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FROM JANUARY 3, TO MARCH 28, 1835,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR,
ll, BOLT COURT, FLEET STREET,
No. 1. To the Editor of the Standard.–To No. 8. Letter V. to Sir Robert Peel. – Irish
E. L. Bulwer, Esq., M.P.-To Mr. Grey, Anti-Tory Association. - To E. Dwyer,
No. 2. Oldham Election.-- Manchester Ad
--Church Reform Commission.- Meet-
ing of Weavers' Delegates.--The Speaker-
No. 3. The Elections in Lancashire.-To the
-The Parliament.--The King's Speech.
Navy.-- Police Work. Manchester Radi-
ture.-Speeches on Malt-tax.-Distress-
ing Case. - Legacy to Parsons.
of Oldham and of Manchester.- The
Church; Letter of James H. Griffen :
Answer.-Curious Dilemma.- Perfidious
No. 12. Malt-Tax kept upon the backs of the
people by the Whigs. - To Sir Robert
Peel.-Malt-tax Division. – Legacy to
Parsons. - Wanted, by a Bolton Weaver.
for Surrey.- Legacy to Labourers
No. 7. To Correspondents. - Letter IV. to Sir the Chancellor of the Exchequer; On a
Robert Peel.-To the President of the motion for a Committee about Orange-
COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
imminency of the danger, than from
its tremendous magnitude.
gy, and singleness of purpose; and
ally bent on revolution.
to power, carry into full effect the
propose. EDITOR OF THE STANDARD. 4. That one item of these changes is
Wolseley Hall, 30. Dec., 1834. the canceling of the public debt. SIR,
5. That to cancel the public debt It was my intention to address, this (which might be either cause or week, a second letter to Sir Robert effect of the triumph of the RaPeel, containing some remarks on his dicals) must produce indiscriminate speech at the Mansion-house; but, io confusion, and inutual slaughter. an article which I find in your paper 6. That a failure of a speculation in of yesterday, you speak out so much pepper was the most feasible cause more plainly, and so much more ably, of the panic of 1825. that I prefer the addressing of myself to 7. That such an event would inflict as you; and I shall, with great respect for great sufferings upon the poor as your talents, and with giving you full upon the rich, or greater ; because credit for the goodness of your motives, industry is protected by the secuat once proceed to offer you the obser rity of property; and every poor vations, which occur to me, as neces man ought to know, that he would sary for me to make and to publish on lose even the fruit of his labour, that article; taking care, when I have if the property of the rich and the so done, to insert the article itself.
great were destroyed. The article was, it appears, drawn 8. That though absolute chaos did not from your able pen by my having ex then come, many thousands of famio pressed my wonder, that you, who had lies would sink into almost a want spoken of the Whigs as a faction down, of bread and cheese and of food never to rise again, should have begun coarse enough to suit the regimen to be frightened, and to think their re prescribed by the MARTINEAU turn to power a possible thing; and,
school of politicians. further, by my asking, what would be I should observe that the article which worse than that which we have now to called forth my remarks, was published endure could befall us, even if the just after the arrival of Sir RoBERT Whigs were to return to power. The Peel, and before the issuing of his macontents of your article may be shortly nifesto; for, if I had seen the manifesto expressed in the following propositions, before I wrote the letter to you, I should which when I have stated them, I will not have written that letter at all. 1:1 observe on, one by one.
now proceed with the propositions. 1. That, twelve days ago, you were 1. That twelve days ago you were
frightened ; and that you still feel frightened ; and that you sill feel some, though not so much, alarm, some, though not so much, alarm, at a possible restoration of the at a possible restoration of the Whigs; but that in both cases Whigs; but that, in doth cases the the alarm has arisen less from the alarm has arisen less from the ing (Pripted by W. Cobbett, Jubnson's-court.]
TO THE EDITOR OF THE STANDARD.
