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couraging symptoms deceive us ? No; God will “ say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back.” Let the gospel continue its progress, and the plundering Arab, influenced by the love of Jesus, will relinquish his dishonest practices, and provide things honest in the sight of men;"—the ferocious savage will become susceptible of fellow-feeling, and shudder at his former brutality; - the heart of the frozen Laplander will glow with the fire of pure devotion ; - the sable African be fully emancipated from the slavery of Satan and of his agents; and the unbelieving race of Abraham be gathered with the fulness of the Gentiles. Desirable pi-riod! Hasten its approach, O King of Zion! Then shall the thunder of cannon and the clashing of arms die away into everlasting silence. Peace and prosperity will diffuse their generous blessings without discrimination. On Earth, “Glory to God in the highest!" will be the theme of every tongue; and Heaven will resound with “Hallelujah! for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth !"
PROVISION FOR THE WIDOWS OF MINISTERS.
To the Editor. It is painful to read so many instances of gospel ministers, who, after giving up their whole time for the benefit of others, when they have done their work below, leave their widows and orphans destitute of every means of support. Surely, it must be a great grief to ministers, while living, to reflect on the situations to which their families must be reduced, for whom they cannot be expected to lay by any part of their (in general) very scanty income. It has been proposed, through the medium of the Evangelical Magazine, that where ministers cannot afford to pay the annual subscription to an Annuity Society, that the churches over which they preside should do it by a subscription among its members; but, alas! the hint, though good, it is to be feared, has been very partially attended to in the more wealthy congregations, while there are others as unable almost to do it as their pastor.
I am far from wishing to obtrude my sentiments on the public; but would suggest to you, Sir, the propriety of proposing that a Fund should be raised for the sole purpose of paying the subscription to some Annuity Society for those ministers whose income is so small as to be barely sufficient for their support, and whose congregations are unable also, from ibeir poverty, 10 contribute in so needful and good a cause.
If I am not mistaken, an annual payment of Five Guineas will entitie the widow of the person to Twenty Pounds, which would be a very comfortable assistance; and, if so, how eas:ly might one or two hundred ministers' widows be reseved from a
state of poverty, or dependence on their relatives, by the benevo, lence of the religious public. It might be said, as an objection, that it would be difficult to raise five huudred, or a thousand guineas annually; but let not that be a bar to setting the business on foot. All know what Christians have done, are still doing, and will do. They cannot but act like themselves; and, I am confident, that, by annual subscriptions and collections, full as much as above stated may be obtained. I feel myself called upon to make these remarks, from perusing the Memoir of the late Rev. John Smith, of Burford, Oxon. ; in which I find that his widow, and two youngest children, are entirely unprovided for.
Their case is truly distressing; and, I hope, will be seriously taken up. - I inclose my mite* for them, to which you will, no doubt, have others to add; and, whenever a Fund is about to be raised for the purpose I have alluded to, the list of annual subscribers to it shall not want the signature of
your constant reader, T. P.
* This is in the hands of the Publishers, and will be paid when called for
THE ANGEL JEHOVAH.
Jesus Christ, the divine Logos, or Word, has been the medium of divine communication to man, in all the various dispensations of providence. Dr. Owen says, “There is frequent mention in the Targumists of the Word of the Lord; and it first occurs in them on the first appearance of a divine person, after the fall of Adam. The words are, “ They heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden.” The participle walking may be as well referred unto the voice as unto the Lord God; and although the original word for voice, most commonly signifies o an outward voice, or sound ibereof;" yet, when applied unto God, it frequently denotes his almighty power, whereby he effects what he pleaseth. So in Psalm xxix. 3-9, those things are ascribed to this Voice of the Lord, which elsewhere are assigned to the Word of his power*. Now, all the works of creation and providence which are assigned to the Voice of the Lord, or to the Word of his power, are immediately wrought by the essential Word of God t, which was with God at the creation of all things, as his eternal wisdom and power. This expression, therefore, of the Voice of the Lord, may denote the essential Word of God, the Person of the Son; for our first parents heard this Word
walking, before they heard the sound of any voice or words what. ever; for God spake not unto them until after this. And, as after the promise he appeared in a human shape, to instruct the church in the mystery of his future incarnation, and, under the name of Angel, to shadow out his office as sent into it, and employed in it by the Father, so here, before the promise, he discovered his distinct glorious Person, as the eternal voice or Word of the Father."
This is that angel who appeared to Hagar by a fountain in the wilderness; for he spake in his own name, and said, “I will multiply thy seed exceedingly._And she called the name of Jehovah that spake unto her, “ Thou, God, seest me. Hagar does not appear to be ignorant who the person was that appeared to her. She had long been in Abraham's family, and, no doubt, the frequent descriptions he had given of the Angel Jehovah, who had so often appeared to him, taught her that this was the same; and, therefore, she called the name of the Jehovah that spake unto her, “ Thou, God, seest me.”
When the believer considers the relation subsisting between him and the Lord Jesus Christ, the offices he sustains, and his dependence on bis wisdom, it appears to be an infinite mercy for him that Omniscience is one of his essential perfections. Christ himself declared, “All the churches shall know that I am He which searcheth the reins and hearts *.” When Christ appealed unto Peter with, “Son of Jonas, lovest thou me?" and his conscience accused him of denying his Lord, it was Peter's inex, pressible blessing that he whom he had denied, looked, not as man looketh, but that he could look at his heart: he knew the interior of Peter's heart. He was witness to the sincerity of his repentance. He knew that his tears did not flow from hypocrisy; but from genuine love to his Redeemer. With confidence and pleasure, therefore, he appealed to the Omniscient Friend, saying, “ T'hou knowest all things, thou knowest that I love thee.”
