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SENATE.]

Proceedings.

[MAY, 1789.

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to the President's Speech further reported; where GENTLEMEN: I thank you for your Address, in upon it was

which the most affectionate sentiments are expressed Agreed, That the Senate should wait on the in the most obliging terms. The coincidence of cirPresident at his own house on Monday next, at a cumstances which led to this auspicious crisis, the conquarter after 11 o'clock, and that the Vice Presi- fidence reposed in me by my fellow-citizens, and the dent then present the Address of the Senate, as assistance I may expect from counsels which will be agreed to on the 7th instant.

dictated by an enlarged and liberal policy, seem to preThe Senate proceeded to determine the classes, sage a more prosperous issue to my administration than

a diffidence of my abilities had taught me to anticipate. agreeably to the resolve of yesterday, on the mode I now feel myself inexpressibly happy in a belief that of carrying into effect the provision of the second Heaven, which has done so much for our infant nation, clause of the third section of the first article of the will not withdraw its providential influence before our Constitution; and the numbers being drawn, the political felicity shall have been completed, and in a classes were determined as follows:

conviction that the Senate will at all times co-operate in Lot No. 1, drawn by Mr. Dalton, contained Mr. every measure which may tend to promote the welfare Dalton, Mr. Ellsworth, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Maclay, of this confederated republic. Thus supported by a Mr. Read, Mr. Carroll, and Mr. Grayson ; whose firm trust in the great Arbiter of the universe, aided by seats shall, accordingly, be vacated in the Senate the collective wisdom of the Union, and imploring the at the expiration of the second year.

divine benediction on our joint exertions in the service Lot No. 2, drawn by Mr. Wingate, contained of our country, I readily engage with you in the arduous Mr. Wingate, Mr. Strong, Mr. Paterson, Mr. Bas- but pleasing task of attempting to make a nation happy. set, Mr. Lee, Mr. Butler, and Mr. Few; whose

G. WASHINGTON. seats shall, accordingly, be vacated in the Senate The Clerk of the House of Representatives at the expiration of the fourth year.

brought to the Senate a bill for laying a duty on Lot No. 3, drawn by Mr. Langdon, contained goods, wares, and merchandises, imported into the Mr. Langdon, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Morris

, Mr. Hen- United States; which he informed the Senate ry, Mr. Izard, and Mr. Gunn; whose seats shall

, the House had passed, and to which they desired accordingly, be vacated in the Senate at the ex- the concurrence of the Senate. piration of the sixth year.

The bill above mentioned was read a first time,

and Thursday next was assigned for the second SATURDAY, May 16.

reading. A message from the House of Representatives Ordered, That Mr. Lee be a committee, on the informed the Senate that the House had concur- part of the Senate, to join any committee appointred in the appointment of a committee, consisting ed for that purpose on the part of the House of of Mr. Sylvester, Mr. Wynkoop, and Mr. Smith Representatives, to lay before the President of the of South Carolina, to confer with a committee United States, for his approbation, a bill to reguappointed on the part of the Senate the 13th in- | late the time and manner of administering certain stant, and to report what newspapers the members oaths; after it shall be enrolled, examined by the of Congress shall be furnished with at the public said committee, and signed by the Speaker of the expense: and that it was an instruction to the House of Representatives and by the Vice Presisaid committee, on the part of the House, to re

dent. ceive proposals for printing the acts and other proceedings of Congress. The question being taken, “ Whether the Sen

TUESDAY, May 19. ate will give a similar instruction to the commit The Secretary carried to the House of Repretee on their part ?" it passed in the affirmative. sentatives the resolve of the Senate, passed the And the Secretary informed the House of Repre- 18th instant, appointing a committee on their sentatives of the concurrence.

part, to lay before the President a bill to regulate Ordered, That the petition from sundry print- the time and manner of administering certain ers, presented to the Senate, be referred to the oaths; after it shall be enrolled, &c. committee of the Senate appointed the 13th in The committee to whom was referred the mostant.

tion for printing the journals of the Senate, and The committee appointed the 14th of April to furnishing each member with a copy thereof; and consider the mode of keeping and publishing the also, to report upon the mode of keeping the jourjournals, &c., reported; and the report was ordered nals, and who were instructed to consider whether to lie on the table.

the minutes be amended, so as to record only the acts of the Senate on the journal, reported as fol

lows: MONDAY, May 18.

