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our liberties, laws and estates: We also declare, That tho foresaid Confessions are to be interpreted, and ought to be understood of the foresaid noyations and evils, no less than if every one of them had been expressed in the foresaid Confellions; and that we are obliged to detest and abhor them, amongst other particular heads of papistry abjured therein. And therefore, from the knowledge and conscience of our duty to God, to our king and country, without any worldly respect or inducement, so far as human infirmity will suffer, wishing a further measure of the grace of God for this effect; We promise and swear by the GREAT NAME OF THE LORD OUR GOD, to continue in the profeslion and obedience of the foresaid religion; and that we shall defend the same, and resist all these contrary errors and corruprions, according to our yocation, and to the uttermost of that power that God hath put in our hands, all the days of our life.

And in like manner, with the same heart we declare before God and men, that we have no intention nor desire to attempt any thing that may turn to the dishonour of God, or to the diminution of the king's greatness and authority: but, on the contrary, we promise and swear, That we shall, to the uttermost of our power, with our means and lives, stand to the defence of our dread sovereign the king's majesty his person and authority, in the defence and preservation of the foresaid true religion, liberties and laws of the kingdom: as also, to the mutual defence and aslistance every one of us of another, in the same cause of maintaining the true religion and his majesty's authority, with our best counsel, our bodies, means and whole power, against all sorts of persons whatsoever; so that whatsoever shall de done to the least of us for that cause, shall be taken as done to us all in general, and to every one of us in particular. And that we shall neither dire&ly nor indirectly suffer ourselves to be divided or withdrawn, by whatsoever suggestion, combination, allurement or terror, from this blefsed and loyal conjunction: nor shall cast in any let or impedi


ment that may stay or hinder any such resolution as by common consent shall be found to conduce for so good ends; but on the contrary, shall by all lawful means labour to further and promote the fame: and if any such dangerous and divisive motion be made to us by word or writ, we, and every one of us, shall either suppress it, or, if need be, shall incontinent make the same known, that it may be timeously obviated. Neither do we fear the foul aspersions of rebellion, combination, or what else our adversaries, from their craft and malice, would put upon us; seeing what we do is so well warranted, and ariseth from an unfeigned desire to maintain the true worship of God, the majesty of our king, and the peace of the kingdom, for the common happiness of ourselves and our posterity.

And because we cannot look for a blessing from God upon our proceedings, except with our profession and subscription we join such a life and conversation as beseemeth Christians who have renewed their covenant with God: we therefore faithfully promise for ourselves, our followers, and all others un der us, both in publick, and in our particular families and pe rsonal carriage, to endeavour to keep ourselves within the bounds of Christian liberty; and to be good examples to others of all godliness, soberness, and righteousness, and of every duty we owe to God and man.

And, That this our union and conjunction may be observed without violation, we call the LIVING GOD THE SEARCHER OF OUR HEARTS to witness, who knoweth this to be our sincere desire and unfeigned resolution, as we shall answer to JESUS CHRIST in the great day, and under the pain of God's everlasting wrath, and of infamy and loss of all honour and respect in this world: most humbly beseeching the LORD to strengthen us by his HOLY SPIRIT for this end, and to bless our desires and proceedings with a happy success; that religion and righteousness may flourish in the land, to the glory of GOD, the honour of our king, and


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and comfort of us all. In witness whereof, we have subscribed with our hands all the premises.

ferred to the determination of the General Assembly, being now determined; and thereby the five articles of Perth, the government of the kirk by bishops, and the civil places and power of kirkmen, upon the reasons and grounds contained in the Acts of the General Affembly, declared to be unlawful within this kirk; we subscribe according to the determination foresaid.

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C O V Ε Ν Α. Ν Τ





The Honour and Happiness of the King, and the Peace and

Safety of the Three KINGDOMS of Scotland, England, and Ireland.

Taken and Subscribed several Times by King CHARLES II. and by all

Ranks in the said three kingdoms.

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An A&t of the General Affembly 1643, and an Ad of Parliament 1644.

Ratifying and Approving the said League and Covenant.

Jer. 1. 5. Come let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual Covenant,

that shall not be forgotten. Prov. xxv. 5. Take away the Wicked from before the King, and his

Throne shall be established in Righteousness. 2 Chron. xv. 15. And all Judah rejoiced at the Oath; for they had sworn with all their heart.

Though it be but a Man's Covenant, yet if it be confirmed by an Oath, no Man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.

Gal. iii. 15.

Assembly at Edinburgh, August 14. 1643. Seff. 14.

The General Assembly's Approbation of the Solemn League and



HE Assembly having recommended unto a committee, appointed

by them to join with the committee of the honourable convention of estates, and the commissioners of the honourable houses of the parliament of England, for bringing the kingdoms to a more near conjunction and union, received from the aforesaid committees the covenant aftermentioned, as the result of their consultations: and having taken the same, as a matter of fo publick concernment and of so deep importance doth require, unto their gravest consideration, did with all their hearts, and with the beginnings of the feelings of that joy, which they did find in so great measure upon the renovation of the National Covenant of this kirk and kingdom, All with one voice approve and embrace the same, as the most powerful Mean, by the blessing of GOD, for settling and preserving the true protestant religion, with perfect peace in his majesty's dominions, and propagating the same to other nations, and for establishing his majesty's Throne to all ages and generations. And therefore, with their best affections, recommend the same to the honourable convention of estates, that, being examined and approved by them, it may be sent with all diligence to the kingdom of England, that, being received and approven there, the same may be, with publick humiliation, and all religious and answerable solemnity, sworn and subscribed by all true professors of the reformed religion, and all his majesty's good subjects in both kingdoms.

A. Johnstoun.

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