile, he, as other writers have done, afierts it to be a real soap, consisting of the mineral alkali and a refinous matter. He relates his own experiments, by which he proved this point; and he infers, from the nature of the bile, that its purposes are to correct acidity in the alimentary canal, to lubricate the passages, and to bring to an equable mixture the particles of the food, With respect to biliary calculi, he thinks that they are entirely dif. ferent from the arinary, and consist principally of the resin of the bile. He conceives it not improbable that an acidity in the fluids may promote the precipitation and concretien of this refinous matter; and, in considering the ways by which acid Maids may arrive at the Auids, he supports, by various arguments, the posibility of an absorption by means of the mesenteric veins, conveying them directly to the vena portarum, without taking the round of the circulation. Thus he connects the cause of biliary concretions with that which produces gravel and gout ; viz. a prevalence of acidity in the constitution. Ai Art. 38. Reflections on a Letter addressed to the Governors of St. George's : Hofpital by J. Hunter, Surge01. 8vo. Is. Bladon.

We hould at no time have been disposed to enter into the particu. lars of this invective againit Mr. Hanter:- fince his death, we are Itill more disposed to consign it to oblivion.

Bed. Art. 39. An Analy/as of the New London Pharmacopæia, explaining

the Nature, Principles, elcctive Attractions, Qualities, Uses, and Doses of the various Preparations and Compositions contained therein; and particularly calculated for the Ule of the junior Students.

By Robert White, M. D. 8vo. pp. 184. 35.6d. Boards. Cadell. 4*1792.

This small work begins with an arrangement of the materia me. dica according to the Linnæan fyítem. It then proceeds through the dispensatory in order, giving under the head of each preparation a concise account of its nature and use, interfperfed with occafional ob. servations. Je is a performance which may be safely recommended to the persons for whom it was principally designed.

Ai. POETRY. Art. 40. Celebration, or, the Academic Procefion to St. James's;

an Ode. By Peter Pindar, Esq. 4to. pp. 17. is. 60. sewed, Walker. 1794.

Who, among our rcaders, would, in thefe perilous times, be a King! Woc-to you, luckless Wights, that are encumbered with


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" Proud Courts withdraw their blaze,

And little stars hide their diminish'd rays !” Hence, too, it is that we fee, as in this Academic Procession, Weit, and Wilson, and the rest of the R. A.s, lashed from Somerset House to St. James's; and back from St. James's to Somerset House. The immediate occasion of this infiction of literary punishment (for what fin we know not,) is now set forth in the prefixed Advertisement, ad. dressed to the · Marvelling Reader:'

"Soon after the death of Dr. Johnson, a subscription for a monu. ment to the memory of that celebrated Moralift being in circulation among the first people of the kingdom, the Royal Academy generously and unanimously voted one hundred pounds towards the expences, as a tribute of regard for so extraordinary a man, and one of their own members; Dr. Johnson holding the place of Profesior of Modern Li. terature. This resolution being presented to the King, his Majesty, in consideration of the extreme poverty of the Royal Academy, instead of giving the Royal Assent, imposed the Royal Veto.--So much for Dr. Johnson.

In consequence of the exalted idea entertained by the Members of the Royal Academy of the late President's (Sir Joshua Reynolds) discourses, they resolved in council that an elegant edition should be printed at the expence of the Academy; one copy to be presented to each of the members; the remainder of the copies to be deposited in the Library of the Academy; and a copy to be given occasionally to the most successful Student, and to the newly-elected Academicians. This resolution was also offered to the King, who, on account of the fill-reigning poverty of the Academy, put a period to the proceeding, by a Royal Veto!

Miiter Welt, the present extraordinary Preqident of the Royal Academy, unterrified by Royal Vetos, with and by the advice of his Council, magnanimously produced another string of resolutions :- viz. to beg to be permitted to eat and drink, rotis viribus, in spite of the Academy's poverty, the Academy's and his Majesty's good health, amidit mountains of meat, and oceans of drink; to present an address of bumble thanks to his Majesty for his unexampled Munificence to his own Aca. demy; and to be indulged with the honour of presenting a handsome medal of gold to his Majesty, to ber Majesty, to the Prince of Wales, and to the Princess Royal. These resolutions were fortunately received by Majesty with the moit flattering cordiality; and ibis day, all these things (God willing) are to be performed and executed, together

• The ci-devant Royal Academies at Paris, we are informed, ftill exift, but under what titles or denominations we know not : certainly Do longer Royal; for which, we believe, Nacional is fubftituted. R 2


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