That one hundred and twenty copies of the jourAgreeably to the order of the 15th instant, the nals of the legislative proceedings only be printed once Senate waited on the President of the United

a month, commencing the first publication on the first States at his own house, when the Vice Presi- day of June next, and that each member be furnished dent, in their name, delivered to the President the with a copy;

that the proceedings of the Senate, when Address agreed to on the 7th instant. To which they shall act in their executive capacity, shall be enthe President of the United States was pleased to tered and kept in separate and distinct books. make the following reply:

That every vote of the Senate shall be entered on

May, 1789.]

Proceedings.

[SENATE.

uary, 1785.

the journals, and that a brief statement of the contents western Indians, and the treaties made in conseof each petition, memorial, or paper, presented to the quence thereof at Fort Harmar, on the 9th of Senate, be also inserted on the journals.

January, 1789, which was read, as follows, and or"That the journals, previous to each publication, be dered to lie on the table. revised by a committee to be appointed from time to time for that purpose;" which report was accepted.

That the several treaties of peace which have been

made with the northern tribes of Indians, and those The committee appointed to confer with a northwest of the Ohio, since the conclusion of the late committee of the House of Representatives, and war with Great Britain, are as follows, to wit: report what newspapers the members of Congress

1st. The treaty at Fort Stanwix, on the 22d day of shall be furnished with at the public expense, re- October, 1784, between Oliver Wolcott, Richard Butported in part; which report was ordered to lie on ler, and Arthur Lee, Commissioners Plenipotentiary the table.

from the United States, on the one part, and the sachems Ordered, That Mr. PATERSON, Mr. CARROLL, and warriors of the Six Nations on the other. and Mr. WINGATE, be a committee to revise the 2d. The treaty entered into by the said Commisjournal, previous to its publication.

sioners Plenipotentiary and the sachems and warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Chippawa, and Ottawa na

tions of Indians, at Fort McIntosh, the 21st day of JanWEDNESDAY, May 20. The petition of Thomas Allen, to supply the 3d. The treaty at the mouth of the Great Miami, the stationery that may be wanted for the use of Con- 31st day of January, 1786, between commissioners from gress, was read, and referred to the committee on the United States, and the chiefs and warriors of the petitions of a similar nature.

Shawanee nation.

That the treaties of Fort Stanwix and Fort McIntosh THURSDAY, May 21.

were entered on the journals of the United States, in William GRAYSON, from Virginia, appeared the Miami on the 17th day of April

, 1786.

Congress assembled, June 30, 1785; and the treaty of and took his seat.

That it may be proper to observe, that the Indians Resolved, That all bills on a second reading are greatly tenacious of their lands, and generally do shall be considered by the Senate in the same not relinquish their right, excepting on the principle of manner as if the Senate were in a committee of a specific consideration expressly given for the purchase the whole, before they shall be taken up and pro- of the same. ceeded on by the Senate, agreeably to the stand That the practice of the late English colonies and ing rules, unless otherwise ordered.

Government, in purchasing the Indian claims, has Mr. Grayson was added to the committee ap- firmly established the habit in this respect, so that it pointed the 13th of May, “to define the crimes cannot be violated but with difficulty, and an expense and offences that shall be cognizable under the greatly exceeding the value of the object. authority of the United States, and their punish- Intosh do not state that the limits therein defined are

That the treaties of Fort Stanwix and of Fort Mcment."

by virtue of a purchase from the Indians.

That the said treaties have been opposed and comFRIDAY, May 22.

plained of, will appear by the representaton to ConA message from the House of Representatives gress accompanying this report

, marked No. 1. informed the Senate that they had appointed

That, in consequence of the said representation, ConMessrs. Partridge and Floyd, a committee on their gress, on the 21st day of July, 1787, passed the followpart, to lay before the President, after it shall have

ing resolve: passed the formalities prescribed in the resolve of

Resolved, That the Superintendent of Indian Afthe 18th of May, the bill to regulate the time and fairs for the Northern Department inform the Five Namanner of administering certain oaths.

tions, the Hurons, and other Indian nations, who joinThe committee appointed to examine the afore-ed in the representation made to Congress, dated the mentioned bill, reported, that they had performed 18th of the present month, July, 1787, received their

18th day of December, 1786, that Congress, on the the service; whereupon, the bill was signed by said representation, and have taken it into their serious the Vice President, and was, by the committee consideration, and in due time will send them an thereunto appointed, laid before the President of

answer." the United States for his approbation.

That, on the 5th of October following, Congress re

solved : MONDAY, May 25.

