Abbildungen der Seite



Hath took no print of the approaching light,

And all the spangled host b keep watch in squadrons bright?

See, how from far, upon the eastern road,

The star-led wisards haste with odours sweet:

O, run, prevent them with thy humble ode,

And lay it lowly at his blessed feet;

Have thou the honour first thy lord to greet,
And join thy voice unto the angel quire,

From out his secret altar touch'd with hallow'd fire ".

IT was the winter wild,


While the heaven-born child

All meanly wrapt in the rude manger lies;
Nature, in awe to him,

Had doff'd her gaudy trim,

With her great Master so to sympathise :

It was no season then for her

To wanton with the sun, her lusty paramour.

Only with speeches fair

She woos the gentle air

To hide her guilty front with innocent snow;
And on her naked shame,

Pollute with sinful blame,

The saintly veil of maiden white to throw ;

Confounded, that her Maker's eyes

Should look so near upon her foul deformities.

But he, her fears to cease,

Sent down the meek-eyed Peace :

She, crown'd with olive green, came softly sliding
Down through the turning sphere,

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

His ready harbinger,

With turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing:

And, waving wide her myrtle wand,

She strikes a universal peace through sea and land 1.

b Spangled host.

A magnificent line: but these four introductory stanzas are not equal to the Hymn.

[blocks in formation]

d From out his secret altar touch'd with hallow'd fire.

Alluding to Isaiah vi. 6, 7.-NEWTON.

e Fears to cease.

I believe cease is seldom used as a verb active.

She strikes a universal peace through sea and land.


Dr. Newton perhaps too nicely remarks, that for "Peace to strike a peace" is an

No war, or battle's sound,

Was heard the world around:

The idle spear and shield were high up hung;
The hooked chariot stood

Unstain'd with hostile blood;

The trumpet spake not to the armed throng;
And kings sat still with awful eye,

As if they surely knew their sovran Lord was by.

But peaceful was the night,

Wherein the Prince of light

His reign of peace upon the earth began:

The winds, with wonder whist h,

Smoothly the waters kist,

Whispering new joys to the mild ocean,

Who now hath quite forgot to rave,

While birds of calm sit brooding on the charmed wave i.

The stars, with deep amaze,

Stand fix'd in steadfast gaze,

Bending one way their precious influence;

And will not take their flight,

For all the morning light,

Or Lucifer, that often warn'd them thence;

But in their glimmering orbs did glow,

Until their Lord himself bespake, and bid them go.

And, though the shady gloomi

Had given day her room,

The sun himself withheld his wonted speed;

[blocks in formation]

inaccuracy: yet he allows that "fœdus ferire" is classical. But Roman phraseology is here quite out of the question. It is not a league, or agreement of peace between two parties, that is intended a quick and universal diffusion is the idea.


with a stroke.-T. WARTON.

It was done as

Yet it will perhaps be generally supposed that Milton had the "ferire fœdus," which Stephens interprets "pacem componere," in his mind.-DUNSTER.

The hooked chariot stood
Unstain'd with hostile blood.

Liv. 1. xxxvii. xli. "Falcatæ quadrigæ, quibus se perturbaturum hostium aciem Antiochus crediderat, in suos terrorem verterunt."-BOWLE. Nothing can be more poetically grand than this stanza. there are few passages finer than this.

h The winds, with wonder whist.

In all Milton's noble poetry

"Whist" is silenced. In Stanyhurst's Virgil "Intentique ora tenebant," is translated, "They whisted all." B. ii. 1.-T. WARTON.

i While birds of calm sit brooding on the charmed wave.

Another glorious line.

The whole stanza breathes the essence of descriptive poetry.

i And, though the shady gloom, &c.

Mr. Bowle saw with me that this stanza is a copy of one in Spenser's "April: ”

And hid his head for shame,

As his inferior flame

The new-enlighten'd world no more should need :

He saw a greater sun appear

Than his bright throne, or burning axletree could bear.

[blocks in formation]

Was kindly come to live with them below k

Perhaps their loves, or else their sheep,


Was all that did their silly thoughts so busy keep :

When such musick sweet

Their hearts and ears did greet,

As never was by mortal finger strook ;

Divinely-warbled voice

Answering the stringed noise,

As all their souls in blissful rapture took:

The air, such pleasure loth to lose,

With thousand echoes still prolongs each heavenly close.

[blocks in formation]

To think her part was done,

And that her reign had here its last fulfilling:

She knew such harmony alone

Could hold all heaven and earth in happier union.

