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the throne of your ancestors “ in a very few days ;” but these negotiations are difficult to conclude, when the negotiator is not trusted, and preliminarily demands unlimited powers and considerable
If this story can be true, it was very fortunate for her Royal Highness that she was at this moment attended by a gentleman, who, by an accident, was privy to all the valiant Duke's previous and simultaneous intrigues, at Rome, at Paris, at Vienna, as well as in the pump-room at Bath. And so to keep him quiet, and get him out of the way, the Duke de Rovigo is now GovernorGeneral of Algiers. After all that has passed I should not be astonished if some morning the Moniteur may contain a short telegraphic despatch from the Prefect of Toulon, announcing that the Governor-General had raised the white flag for Henry V.; or the eagle for Napoleon II. ; or a standard for the Republic; or one for himself as Sultan Savary, or Emperor of Barbary.
Let us go back to the French opposition.
On the 2d of March, 1830, the King opened the Session. 6. Since his accession to power,” as has been well observed by the writer on Foreign Polin in the “ Times" newspaper, a writer whose speculations, when they are not influenced by the fatal necessity of yielding to the ignorant
passions of the public, are as distinguished for their justness and intelligence, as for the ability and the power with which they are expressed, “since his accession to power, the Prince de Polignac had done nothing either to forfeit the good opinion of his master, or to prove his incapacity for the administration. Whatever, therefore, could be said or done against the Ministry in the legislative chambers, or in the address of the Deputies, must be considered by the King as directed against his own views of policy - against his own plans for the government of his people.”
At this moment the great weapon of Journalism against the Prince was, as I have before mentioned, his . connection with England. Every day the Opposition press poured forth its philippics against the tool and minion of Arthur Wellesley,”. and “the pernicious influence of English counsels. on the French Government.” It was daily impressed upon Frenchmen, that the only mode of preserving France from becoming the tool of " that man, between whom and France there is a grudge that never can be made up, that man that France hates perhaps even to injustice," *.was to overthrow the Polignac administration w rout
* French Globe.
The Chambers met. The King, after successively noticing the most important features of the policy of the country, thus concluded his address :
“ Gentlemen, the first desire of my heart is to see France happy and respected, developing all the riches of her soil and of her industry; and enjoying, in peace, institutions, the blessings of which it is my firm purpose to consolidate. The Charter has placed the public liberties under the safeguard of the rights of my crown. These rights are sacred. My duty towards my people is to transmit them entire to my successors.
“ Peers of France, Deputies of Departments ! I doubt not of your concurrence to effect the good which I wish to accomplish. You will repel the perfidious insinuations which malevolence seeks to propagate. If culpable manæuvres should raise up against my Government obstacles which I do not wish to foresee, I shall find the power of surmounting them in my resolution to maintain the public peace, in my just confidence in Frenchmen, and in the love which they have always shown to their Kings.”
The Peers responded to this speech by a dutiful address; the debate being distinguished only by a violent tirade against England by M. de Chateaubriand and a prophecy from a Peer of the Movement that the Algerine expedition must fail. In the Chamber of Deputies, after several similar predictions, a majority of forty, occasioned by the intrigues of M. de Chateaubriand, and the votes of the royalist Defection, without alleging a single administrative act to justify their conduct, decided that the Chamber could repose no confidence in his Majesty's Ministry.
To this the King answered,
“ Sir, - I have listened to the address which you present to me in the name of the Chamber of Deputies. I had a right to reckon on the concurrence of the Chambers to do all the good that I intended. I am unhappy to hear the Deputies of the departments declare that this concurrence on their part does not exist.
66 Gentlemen, - I have already announced my intentions in my speech at the opening of the session : they are immutable; the interests of my people do not allow me to deviate from them.
“ My Ministers will communicate my intentions to you.”
It now became a question whether the royal prerogative, guaranteed by the charter, should be or be not an empty form. For the King to yield was, in fact, to seal the fate of the monarchy. No one can question the propriety of his conduct.
He prorogued the Chamber, preparatory to a dissolution, and a fresh appeal to the electors. “ Whatever may be urged against the policy of this decisive step," observes the writer in the Times, “ it must be allowed, even by their antagonists themselves, that the conduct of the French Ministry has been quite legal and constitutional.”
On the 17th June, 1830, the King addressed the whole French nation by a proclamation.
66 The time for putting forth this document," observed the eminent journalist whom we have already quoted, was “ well chosen, and the subject matter of it judiciously selected. The last Chamber of Deputies acted, we think, with blind fury in rejecting the address, and stigmatising Ministers before they had performed a single act from which the character of their administration could be known. To justify their conduct, it became necessary to slander the Government, and even the King himself, upon surmise, and for imputed designs.” “ It would be well,” continues this writer, “ if Frenchmen would, before they move, wait till some reasonable ground exists for the apprehension that their rights will be violated, and that they would not put themselves under the guidance of demagogues, some of whom are probably enemies to any regular settlement of the