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XXII. Of Purgatory. TI THE Romish doctrine concerning purgitory, pardons,
worshipping, and adoration, as well of images, as of reliques, and also invocation of Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the word of God.
XXIII. Of ministering in the Congregation. It is not lawful for any man to take upon him the office
of public preaching, or ministering the Sacraments in the congregation, before he be lawfully called and sent, to execute the fame. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men who have public authority given unto them in the congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's vineyard. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congregation in such a Tongue
as the People understandeth. IT T is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God,
and the cultom of the primitive Church, to have pubJic Prayer in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments, in a tongue not understanded of the people.
XXV. Of the Sacraments. ACRAMENTS ordained of Christ be not only badges
or tokens of Christian men's profeflion; but rather they be certain sure witnesses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our faith in him.
There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extreme Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gofpel, being such as have grown, partly of the corrupt following of the Apostles, partly are ttates of life allowed in the Scriptures ;-but yet have not like nature of Sacraments with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about; but that we thould duly ule them. And in such only as worthily receive the fame, they have a wholesome effect or operation, but
they that receive them unworthily purchase to themselves danınation, as St. Paul faith. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, which binders
not the effect of the Sacraments.
in mingled with the good, and sometimes the evil have chief authority in the ministration of the Word and Sacraments; yet forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his commillion and authority, we may use their ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, and in the receiving of the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christ's ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such, as by faith and rightly do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them ; which be effectual, because of Christ's institution and promise, although they be ministered by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that enquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences; and finally being found guilty, by just judgment be deposed.
XXVII. Of Baptism. BA APTISM is not only a sign of profession, and mark of
difference, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not christened; but it is also a sign of regeneration or new birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church : the promises of forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the fons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly Signed and sealed : faith is confirmed, and grace increased by virtue of prayer unto God. The Baptism of young children is in any wife to be retained in the Church, as most agrecable with the institution of Christ.
XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. THE THE Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the love
that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another; but rather is a Sacrament of our redemption by Christ's death : infomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of Chrift; and likewise the cup of blefiing is a partaking of the blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of bread and wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by holy Writ; but is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions.
The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean, whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Chrift's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not the Body of Christ,
in the use of tbe Lord's Supper. THE THE wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith, al
though they do carnally and visibly press with their teeth, as St. Augustine faith, the Sacrament of the body and blood of Christ, yet in no wise are they partakers of Christ, but rather to their condemnation do eat and drink the lign or Sacrament of fo great a thing.
XXX. Of both Kinds. THE
Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay
people : for both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Christ's ordinance and commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the Cross. THE 'HE offering of Christ once made, is that perfect re
demption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the fins of the whole world, both original and actual ; and there is none other satisfaction for fin, but that alone. Whereford the facrifices of Masles, in the which it was commonly faid, that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blafphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.
XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. BISHOPS, Priests, and Deacons, are not commanded by
God's Law, either to vow the ettate of Gugle life, or to abstain from marriage : therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own dilcretion, as they shall judge the fame to serve better to god, liness.
XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, bow they are to be
avoided. THAT HAT person, which, by open denunciation of the
Church, is rightly cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a judge that hath authority thereunto.
XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. T is not necessary that traditions and ceremonies be in
all places one, or utterly like; for at all times they have been diverse, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners, fo that nothing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the traditions and ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly, (that other may fear to do the like) as he that offendeth against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the authority of the Magistrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.
Every particular or national Church hath authority to ordain, change, and abolith cerenionies or rites of the Church, ordained only by man's authority, so that all things be done to e«lifying.
XXXV. Of the Homilies. THE HE second Book of Homilies, the several titles where
of we have joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, and neceffary for these times, as doth the former book of Homilies, which were fet forth in the time of Edward the Sixth; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may be understanded of the people.
q Of the Names of the Homilies. 1. Of the Right Use of the Courch. 2. Againji Peril of Idolatry. 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of Churches. 4. Of good 11orks; firjl, of Falling.
5. Again? 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenn (s. 6. Again! Excess of Apparel. 7. Of Praver. 8. Of the Place and Time of Prayer. 9. That Common Prayers and Sacraments ought to be mini
jcred in a known tongue. 10. Of the reverend Estimation of God's II ord. II. Of Alms-doing. 12. Of the Nativity of Chrisi. 13. Of ibe Passion of Christ. 14. Of the Refurrei or of Christ. 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament of the Budy and
Blood of Chrill. 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Glol. 17. For Rogation-dars. 18. Of the State of Matrimony. 19. Of Repentance 20. Against Idleness. 21. Against Rebellion.
XXXVI. Of Confecration of Bishops and Ministers. THE "HE Book of Consecration of Archbishops and Bishops,
and Ordering of Priells and Deacons, lately set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth, and confirmed at the same time by authority of Parliament, doth contain all things necessary to such confecration and ordering: neither hath it any thing that of itself is fuperliitious and ungodly. And therefore whosoever are confecrated or ordered according to the rites of that book, since the second year of the forenamed King Edward, unto this time, or hereafter shall be confecrated or ordered according to the fame rites, we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully confecrated and ordered.
XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. THE THE King's Majesty hath the chief power in this
realm of England, and other his dominions, unto whom the chief government of all estates of this realm, whether they be ecclesiastical or civil, in all causes doth appertain, and is not, nor ought to be, subject to any foreign jurisdiction.
Where we attribute to the King's Majesty the chief government, by which titles we understand the minds of some slanderous folks to be offended, we give not to our Princes the ministering either of God's Word, or of the Sacraments, the which thing the Injunctions also lately