minency of the danger, than from Now, sir, though I hate the name, I
its tremendous magnitude. anı what you call a RADICAL; and it Oh no! sir! it is the imminency that will be allowed, I am sure, that I am as frightens you ; and here is the cause of formidable to our foes as any one of the it. You had sense enough to see, that whole host. I assert, that, if you mean the people had not changed at all: that by revolution an overthrow of this anthere had been none of that “ re-action" cient and excellent (though horribly with which the Tories flattered them abused) form of government; if you selves. You had sense enough to see, mean by revolution an overthrow of the that the Whigs were down, because the several orders in the state, or any of people had abandoned them; and not those orders; if you mean a subversion because the people had fallen in love of the ancient and fundamental laws of with the Tories. You saw that exe- the country, upder which lavos, before crations on the Whigs kept hand in they were so grearly perverted, and many hand with suspicions of the Tories. The of them totally subvertech, England was address from the town of MANCHESTER, so really free for so many ages; if
you which thanked the King for having mean that I wish for a state of things to turned out the Whigs, on those promi- arise, when property shall not be held nent accusations, the Poor-law Bill, sacred, next after the property in life, and the refusal to repeal the mall-tax, limb, and labour ; if these, or any of and which had, by way of rider, an these, be what you mean by " revoluunanimous vote of censure on the Duke tion"; then your accusation against me, of Wellington, for having supported and against all who think with me, is the Poor-law Bill, "and the redl-coat- most calumniously unjust; and for court-of-justice Bill for Ireland : this proof of the injustice, we have only to address and resolution would have been appeal to our well-known' and well-rea sure guide for you. You would have corded acts. said, “We must repeal the Poor-law From the years 1816 to 1870, ours • Bill and the malt-tax, and adopt a was a life of persecutions the most sa« mild course of government, or else vage. Imprisonment was the mildest “ our fate will be that of the relapsed visitation that we had to endure : the " in the Scripture, whose last end was dungeons groaned with the effect of our " worse than his first.” It was when sufferings. Exile and pecuniary ruin, you entertained the rational expecta- or death in a dungeon, was my own lot. tion, that the Tóries would act thus, The imprisonment, and the ferocious that you were bold and confident; but indignities of that inoffensive, brave, when you found, after the arrival of Sir and public-spirited gentleman, in whose ROBERT Peel, that the Whig system mansion I now am, are never to be was to be persevered in : when you saw thought of without inexpressible indigthat the Radicals would be compelled, if nation. The mockery at the groans of not to make common cause with the OGDEN ; the death of Riley, in his Whigs, yet not to do any thing to dungeon; the massacre of MANCHESweaken their power of combating the TER; the swarms of execrable spies, Tories; when you found that the line employed to entrap unthinking men. of policy of Sir Robert Peel was going All these are not to be forgotten; nor to be such as would decide against the are we to forget that Parson Hay of Tories all those who were balancing MANCHESTER, who gave the word of before ; then, and not till then, you began command on that terrible day, received to be alarmed; and I saw clearly the the living of RocHDALE,worth two thouground of your alarm, at the time when sand pounds a year, immediately after I addressed my letter to you.
that massacre, he having a great living 2. That the Radicals have talent, energy, before. And what was all this for ?
and singleness of purpose ; and are And why were the dungeon-bill, and bold, peremptory, and fanatically power-of-imprisonment bill passed ? Bebent on revolution.
cause a million and half of us petitioned
the Parliament for a reform of the Como to power, carry into full effect the mons hi House; and because we stated i wishes of the Radicals, and take that our objects, in wanting this reform, all the dreadful changes which they were, that all pensioners, and other per propose. sons living out of the taxes, should Leaving out the word " dreadful, I cease to live out of them, except in con-believe this is quite right; for, if the sideration of well-known public services; Whigs come in again, they must repeal that the interest of the debt should be the Poor-law Bill, and the malt-lax so reduced as that we might have to pay they must remove altogether the hieronly according to the amount of the archy in Ireland ; they niust reform the sums borrowed ; that the salaries and church here in good truth ; and I, for allowances of all men in public employ my part, will never rest, while there should be reduced on the same princi- shall remain a Bourbon-police, and ple; that the standing army, in time of while there shall remain one single jot peace, should be greatly reduced; and, of those innovations, in the introducing finally, that our burdens should be of which, Sir Robert Perl has had the lightened, particularly by A REPEAL OF | principal hand; and, above all things, THE TAX UPON MALT.
they must come to an equitable adjust- Was there any crime in thus petition- ment of that debt; which is the great ing, sir? Yet we were hunted like cause of all the turmoil; and which wild beasts ; our situation was little cannot much longer eo-exist with those other than that of the wolves," in the orders of the state, to destroy which reign of that king-who put an end to I have never known, in my whole life, their race. To injure us, to 'swear a man (that I call my friend) to express falsely against us, formed the straight the desire. But, sir, it is a backneyed road of success in life ; and, as in the affair, to charge people with wishing case of the wolves, to destroy or injure to overturn the Government, the mous, formed an expiation for crimes, and ment they complain of oppression. a white-washing for character. A man, Want the malt-tax to be taken off: you confined on a charge of burglary, was are instantly a revolutionist and a retaken out of jail, the charge being with. bel.” Want Lord WalSINGHAM not to drawn, only a fortnight before he was have three church-livings in Hampbrought to give evidence against Sir shire, and to swallow up the revenues CHARLES WOLSELEY; and his evidence of half-a-dozen other livings in Surrey was believed in preference to that of and Hampshire, leaving the miserable two reporters of even ministerial news- incumbents forty or fifty pounds a year papers, who produced in court the re- each, and to have their pittance augports that they had taken on the spot!, mented by tazes raised on the working
Our situation was precisely that of people; express a wish to see this, and the wolves, and if we had shown, or hundreds of things like this, put to were now to show, a little vindictive fe- rights; and you are instantly guilty of rocity, the wonder would not be so very blasphemy and sedition.” This jasogreat. However, we did not show it; lence we have been compelled to suband we never have shown it ; and, for mit to during the greater part of
my my own part; I defy any man to bring life; and to this insolence we are rea forward, from any one of my hundred solved no longer to submit. of volumes, any sentiment hostile to the 4. That one item of these changes is ancient laws and prescriptive rights of the canceling of the public debt. any order in this community. There Sir, who has ever called for a cancelfore, you have no ground for apprehen. ing of the public debt ? Nobody, and sion on this score. We are no inno- this misrepresentation is unworthy of a vators; but, on the contrary, our war man like you; and it is, above all is, and always has been, against inno-things; impolitic; especially if you do vations.
really believe that the Radicals have so 3. That the Whigs must, if they return much power as you say they have." We