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For, on th' expanded blossom sitting,

With sunbeams knitting
That mystic veil for ever unremoved,

Thou badest the softly-kindling flame

So many allusions to Hindoo mythology occur in the Pervade this peopled frame,

following Ode, that it would be scarce intelligible withAnd smiles, with blushes tinged, the work ap-out an explanatory introduction, which, on every acproved.

count, and on all occasions, appears preferable to notes

in the margin. Goddess, around thy radiant throne

A distinct idea of the god, whom the poem celebrates, The scaly shoals in spangled vesture shone, may be collected from a passage in the ninth section of Some slowly, through green waves advancing, the Gità, where the sudden change of measure has an Some swiftly glancing,

effect similar to that of the finest modulation : As each thy mild mysterious power impellid :

te ponyamasadya surendra locam

asnanti divyan dividevabhogan, E'en orcs and river dragons felt

te tam bhuctwa swergalocam visalam Their iron bosoms melt

cshine punye mertyalocain visanti. With scorching heat ; for love the mightiest quell’d. "These having through virtue reached the mansion of

the king of Sura's, feast on the exquisite heavenly food But straight ascending vapours rare

of the gods : they, who have enjoyed this lofty region of O'ercanopied thy seat with lucid air,

Swerga, but whose virtue is exhausted, revisit the habiWhile, through young Indra's new dominions

lation of mortals." Unnumber'd pinions

Indra, therefore, or the king of Immortals, corresMix'd with thy beams a thousand varying dyes, ponds with one of the ancient Jupiters (for several of Of birds or insects, who pursued

that name were worshipped in Europe,) and particularly Their flying loves, or wooed

with Jupiter the conductor, whose attributes are so no•

bly described by the Platonic philosophers; one of his Them yielding, and with music fill'd the skies.

numeroustilles is Dyupeti, or, in the nominative case be.

fore certain letters, Dyupetir ; which means the Lord of And now bedeck’d with sparkling isles

Heaven, and seeins a more probable origin of the HeLike rising stars, the watery desert smiles ;

truscan word than Jurans Pater; as Diespiter was proSmooth plains by waving forests bounded,

bably, not the father, but the Lord of day. He may be With hillocks rounded,

considered as the Jove of Ennius in this memorable Send forth a shaggy brood, who, frisking light

line : In mingled flocks of faithful pairs,

“Aspice hoc sublime candens, quem invocant omnes Joven'Impart their tender cares ;

where the poet clearly means the firmament, of which All animals to love their kind invite.

Indra is the personification. He is the god of thunder

and the five elements, with inferior genii under his comNor they alone : those vivid gems,

mand; and is conceived to govern the eastern quarter That dance and glitter on their leafy stems,

of the world, but to preside, like the genius or AgathoThy voice inspires, thy bounty dresses,

dæman of the ancients over the celestial bands, which Thy rapture blesses,

are stationed on the summit of Meru or the north-pole,

where he solaces the gods with nectar and hearenly From yon tall palm, who like a sunborn king,

music ; hence, perhaps, the Hindoos, who give evidence, His proud tiara spreads elate,

and the magistrates, who hear it, are directed to stand To those who throng his gate,

fronting the east or the north. Where purple chieftains vernal tribute bring. This imaginary mount is here feigned to have been

seen in a vision at Varanasi, very improperly called Ba. A gale so sweet o'er Ganga breathes,

naris, which takes its name from two rivulets that em. That in soft smiles her graceful cheek she wreaths. brace the city; and the bard, who was favoured with Mark where her argent brow she raises,

the sight, is supposed to have been Vyasa, surnamed And blushing gazes

Dwaipayana, or Dwelling in an Island; who, if he really

composed the Gità, makes very flattering mention of On yon fresh Cétaca, whose amorous flower

himself in the tenth chapter. The plant lata, which he Throws fragrance from his flaunting hair,

describes weaving a net round the mountain Mandara, While with his blooming fair

is transported by a poetical liberty to Sumeru, which He blends perfume, and multiplies the bower. the great author of the Mahabharat has richly painted in

four beautiful couplets: it is the generic name for a Thus, in one vast eternal gyre,

creeper, though represented here as a species, of which Compact or fluid shapes, instinct with fire, many elegant varieties are found in Asia. Lead, as they dance, this gay creation,

