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rations paid to the surgeon conformably to paragraph 1212, belong to the hospital fund.

The establishment of company tailor shops, barber shops, and of company billiard and pool tables, and, subject to the approval of the post exchange council, of company shoe repair shops and company laundries from which revenues may be derived, is authorized. The post exchange council will fix the rates of salaries to be allowed attendants for company-owned equipment of these functions, and the rates of percentages to accrue to the company fund for the collection of soldiers' accounts due to individuals for privately-owned equipment of these functions. All funds accruing therefrom will be accounted for as part of the company fund.

328. The company commander will keep an account of the company fund and also a complete list of property, with cost thereof, purchased from said fund. The company fund account will be inspected by the post, regimental, battalion, or squadron commander at least once each quarter.

329. Extra compensation may be paid to enlisted men from company or general mess funds as follows: From a company fund, 25 cents a day to the head cook, 25 cents a day to one private detailed on special duty as assistant cook for a company whose authorized strength is fixed at 100 or more enlisted men and only two cooks authorized by law, and 25 cents a day to one private detailed as cook for a machine-gun platoon or regimental detachment; from a general mess fund, not exceeding $2 a day, or from the general mess fund of a recruit depot, not exceeding $3 a day, to be apportioned by the mess council among the cooks and other necessary regular attendants. Of this $2 (or $3 at recruit depots) the mess council may allot to the mess steward (who may be a noncommissioned officer) a per diem of 50 cents, and in addition thereto a share of the remaining $1.50 (or $2.50 at recruit depots). One cook of a company and such of the regular attendants of a general mess as the commanding officer may designate will be inspected and mustered in the kitchen or mess hall. Cooks may be excused from the ordinary post duties and from target practice, but the attendants may be excused from the ordinary post duties only.

In case the mess stewards and cooks at recruit depots are graduates of the schools for bakers and cooks, extra-duty pay will be paid to them by the Quartermaster Corps at the following rates, approved by the Secretary of War. To mess stewards, $1 a day, and to cooks, 50 cents a day, and they will receive no further extra compensation.

330. An officer appointed by the post commander will, under his direction, conduct the general mess affairs, make necessary purchases, and have charge of the mess fund. Quarterly and when relieved he will submit to the mess council a statement of all business dealings and money transactions, with proper vouchers. Upon the call of the mess council he will furnish information regarding the condition and management of the mess. A company on taking the field or withdrawing from a general mess will be entitled to a just share of the fund thereof, to be determined by the mess council, approved by the post commander.


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331. At each permanent post suitable rooms will be set apart for use as library, reading room, chapel, and school. The Chief of the Quartermaster Corps will procure and forward to post libraries such newspapers and periodicals, and to post schools such schoolbooks, stationery, and school material for the use of enlisted men as are authorized by the Secretary of War. Newspapers and periodicals will not be taken from the library; schoolbooks will not be taken from the schoolroom except for the proper use of those attending the post school. These books and periodicals are intended especially for the use of enlisted men. Books for post chapel services are not furnished by the Government. The library and reading rooms may be used by officers in such manner as not to interfere with their use by enlisted men. The post commander will detail an officer as post librarian, who will have charge of the post library.

332. On December 31 of every year each officer in charge of a post or regimental library will render to The Adjutant General of the Army a return of all books on hand in or pertaining thereto, the return to be forwarded directly by the post or regimental commander. Such books as are required by regulations to be accounted for on property returns shall not be included in the library returns. Post and regimental commanders will examine the returns and certify thereon that the books in the library are accounted for as required by orders and regulations.

333. Department adjutants will, on December 31 of each year, render to The Adjutant General of the Army returns of all library books on hand in their charge. These returns will be in addition to the property returns required to be made by them under paragraph 200. The necessary blank forms for returns of books will be furnished by The Adjutant General of the Army, and the returns will be made in accordance with the directions printed upon the blanks.

334. When. library books are damaged or lost, the fact will be reported to the commanding officer by the librarian, and the person responsible for the loss or damage will be required to replace the book by a new copy, or to pay its value in money to the librarian to enable him to procure one.

