George Eliot's 'Daniel Deronda' Notebooks

Cambridge University Press, 21.11.1996 - 524 Seiten
George Eliot's notebooks from the years 1872-77 contain memoranda of her reading while she was preparing for and writing Daniel Deronda, together with the 'Oriental Memoranda' and other notes she recorded in the year following the novel's publication. Above all, the notebooks reveal her acquisition of a wide range of learning about Judaism, and provide insight into the creative process of integrating that learning into Daniel Deronda. One of these notebooks is published here for the first time; others are offered in new transcriptions. They are presented in a form which demonstrates the intellectual coherence underlying the diversity of the memoranda: translations are provided for the notes in German, French, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew; explanatory headnotes are offered, and interpretative links are made to the novel; primary sources are traced and the chronology of George Eliot's reading outlined.

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Homer Paley and quotations from Pindar
Physical science B 97v 99 99v 100 100v 101 101v
Extracts from the Mishnah B 110 110v 111
Eisenmenger B 118 118 119v 121 119
Hebrew names and phrases B 123
Ceremonies customs rites and traditions of the Jews
Kabbalah from Salomon Maimons Life B 136
Extracts from Abraham Geiger B 136v 137v 138v 139
Semitic languages Pf 711 30 31 32 33 34
Mentions of Shakespeare by contemporaries Pf 711 47 48 49
Berenice Pf 711 63 64 65 66
Quotations from Rabelais Pf 711 7285
Heraldry Pf 711 81 82 83 84 85
Notes on Cambridge 1852 Pf 711 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93
Legends of Old Testament characters Pf 711 91a 92a
114 113 112 111 110 109 108 107 106 105 104

Biblical interpretation B 150v
Alexandrian Jewish literature and the Canon B 155v 156
Leopold Zunz B 165 164v 165v
Jewish chronology B 169v 170 170v 171 171v
B 124 125 126 123v 124v 125v 126v 127 128 129 127v 128v
The Jewish liturgy
George Eliots Index B 182 to 194
Chief contents and miscellaneous notes Pf 711 1 2 3 4
List of books on the Homeric Question Pf711 15 16
Oriental memoranda Pf 710 1 to 41
Articles attached to the inside front cover
History of Music Hullah
Palestrina Pf 707 4 5 6 7 8 9
Talmudic sayings Pf 707 27 28 29 30 32 33 34 459 Talmudic sayings Pf 707 27 28 29 30 32 33 34
50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62
George Eliots sources
Subject index

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Über den Autor (1996)

George Eliot was born Mary Ann Evans on a Warwickshire farm in England, where she spent almost all of her early life. She received a modest local education and was particularly influenced by one of her teachers, an extremely religious woman whom the novelist would later use as a model for various characters. Eliot read extensively, and was particularly drawn to the romantic poets and German literature. In 1849, after the death of her father, she went to London and became assistant editor of the Westminster Review, a radical magazine. She soon began publishing sketches of country life in London magazines. At about his time Eliot began her lifelong relationship with George Henry Lewes. A married man, Lewes could not marry Eliot, but they lived together until Lewes's death. Eliot's sketches were well received, and soon after she followed with her first novel, Adam Bede (1859). She took the pen name "George Eliot" because she believed the public would take a male author more seriously. Like all of Eliot's best work, The Mill on the Floss (1860), is based in large part on her own life and her relationship with her brother. In it she begins to explore male-female relations and the way people's personalities determine their relationships with others. She returns to this theme in Silas Mariner (1861), in which she examines the changes brought about in life and personality of a miser through the love of a little girl. In 1863, Eliot published Romola. Set against the political intrigue of Florence, Italy, of the 1490's, the book chronicles the spiritual journey of a passionate young woman. Eliot's greatest achievement is almost certainly Middlemarch (1871). Here she paints her most detailed picture of English country life, and explores most deeply the frustrations of an intelligent woman with no outlet for her aspirations. This novel is now regarded as one of the major works of the Victorian era and one of the greatest works of fiction in English. Eliot's last work was Daniel Deronda. In that work, Daniel, the adopted son of an aristocratic Englishman, gradually becomes interested in Jewish culture and then discovers his own Jewish heritage. He eventually goes to live in Palestine. Because of the way in which she explored character and extended the range of subject matter to include simple country life, Eliot is now considered to be a major figure in the development of the novel. She is buried in Highgate Cemetery, North London, England, next to her common-law husband, George Henry Lewes.

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