The Genii nained Cinnarus are the male dancers in Whose mild gradation

Swerga, or the heaven of Indra : and the Apsaras are

his dancing-girls, answering to the fairies of the PerOf melting tints illudes the visual ray :

sians, and to the damsels called in the Koran bhuru'lùyùn, Dense earth in springing herbage lives,

or with antelopes' eyes. For the story of Chitrarat'ha, Thence life and nurture gives

the chief musician of the Indian paradise, whose painted To sentient forms, that sink again to clay.

car was burned by Arjun; and for that of the Chatur.

desaretna, or fourteen gems, as they are called, which Ye maids and youths on fruitful plains,

were produced by churning the ocean: the reader must Where Lacshmi revels and Bhavani reigns,

be referred to Mr. Wilkins's learned annotations on his Oh, haste! oh, bring your flowery treasures,

accurate version of the Bhagavadgità. The fable of the To rapid measures

pornegranate-flower is borrowed from the popular my. Tripping at eve these hallow'd banks along ;

thology of Nepal and Tibet.

In this poem the same form of stanza is repeated with The power, in yon dim shrines adored,

variations, on a principle entirely new in modern lyric To primal waves restored,

poetry, which on some future occasion may be er. With many a smiling race shall bless your song. plained.

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Soon, where the bands in lucid rows assemble, THE HYMN.

Flutes breathe, and citherns tremble ; But ah! what glories yon blue vault emblaze?

Till Chitraratha sings-His painted car, What living meteors from the zenith stream?

Yet unconsumed, gleams like an orient star. Or hath a rapturous dream

Hush'd was every breezy pinion, Perpler'd the isle-born bard in fiction's maze?

Every breeze his fall suspended : He wakes : he hears; he views no fancied rays;

Silence reign'd; whose sole dominion Tis lodra mounted on the sun's bright beam ;

Soon was raised, but soon was ended. And round him revels his empyreal train :

He sings, how “whilom from the troubled main How rich their tints! how sweet their strain!

The sovereign elephant Airavan sprang : Like shooting stars around his regal seat

The breathing shell, that peals of conquest rang; A veil of many-colour'd light they weave,

The parent cow, whom none implores in vain ; That eyes unholy would of sense bereave :

The milk-white steed,the bow with deafening clang Their sparkling hands and lightly-tripping feet

The goddesses of beauty, wealth, and wine : 'Tired gales and panting clouds behind them leave. Flowers, that unfading shine, With love of song and sacred beauty smit,

Narayan's gem, the moonlight's tender languish ; The mystic dance they knit:

Blue venom, source of anguish; Pursuing, circling, whirling, twining, leading,

The solemn leech, slow-moving o'er the strand, Now chasing, now receding :

A vase of long-sought Amrit in his hand. Till the gay pageant from the sky descends

“ To soften human ills dread Siva drank On charm'd Sumeru, who with homage bends.

The poisonous flood, that stain'd his azure neck; Hail, mountain of delight,

The rest thy mansions deck, Palace of glory, bless'd by glory's king!

High Swerga! stored in many a blazing rank. With prospering shade imbower me, whilst I sing Thy wonders yet unreach'd by mortal flight.