335. Valuable books pertaining to a post library which have become unserviceable by fair wear and tear will, when practicable, be repaired, and the cost of repair will be il proper charge against the funds of the post exchange.

336. Books received from the War Department will be promptly acknowledged and, together with all library books received from other sources, will be taken up on the return.

337. Inspectors general will, at the annual inspection of posts, examine the methods adopted for the care and preservation of the library, condemn and destroy such books as may be unserviceable and worthless, and note action in their reports of the inspections of the posts.

338. The necessary orders for the disposition of the books on hand when a post is abandoned or discontinued will be given by the War Department.

339. At any post where building material can be obtained without expense to the Government, and it is desired to erect buildings by labor of the troops for use as post exchanges, gymnasiums, bowling alleys, and other places of amusement, the post commander is authorized to use the necessary teams and such tools, window sash, doors, and other material as may be on hand and can be spared.

340. The Quartermaster Corps is authorized to transport gymnastic and athletic appliances, purchased with regimental or company funds, for the use of troops, from the nearest market to the post or station of the troops. In all cases of necessary removal the articles supplied for use in bakeries, libraries, reading rooms, schools, and gymnasiums will also be transported by the Quartermaster Corps.

341. Post laundries are established and maintained under special regulations by the War Department.

The amount of indebtedness of a soldier to a post laundry contracted in accordance with such regulations will be noted on the pay rolls for the current month and will be deducted, if practicable, from his pay by the quartermaster




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making the payment and turned over to the officer in charge of the laundry, who will duly receipt to the quartermaster and the soldier for the amount so received. Where the soldier is detached the amount due the laundry will be noted on the detachment pay roll or descriptive list, and will be deducted by the quartermaster at the next payment and forwarded to the officer in charge of the laundry in which the indebtedness was incurred. In case of the discharge of a soldier the amount of any such indebtedness will be noted on the final statement and will be similarly deducted from payment made thereon and transmitted to the officer in charge of the laundry.

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342. Commanding officers of posts at or near which suitable public lands are available will set aside for post gardens such ground as may be necessary for the production of vegetables for the command, and will cause it to be cultivated by the garrison; or if the commanding officer so elects, he may apportion it among the organizations for cultivation by them.

343. Seeds for post gardens may be procured from post exchange funds, or from company funds.

344. Department commanders will give such instructions as may be necessary for carrying these regulations into effect and for the proper distribution of products of gardens among those entitled to them. Surplus products may be sold and the proceeds divided among the company funds of the garrison according to strength of companies.

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345. Post exchanges are established and maintained under special regulations issued by the War Department.

The amount of indebtedness of a soldier to a post exchange contracted in accordance with such regulations will be noted on the pay roll for the next succeeding month and be deducted, if practicable, from his pay by the quartermaster making the payment and turned over to the post exchange officer, who will duly receipt to the quartermaster and the soldier for the amount so received. In case of discharge of a soldier the amount of any such indebtedness will be noted on the final statement, and in like manner be deducted from payment made thereon.

346. The sale of, or dealing in, beer, wine, or any intoxicating liquors by any person in any post exchange or canteen or Army transport, or upon any premises used for military purposes by the United States, is prohibited. Commanding officers will carry the provisions of this paragraph into full force and effect, and will be held strictly responsible that no exceptions or evasions are permitted within their respective jurisdictions.

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347. Commanding officers of posts at which are located lake or coast defenses are charged with the responsibility of preventing, as far as practicable, visitors from obtaining information relative to such defenses which would probably be communicated to a foreign power, and to this end may prescribe and enforce appropriate regulations governing visitors to their posts.

American citizens whose loyalty to their Government is unquestioned may be permitted to visit such portions of the defenses as the commanding officer deems proper.

348. The taking of photographic or other views of permanent works of defense will not be permitted. Neither written nor pictorial descriptions of these works will be made for publication without the authority of the Secretary of War, nor will any information be given concerning them which is not contained in the printed reports and documents of the War Department.




349. Small-arms practice will be conducted and reports thereof made in accordance with the authorized firing manual and orders from the War Department.