I sawe Phoebus thrust out his golden hede

Vpon her to gaze :

But, when he saw howe broade her beames did sprede,

It did him amaze.

Hee blusht to see another sunne belowe,

Ne durst againe his fierie face outshowe, &c.-T. WARTON.

That the mighty Pan

Was kindly come to live with them below.

That is, with the shepherds on the lawn. imitates in "Lycidas:

[blocks in formation]

So, in Spenser's "May," which Milton

I muse what account both these will make,
The one for the hire which he doth take;

And the other for leaving his lordes taske,

When great Pan account of shepheards shall aske.

We should recollect that Christ is styled a shepherd in the sacred writings. Mr. Bowle observes, that Dante calls him Jupiter, "Purgat." c. vi. v. 118; and that this passage is literally adopted by Pulci, "Morgant. Magg." c. ii. v. 2.-T. Warton.

1 Nature, that heard such sound.

I suppose this is one of the stanzas which Warton deemed a conceit. I can hardly call it so.

At last surrounds their sight

A globe of circular light,

That with long beams the shamefaced night array'd;
The helmed cherubim,

And sworded seraphim,

Are seen in glittering ranks with wings display'd,
Harping in loud and solemn quire,



With unexpressive notes m, to Heaven's new-born heir.

[blocks in formation]

And cast the dark foundations deep,

And bid the weltering waves their oozy channel keep.

Ring out, ye crystal spheres ;

Once bless our human ears,

If ye have power to touch our senses so;

And let your silver chime

Move in melodious time;



And let the bass of Heaven's deep organ blow °


And, with your ninefold harmony P,

Make up full consort to the angelic symphony.

For, if such holy song

Enwrap our fancy long,

Time will run back, and fetch the age of gold;
And speckled Vanity

[blocks in formation]


And hears the unexpressive nuptial song.

The word, which is the object of this note, was perhaps coined by Shakspeare, "As you Like it," a. iii. s. 2 :


The fair, the chaste, and unexpressive she.-T. WARTON.

This stanza is sublime, and in Milton's peculiar manner.

n Such musick.

This stanza also is of equal excellence; and so the stanza which follows.

• And let the bass of Heaven's deep organ blow.

Here is another idea caught by Milton from St. Paul's cathedral while he was a school-boy. Milton was not yet a puritan: afterwards, he and his friends the fanatics would not have allowed of so papistical an establishment as an organ and a choir, even in heaven.-T. WARTON.

I think, to name the organ, in speaking of the music of the spheres, is rather the bathos.

P And, with your ninefold harmony.

There being "nine infolded spheres," as in ". Arcades," v. 64.-NEWTON.

And speckled Vanity, &c.

Plainly taken from the "maculosum nefas" of Horace, "Od." v. 4. 23.-Jos. WARTON.

Will sicken soon and die,

And leprous Sin will melt from earthly mould;
And Hell itself will pass away,

And leave her dolorous mansions to the peering day г.

Yea, Truth and Justice then

Will down return to men,

Orb'd in a rainbow; and, like glories wearing,

Mercy will sit between,

Throned in celestial sheen,

With radiant feet the tissued clouds down steering *;
And heaven, as at some festival,

Will open wide the gates of her high palace hall.

[blocks in formation]

That on the bitter cross

Must redeem our loss;

So both himself and us to glorify :

Yet first, to those ychain'd in sleep,

The wakeful trump of doom must thunder through the deep ";

With such a horrid clang

As on Mount Sinai rang,

While the red fire and smouldering clouds out brake:

The aged earth aghast,

With terrour of that blast,

Shall from the surface to the centre shake;

When, at the world's last session,

The dreadful Judge in middle air shall spread his throne.

Vanity dressed in a variety of gaudy colours.






Unless he means spots, the marks of

disease and corruption, and the symptoms of approaching death.-T. WARTON.

And Hell itself will pass away,

And leave her dolorous mansions to the peering day.

The image is in Virgil, "En." viii. 245 :—

Regna recludat

Pallida, Dis invisa; superque immane barathrum

Cernatur, trepidentque immisso lumine Manes.-T. WARTON.

The Alexandrine here is sonorous and majestic.

• With radiant feet.

Isaiah lii. 7:"How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings-that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Sion, Thy God reigneth !"DUNSTER.

• Down steering.

The old writers use this word simply for moving. Thus our author, in "Samson Agonistes," ver. 110:

I hear

The tread of many feet steering this way.-HURD. "The wakeful trump of doom must thunder through the deep. A line of great energy, elegant and sublime.-T. WARTON.

« ZurückWeiter »