Thou, god of thunder! satt'st on Meru throned,

Cloud-riding, mountain-piercing, thousand-eyed, Sky-piercing mountain! in thy bowers of love

With young Pulomaja, thy blooming bride, No tears are seen, save where medicinal stalks

Whilst air and skies thy boundless empire own'd; Weep drops balsamic o'er the silver'd walks ;

Hall, Dyupetir, dismay to Bala's pride!
No plainis are heard, save where the restless or speaks Purander best thy martial fame,

Or Sacra mystic name?
Of coy repulse and mild reluctance talks ;
Mantled in woven gold, with gems enchased,

With various praise in odes and hallow'd story

Sweet baris shall hymn thy glory. With emerald hillocks graced,

Thou, Vasava, from this unmeasured height From whose fresh laps in young fantastic mazes

Shedd'st pearl, shedd'st odours o'er the sons of Soft crystal bounds and blazes

light!" Bathing the lithe convolvulus, that winds Obsequious, and each faunting arbour binds. The genius rested; for his powerful art

Had swell'd the monarch's heart with ardour vain, Wher sapient Brahma this new world approved,

That threaten'd rash disdain, and seem'd to lower On woody wings eight primal mountains moved ;

On gods of loftier power and ampler reign.
Bat Indra mark'd Sumeru for his own,
And motionless was every stone

He smiled ; and, warbling in a softer mode,

Sang “ the red lightning hail, and whelming rain, Dazzling the moon he rears his golden head :

O'er Gocul green and Vraja's nymph-loved plain Nor bards inspired, nor heaven's all-perfect speech, By Indras hurld whose altars ne'er had glow'd, Less may unhallow'd rhyme his beauties teach,

Since intant Crishna ruled the rustic train Or paint the pavement which th' immortals tread; Now thrill'd with terror-them the heavenly child Nor thought of man his awful height can reach:

Call’d, and with looks ambrosial smiled, Who sees it, maddens; who approaches, dies; Then with one finger rear'd the vast Goverdhen, For, with flame-darting eyes,

Beneath whose rocky burden Around it roll a thousand sleepless dragons ;

On pastures dry the maids and herdsmen trod : While from their diamond flagons

The lord of thunder felt a mightier god !"
The feasting gods exhaustless nectar sip,
Which glows and sparkles on each fragrant lip. What furies potent modulation sooths !

E'en the dilated heart of Indra shrinks :
This seast in memory of the churned wave His ruffled brow he smooths,
Great Indra gave, when Amrit first was won His lance, half-raised, with listless languor sinks.
From impious demons, who to Máyd's eyes
Resign d the prize, and rued the fight begun.

A sweeter strain the sage musician chose :

He told, how " Sachi, soft as morning light, Now, while each ardent Cinnara persuades Blithe Sachi, from her lord, Indrani hight, The soft eyed Apsara to break the dance, When through clear skies their car ethereal rose, And leads her loth, yet with love-beaming glance, Fir'd on a garden trim her wandering sight, To banks of marjoram and Champac shades, Where gay pomegranates, fresh with early dew, Celestial Genii toward their king advance

Vaunted their blossoms new :

[dresses (So call’d by men, in heaven Gandharvas named) 0! pluck (she said) yon gems, which nature For matchless music famed.

To grace my darker tresses."


In form a shepherd's boy, a god in soul,

Such was the vision, which-on Varan's breast, He hasten'd, and the bloomy treasure stole. Or Asi pure, with offer'd blossoms fillid

Dwaipayan slumbering saw; (thus Nared willid ;) “The reckless peasant, who those glowing flowers, For waking eye such glory never bless'd, Hopeful of rubied fruit, had foster'd long,

Nor waking ear such music ever thrill'd. Seized, and with cordage strong

Jt vanish'd with light sleep: he, rising, praised Shackled the god who gave him showers.

The guarded mount high-raised, Straight from seven winds immortal Genii flew, And pray'd the thundering power, that sheafy Green Varuna, whom foamy waves obey,

treasures, Bright Vahni, flaming like the lamp of day,

Mild showers, and vernal pleasures, Cuvera, sought by all, enjoy'd by few,

The labouring youth in mead and vale might Marut, who bids the winged breezes play,


And cherish'd herdsmen bless th' abundant year. Stern Yama, ruthless judge, and Isa cold, With Nairrit mildly bold : They with the ruddy flash, that points his thunder, Thee, darter of the swift blue bolt! he sang;

Sprinkler of genial dews and fruitful rains Rend his vain bands asunder.