350. The aggregate allowance of small-arms ammunition for any company will be expended at such times during the year as the department commander may direct, or, in the absence of specific directions, as the post and company commanders may determine. When not used in target practice, small-arms ammunition may, in the discretion of the post aud company commanders, be expended in hunting.

351. In all classes of authorized target practice the Ordnance Department will provide the requisite targets, streamers, and flags. The quartermaster will set up the targets, prepare the range, and construct shelters for the markers. Flour for making paste for use in target practice will be issued by the quartermaster.

352. The details of the methods of conducting the technical instruction and target practice of field artillery troops and the target practice of troops charged with the service of machine guns will be announced in orders and instructions from the War Department.

353. The allowance of ammunition for small-arms practice, for the instruction of the field artillery, and for target practice with machine guns will be fixed in orders from the War Department.

354. Where hunting for large game is practicable the men will be encouraged to hunt, and for this purpose company commanders may permit their men to purchase cartridges, if the supply warrants it, such sales to be accounted for on the returns of ordnance.


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355. A roster is a list of officers or men for duty, with a record of the duty performed by each. Generally details for duty are so made that the one longest off is the first for detail. Details so made are said to be made by roster.

356. All details for service in garrison and in the field, except the authorized special and extra duty details, will be by roster; but officers or enlisted men when detailed must serve whether a roster be kept or not.

357. The duties performed by roster are of two classes. The first comprises (1) outposts; (2) interior guards, including stable guards; (3) detachments to protect laborers on military works; (4) armed working parties on such works. Soldiers march armed and, if necessary, fully equipped on all duties of this

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class. The second class comprises all other duties and fatigue, in or out of the garrison or camp. The rosters are distinct for each class.

358. Lieutenant colonels and majors are on one roster, and may be detailed when the importance of the duty requires it. In the field their roster is kept at division and brigade headquarters. Captains form one roster, and are exempt from ordinary fatigue duties. Lieutenants form one roster, but when conditions make it advisable captains and lieutenants may be placed on one roster, or one or more of the senior lieutenants may be placed on the captains' roster. Sergeants, corporals, musicians, and privates form distinct rosters.

359. Unless otherwise ordered by the commanding officer, officers, noncommissioned officers, and privates take duties of the first class in the order stated in paragraph 357, viz, the first for detail takes the outposts, the next the terior guards, and so on. In those of the second class the senior officer takes the largest party. The party first for detail takes the service out of camp.

360. In making details by roster, an officer or enlisted man is each day charged with the number of days that he has remained present and available since the beginning of his last tour. Departures from this rule may be authorized by the commanding officer whenever a strict application would allow improper advantage or work hardship.

36 1. When an officer has been detailed and is not present or available at the hour of marching, the next after him takes the duty. When an outpost has passed the chain of sentinels, or an interior guard has reached its post, the officer whose tour it was can not take it unless so ordered by the commanding officer.

362. Duties of the first class are credited on the roster when the guards or detachments have passed the chain of sentinels or an interior guard has reached its post; other duties, when the parties have entered upon their performance.

363. An officer or enlisted man on duty of the first class, or who is next for detail for such duty, is available, when relieved, for duty of the second class that has fallen to him during that time. Except in emergencies, no duty will be required of the old officer of the day or the old guard until four hours after they have been relieved.

364. Detachments of the Signal Corps shall be exempt from detail for any other duty, except when in the judgment of the commanding officer the importance of the duty will not permit exemption.

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365. As far as the exigencies of the service will permit, detachments for all service will be formed by taking battalions, companies, platoons, or other subdivisions in turn, according to the roster.

366. Officers or enlisted men detailed for detached service while on other duty will be relieved from that duty, if practicable, in time to march with the detachment.

367. When a detachment is to be formed from the different organizations of a command, the adjutant or adjutant general forms its contingent, verifies the details, and sends it to the place of assembly, or turns it over to the detachment commander.

368. When detachments meet, the command is regulated while they serve together as if they formed one command, but the senior officer can not prevent the commander of any detachment from moving when he thinks proper to execute the orders he has received.

369. On the return of a detachment its commander reports to the headquarters from which he received his orders.

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