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head he understands him so well — he is so intimate with him. Leave it to Dupin – he is the fellow. Vive Dupin !

It was then that M. Dupin made that famous pedestrian journey to Neuilly, which he has immortalised in a brochure, and the memory of which makes all Paris laugh even in a fog; it was then that M. Dupin gave that still more famous advice to Louis-Philippe, to deprive the country of his private fortune, by settling his enormous wealth upon his younger children.

'Tis curious to watch this great patriot and citizen King, while his future subjects were lavishing their blood for his cause in Paris, plotting in a corner with a wily advocate, to cheat them of their gains. Their gains, — for all this time, while the Duke of Orleans was securing his property from the people, his party were bribing the people to support their leader, by the promise of having a King without a civil list.

66 You have here a man,” said the agitators to the mob, “ who is the richest private individual in France - a good father of a family quite one of ourselves; and who has already declared, that he desires no civil list, and that all his revenues will be expended for the good of his people: besides, he has ever been the greatest enemy of the Bourbon family.”

“ He is a Bourbon himself!” interrupted the mob.

“ No, no; – he is not a Bourbon; he is a Valois."

“ Very true, very true! - Vive Valois !

These were the conversations that might be heard in every street of Paris.

Placards to the same effect were stuck up in all the streets; and when we remember the enormous civil list that little M. Thiers finally introduced to their notice, we must make allowances for the disappointment of the people, when they groan at the terrible mystification of which they have been the dupes.

Some days after, when the Duke of Orleans had become King of the French, some indiscreet persons, the active heroes who unfortunately had the right to speak, ventured to enquire why his citizen Majesty had not at once accepted the Crown. “Do you not know," answered the Jesuitical pupil of Dupin, “ that no answer was in fact an answer. Could I ever refuse a Crown offered to me by so glorious a people ?"

We should remember that in those days every thing was glorious, and also that the Royal Guard

had now removed, and the money matters were settled.

A curious document must be added, to complete our ideas of the character of the King of the French. It is a letter dated August 19. 1830, and addressed to the Emperor of Russia :

“SIR, MY BROTHER, “ I announce to your Imperial Majesty my accession to the throne, by the letter which General Athalin* will present to you in my name; but I am desirous to communicate with you, with an entire confidence on the conclusion of a catastrophe which I would willingly have prevented.

6 For a long time I have regretted that King Charles X. and his government did not pursue a conduct better suited to the expectation and to the wishes of the nation. I was far, however, from foreseeing the prodigious events which have just occurred; and I believe, that even without that sincere and loyal trust in the spirit of the Charter and our Institutions, which it appeared impossible to obtain from the Government, it might, with a slight portion of prudence and moderation, long have proceeded as heretofore: but since the 8th of August, 1829, the new Ministry excited suspicion and odium in the nation, and I shared the general uneasiness as to the measures which we awaited with anxiety.

* General Athalin is the morganatic brother-in-law of the King of the French. The connection of the General with Mademoiselle d'Orleans, now styling herself Madame Adelaide, was kept secret from the Bourbons, but was one of the recommendations of the Orleans family to the populace during the glorious days. “Bravo 1 his sister has married one of us. Vive Madame Athalin! vive l'egalité !

“ Nevertheless, the attachment to the laws, and the love of order, have made such progress in France, that the resistance to this Ministry would not certainly have extended beyond a parliamentary medium, if, in his insanity, the Minister himself had not given the fatal signal, by the violation of the Charter, and by the abolition of all the guarantees of our national liberty, for which there is not a Frenchman who is not ready to shed his blood. No excess followed this terrible struggle.

“ But it was difficult to prevent some shock in our social state; and this same loftiness of

purpose, which had preserved them from all disorder, carried them at the same time towards the experiment of political theories, which would have precipitated France, and perhaps Europe, in terrible calamities.

" It was in this situation, Sir, that all eyes turned towards me. The vanquished themselves

believed me necessary to their safety ; I was perhaps even more so for the victors, that they might not degrade their victory. I have, then, accepted this noble and painful task; and I have thrown aside all personal considerations, which united to make me desire to be saved from it, because I felt that the least hesitation on my side might compromise the future of France, and the repose of her neighbours.

“ The title of Lieutenant-General of the Kingdom, which left every thing in doubt, excited a general mistrust; and it was necessary to put an end to the Provisional Government as much to inspire the necessary confidence, as to save that Charter so essential to preserve, of which the late Emperor, your august brother, so well knew the importance; and which must have been compromised, if we had not quickly satisfied and re-assured all minds.

“ It will not escape the lucid intelligence and profound wisdom of your Majesty, that to attain this salutary end, it is desirable that the business of Paris should be viewed in its true light, and that Europe, doing justice to the motives which have directed me, should surround my government with the confidence which it has a right to inspire.

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