O'er hills and thirsty plains ! Th' exulting god resumes his thousand eyes,

"When through the waves of war thy charger Four arms divine, and robes of changing dyes."

sprang, Soft memory retraced the youthful scene;

Each rock rebellow'd and each foresi rang. The thunderer yielded to resistless charms,

Till vanquish'd Asurs felt averging prins. Then smiled enamour'd on his blushing queen,

Send o'er their seats the snake that never dies, And melted in her arms

But wast the virtuous to u sier?”


GEORGE CRABBE was born at Aldborough, in him successively, the living of Frome St. Quintin, Suffolk, on the 24th of December, 1754, where his in Dorsetshire, and the rectories of Muston and father and grandfather were officers of the cus- West Allington, in the diocese of Lincoln. In the toms. He received his education at a neighbour meantime, in 1785, he published The Newspaper, ing school, where he gained a prize for one of his a poem ; followed by a complete edition of his poems, and left it with sufficient knowledge to works, in 1807, which were received with marked qualify him for an apprentice to a surgeon and and universal approbation. apothecary in his native town. His poetical taste In 1810, appeared his admirable poem of The is said to have been assisted in developing itself Borough ; in 1812, he published his Tales in Verse ; by a perusal of all the scraps of verses which his and in 1819, his celebrated Tales of the Hall. He father used to tear off from different newspapers, and had, in the interim, been presented to the rectory which young Crabbe collected together, and got of Trowbridge, with the smaller benefice of Croxmost of them by heart. The attractions of the muse ion Kerryel, in Leicestershire. His only prose had probably overcome those of Æsculapius, for, on publications are a funeral sermon on one of his the completion of his apprenticeship, giving up all early noble patrons, Charles, Duke of Rulland, hope of succeeding in his profession, he deter-preached in the chapel of Belvoir Castle, in 1789; mined at once to quit it, and to depend for support and An Essay on the Natural History of the Vale upon his literary abilities. Accordingly, in 1778, be of Belvoir, written for Mr. Nichols' History of fame to London with little more in his pocket than Leicestershire. a bundle of his best poems, and took a lodging in Mr. Crabbe died February 30, 1832, at Trowthe city, where he read and composed, but could bridge, the scene of his latest ministrations as 8 prevail upon no bookseller to publish. At length, Christian pastor. His parishioners, in grateful re in 1780, he ventured to print, at his own expense, membrance of his virtues and labours for their im a poem, entitled The Candidate, which was favour-provement, caused an elegant monument to be ably noticed in the Monthly Review, to the editor erected over his grave in the chancel. His cha. of which it was addressed. Finding, however, that racter as a man is not less worthy of admiration, he stood no chance of success or popularity whilst than his genius as a poet. His biography, accombe remained personally unknown, he is said to panied by a volume of posthumous poetry, have have introduced himself to Edmund Burke, who since been published by his son. received him with great kindness, and read his pro- The works of Crabbe have gone through several ductions with approbation. Our author fortunately ditions, and deservedly become popular; Mr. Wil. found in this gentleman both a friend and a patron; son Croker has justly observed of Crabbe, that his he took Crabbe into his house, and introduced him having taken a view of life too minute, too humito Foz; and, under their united auspices, appeared liating, and to painfully just, may have rendered his poem of the Library, in 1781. In the same year, his popularity less brilliant than that of some of he was ordained deacon, and in the following one, his contemporaries; though for accurate descrippriest, and, for a short time, acted as curate attion, and deep knowledge of human nature, no Aldborough. About the same period, he entered poet of the present age is equal to him. The great his name at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, but withdrew charm of his poetry lies in his masterly treatit without graduating, although he was subse- ment of the most ordinary subjects, and in his quently presented with the degree of B. C. L. heart-rending but true descriptions of the scenes After residing for some time at Belvoir Castle, as which his muse delights to visit, -those of poverty chaplain to the Duke of Rutland, by the recom. and distress. He depicts nature living and circummendation of Mr. Burke, our author was introduced stantially; and in this respect, his poetry may justly to Lord-chancellor Thurlow, who bestowed upon be compared to the painting of Teniers and Ostade

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