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and esteeming the observers of it such as love him and keep his commandments, and promiling mercy to them unto many generations h.

Q.111. Which is the third commandment?

A. The third commandment, is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain i.

Q. 112. What is required in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment requires, That the name of God, his titles, attributes k, ordinances I, the word m, facramentsn, prayero, oaths p, vowsq, lotsr, his workss, and

whatsoI strip her naked, and set her as in. ceiver, who hath in his flock a male, the day that she was born, and make and voweth and sacrificeth unto the her as a wilderness, and set her like Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a a dry land, and Nay her with thirst. great King, faith the Lord of hosts,

And I will not have mercy up- and my name is dreadful among the on her children; for they be the heathen. Eccl. v. 1. Keep thy foot children of whoredoms.

when thou goest to the house of b Deut. v. 29. O that there were God, and be more ready to hear, such an heart in them, that they than to give the sacrifice of fools, for would fear me, and keep all my com- they consider not that they do evil. mandments, always, that it might m Pfal. cxxxviii. 2. I will worship be well with them, and with their towards thy lPoly temple, and praise children for ever.

thyname,forthy loving kindnessand 111. i Exod. xx. 7.

for thy truth: for thou hait magni112. k Mat, vi. 9. After this man fied thy word above all thy name. ner therefore pray ye: Our Father n i Cor. xi. 24. And when he had who art in heaven, hallowed be thy given thanks, he brake it, and said, name. Deut. xxviii. 58. Ifthou wilt Take, eat; this is my body which not observe to do all the words of is broken for you: this do in rememthis law, that are written in this brance of me. v.25. After the same book, that thou mayest fear this glo- manner also he took the cup, wben rious and fearful name, THE LORD he had fupped, saying, This cup is THY GOD. Psal. xxix. 2. Give unto the new testament in my blood: this the Lord the glory due unto his doye, as oft as ye drink it, in rememname; worship the Lord in the beau- brance of me. v. 28. But let a man ty of holiness. Pfal. Ixviii. 4. Sing examine himself, and so let him eat -unto God, fing praises to his name, of that bread, and drink of that cup. cxtol him that rideth upon the hea- v. 29. For he chateateth and drink. vens by his name JAH, and rejoice eth unworthily, eateth and drinketh before him. Rev. xv. 3, 4. (See a damnation to himself, not discernbove in d.)

| ing the Lord's body. i Mal.i. 14. But cursed be the de ei Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore


whatsoever else there is whereby he makes himself known, be holily and reverently used in thoughtt, meditation v, word w, and writing *; by an holy profession y, and answerable conversation z, to the glory of Goda, and the good of


that men pray every where, lifting thought upon his name. up holy hands, without wrath and v Pfal. viii, throughout. v. 1.0 doubting.

Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy p Jer. iv. 2. And thou shalt swear, name in all the carth! who haft sét The Lord liveth, in truth, in judg- thy glory above the heavens. v. 3, ment, and in righteousness; and the When I consider thy heavens, the nations shall bless them felves in him, work of thy fingers, the moon and and in him shall they glory.' the stars which thou hast ordained;

. Eccl. v. 2. Be not rash with thy V. 4. What is man, that thou art mouth, and let not thine heart be mindful of him ?-v.9.0 Lord our hasty to utter any thing before God: Lord, how excellent is thy name in for God is in heaven, and thou upon all the earth! earth: therefore let thy words be w Col. iii. 17. And whatsoever few. v.

7.4. When thou vowelt a vow ye do in word or deed, do all in the unto God, defer not to pay it: for name of the Lord Jesus, giving he hath no pleasure in fools; pay thanks to God and the Father by that which thou hast vowed. v. 5. him. Pfal. cv. 2. Sing unto him, Better is it that thou shouldst not sing psalms unto him: talk


of all vow, than that thou shouldst vow his wondrous works. v.5. Rememand not pay. v. 6. Suffer not thy ber his marvellous works that he mouth to cause thy flesh to fin, nei- hath done, his wonders and the ther say thou before the angel, that judgments of his mouth. it was an error: wherefore should * Psal. cii. 18. This thall be writGod be angry at thy voice, and de- ten for the generation to come:

and Itroy the work of thine hand? the people which shall be created,

Acsi.24. And they prayed, and thall praise the Lord. faid, Thou Lord, who knoweth the g 1 Pet. iii, 15. But fanctify the hearts of all men, thew whether of Lord God in your hearts: and be these two thou hast chosen. v. 26. ready always to give an answer to And they gave forth their lots; and every man that adketh you a reason the lot fell upon Matthias, and he of the hope that is in you, with was numbred with the cleven a meekness and fear. Mic. iv. 5.