“ That a general treaty be held with the tribes of InThe Senate proceeded to consider the bill for dians within the limits of the United States, inhabiting laying a duty on goods, wares, and merchandises the country northwest of the Ohio, and about Lake imported into the United States; and, after pro- ly may be, and at such place and at such particular

Erie, as soon after the 1st of April next as convenientgress, adjourned. The Senate to-day, for the first time, entered appoint, for the purpose of knowing the causes of un

time, as the Governor of the Western Territory shall upon Executive business, having received from easiness among the said tribes, and hearing their comthe President of the United States a communica- plaints, of regulating trade, and amicably settling all tion covering a report from the Secretary of War, affairs concerning lands and boundaries between them on the negotiations of the Governor of the West- and the United States. ern Territory with certain northern and north “ That the Governor of the Western Territory hold

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SENATE.]
Proceedings.

[MAY, 1789. the said treaty, agreeably to such instructions as shall committee, consisting of Messrs. PARTRIDGE, be given him for that purpose."

Floyd, and THATCHER, to confer with any comThat, on the 12th of October, 1787, Congress re- mittee which may be appointed by the Senate, on solved: “ That twenty thousand dollars be, and hereby are, bills or messages from the President of the United

the proper method of receiving into either House appropriated for the purpose of Indian treaties, when- States. ever the same shall hereafter be judged necessary by a majority of the United States in Congress assembled ; and Messrs. Lee and Izard were appointed a

Said message was considered by the Senate, and that the resolutions for holding a general treaty committee on their part. with the Indians, passed the 5th day of the present month, be, and they are hereby repealed." That, on the 22d of October, 1787, Congress re

Wednesday, May 27. solved: “ That the Governor of the Western Territory be,

The Secretary went to the House of Representaand he is hereby empowered, to hold a general treaty tives with a message, purporting the concurrence, with the Indian tribes the ensuing spring, if in his on the part of the Senate, in the appointment judgment the public good requires it, and that he be of a committee upon the mode of receiving mesauthorized to draw for such sums of money, appropriat- sages from the President of the United States, ed by the resolve of Congress of the 12th instant, as agreeably to the proposition of the House of may be necessary to effect this object, not exceeding Representatives made yesterday. the sum of fourteen thousand dollars."

Adjourned to 11 o'clock to-morrow morning. That, on the 2d of July, 1788, Congress resolved:

“ That the sum of twenty thousand dollars, in addition to the fourteen thousand dollars already appropri

THURSDAY, May 28. ated, be appropriated for defraying the expenses of the treaties which have been ordered, or which may be or the bill for laying a duty on goods, wares, and mer

The Senate proceeded in the consideration of dered to be held in the present year, with the several chandises imported into the United States; and, Indian tribes in the northern department

, and for ex: after debate, adjourned. tinguishing the Indian claims; the whole of the said twenty thousand dollars, together with six thousand dollars of the said fourteen thousand dollars, to be ap

Friday, May 29. plied solely to the purpose of extinguishing Indian claims to the lands they have already ceded to the

Proceeded to the consideration of the bill for United States, by obtaining regular conveyances for the laying a duty on goods, wares, and merchandises same, and for extending a purchase beyond the limits imported into the United States. hitherto fixed by treaty: but that no part of the said The committee, appointed the 13th instant, to sums be applied for any purpose other than those above confer with the committee of the House of Reprementioned.

sentatives, and report " what newspapers the memThat the instructions to the Governor of the Western bers of Congress shall be furnished with at the Territory, marked No. 2, will further show the sense of public expense,” further reported; which report Congress on this subject.

was ordered to lie on the table. That the treaties of Fort Harmar, on the 9th of Jan A message from the House of Representatives uary, 1789, with the sachems and warriors of the Six brought to the Senate an engrossed bill, imposing Nations, the Mohawks excepted, and with the sachems duties on tonnage; and warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippawa, Pattiwatima, and Sac nations, inhabiting part of the 28th, providing the members of the Senate and

A resolve of the House of Representatives of the country northwest of the Ohio, appear to have been House of Representatives each with a set of the negotiated by the Governor of the Western Territory, so as to unite the interests of the United States with journals of the late Congress ; the justice due the said Indian nations.

A resolve of the 28th, on the report of a joint That the reservation, in the treaty with the Six Na- committee appointed “ to confer on the mode of tions, of six miles square round the fort at Oswego, is furnishing the members of the Senate and House within the territory of the State of New York, and of Representatives with newspapers, journals, &c. ought to be so explained as to render it conformable to Also, a resolve of this day, on the report of a the Constitution of the United States.

joint committee appointed "to confer on the mode That, if this explanation should be made, and the of receiving, in the Senate and House of RepreSenate of the United States should concur in their ap-sentatives, bills, &c. from the President of the Uniprobation of the said treaties, it might be proper that ted States," desiring the concurrence of the Sethe same should be ratified and published, with a pro- nate thereto. clamation enjoining an observance thereof.