What a source of consolation to the humble believer, for him to know that, while the all-pierceing eye of Jesus discovers the impure thoughts of his heart, and beholds all his improper con. duct, that he also sees him in his closet, when no other eye is upon him! He sees the secret tears he sheds, his desires are before him, and his groans are not hidden froin him. He beholds all the loathings of his own heart; the humiliating discoveries he bas of himself, and how he humbles himself before God. He is witness to all the agonies of his mind on account of his sins; he secs how the inadvertencies of his tongue or of his actions grieve his mind, and force him to the throne of grace. He knows how little he esteems himself on account of those few ex, cellencies which excite the esteem of others; how deeply ke
* Jer. xvii. 10. Rey, ii, 23.
loaths himself for the undue estimate wbich, in a proud moment, he pirts upon them; and how truly he esteems others better than himself. His God sees him examining his heart, and comparing its principles, motives, and designs with the word.
He observes how impartially he pursues the scrutiny; and how readily he suffers the word to bear on liis conscience. He beholds with what earnestness the Christian enquires into the frame of his heart, with relation to the doctrines, the privileges, and the precepts of the word ; - how desirous he is to be perfect in all the will of God. He is witness how this scrutiny empties bim of self-complacency; how it produces a deeper conviction of his moral'inability to do any thing good; how it drives him to the Fountain opened for sin and uncleanness, and makes him value the blood of sprinkling.
It was Hagar's mercy that the Angel Jehovah saw the dangers to which she was exposed . by leaving her master's house ; arrested her in her course, and commanded her to return and subniit to her mistress. Remember, my soul, that this Angel seeth thee in all thy ways! he counteth all thy wanderings all thy conduct toward others is before him; -he beholds and judges between thee and those with wbom thon contendest, and those which contend with thee. Thy motives, the undisguised state of the case, with all its various shades, are open to his eyes, No partiality to thyself, - no false colouring, no misrepresentation, cán escape his notice, ror make the case appear to him otherwise than it really is. Look well, therefore, to thy motives and thy designs; for thy God is a God of knowlelge; by him actions and thoughts are weighed.” If thou be guilty, go and submit thyself to him thou hast offended, or be sure your sin will find you out; and the same measure thou metest, sball be measured to thee again. If thou art innocent, be assured “he will bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noon-day." What a blessing for the believer, who, through the power of indwelling sin, is prone to wander from the house of mercy and of safety, that the Jehovah-Angel sees all his wanderings, brings him back with weeping and supplie cation, restoreth his soul, and leads him in paths of righteousness, for his own name's sake.
The Angel Jehovah consoled Hagar, by informing her that he had heard her affliction. He saw the state of her mind, and all the painful feelings of her heart. To thee, my soul, it is consoling under all thy troubles, that thy God seeth thee. He is well acquainted with the cause, the degree, and the effects of all thy afflictions. Not a groan can heave my breast, nor a tear drop from my eye, but the Jehovah-Angel is privy to it. No plan can be laid in the councils of my spiritual enemies, but he sees its commencement, how, it is designed to operate, the in. struments and seasons of its accomplishment, and knows well how to oppose it, or make it work for my good. He sees all my perplexities about my spiritual or temporal concerns.
Every step of my future life is before him; all my relative conncetions, my personal or family concerns, are under his direction. Commit, therefore, my soul, thy ways unto him, and he shall bring
cast all thy care upon him, for he careth for thee. With the present be not dissatisfied ; about the future be not anxious; of thy temper and conduct be zealous and watchful; for, remember, “thy God seeth thee."
it to pass ;
ON THE INTERPRETATION OF SCRIPTURE. Mr. EDITOR,
Having learned so many instructive anecdotes from your Miscellany, I feel bound in justice to tell you whatever of an in. teresting nature befals myself. This morning, being Monday, rather a leisure day with me, I called upon a friend, for whom I have a high esteem, on account of his fervent piety, though he is tinged with some notions unworthy of his general good sense. As I entered, I perceived, from bis countenance, that he was, to use sacred language, “walking on his high places.”
“ I had a delightful day yesterday," cried be, “ for we had a fine minister in the morning, who gave us a charming sermon; and our own minister gave us nearly such another in the after
The first sermon was on those words, “ Whom have I in Heaven but thee, - and there is none upon earth that I desire beside thee.” Instead of treating it in the dry literal way, applying it to David, as if he had none in Heaven or earth that he loved in comparison with God; which, you know, is very discouraging, when we find we have not the same feelings, he took the text in a new, spiritual light, as the words of the true David, the Lord Jesus Christ, who says of the church, Whom have I in Fleaven but thee, the church triumphant above, and there is none upon earth that I desire but the church militant
Now, what could be more new, striking, evangeli. cal, and comfortable? And, in the course of the sermon, there were many texts introduced and explained in the same way, as gospel allegories.
« In the afternoon, our minister took for his text, Ps. cxxxix. 6,“ Thine eye did see my substance, yet being imperfect. He told us, that all the commentators, in wandering after the literal meaning, had missed the true sense ; “ which," says he, “ I will now give you :-David here preaches the doctrine of original sin, and confesses that God saw him to be an imperfect, sinful creature, even in the womb.' He then proceeded to prove this from the fifty-first Psalm, where every one knows that David confesses his
original depravity as the source of his natural transgressions. Though this sermon was not quite so charming as that in the morning, yet, you see, it gave a new view of the texty