The Federal Principle in American Politics, 1790-1833

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2001 - 223 Seiten
In the early republic, constitutional debates over federal-state relations were fundamental to party battles and divergent conceptions of republicanism. Then, as now, theories about the sources and nature of federal power informed public debate, policy, and judicial decisions. For John C. Calhoun, the recognition of the equality of the states by the federal government was a precondition for preserving and strengthening republican liberty. Republicans like James Madison and Andrew Jackson felt republicanism could only flourish if state and federal authorities confined themselves to their proper spheres. Federalists like Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Wilson believed in a more expansive role for the federal government (based on the common law and the law of nations). Lenner examines the constitutional conflicts of the republic's first decade, discusses Virginia's three Republican Presidents, the political and constitutional thought of the National and Old Republicans, the nature of the Jacksonian movement, the doctrine of dual sovereignty, and the nullification crisis. In examining the conflicts of the revolutionary era, Lenner's work provides a ground-breaking overview of the "culture of constitutionalism"--the clash of ideas about the nature and structure of Union--that pervaded the early republic.
 

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Inhalt

A Tale of Two Constitutions Nationalism in the Federalist Era
3
Separate Spheres Republican Constitutionalism in the Federalist Era
45
The Republicans in Power Conflict and Consensus in the Jefferson and Madison Administrations 18011812
83
Challenges to Republican Ascendancy in the Era of Good Feelings
113
The Early Demise of National Republicanism John Quincy Adams and the American System 18251829
151
Jacksonian Democracy and Constitutional Unionism
177
Conclusion
213
Index
217
Urheberrecht

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Über den Autor (2001)

Andrew C. Lenner received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Virginia. He has taught at the University of Virginia, James Madison University, Florida Atlantic University, and is currently a liberal arts fellow of law and history at Harvard Law School.

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