The House Resolved, That until the public offiAll which is humbly submitted to the President of ces are established, and the respective officers are the United States.

appointed, any returns of bills and resolutions, or H. KNOX

other communications from the President, may be War OFFICE, May 23, 1789.

received by either House, under cover, directed to
the President of the Senate, or Speaker of the

House of Representatives, (as the case may be,)
TUESDAY, May 26.

and transmitted by such person as the President
A message from the House of Representatives may think proper.
informed the Senate that they had appointed a The Senate concurred.

JONE, 1789.)
Proceedings.

[SENATE. Monday, June 1.

And, on the question of concurrence on the first The Secretary carried to the House of Repre- report, it was postponed. sentatives the concurrence of the Senate upon a The other report was read, and concurred with resdre of the House on the 29th of May, on the an amendment, viz:after the words and distributmade of receiving communications from the Presi-ed to the,” insert “members of the legislative, to dent of the United States.

the.” A message from the House of Representatives,

The Senate proceeded in the consideration of by Mr. BECKLEY, their Clerk.

the bill for laying a duty on goods, wares, and merMr. PRESIDENT : I am directed to inform the Senate chandises imported into the United States. that the President has affixed his signature to a bill to regulate the time and manner of administering certain

WEDNESDAY, June 3. gaths, and has returned it to the House of Representatives, from whence it originated.

Proceeded in the consideration of the bill for

laying a duty on goods, wares, and merchandises The Senate proceeded in the consideration of imported into the United States; and further postthe bill for laying a duty on goods, wares, and poned the second reading until tomorrow. merchandises imported into the United States; The Secretary informed the House of Repreand, after debate, adjourned.

sentatives of the concurrence of the Senate, in a

resolve of the 28th of May, upon the mode of TUESDAY, June 2.

printing the acts and journals of Congress, as

agreed to yesterday; and requested the House of The resolve of the House of Representatives of Representatives to send to the Senate " An act to the 28th ultimo was considered as follows: The House proceeded to consider the two re- certain oaths."

regulate the time and manner of administering ports, one made the 19th instant, the other the 26th 'instant, by the committee appointed to con- brought to the Senate the act last mentioned, and

A message from the House of Representatives fer with a committee of the Senate, to consider informed the Senate of the concurrence of the and report what newspapers the members of Con- House of Representatives in their amendment on gress shall be furnished with at the public expense, a resolve of the 28th May, on the mode of printand to receive proposals for printing the acts and ing the acts and journals of Congress. other proceedings of Congress; and the first report, Ordered, That Mr. LANGDON administer the in the words following:

oath to the Vice President; which was done ac“ That, in their opinion, public economy requires that cordingly. the expense heretofore incurred by the public, of sup And the Vice President administered the plying every member of Congress, should be retrench-oath, according to law, to the following members: ed in future; but, as your committee consider the public to Messrs. LANGDON, WINGATE, STRONG, DALcation of newspapers to be highly beneficial in disseminating useful knowledge throughout the United States, Morris, Read, BASSETT, Carroll, Henry, LEE,

TON, Johnson, Ellsworth, PATERSON, MACLAY, and deserving of public encouragement, they recom- Grayson, Izard, Few, Gunn. mend that each member of Congress be supplied, at the public expense, with one paper, leaving the choice of

The same oath was, by the Vice PRESIDENT, the same to each member, and that it be the duty of administered to the Secretary, together with the the Secretary of the Senate, and Clerk of the House of oath of office. Representatives, to give the necessary directions to the

Ordered, That Messrs. MORRIS, Carroll, different printers, to furnish each member with such Langdon, Read, and Lee, be a committee to conpaper as he shall choose :"

sider and report the mode of communicating the being again read and debated,

acts of Congress to the several States in the Resolved, That this House doth disagree to the Union, and the number necessary for that purpose. said report. The other report being again read, and amend

THURSDAY, June 4. ed to read as follows: “ That it would be proper that it should be left to the 30 Jane, to consider the mode of communicating

On the report of the commitee, appointed the Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the House of Representatives, to contract with such person as shall the acts of Congress to the several States in the engage to execute the printing and binding business Union, on the most reasonable terms, the paper being furnished

Resolved, That, in ten days after the passing of by the said Secretary and Clerk, to such person, at the every act of Congress, during the present session, public expense ; that such person as they shall contract or until some other regulations shall be adopted, with shall be obliged to render a state of his accounts twenty-two printed copies thereof, signed by the quarterly; and that six hundred copies of the acts of Con- Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the House gress, and seven hundred copies of the journals, be of Representatives, and certified by them to be printed, and distributed to the executive and judicial

, true copies of the original act, be lodged with the and heads of departments of the Government of the President of the United States; and that he be United States, and the executive, legislative, and judicial requested to cause to be transmitted two of the of the several States :"

said copies, so attested as aforesaid, to each of the Resolved, That this House doth agree to the supreme Executives in the several States. said report.