For postles.

all people will walk every one in the s Job uxxvi. 24. Remember that name of his god, and we will walk thou magnify his work, which men in the name of the Lord our God behold.

for ever and ever. • Mal. iii. 16. Then they that z Phil. i. 27. Only let your confeared the Lord, spake often one to versation be fuch as becometh the another, and the Lord hearkened, gospel of Chrift:and heard it, and a book of remem a i Cor. x. 31. Whether therebrance was written before him for fore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever them that feared the Lord, and that ye do, do all to the glory of God.

b Jer.

ourselves b, and others c.

Q. 113. What are the fins forbidden in the third commandment?

A. The fins forbidden in the third commandment are, the not using of God's name as is required d; and the abuse of it in an ignorante, vainf, irreverent, profaneg, superstitious h, or wicked mentioning or otherwise using his

titles, 6 Jer. xxxii. 39. And I will give we despised thy name? v.7. Ye ofthem one heart, and one way, that fer polluted bread upon mine altar; they may fear me for ever, for the and ye fay, Wherein have we polgood of them, and of their children luted thee? in that ye say, The table after them.

of the Lord is contemptible. V:12. < 1 Pet. . 12. Having your con- But'ye have profaned it, in that ye versation honest among the Gen- say, The table of the Lord is poltiles: that whereas they speak a luted, and the fruit chereof, even his gainst you as evil doers, they may meat is contemptible. Mal. iii. 14. by your good works which they Ye have said, It is vain to serve God; fhall behold, glorify God in the day and what profit is it, that we have of vifitation.

kept his ordinance, and that we have 113. . Mal. ii. 2. If you will not walked mournfully before the Lord hear, and if you will not lay it to of hosts? heart, to give glory unto my name, b 1 Sam.iv. 3. And when the peofaith the Lord of hosts, I will even ple were come into the camp, theelfend a curse upon you, and I will ders of Israel said, Wherefore hath curse your blessings: yea, I have the Lord smitten us to day before cursed them already, because you the Philistines ? Let us fetch the ark do not lay it to heart.

of the covenant of the Lord out of e Acts xvii. 23. For as I passed by, Shiloh unto us, that when it comand beheld your devotions, I found eth among us, it may save us out of an altar with this inscription, to the hand of our enemy. v. 4. So THSUNKNOWN GOD. Whom there. the people sent to Shiloh, that they fore ye ignorantly worship, him de- might bring from thence the ark of clare I unto you.

the covenant of the Lord of hosts, f Prov. xxx. 9. Lest I be full, and who dwelleth between the cherudeny thee, and say, Who is the bims: and the two sons of Eli, Hoph. Lord? or left I be poor, and steal, ni and Phinehas, were there, with and take the name of my God in the ark of the covenant of God. v. vain.

5. And when the ark of the coveMal. i. 6. A son honoureth his nant of the Lord came into the father, and a servant his master: if camp, all Ifrael shouted with a great then I be a father, where is mine thout, so that the earth rang again. honour? and if I be a master, where Jer, vii. 4. Trust ye not in lying is my fear? faith the Lord of hosts words, saying, The temple of the unto you, O priests, that despise my Lord, the temple of the Lord, the name: and ye say, Wherein have temple of the Lord, are these. v.9.

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titles, attributesi, ordinancesk, or works, by blasphemy m, perjuryn; all sinful tursingso, oathsp, vowsg, and

locs; Will ye steal, murder, and commit God faith, What hast thou to do to adultery, and swear falsely; and declare my statutes? or that thou burn incense unto Baal, and walk thouldst take my covenant in thy after other gods whom ye know not; mouth? v. 17. Seeing thou hatelt v. 10. and come and land before me instruction, and castelt my words bein this house, which is called by my hind thee, name, and say, We are delivered to 1 Isa.v. 12. And the harp and the do all these abominations ? v. 14. viol, the tabret and pipe, and wine Therefore will I do unto this house are in their feasts: but they regard which is called by my name, where- not the work of the Lord, neither in ye trust, and unto the place which consider the operation of his hands. I gave to you, and to your fathers, m 2 Kings xix. 22. Whom haft as I have done to Shiloh. v.31. And thou reproached and blaspemed? they have built the high places of and against whom halt thou exalted Tophet, which is in the valley of thy voice, and lift up thine eyes on the son of Hinnom, to burn their high? even against the holy One of fons and daughters in the fire, which Ifrael. Lev. xxiv. 11. And the IfI commanded them not, neither raelitish woman's fon blasphemed came it into my heart. Col. ii, 20. the name of the Lord, and cursed: Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ and they brought him unto Moses. from the radiments of the world; Zech. v. 4. I will bring it forth, why as though living in the world, faith the Lord of hosts, and it hall are ye subject to ordinances? v. 21. enter into the house of the thief, and (Touch not, taste not, handle not: into the house of him that sweareth v. 22. Which all are to perish with faisely by my name: and it shall rethe using) after the commandments main in the midst of his house, and and doctrines of men.

