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ΞΕΝΟΦΩΝΤΟΣ ΑΠΟΜΝΗΜΟΝΕΥΜΑΤΑ.

XENOPHON'S

MEMORABILIA OF SOCRATES,

WITH

NOTES AND AN INTRODUCTION

BY R. D. C. ROBBINS,

PROFESSOR OF LANGUAGES IN MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE

NEW YORK :
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

448 & 445 BROADWAY.

M.DCCC. LXIII.

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

FROM THE ESTATE OF
EDWIN HALE ARDOT
DECEMBER 28, 1931

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1853, by

D. APPLETON & COMPANY, In the Clerk's Once of the District Court of the United States for the Southern

District of New-York.

1

INTRODUCTION.

LIFE OF SOCRATES.

PARENTAGE AND EARLY LIFE.

a

*

SOCRATES was of genuine Attic extraction. He spoke of lim. self, sportively, perhaps, as belonging to the family of the Dædalidæ of mythical renown, since his father Sophroniscus, by his devotion to the profession of a statuary, proved himself a loyal successor of the founder of the family, Dædalus.* His mother, Phænarete, was a midwife, as her son reminds us, by comparing his own relation to the mind with hers to the body. She seems, however, to have been a woman of excellent character, and of many noble qualities. The quiet, unostentatious home of these parents was in the suburbs of Athens, northwest of the Acropolis, in the borough Alopece, near Cynosarges (White-dog-town), where the school of the Cynics was held, and not very far froin Mount Lycabettus, probably identical with the present hill of St.

* Plato. Euthyph. 11. B. C.: Toù querépov apoybvou, & Eusúdpov. έoικεν είναι Δαιδάλου τα υπό σου λεγόμενα. Cf. also Alcib. I. 121. Λ.

+ Cf. Plato, Theaetetus, p. 149. A. and 151. A. In the latter passage he says: Πάσχουσι δε δή: οι έμοί ξυγγιγνόμενοι και τούτο ταυτόν ταϊς τικτούσαις, κ.τ.λ.

| Theaetetus, p. 149. A.

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