The Secretary carried the aforesaid resolve to

SENATE.]
Proceedings.

[JUNE, 1789. the House of Representatives for their concur- laying a duty on goods, wares, and merchandises rence.

imported into the United States. The Senate proceeded to the second reading And the question being taken upon the bill, it of the bill for laying a duty on goods, wares, and was concurred in with sundry amendments. merchandises imported into the United States; The Senate entered on Executive business, and

And the further consideration of the bill was received from the President of the United States postponed until to-morrow.

a communication in relation to the functions and

prerogatives of Consuls, Vice Consuls, &c., which FRIDAY, June 5.

was ordered to lie for consideration. A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Beckley, their Clerk, who informed the

Friday, June 12. Senate of the concurrence of the House on the resolution of the 4th of June, upon the mode of

Mr. LEE, in behalf of the committee thereto communicating the acts of Congress to the Ex-appointed, reported a bill to establish the judicial

courts of the United States. ecutive of the several States in the Union. According to the order of the day, the Senate They referred the President's Message of the 25th

The Senate entered on Executive businesss. proceeded in the second reading of the bill for lay- ult., to a committee, consisting of Messrs. Few, ing a duty on goods, wares, and merchandises imported into the United States.

Read, and HENRY.

The consideration of the Message of the 11th

instant was postponed. MONDAY, June 8. Pierce Butler, from South Carolina, appear

Monday, June 15. ed and took his seat. The Vice President administered the oath to posing duties on tonnage ; and, after debate, ad

Proceeded to the second reading of a bill imMr. BUTLER.

The Senate concurred with the resolution of journed. the House of Representatives, that every member of the present Congress, who is not yet furnished

Tuesday, June 16. with a copy of the journals of the late Congress, Proceeded in the second reading of the bill imshall, on application to the Keeper of the Records posing duties on tonnage. of the late Congress, be entitled to receive a com The Senate entered on Executive business. plete set of such journals.

A communication from the President informed The Senate proceeded in the second reading of them that Mr. JEFFERSON wished to return home, the bill for laying a duty on goods, wares, and and he proposed William Short, Esq. to take merchandises imported into the United States, his place as Minister to France. Laid on the and agreed that Mr. ELLSWORTH, Mr. Morris, Mr. table. Lee, Mr. BUTLER, and Mr. Dalton, be a committee to consider and report the expediency of adding a clause prohibiting the importation of goods

WEDNESDAY, June 17. from China, or India, in ships or vessels other

Agreeably to the order of the day, proceeded than those belonging to the citizens of the United to the third reading of the bill imposing duties on States.

tonnage, and concurred in the same, with sundry amendments.

Ordered, Thata committee, to consist of Messrs. Tuesday, June 9.

BUTLER, MORRIS, LANGDON, DALTON, and LEE, Sundry petitions were presented.

be appointed to arrange and bring forward a sysThe bill imposing duties on tonnage was read a tem for the regulation of the trade and interfirst time, and Tuesday next was assigned for the course between the United States and the terrisecond reading.

tory of other Powers in North America and the The Senate proceeded in the second reading of West Indies, so as to place the same on a more the bill for laying a duty on goods, wares, and beneficial and permanent footing. merchandises imported into the United States; The committee, appointed May the 9th, to view and Wednesday next was assigned for the third the rooms in the City Hall, and to confer with a reading of the bill.

committee of the House of Representatives ap

pointed for that purpose, reported. WEDNESDAY, June 10.

Ordered, That the report lie for consideration.

The Senate went into Executive business. Agreeably to the order of the day, proceeded to They examined into the fitness of Mr. Short to a third reading of the bill for laying a duty on supply the place of Mr. Jefferson, but came to goods, wares, and merchandises imported into the

no conclusion. United States.

Thursday, June 18.
THURSDAY, June 11.

The Senate went into Executive business, and Proceeded in the third reading of the bill for I confirmed the appointment of Mr. Short to take

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