shall consume it, with the timber i 2 Kings xvii. 30. Neither let thereof, and the stones thereof. Hezekiah make you trust in the Zech. viii. 17. And let none of you Lord, saying, The Lord will sure- imagine evil in your hearts against ly deliver us, and this city shall not your neighbour, and love no false be delivered into the hand of the oath: for all these are things that I king of AfTyria, v.35. Who are they hate, faith the Lord. among all the gods of the countries, o 1 Sam. xvii. 43. And the Philithat have delivered their country stine faid unto David, Am I a dog, out of mine hand, that the Lord that thou comest to me with staves? should deliver Jerusalem out of mine and the Philistine cursed David by hand? Exod. v. 2. And Pharaoh his gods. 2 Sam. xvi. 5. And when faid, Who is the Lord, that I should king David came to Bahurim, beobey his voice, to let Israel go? I hold, thence came out a man of the know not the Lord, neither will I family of the house of Saul, whose Let Israel go. Pfal. cxxxix. 20. For Dame was Shimei the son of Gerar, they speakagainst thee wickedly,and he came forth, and cursed still as he thine enemies take thy name in vain. ke Pfal. 1. 16. But unto the wicked

p Jer. v. 7. How snail I pardon



lorsr; violating of our oaths and vows, if lawfuls; and falfilling them, if of things unlawfult; murmuring and quar


thee for this? thy children have for Pfal. xxiv. 4. He that hath clean saken me, and sworn by them that hands, and a pure heart; who hath are no gods: when I had fed them not lift up his soul unto vanity, nor to the full, they then committed a sworn deceitfully. Ezek. xvii. 16. dultery, and allembled themselves As I live, faith the Lord God, sureby troops in the barlots houses. Jer. ly in the place where the king dwel. xxiii. 10. For the land is full of adul- leth, that made him king, whose terers, for because of swearing the oath he despised, and whose coveland mourneth: the pleasant places nant he brake, even with him, in of the wilderness are dried up, and the midst of Babylon he shall die. their course is evil, and their force v. 18. Seeing he despised the oath, is not right.

by breaking the covenant, (when lo, 9 Deut. xxiii. 18. Thou shalt not he had given his hand) and hath bring the hire of a whore, or the done all these things, he shall not price of a dog into the house of the escape. v. 9. Therefore thus faith Lord thy God for any vow: for e the Lord God, As I live, surely mine ven both these are abomination un oath that he hath despised, and my to the Lord thy God. As xxiii. 12. covenant that he hath broken, even And when it was day, certain of the it will I recompense upon his own Jews banded together, and bound head. themselves under a curse, saying, + Mark vi. 26. And the king was That they would neither eat nor exceeding forry, yet for his oath's drink till they had killed Paul. v. fake, and for their fakes who fat 14.And they came to the chief priests with him, he would not reject her. and elders, and said, We have bound i Sam. xxv. 22. So and more also ourselves under a great curse, that do God unto the enemies of David, we will eat nothing until we have if I leave of all that pertain to him, Alain Paul.

by the morning light, any that pifEsth. iii. 7. In the first month seth against the wall. v. 32. And (that is, the month Nisan) in the David said to Abigail, Blessed be the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they Lord God of Israel who fent' thee cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Ha- this day to meet me: v. 33. And man, from day to day, and from blessed be thy advice, and blessed be month to month, to the twelfth thou who haft kept me this day from month, that is the month Adar. coming to shed blood, and from aEsth. ix, 24. Because Haman the son venging myself with mine own of Hamedatha the Agagite, the e hand. v. 34. For in very deed, as nemy of all the Jews, had devised the Lord God of Israel liveth, who against the Jews to destroy them, hath kept me back from hurting and had cast Pur, (that is, the lot). thee, except thou hadft halted and to consume them, and to destroy come to meet me, surely there had them. Psal. xxii, 18. They part my not been left unto Nabal, by the garments among them, and cast lots morning light, any that piflèth aupon my vesture.

gainst the wall.


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